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A Framework for Evaluating Return on Investment in Management Development Programs AgEcon
Lynch, Kara; Akridge, Jay T.; Schaffer, Scott P.; Gray, Allan W..
Return on Investment (ROI) is a financial metric that can be used to evaluate training and development investments. The objective of this research is to develop an evaluation process using ROI to assess the financial performance of management development programs. A three-phase model for ROI evaluation is presented. These phases include assessment planning, data collection, and data analysis. This model is then tested and applied to a management development program. This paper provides a template for ROI evaluation that can be used to evaluate a wide variety of training and development activities by food and agribusiness firms.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Management education; Training; Assessment; Evaluation; Return on investment; Agribusiness.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/45469
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A Framework for Spatial Risk Assessments: Potential Impacts of Nonindigenous Invasive Species on Native Species Ecology and Society
Allen, Craig R; USGS Nebraska Cooperative Fish & Wildlife Research Unit, University of Nebraska; allencr@unl.edu; Johnson, Alan R; Clemson University; alanj@clemson.edu; Parris, Leslie; Clemson University; leslie.parris@us.army.mil.
Many populations of wild animals and plants are declining and face increasing threats from habitat fragmentation and loss as well as exposure to stressors ranging from toxicants to diseases to invasive nonindigenous species. We describe and demonstrate a spatially explicit ecological risk assessment that allows for the incorporation of a broad array of information that may influence the distribution of an invasive species, toxicants, or other stressors, and the incorporation of landscape variables that may influence the spread of a species or substances. The first step in our analyses is to develop species models and quantify spatial overlap between stressor and target organisms. Risk is assessed as the product of spatial overlap and a hazard index based...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed article Palavras-chave: Declining species; Invasive species; Nonindigenous species; Risk assessment; Spatial risk..
Ano: 2006
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A frequency lock-in mechanism in the interaction between wind and crop canopies Inra
Py, C.; de Langre, E.; Moulia, B..
The interaction between wind dynamics and the waving of crop canopies is explored. On-site experiments with wheat and alfalfa fields have allowed us to quantify the motion of a large set of plants subject to wind, using an image-correlation technique. The coherent part of the waving motion is extracted by a bi-orthogonal decomposition of the spatio-temporal velocity field of the crop surface. It is shown that the corresponding space and time features cannot be explained using predictions from the mixing-layer analogy of wind above canopies, which is the most common model for perturbations in this environment. We show that the plant bending stiffness plays an important role in the frequency and wavelength selection for the coherent motion of the canopy. A...
Tipo: Journal Article
Ano: 2006 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD2007e3f979e9&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2008/08/
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A further step into the ELGH and TLGH for Spain and Italy AgEcon
Cortes-Jimenez, Isabel; Pulina, Manuela.
Nowadays many developing countries focus on economic policies for promoting international tourism and exports expansion as a potential source of economic growth of the country. However, the understanding of the relationship between exports and economic growth is still ongoing. When treating the relationship between tourism and economic growth, considering tourism as a non-traditional export few studies have been published to date. This paper has the objective to assess if exports and tourism have really promoted growth by means of the export-led growth hypothesis (ELGH) and the tourism-led growth hypothesis (TLGH). The cases under analysis are Spain and Italy, two of the most important countries worldwide regarding the expansion of tourism. Cointegration...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/12137
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A Future for the Dead Sea Basin: Water Culture among Israelis, Palestinians and Jordanians AgEcon
Lipchin, Clive.
The Dead Sea basin plays a major role for regional economic development (industry, tourism and agriculture) in the Middle East. This potential is threatened by the steady disappearance of the Dead Sea. Since around 1930 the water level of the Dead Sea has fallen by about 25 m, about half of this alone in the last 20 years. The Dead Sea is a transboundary resource shared by Israel, the Palestinian Authority and Jordan. The Dead Sea is the terminal point of the Jordan River watershed and as such, it serves as a barometer for the health of the overall system. Its rapid decline reflects the present water management strategies of the riparian and upstream countries. This includes the different water cultures of the three countries. Throughout history, the Dead...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/12135
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A Fuzzy Logic Controller for Autonomous Wheeled Vehicles InTech
Mohamed B. Trabia; Linda Z. Shi; Neil E. Hodge.
