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Registros recuperados: 122
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The Local Social and Environmental Impacts of Smallholder-Based Biofuel Investments in Zambia Ecology and Society
German, Laura; Center for International Forestry Research; L.GERMAN@cgiar.org; Schoneveld, George C.; Center for International Forestry Research; G.Schoneveld@cgiar.org; Gumbo, Davison; Center for International Forestry Research; D.Gumbo@cgiar.org.
High oil prices, recent commitments by industrialized countries to enhance the use of renewable energy, and efforts by developing countries to stimulate foreign investment as a pathway to development have fueled high levels of interest in the biofuel sector throughout much of sub-Saharan Africa. Zambia is no exception. A large, land-locked country with high pump prices and vast tracts of land considered by many to be “degraded” or “underutilized,” investor interest in the sector has remained high despite uncertainties associated with unproven feedstocks and market fluctuations. While investment in multiple feedstock and production models may be observed, one of the primary investments has been in jatropha outgrower...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Biofuels; Jatropha; Outgrower scheme; Zambia.
Ano: 2011
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The Many Paths of Cotton Sector Reform in Eastern and Southern Africa: Lessons From a Decade of Experience AgEcon
Tschirley, David L.; Poulton, Colin; Boughton, Duncan.
With cotton sector reform in much of SSA a decade old, it is now possible to review the empirical record and begin drawing lessons from experience. This paper assesses the record of five countries in southern and eastern Africa: Tanzania, Uganda, Zimbabwe, Zambia, and Mozambique. In four of these countries, cotton is the first- or second most important smallholder cash crop; only in Uganda does it substantially lag other cash crops. The focus on the course of reform in each – initial conditions, key elements of the reform, and institutional response to it – and attempt to draw lessons for policy makers, donors, and researchers. the paper begins by outlining the challenges faced by cotton production and marketing systems. Next a review the range of...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Food policy; Cotton sector reform; Tanzania; Uganda; Zimbabwe; Zambia; Mozambique; Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries; Q18.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54477
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The New Generation of African Fertilizer Subsidies: Panacea or Pandora’s Box? AgEcon
Kelly, Valerie A.; Crawford, Eric W.; Ricker-Gilbert, Jacob.
For several reasons, fertilizer subsidies are again popular policy tools. First, there is broad agreement that fertilizer is a critical yet still-underused input for improving productivity and food security in Africa. Second, politicians have felt greater urgency to increase domestic food production since the 2007/08 food price crisis. Third, subsidy programs are highly visible, popular with voters, and viewed as politically beneficial. Fourth, donor budget support has made it easier for governments to pay for subsidies.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Fertilizer subsidies; Africa; Malawi; Zambia; Senegal; Feed The Future; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/107460
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THE ROAD TO PRO-POOR GROWTH IN ZAMBIA: PAST LESSONS AND FUTURE CHALLENGES AgEcon
Thurlow, James; Wobst, Peter.
Zambia is one of the poorest countries in Sub-Saharan Africa. Almost three-quarters of the population were considered poor at the start of the 1990s, with a vast majority of these people concentrated in rural and remote areas. This extreme poverty arose in spite of Zambia’s seemingly promising prospects following independence. To better understand the failure of growth and poverty-reduction this paper first considers the relationship between the structure of growth and Zambia’s evolving political economy. A strong urban-bias has shaped the country’s growth path leading to a economy both artificially and unsustainably distorted in favor of manufacturing and mining at the expense of rural areas. For agriculture it was the maize-bias of public policies that...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Copper mines and mining; Poverty alleviation; Africa; Zambia; Manufacturing industries; Spatial analysis; Household surveys; Agricultural growth; International Development.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/60169
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The role of agriculture in development implications for Sub-Saharan Africa AgEcon
Diao, Xinshen; Hazell, Peter B.R.; Resnick, Danielle; Thurlow, James.
