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Final Report for the CORE Organic II funded project "Restrictive use of antibiotics in organic animal farming – a potential for safer, high quality products with less antibiotic resistant bacteria - SafeOrganic" Organic Eprints
Aabo, Søren.
• The level of antimicrobial resistance in bacteria from organic vs. conventional pigs has been compared for approximate 25 herds of each production system in DK, FR, IT and SE, by sampling faeces at farm or colon content at slaughterhouse from two pigs per herd. • An E. coli isolate was obtained from each sample and subjected to analysis of MIC (minimum inhibitory concentration) values for comparison of the resistance towards 10 antibiotics between production systems. Resistance to ampicillin, streptomycin, sulphonamides, tetracycline and trimethoprim was most common – ranging from 14% to 75% of E. coli isolates from conventional pigs and from 1% to 46% of isolates from organic pigs. The resistance towards these five antibiotics varied markedly between...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Pigs.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://orgprints.org/29009/7/29009.pdf
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Crescimento inicial de plantas de camu-camu sob fertirrigação com Potássio em condições de terra firme. Repositório Alice
ABANTO-RODRÍGUEZ, C.; CHAGAS, E. A.; ALBUQUERQUE, T. C. S. de; SOUZA, A. das G.; ARAÚJO, W. F.; CHAGAS, P. C.; ANDRADE, J. K. C.; SOUZA, O. M..
2014
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Nutrição mineral.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1006345
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フィリピンにおける豚感染症の影響と対策に隠する経済分析 OAK
Abao, Lary Nel Bilba.
Doctoral Program in Animal and Food Hygiene Graduate School of Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine
Ano: 2014 URL: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/3921
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Morphology of the Physiological Apical Foramen in Maxillary and Mandibular First Molars International Journal of Morphology
Abarca,J; Zaror,C; Monardes,H; Hermosilla,V; Muñoz,C; Cantin,M.
Information regarding the anatomy of the physiological apical foramen is limited. Knowing its diameter and shapes contributes to clinical work, specifically to the cleaning and shaping of the apical third. The aim of this ex vivo study was to determine the minimum and maximum diameters and shape of the physiological apical foramen in the roots of maxillary and mandibular first molars. A descriptive study was conducted on 89 recently extracted first molars. Roots 3-5 mm from the apex were sectioned and prepared for analysis at 40x magnification. The minimum and maximum diameters of each physiological foramen were measured using the program Motic Images plus 2.0 ML. The shape of the foramina, classified as round, oval or irregular, was determined by the...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Physiological Foramen; Apical constriction; Root apex; Apical diameter; Foraminal morphology; Permanent first molar.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022014000200048
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Etude sur les contaminants émergents dans les eaux françaises - Rapport de l'étude prospective sur les contaminants émergents dans les eaux littorales de la métropole et des DOM ArchiMer
Abarnou, Alain; Bocquene, Gilles; Champin, Maryline; Durand, Gaetane; Gonzalez, Jean-louis; Le Moigne, Morgan; Masson, Jean-claude; Priou, Pierre; Tixier, Celine.
This study contributes to inventory programme on emerging pollutants in French waters and to the general reflection which will enable to update the list of relevant substnaces to be included in the new monitoring programmes to come. This work concerns the coastal part of the inventory programme on marine waters and sediments of France and five overseas french departments (OFD). In this goal, passive sampling techniques and direct extraction techniques have been tested through the implementation of in situ systems integrators POCIS (Polar Organic Chemical Integrative Sampler) and the extraction by SBSE bars (Stir bar sorptive extraction) directly in the waters sampled. Finally, analyzes of sediment completed the acquisition of data. Arount 40 stations were...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Eaux littorales; Eaux côtières; Sédiment; Métropole; DOM; Pollution; Substances chimiques; POCIS; SBSE; Coastal waters; Sediment; France; Overseas french departments; Pollution; Chemicals contaminants; POCIS; SBSE.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00259/36994/35483.pdf
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Qualidade fisiológica de sementes de trigo tratadas com biorregulador em condições de restrição hídrica. Repositório Alice
ABATI, J.; BRZEZINSKI, C. R.; ZUCARELI, C.; HENNING, F. A.; ALVES, V. F. N.; GARCIA, V. V..
RESUMO - Situações de déficit hídrico podem reduzir a porcentagem e velocidade de germinação das sementes e o desenvolvimento das plântulas. Com isso vem se buscando alternativas que possam minimizar estes efeitos, além de promover o desenvolvimento das plântulas. O objetivo do trabalho foi avaliar a qualidade fisiológica de sementes de trigo tratadas com o biorregulador Stimulate em condições de estresse hídrico simulado com KCl. Sementes de trigo da cultivar CD 116 foram tratadas com o biorregulador e, após foram submetidas aos níveis de potencial osmótico de 0, -0,4, -0,8 e -1,2 MPa, induzidos com soluções de KCl. Os parâmetros avaliados foram: porcentagem de germinação, velocidade de germinação, comprimento total de plântula, de parte aérea e de raiz....