This chapter presents a fuzzy logic control system for steering a two-axle vehicle. Two controllers are presented individually: the steering controller and the velocity controller. Each fuzzy controller is divided into several modules to represent the distributed way in which humans deal with different driving tasks. All of these modules are of the Mamdanitype and use sigmoid or product of sigmoid membership functions. The outputs of the various modules are added together to control the steering angle and the speed of the vehicle, respectively. Two fuzzy modules in the steering controller are designed to meet the basic driving requirement: Target Steering Fuzzy module and Collision Avoidance Steering Fuzzy module. The first module steers the vehicle toward...
Tipo: 10 Palavras-chave: Mobile Robotics; Moving Intelligence.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://www.intechopen.com/articles/show/title/a_fuzzy_logic_controller_for_autonomous_wheeled_vehicles
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A gap analysis of confined field trial application forms for genetically modified crops in East Africa: evaluating the potential for harmonization AgEcon
Linacre, Nicholas A.; Cohen, Joel I..
The regulatory approval of genetically modified crops in the field initially requires small, restricted experimental trials known as confined field trials. These small scale experiments provide researchers with important information on environmental interactions and agronomic performance of the crop in a safe and contained manner. To authorize confined field trials regulatory review is required, with formats for obtaining relevant information differing from country to country. In this paper, a Gap Analysis is used to identify informational gaps and potential for harmonization of confined field trial application processes in three East African countries - Tanzania, Kenya, and Uganda. The basic principle behind gap analysis is a comparison of the status quo...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Genetically modified crops; Gap analysis; Confined field trials; Biotechnology; Biosafety; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55421
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A general eco-evolutionary framework for understanding bioinvasions Inra
Facon, B.; Genton, B.J.; Shykoff, J.; Jarne, P.; Estoup, A.; David, P..
Studies of bioinvasions have revealed various strategies of invasion, depending on the ecosystem invaded and the alien species concerned. Here, we consider how migration (as a demographic factor), as well as ecological and evolutionary changes, affect invasion success. We propose three main theoretical scenarios that depend on how these factors generate the match between an invader and its new environment. Our framework highlights the features that are common to, or differ among, observed invasion cases, and clarifies some general trends that have been previously highlighted in bioinvasions. We also suggest some new directions of research, such as the assessment of the time sequence of demographic, genetic and environmental changes, using detailed temporal...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: INVASION BIOLOGIQUE; ESPECE ENVAHISSANTE BIOINVASION.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD2008e52b4e4b&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2008/08/
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A General Equilibrium Analysis of Foreign and Domestic Demand Shocks Arising from Mad Cow Disease in the United States AgEcon
Devadoss, Stephen; Holland, David W.; Stodick, Leroy; Ghosh, Joydeep.
The discovery of the first case of mad cow disease in the United States in 2003 reverberated across the beef and cattle industry. This study employs a general equilibrium model to analyze the potential economic effects of mad cow disease on the beef, cattle, and other meat industries under three scenarios, ranging form most favorable to most pessimistic. The scenario with 90% foreign demand decline and 10% domestic demand reduction generates results consistent with the actual outcomes after the mad cow disease outbreak. Only if domestic demand declines significantly will the economic hardship in the U.S. beef and cattle industry be very large.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Demand decline; Economic effects; Mad cow disease; International Relations/Trade; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/8607
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A gestão da informação científica e da comunicação na capital da tecnologia. Repositório Alice
FRAGALLE, E. P..
A informação é matéria-prima para a inclusão na sociedade do conhecimento, caracterizada pela velocidade de mudanças na ciência, nas tecnologias de informação e na comunicação, neste início do século XXI. O aproveitamento eficiente e eficaz do conhecimento científico, o acesso a ele e sua disseminação para a sociedade é um desafio de cientistas e comunicadores. Com este objetivo, a Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa no Estado de São Paulo (Fapesp) criou os Centros de Pesquisa, Inovação e Difusão (CEPID). Eles têm em sua missão a difusão do conhecimento científico, entretanto, a comunicação midiática é realizada de maneira distinta nas unidades, ressentindo-se, inclusive, da falta de profissionais especializados nesse trabalho, além de outras carências. A...