This paper provides a nuanced perspective on debates about the potential for Africa’s smallholder agriculture to stimulate growth and alleviate poverty in an increasingly integrated world. In particular, the paper synthesizes both the traditional theoretical literature on agriculture’s role in the development process and discusses more recent literature that remains skeptical about agriculture’s development potential for Africa. In order to examine in greater detail the relevance for Africa of both the “old” and “new” literatures on agriculture, the paper provides a typology of African countries based on their stage of development, agricultural conditions, natural resources, and geographic location… More broadly, the paper demonstrates that conventional...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Growth-poverty linkages; Smallholders; Poverty alleviation; Agricultural development; Africa; Economic aspects; Agricultural sector; Ethiopia; Ghana; Rwanda; Uganda; Zambia; International Development.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55405
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The Role of Mugaiwa in Promoting Household Food Security: Why It Matters Who Gets Access to Government Maize Imports AgEcon
Mwiinga, Billy; Nijhoff, Jan J.; Jayne, Thomas S.; Tembo, Gelson; Shaffer, James D..
The purpose of this paper is to examine the role of mugaiwa, and the small-scale trading and milling sector that provides it, in ensuring poor consumers’ access to food in the context of this marketing season’s maize deficit. The paper then identifies opportunities for Government and the private sector to increase access to affordable food among consumers.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Food policy; Zambia; Mugaiwa; Agribusiness; Q18.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54608
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The Structure and Behavior of Vegetable Markets Serving Lusaka: Main Report. AgEcon
Tschirley, David L.; Hichaambwa, Munguzwe.
Rapid growth in urban populations and renewed growth in per capita incomes in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) are creating major opportunities for local farmers by driving rapid growth in domestic market demand for food. At the same time, these trends plus rising income are putting enormous stress on the supply chains that these farmers rely on to respond to this increasing demand: demand for marketed food is likely to grow more than 5% per year on the continent, doubling marketed volumes in 12-14 years. Currently, fresh produce marketing systems are the biggest users of public marketing infrastructure, and have been most severely affected by the lack of investment in these systems across much of the continent. This lack of investment has led to an exploding...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Africa; Produce; Vegetable markets; Zambia; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Security and Poverty; Marketing.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/93006
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Trends and Spatial Distribution of Public Agricultural Spending in Zambia: Implication for Agricultural Productivity Growth AgEcon
Govereh, Jones; Malawo, Emma; Lungu, Tadeyo; Jayne, Thomas S.; Chinyama, Kasweka; Chilonda, Pius.
This paper assesses the level and composition of the Zambia’s public expenditures in the agricultural sector from 2000 to 2008. By measuring the size of public agricultural expenditures, the study will answer whether the Government of Zambia met CAADP’s target of allocating 10% of national budget to agriculture in 2008. Furthermore, examining what the fund is being spent on will shed light on the extent to which spending contributes to agricultural growth. This review will also characterize the spatial patterns of expenditures across provincial boundaries. The results of this work will hopefully lay a foundation for future analysis of the impacts of public agricultural spending on sector performance.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Policy; Zambia; Africa; Public finance; Growth; International Development; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Q18.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54497
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Trends in Breakfast Meal and Maize Marketing Margins in Zambia AgEcon
Chapoto, Antony; Jayne, Thomas S..
This paper analyzes the trends in retail maize meal prices and the wholesale-retail margins enjoyed by millers and retailers in Zambia since maize and maize meal prices were decontrolled in the early 1990s. This note summarizes material from a broader study on Zambia’s maize supply chain. The findings from this paper are designed to inform policy discussions aimed at improving household food security and maize market performance in Zambia.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Food policy; Zambia; Maize; Crop Production/Industries; Q18.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54618
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Trends in Maize Grain, Roller and Breakfast Meal Prices In Zambia AgEcon
Kuteya, Auckland N.; Jayne, Thomas S..
1. Compared to the general price of goods and services as measured by the consumer price index, the prices of retail roller and breakfast maize meal have declined by between 34 and 51% in the major urban markets of Zambia between 1994 and 2010. 2. Inflation-adjusted wholesale maize grain prices have also declined over this period but by a smaller amount. 3. Inflation-adjusted marketing margins between the wholesale price of maize grain and the retail prices of roller and breakfast meal have declined from 41% to 64% since the early 1990s when the market liberalization process began. Since the early 1990s, there has been substantial new investment in commercial maize milling as well as by the informal hammer milling industry. Enhanced competition at this...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Zambia; Maize; Grain prices; Agricultural and Food Policy; Demand and Price Analysis.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/116908
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Understanding Zambia’s Domestic Value Chains for Fresh Fruits and Vegetables AgEcon
Hichaambwa, Munguzwe; Tschirley, David L..