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Trigo.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1021757
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Treatment with fungicides and insecticides on the physiological quality and health of wheat seeds. Repositório Alice
ABATI, J.; ZUCARELI, C.; FOLONI, J. S. S.; HENNING, F. A.; BRZEZINSKI, C. R.; HENNING, A. A..
ABSTRACT ? Seed treatment with insecticides and fungicides has become an important practice for ensuring initial plant stand in establishing crops. In this context, the aim of this study was to evaluate the infuence of chemical seed treatment with insecticides and fungicides on the physiological quality and health of the seeds of wheat cultivars. Seeds of the wheat cultivars BRS Pardela and BRS Gaivota were used, subjected to the following chemical treatments: 1- control, 2- carboxin + thiram + imidacloprid + thiodicarb, 3- carbendazim + thiram + imidacloprid + thiodicarb, 4- fpronil + thiophanate-methyl + pyraclostrobin, 5- triadimenol + imidacloprid + thiodicarb, 6- fpronil, and 7- imidacloprid + thiodicarb. Physiological quality was evaluated by tests...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Tratamento de semente; Trigo; Germinação; Fungicida; Inseticida; Seed treatment; Wheat; Insecticides; Fungicides.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1009531
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Produção de blastosporos de Metarhizium rileyi (Farlow) Kepler, S.A. Rehner & Humber por fermentação líquida e sua patogenicidade a Spodoptera frugiperda (J. E. Smith, 1797) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Repositório Alice
ABATI, k.; SANTOS, P. de S.; DUARTE, V. S.; SOSA-GÓMEZ, D. R.; DELALIBERA JUNIOR, I..
2014
Tipo: Resumo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Controle biológico de pragas.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1003629
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Armored invaders in patagonia: recent southward dispersion of armadillos (Cingulata, Dasypodidae) Mastozool. neotrop.
Abba,Agustín M; Poljak,Sebastián; Gabrielli,Magali; Teta,Pablo; Pardiñas,Ulyses F. J.
Patagonia, al sur de los 40° S, está actualmente habitada por Chaetophractus villosus y Zaedyus pichiy. Con el objeto de reconstruir la historia de estos armadillos en la porción austral de América del Sur durante el Pleistoceno tardío-Holoceno, compilamos y discutimos datos de registros zooarqueológicos, observaciones de naturalistas y viajeros, especímenes de museos y datos de campo. Encontramos que ambas especies experimentaron una considerable expansión de su distribución hacia el sur. De acuerdo a la evidencia obtenida concluimos que: (a) Patagonia austral estuvo básicamente libre de armadillos durante el Pleistoceno tardío- Holoceno temprano; (b) durante los últimos 10 ka, Z. pichiy invadió progresivamente el sur de la Patagonia desde el norte...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/report Palavras-chave: Chaetophractus; Holoceno; Impacto del hombre; Pleistoceno; Zaedyus.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.org.ar/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0327-93832014000200010
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Feeding mastitis milk to organic dairy calves: effect on health and performance during suckling and on udder health at first calving Organic Eprints
Abb-Schwedler, Katharina; Maeschli, Ariane; Boss, Renate; Graber, Hans U.; Steiner, Adrian; Klocke, Peter.
Background Infection pathways of S. aureus udder infections in heifers are still not well understood. One hypothesis is that calves become infected with S. aureus via feeding mastitis milk. Especially on small-scale farms, pasteurisers are not economic. The purpose of this randomised comparative study was to investigate the influence of feeding milk containing S. aureus genotype B (SAGTB) on the health and development of calves and udder health of the respective heifers. Additionally, a method reducing the bacterial load to obtain safer feeding milk was tested. Thirty-four calves were fed mastitis milk from cows with subclinical SAGTB mastitis. One group was fed untreated milk (UMG). For the other group, milk was thermised at 61°C for one minute (heat...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Beef cattle; Feeding and growth; Health and welfare.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://orgprints.org/28099/1/s12917-014-0267-7.pdf
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Delimitation of Azadirachta indica A. Juss. from Melia azedarach L. (Meliaceae Juss.) based on leaf morphology Phyton
Abdel-Hameed,Usama K.
In Egypt there are two different species that are commercially marketed under the same trade name of Neem: one is Azadirachta indica A. Juss., and the other is Melia azedarach L. In this paper, leaf morphological characters (e.g., lamina architecture, stomatography, petiole and blade micromorphology) of both taxa were described and illustrated to aid in the identification and differentiation between the two misidentifed taxa. The obtained results concluded that leaf morpho-anatomical characters will not only provide criteria for their correct taxonomic authentication, but would also serve as future standard data for the quality assessment of the pharmaceutical preparation of botanical drugs.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Morphology; Leaf architecture; Stomatography; Azadirachta indica; Melia azedarach; Meliaceae.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.org.ar/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1851-56572014000200019
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Optimal design of the tractor-front-mounted sugarcane grab loader CIGR Journal
Abdel-Mawla, Hassan Abdel-Razek.
