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Registros recuperados: 122
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Cotton Sector Policies and Performance in Sub-Saharan Africa: Lessons Behind the Numbers in Mozambique and Zambia AgEcon
Boughton, Duncan; Tschirley, David L.; de Marrule, Higino Francisco; Osorio, Afonso; Zulu, Ballard.
Research results from SIMA-Department of Statistics and Department of Policy Analysis MADER-Directorate of Economics
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Food policy; Cotton; Mozambique; Zambia; Crop Production/Industries; Q18.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55233
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COTTON SECTOR POLICIES AND PERFORMANCE IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA:LESSONS BEHIND THE NUMBERS IN MOZAMBIQUE AND ZAMBIA AgEcon
Boughton, Duncan; Tschirley, David L.; Zulu, Ballard; Ofico, Afonso Osorio; de Marrule, Higino Francisco.
Cotton is one of the most important smallholder cash crops in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). How to ensure input supply, credit recovery and competition is a subject of intense policy debate. This paper examines the performance of cotton sector development policies in Mozambique and Zambia. Both countries face the challenge of organizing input supply to farmers in the absence of rural credit markets, and competing in international markets distorted by production subsidies in developed countries. Both countries privatized cotton ginning in the 1990s. Emerging from civil war, Mozambique established geographical monopolies to interlink input and output markets and facilitate credit recovery. In Zambia, the government completely liberalized the cotton sector,...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Cotton; Mozambique; Zambia; Liberalization; Agricultural policy; Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25855
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Demand for Maize Hybrids, Seed Subsidies, and Seed Decisionmakers in Zambia. AgEcon
Smale, Melinda; Mason, Nicole M..
The successful development and diffusion of improved maize seed in Zambia during the 1970s–80s was a major achievement of African agriculture but was predicated on a government commitment to parastatal grain and seed marketing, the provision of services to maize growers, and a pan-territorial pricing scheme that was fiscally unsustainable. Declining maize output when this system was dismantled contributed to the reinstatement in 2002 of subsidies for maize seed and fertilizer through the Fertilizer and Farmer Input Support Programs (FISP). In the meantime, seed liberalization has led to an array of new, improved maize varieties, most of which are hybrids. This analysis explores the determinants of demand for first-generation (F1) hybrid maize seed in...
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: Zambia; Maize; Seed subsidies; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/123555
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Development, Diffusion and Impact of Conservation Farming in Zambia AgEcon
Haggblade, Steven; Tembo, Gelson.
The study reported in this paper measures differences in profitability between conservation farming (CF) practices and conventional agriculture by comparing the value of differential output with the differential input costs. The main objective is to address and fill several important knowledge gaps by investigating three key features of conservation farming in Zambia: 1) the process by which CF originated and spread; 2) the scale of CF adoption across household groups and regions; and 3) the impact of CF on crop output, input use, cost of production and farm income.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Food policy; Conservation farming; Zambia; Conventional agriculture; Farm Management; Land Economics/Use; Q18.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54464
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Developments in Fertilizer Marketing in Zambia: Commercial Trading, Government Programs, and the Smallholder Farmer AgEcon
Shawa, Julius J.; Haantuba, Hyde H.; Belemu, A.; Ngulube, E.; Banda, A.K.; Govereh, Jones; Jayne, Thomas S.; Nijhoff, Jan J.; Zulu, Ballard.
The debate on fertilizer reform process in Zambia has two contrasting views. Some stakeholders continue to be convinced that the private sector is unable to adequately serve the needs of smallholder farmers, especially in the more remote parts of the country. Only 20 per cent of smallholder farmers used fertilizer in 1999/00. There are serious concerns over private traders’ willingness to deliver inputs on credit for low-resource farmers. According to this view, government fertilizer and credit distribution are indispensable for promoting smallholder agricultural productivity growth. Others believe that the fertilizer market should be restructured even more fully to remove the constraints on the private sector and reduce the drain on the public treasury....
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Food policy; Zambia; Fertilizer profitability; Agribusiness; Marketing; Q18.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54459
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Developments in Fertilizer Marketing in Zambia: Commercial Trading, Government Programs and the Smallholder Farmer AgEcon
Govereh, Jones; Jayne, Thomas S.; Nijhoff, Jan J.; Shawa, Julius J.; Haantuba, Hyde H.; Belemu, A.; Ngulube, E.; Zulu, Ballard; Banda, A.K..