Tipo: Tese/dissertação (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Gestão da comunicação; Gestão da informação; Comunicação científica; Pesquisa em rede; Comunicação midiática.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/111410
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A gestão do conhecimento como ferramenta para potencializar o desenvolvimento de equipes na geração e execução de projetos de P&D Infoteca-e
SILVEIRA, R. S. da; TRZECIAK, D. S.; ABREU. A. F. de.
2006
Tipo: Documentos (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Gestão do conhecimento; P & D; Equipe; Projeto.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1015554
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A gestão do conhecimento como ferrammenta para potencializar o desenvolvimento de equipes na geração e execução de projetos de P&D. Infoteca-e
SILVEIRA, P. R. S. da; TRZECIAK, D. S.; ABREU, A. F. de..
Breve apreciação da gestão do conhecimento na Embrapa; Um modelo de maturidade da gestão do conhecimento como ferramenta de análise de uma instituição; Suporte e referencial teórico para implantação de um programa de GC; Ambiente de conhecimento; Inteligência competitiva; Redes de relacionamento; Apoio à pesquisa; Uma perspectiva de gestão do conhecimento para unidades de pesquisa; Aspectos gerais de um programa para unidades de pesquisa; Aspectos gerais de um programa para gestão do conhecimento aplicada a projetos de PD&I; Ações e efeitosda gestão do conhecimento no âmbito de um projeto de P&D.
Tipo: Documentos (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Gestão do conhecimento; Inteligência competitiva; Apoio à pesquisa.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/443375
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A Global Hunger Index: Measurement Concept, Ranking of Countries, and Trends AgEcon
Wiesmann, Doris M..
Progress in combating hunger and undernutrition has been lagging for decades. Best practices to fight hunger and undernutrition have been available for a long while, but lack of political will among leaders and a lack of political power among the poor have hampered their implementation. Since indices have proven to be powerful tools for advocacy and are able to capture multifaceted phenomena, the Global Hunger Index (GHI) was developed to increase attention to the hunger problem and mobilize the political will to speed up urgently needed progress in the fight against hunger. The GHI captures three dimensions of hunger: insufficient availability of food, shortfalls in the nutritional status of children, and child mortality, which is to a large extent...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Hunger; Undernutrition; Child malnutrition; Child mortality; Food availability; Indicators; HIV/AIDS; Conflict; War; Developing countries; Countries in transition; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55891
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A global view of genetic diversity in cultivated sorghums using a core collection Inra
Deu, M.; Rattunde, F.; Chantereau, J..
Une analyse approfondie de la structuration de la diversité génétique des sorghos cultivés est présentée. Une core collection de 210 variétés représentatives de la diversité des races, latitudes, réponses à la durée du jour et systèmes de culture a été analysée au moyen de 74 sondes PLFR réparties sur le génome. Les analyses multivariées ont montré la spécificité des guinea margaritiferum ainsi qu’une structuration géographique et raciale de la diversité génétique. L’analyse « neighbour joining » a montré une différenciation entre variétés africaines du nord et du sud de l’équateur. La présence de variétés asiatiques dans chacun de ces grands pôles géographiques d’évolution des sorghos indique 2 introductions en Asie. La race est aussi un des facteurs...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: DIVERSITE GENETIQUE; CORE COLLECTION; PLFR RFLP; CORE COLLECTION; GENETIC DIVERSITY.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD2007f30ff860&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2007/04/
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A Gravity Approach to Assess the Effects of Association Agreements on Euromediterranean Trade of Fruits and Vegetables AgEcon
Selva, Maria Luisa Marti; Garcia Alvarez-Coque, Jose-Maria.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18874
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A handbook for measuring the progress and outcomes of integrated Coastal and Ocean Management OceanDocs
The handbook aims to contribute to the sustainable development of coastal and marine areas by promoting a more out-come-oriented, accountable and adaptive approach to ICOM. It provides a step-by-step guide to help users in developing, selecting and applying a common set of governance, ecological and socioeconomic indicators to measure, evaluate and report on the progress and outcomes of ICOM interventions. Intended as a generic tool with no prescriptive character, the handbook proposes analytical framework and indicators that from the basis for the customized design of sets of indicators. The handbook also includes results, outcomes and lessons learned from eight pilot case studies conducted in several countries. A network of ICOM experts in these...