The proportion of smallholder households selling horticultural produce is very low suggesting that new demand points could enjoy substantial supply response if they link effectively to the smallholder sector. The small-scale traditional marketing system continues to dominate fresh produce flows in the country. Prices for consumers in this system are much lower, and quality is comparable and sometimes superior to supermarkets. Yet these markets suffer from serious structural problems due to a lack of public investment and little collaboration between public officials and traders in market management. The Urban Markets Development Program represents a major and impressive effort to improve wholesale and retail markets in the country, but has run into...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Food policy; Zambia; Horticulture; Crop Production/Industries; Q18.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54621
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Urgent Need for Effective Public-Private Coordination in Zambia’s Cotton Sector. Deliberations on the Cotton Act. AgEcon
Tschirley, David L.; Kabwe, Stephen.
Cotton is an unquestioned success of Zambia’s turn towards a market economy. Yet the entry over the past two years of new players has put the sector under great stress and may have pushed it to a turning point. Now more than ever, effective “rules of the game” are urgently needed to protect Zambia’s remarkable cotton success story. Other countries in southern and eastern Africa have seen dramatic declines in input credit and extension to farmers, and in cotton quality, when competition among ginning firms intensified in the absence of suitable rules of the game. The focus in Zambia must be on establishing broadly accepted rules of the game that ensure honest competition that does not undermine input credit, extension, and cotton quality.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Food policy; Zambia; Cotton; Production; Marketing; Crop Production/Industries; Q20.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54627
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Who Gained and Who Lost from Zambia's 2010 Maize Marketing Policies? AgEcon
Nkonde, Chewe; Mason, Nicole M.; Sitko, Nicholas J.; Jayne, Thomas S..
Zambia's record-breaking maize harvest of nearly 2.8 million metric tons (MT) in 2010 is a major achievement and a testimony to what input subsidies, output price incentives, and favorable weather can do to elicit a major supply response. Maize-growing smallholders harvested more than in previous years and so have more to eat. Public markets are currently well stocked with maize grain, to the benefit of urban consumers and maize-buying rural households. Farmers who were able to sell their crop to the Food Reserve Agency (FRA) at K65,000 per 50-kg bag, a price well above market levels, have clearly benefited from the bumper crop and FRA‟s involvement in maize marketing. The FRA‟s high buy price and purchase of nearly 900,000 MT of maize are also likely to...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Marketing; Agricultural policy; Zambia; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Security and Poverty; International Development; Marketing.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/99610
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Why are Fresh Produce Prices So Unstable in Lusaka? Insights for Policy and Investment Priorities. AgEcon
Hichaambwa, Munguzwe; Tschirley, David L..
Daily quantities of tomato, rape and onion entering Soweto market in Lusaka fluctuate dramatically. The market does a remarkable job of moderating the impact on prices of these unstable quantities, through stabilizing mechanisms such as short-term storage of tomato and rape by traders and consumers, longer-term storage of onion by traders, direct sourcing of rape from farm areas by retail traders, and exportation of tomato and onion outside Lusaka. Yet even with these stabilizing mechanisms, wholesale prices are highly variable, with negative effects on farmers and consumers. Reducing variability requires investments in four areas: (a) improved control of production environments by farmers through irrigation, better access to inputs and greater agronomic...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Produce; Zambia; Africa; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Security and Poverty; Marketing.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/93009
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Why Are Zambian Farmers Not Harvesting All Their Maize? AgEcon
Shipekesa, Arthur M.; Jayne, Thomas S..