This policy synthesis highlights the key findings and conclusions contained in the full report, “Developments in Fertilizer Marketing in Zambia: Commercial Trading, Government Programs and the Smallholder Farmer.” The key objective of this policy synthesis is to summarize the key findings in order to inform policy makers and stakeholders in the agricultural sector in their efforts to improve the performance of the fertilizer marketing system in Zambia.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Q18; Agribusiness; Food security; Food policy; Zambia; Fertilizer marketing.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54604
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Disrupting Demand for Commercial Seed: Input Subsidies in Malawi and Zambia AgEcon
Mason, Nicole M.; Ricker-Gilbert, Jacob.
Input subsidy programs that provide inorganic fertilizer and improved maize seed to small farmers below market rates are currently receiving a great deal of support as a sustainable strategy to foster an African Green Revolution. In recent years numerous countries in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) including Ghana, Kenya, Malawi, Mali, Senegal, Tanzania, and Zambia have implemented such programs at substantial cost to government and donor budgets. For example, in 2008 Malawi spent roughly 70% of the Ministry of Agriculture’s budget or just over 16% of the government’s total budget subsidizing fertilizer and seed. In Zambia between 2004 and 2011, an average of 40% of the government’s agricultural sector budget was devoted to fertilizer and maize seed subsidies...
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: Malawi; Zambia; Seed; Input subsidies; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/123554
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Do Brokers Help or Hinder the Marketing of Fresh Produce in Lusaka? Preliminary Insights from Research AgEcon
Tschirley, David L.; Hichaambwa, Munguzwe.
Brokers are agents who arrange sales without taking ownership of the commodity, earning their money on a commission. Brokers are a common but often controversial presence in wholesale markets of East and Southern Africa. Efficient brokering can be beneficial by matching buyers and sellers more effectively than if each had to search independently for someone to transact with. Yet buyers and sellers can be harmed if brokers are able to behave in uncompetitive, collusive, or unethical ways. In Soweto market of Lusaka, common complaints lodged by sellers are that brokers force sellers to use them by threatening the security of the sellers’ produce, and that the brokers add “hidden” commissions when selling a farmer or trader’s produce. This policy brief...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Zambia; Brokers; Marketing; Produce; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Food Security and Poverty; Marketing.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/93007
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Dynamic Pathways into and out of Poverty: A Case of Small Holder Farmers in Zambia AgEcon
Banda, Diana J.; Hamukwala, Priscilla; Haggblade, Steven; Chapoto, Antony.
The study surveyed 127 households from Central, Eastern, Luapula, Northern, and Southern Provinces of Zambia. The primary objective was to explore life-trajectory patterns and key drivers of welfare change. Households were classified based on long term poverty dynamics i.e., how they perceived their welfare compared to that of their parents with the major focus being on households that were better off (BO) than both the parents (parents of head and spouse) and those that were worse off (WO) than both parents were. Poverty was mainly defined from the communities' own perspectives and entailed exploring reasons perceived by participants for decline or improvement in people’s well-being in their communities. The hypotheses that factors such as household...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Zambia; Poverty; Small Holder Farmers; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/113649
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Effects of Maize Marketing and Trade Policy on Price Unpredictability in Zambia AgEcon
Chapoto, Antony; Jayne, Thomas S..
As events in the 2008/09 season have amply demonstrated, instability in staple food market remains a major problem in Zambia. A rise in world food price levels and instability, which is projected to occur in the near future according to several international institutes, will make it all more important for developing countries to consider the strengths and weaknesses of alternative approaches for buffering their domestic food systems from potential high volatility in world markets. These findings suggest that promoting more “rules based” approaches to...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Zambia; Maize; Trade; Price; Crop Production/Industries; Marketing; Q11.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54499
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Factors Affecting Poverty Dynamics in Rural Zambia. AgEcon
Chapoto, Antony; Banda, Diana J.; Haggblade, Steven; Hamukwala, Priscilla.