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Oceanography; Coastal zone management; Coastal zone; Oceanography; Oceanographic data; Oceanographic institutions; Oceanographic equipment; Oceanographic surveys; Indicators; Ecological balance; Oceanography; Ecological balance; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_12889; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_34928.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/2682
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A handbook for social science field research essays & bibliographic sources on research design and methods Buscador Latinoamericano
ed. por Ellen Perecman; Sara R. Curran.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: CIENCIAS SOCIALES.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://www.flacso.org.ec/biblio/shared/biblio_view.php?bibid=132252&tab=opac&oai:flacso.org.ec:132252
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A Handful of Heuristics and Some Propositions for Understanding Resilience in Social-Ecological Systems Ecology and Society
Walker, Brian; CSIRO; Brian.Walker@csiro.au; Gunderson, Lance; Emory Universitry; lgunder@emory.edu; Kinzig, Ann; Arizona State University; Ann.Kinzig@asu.edu; Folke, Carl; Stockholm University; calle@system.ecology.su.se; Carpenter, Steve; University of Wisconsin; srcarpen@wisc.edu; Schultz, Lisen; Stockholm University; lisen@ecology.su.se.
This paper is a work-in-progress account of ideas and propositions about resilience in social-ecological systems. It articulates our understanding of how these complex systems change and what determines their ability to absorb disturbances in either their ecological or their social domains. We call them “propositions” because, although they are useful in helping us understand and compare different social-ecological systems, they are not sufficiently well defined to be considered formal hypotheses. These propositions were developed in two workshops, in 2003 and 2004, in which participants compared the dynamics of 15 case studies in a wide range of regions around the world. The propositions raise many questions, and we present a list of...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed article Palavras-chave: Resilience; Social-ecological systems; Change; Propositions; Synthesis; Theory; Adaptatability; Transformability.
Ano: 2006
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A Hedonic Analysis of Cattle Prices in the Central Corridor of West Africa: Implications for Production and Marketing Decisions AgEcon
Williams, Timothy O.; Okike, Iheanacho; Spycher, Ben.
Detailed weekly sales transactions data for the period January 2000-June 2001 from three frontier markets in the central corridor of West Africa were analyzed to identify the factors influencing short-run, intra-year cattle prices. The empirical results indicate that in addition to market location and seasonality of supply and sales, market participants show systemic preferences for specific cattle attributes (sex, weight, condition and finish) and are willing to pay premium prices consistent with their preferences. Communicating this information to producers can assist them to tailor their production and marketing decisions to meet market expectations and thereby improve their competitiveness, profitability and intra-regional livestock trade. Innovative...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Livestock markets; Hedonic price model; Market information; West Africa; Livestock Production/Industries; C21; D4; Q13; Q17.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25423
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A Hedonic Analysis on the Implicit Values of Fresh Tomatoes AgEcon
Huang, Chung L.; Lin, Biing-Hwan.
The food habits and dietary patterns of American consumers are changing and they are increasingly demanding food products that possess certain attributes relating to how the food was produced or processed. The objectives of the study are to analyze household purchase of fresh tomatoes and to determine the magnitudes of the price premium paid for the organic tomatoes by estimating a hedonic price model. The study uses the 2003 ACNielsen Homescan panel data. The data set represents a nationally representative panel of U.S. households, which provide food purchase data for at-home consumption. For empirical implementation, parameters of the hedonic model were estimated using the Box-Cox transformation procedure. The results indicated that consumers value the...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Box-Cox transformation; Fresh tomatoes; Hedonic price; Organic produce; Product attributes; Crop Production/Industries; D1; Q11.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25404
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