1. According to nationally representative Crop Forecast Survey data, over the past 10 years farmers have harvested between 55 and 90 percent of the area that they planted to maize. 2. In the 2009/10 and 2010/11 crop years, over 80 percent of the maize area planted by small- and medium-scale farmers was harvested, mainly due to favorable weather. 3. In 2010/11, the ratio of harvested to planted maize area was highest in Luapula, Northern and Eastern (all over 90%), and lowest in Western (56%) and Southern Province (70%). 4. The main reasons provided by Zambian farmers for not harvesting all their area planted to maize are: (i) wilting due to drought (50.6%); (ii) crop failure due to lack of fertilizer (25.6%); and (iii) floods, heavy rains, and water...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Zambia; Maize; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/113647
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Wildlife Conservation in Zambia: Impacts on Rural Household Welfare AgEcon
Fernandez, Ana; Richardson, Robert B.; Tschirley, David L.; Tembo, Gelson.
FOOD SECURITY RESEARCH PROJECT, LUSAKA, ZAMBIA
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Zambia; Food security; Tourism; Conservation; Household income; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Crop Production/Industries; Environmental Economics and Policy; Food Security and Poverty; International Development; Land Economics/Use; Q18; Q26; Q27; Q56.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55053
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Working-Age Adult Mortality, Orphan Status, and Child Schooling in Rural Zambia AgEcon
Mather, David.
During the last decade, the Zambian government has dramatically increased expenditures on primary and secondary schooling, and enrollment rates have risen dramatically. At the same time, Zambia has faced the challenge of rising HIV prevalence and the possibility that recent gains in long-term human capital development could be eroded if households which suffer the death of a working-age (WA) adult pull their children out of school due to family labor shortages or financial constraints. This paper uses panel survey data from rural Zambia to measure the impact of WA adult mortality and morbidity on primary school attendance and school advancement, and separately tests the extent to which orphan status affects these schooling outcomes. There are five...
Tipo: Technical Report Palavras-chave: Zambia; Adult Mortality; Orphan; Schooling; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Food Security and Poverty; Health Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/120740
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Zambian Cotton in a Regional Context: Performance under Liberalization and Future Challenges AgEcon
Tschirley, David L.; Zulu, Ballard.
This paper is directed toward policy makers and private stakeholders in Zambia’s cotton sector. Its purpose is: 1) to assess key elements of the performance of Zambia’s cotton sector relative to other selected African countries; 2) to develop preliminary insights into the driving forces behind Zambia’s performance and also the threats to improved future performance; and 3) to identify key issues within the sector that merit continued applied research and dialogue with stakeholders.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Food policy; Zambia; Cotton; Crop Production/Industries; Q18.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54610
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Zambian Farmers’ Access to Maize Markets AgEcon
Chapoto, Antony; Jayne, Thomas S..
Smallholder farmers’ access to markets and agricultural support services has been a major concern of Zambian policy makers. As with many governments in Sub-Saharan Africa, the Zambian government’s agricultural policies, particularly for maize, have fundamentally been conceived of as a response to perceived market failure and weak access to markets for rural smallholder farmers. However, the conventional wisdom of poor market access is based on extremely limited empirical evidence. This study is motivated by the need to overcome this paucity of empirical evidence and provide policy makers with an up-to-date assessment of smallholder farmers’ market access conditions for maize, the primary food grain in Zambia.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Zambia; Maize Markets; Agricultural and Food Policy; Marketing.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/116910
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Zambian Smallholder Behavioral Responses To Food Reserve Agency Activities AgEcon
Mason, Nicole M.; Myers, Robert J..
More than two decades after the initiation of agricultural market reforms in eastern and southern Africa (ESA), governments in the region are increasingly using parastatal grain marketing boards (GMBs) and/or strategic grain reserves (SGRs) to directly influence the prices faced by farmers and consumers (Jayne, Chapoto, and Govereh 2007). In Zambia, the government through the Food Reserve Agency, an SGR/GMB, purchased nearly 400,000 MT of maize from smallholders in 2006/07 and 2007/08, or more than 50% of the maize marketed by this group.
Tipo: Technical Report Palavras-chave: Zambia; Smallholder; Food Security; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/120764
Registros recuperados: 122
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