Rural poverty rates in Zambia have remained very high, at 80%, over the past decade and a half, whilst urban poverty rates have declined, from 49% in 1991 to 34% in 2006. Redressing this high rural poverty rate remains a government priority in the National Development Programs. However, solutions have proven elusive. Solid empirically based information on dynamics that have improved the welfare of small-scale farm households in Zambia, combined with an agenda for disseminating this information in public discourse, offer prospects for generating a more transparent and pro-poor policy orientation. Using longitudinal data collected from 4,286 households which participated in three nationwide surveys conducted over seven years, in 2001, 2004, and 2008, we...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Poverty Dynamics; Zambia; Rural poverty; Africa; Agricultural and Food Policy; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/109888
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Factors influencing adoption of agroforestry among smallholder farmers in Zambia AgEcon
Kabwe, Gillian; Bigsby, Hugh R.; Cullen, Ross.
Agroforestry technologies have been extensively researched and introduced to smallholder farmers in Zambia for over two decades. Despite the research and extension effort over this period, not many farmers have adopted these technologies. The purpose of this paper is to determine why agroforestry technologies are not being taken up by examining factors that influence the adoption of agroforestry practices. Based on data obtained from 388 farming households, statistical analysis show an association between adoption of both improved fallows and biomass transfer technologies with knowledge of the technology, availability of seed, and having the appropriate skills. In addition some household characteristics are found to be linked to the incidence of adoption....
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agroforestry adoption; Smallholder farmers; Limitations to adoption; Chi-square tests of independence analysis; Zambia; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Crop Production/Industries; Environmental Economics and Policy; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/97135
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Factors Influencing the Profitability of Fertilizer Use on Maize in Zambia. AgEcon
Xu, Zhiying; Guan, Zhengfei; Jayne, Thomas S.; Black, J. Roy.
Fertilizer use remains very low in most of Africa despite widespread agreement that much higher use rates are required for sustained agricultural productivity growth. This study estimates maize yield response functions in agro-ecological Zone IIA, a relatively high potential zone of Zambia, to determine the profitability of fertilizer use under a range of small farm conditions found within this zone. The theoretical framework used in this study incorporates agronomic principles of the crop growth process. The model distinguishes different roles of inputs and non-input factors in crop production. We estimate the effects of conventional production inputs as well as household characteristics and government programs on maize yield for households in the...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Zambia; Maize; Fertilizer; Profitability; Crop Production/Industries; Q12.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54500
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Factors Influencing the Profitability of Fertilizer Use on Maize in Zambia AgEcon
Xu, Z.; Guan, Zhengfei; Jayne, Thomas S.; Black, J. Roy.
Major Findings: The additional maize produced from a given amount of fertilizer applied varied widely across households even after largely controlling for soil and rainfall conditions. The median estimated response rate was 15.9kgs of maize per kg nitrogen applied; Under the range of conditions and smallholder management practices, average maize fertilizer response rates declined as the application rate increased beyond 2 bags of urea and 2 bags of D compound; Factors raising the response rate and profitability of fertilizer use included timely availability, application rates less than the MOA 4x4 recommendation, use of animal draft power in land preparation, and use of hybrid seed. In remote areas, and given current management practices, fertilizer use...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Agriculture; Africa; Zambia; Fertilizer; Crop Production/Industries; Q12.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54639
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Farm Yields and Returns to Farmers From Seed Cotton: Does Zambia Measure Up? AgEcon
Kabwe, Stephen; Tschirley, David L..
1. Farm yields are one key indicator of the productivity of a cotton sector, and an important determinant of returns to farmers (and thus of cotton’s ability to reduce poverty) 2. Zambia’s relatively good performance on input credit provision means that it has been able to raise yields since reforms in 1994; yet the rate of increase has been slow, and yields remain well below those found in countries of West and Central Africa. 3. Average returns to farmers do not appear to be any higher in Zambia, with good performance on input credit provision, than in Tanzania, where input use and yields are low. 4. Zambia’s concentrated structure gives it the potential to substantially increase farm productivity, and for cotton to make but relatively little of this...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Food policy; Zambia; Cotton; Crop Production/Industries; Q20.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54633
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Fertilizer use on Smallholder Farm in Eastern Province, Zambia AgEcon
Dayanatha, Jha; Behjat, Hojjati.
IN Sub-Sahara Africa, Which so far has benefited little from the green revolution. the adoption of high-yielding maize had great potential for closing the gap between food demand and supply. To bring about this transformation, fertilizer is essential for realizing the yield potential of hybrid maize while sustaining the fertility of Africa's fragile land. This study of Eastern Province, Zambia, shows that use of fertilizer on traditional varieties can also be a catalyst for agricultural growth. This work is part of an extensive body of research on adoption of new agricultural technology carried out by IFPRi in Asia and Africa. The study was undertaken in collaboration with several Zambia institutions, including the Rural Development Studies...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Fertilizers; Zambia; Eastern province; Small Farms; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 1993 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37967
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Food Crises and Food Markets: Implications for Emergency Response in Southern Africa. AgEcon
Tschirley, David L.; Jayne, Thomas S..
Concern about humanitarian crises in southern Africa, especially in light of the surge in world food prices since 2007, has been accompanied by calls for direct government action in food markets. This paper reviews how Zambia, Malawi, and Mozambique handled private food markets during the food crises of 2001/02, 2002/03, and 2005/06, which may provide important lessons for the management of future crises. Lack of trust between government and traders can lead to behavior that undermines the interests of each and harms consumers and farmers; Malawi and Zambia have persistently fallen into this trap while Mozambique has partially avoided it. Empirical policy analysis can make an important contribution to resolution only within a consultative process involving...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Southern Africa; Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia; Markets; Emergency response; Trust; Food Security and Poverty; Q18.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54559
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Fostering Agricultural Market Development in Zambia. AgEcon
Tembo, Gelson; Chapoto, Antony; Jayne, Thomas S.; Weber, Michael T..
The availability, access and affordability of food is a highly politicized issue throughout the world. In much of southern Africa, there is a widespread view that governments are responsible for ensuring that their populations have reliable access to food. Zambia, like most countries in Southern Africa, is vigorously pursuing continued direct public sector involvement and protectionist measures in the maize marketing sector. Since 1995, the Food Reserve Agency (FRA) and more recently, subsidies through the Fertilizer Support Program (FSP), have been the major instruments of government policy. While in some respects current operations undertaken by the government are similar to those adopted at independence, there are some noteworthy changes. Specifically,...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Zambia; Food security; Agriculture; Market development; Marketing; Q13.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54501
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Framework and Initial Analyses of Fertilizer Profitability in Maize and Cotton in Zambia AgEcon
Donovan, Cynthia; Damaseke, M.; Govereh, Jones; Simumba, D..
The main question which this research originally sought to answer was whether or not inorganic fertilizers are generally profitable used alone on maize, or with pesticides on cotton, for small farmers in Zambia. Rather than give a definitive answer for each Zambian farmer, the authors developed a framework for analysis and applied that framework to locations with sufficient information. Using simple value/cost ratios, researchers estimated the potential profit of fertilizer for those sites. Then, using the distributions of response rates of the crops (incremental yields) found in the trials and output prices based on regional price series, the probabilities are estimated for VCRs, using a minimum of VCR of 2.0 for profitability. The results for selected...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Food policy; Maize; Cotton; Zambia; Fertilizer profitability; Crop Production/Industries; Q18.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54460
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Framework and Initial Analyses of Fertilizer Profitability in Maize and Cotton in Zambia AgEcon
Donovan, Cynthia; Damaseke, M.; Govereh, Jones; Simumba, D..
Inorganic fertilizers will play a role in government programs, but whether or not a single policy is valuable for all farmers depends upon the net gain for the farmers. The research here seeks to demonstrate how to answer the question “Is fertilizer profitable in Zambia for maize and cotton in the smallholder sector?” This study identifies the key components determining profitability and then sets up a framework to evaluate the probability of farmers to obtain profitable results with fertilizer use on maize and cotton. Several cases are selected and the results are evaluated. Private profitability for the farmer at market prices is discussed, leaving social profitability to other researchers. A simple method for farmers and extensionists to use to...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Food policy; Zambia; Maize; Cotton; Fertilizer; Agribusiness; Q18.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54606
Registros recuperados: 122
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