Abstract: The percent of sugarcane mechanical sugarcane loading (in Egypt) has not been exceeded 10% because of the poor finance-ability of the farmers to by the imported self-propelled loaders.  The local workshops have been attempting to fabricate a sugarcane loader attached to the farm tractors as a cheap alternative.  Farmers did not accept the tractor-mounted loaders fabricated locally because of the problems concerning poor efficiency and poor balance of the tractor-mounted loader while operation.  The main objective was to overcome the problems concerning precise fabrication of the tractor-front-mounted loader and to develop an efficient dynamically balanced machine.  Fabricating a sugarcane grab loader for the tractor faces difficulties due to the...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.cigrjournal.org/index.php/Ejounral/article/view/2532
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Étude Taxonomique et Écophysiologique des dinoflagellés toxiques du Golfe de Gabès: Alexandrium minutum, Prorocentrum lima, Coolia spp. & Ostreopsis ovata. OceanDocs
Abdennadher, M..
Cette thèse a pour objectif principal la caractérisation taxonomique, physiologique et écologique d’espèces de dinoflagellés associées à des alertes de toxicité dans le golfe de Gabès à savoir : Alexandrium minutum, Prorocentrum lima, Coolia monotis et Ostreopsis ovata. L’optimisation des conditions de culture des espèces de dinoflagellés et la mise en place d’une phytothèque composée d’une collection de cultures de microalgues toxiques étaient notre priorité dans cette investigation. Une analyse de la base des données REPHY a été effectuée dans le cadre de cette thèse. L’étude taxonomique moyennant la microscopie électronique en transmission et à balayage nous a permis de déceler les importantes caractéristiques morphologiques de distinction pour chaque...
Tipo: Theses and Dissertations Palavras-chave: Physiology; Taxonomy; Ecology; Phytoplankton culture.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/5924
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Desarrollo Embrionario del Pargo Colorado Lutjanus colorado (Jordan & Gilbert, 1882) International Journal of Morphology
Abdo-de la Parra,María Isabel; García-Aguilar,Noemí; Rodríguez-Ibarra,L. Estela; Velasco-Blanco,Gabriela; Ibarra-Castro,Leonardo.
El pargo colorado (Lutjanus colorado) es una especie con un alto valor comercial en el mercado mexicano, con potencial para su cultivo. Hasta la fecha no existen estudios sobre su reproducción, cultivo larvario y engorda en cautiverio. El presente trabajo es el primer reporte sobre la descripción a detalle del desarrollo embrionario de la especie bajo condiciones de cultivo. Los huevos fertilizados viables del pargo colorado son pelágicos, esféricos, transparentes y con una sola gota de aceite. Midieron 0,77±0,09 mm de diámetro y la gota de aceite 0,14±0,01 mm. La primera división ocurrió a las 0,05 horas post fertilización (HPF). La eclosión se llevó a cabo a las 17,22 HPF bajo las condiciones del presente estudio. Las larvas recién eclosionadas midieron...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Blástula; Gástrula; Organogénesis; Eclosión; Lutjanus colorado.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022014000300025
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A phylogenetic study of Dothiorella and Spencermartinsia species associated with woody plants in Iran, New Zealand, Portugal and Spain Naturalis
Abdollahzadeh, J.; Javadi, A.; Zare, R.; Phillips, A.J.L..
Dothiorella and Spencermartinsia are two botryosphaeriaceous genera with dark 2-celled conidia and found in parasitic, saprophytic or endophytic association with various woody host plants. Based on ITS and EF1-α sequence data and morphology, eight new species are described from Iran, New Zealand, Portugal and Spain. Of these, five species are placed in Dothiorella, namely D. iranica, D. parva, D. prunicola, D. sempervirentis and D. striata, and three species belong to Spencermartinsia named as S. citricola, S. mangiferae and S. plurivora. An identification key to the species of each genus is provided.
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: Botryosphaeriaceae; Dothiorella; ITS; Phylogeny; Spencermartinsia; Systematics; Taxonomy.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/532314
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Surveillance écologique et halieutique du site électronucléaire de Flamanville - Année 2013 - Rapport scientifique annuel ArchiMer
Abernot-le Gac, Chantal; Antajan, Elvire; Devreker, David; Dreves, Luc; Lamort, Laure; Martin, Jocelyne; Pierre-duplessix, Olivier; Schapira, Mathilde; Schlaich, Ivan.
The monitoring report (n° 31) of the nuclear power plant located in Flamanville (France) takes into account studies carried out between March and september 2013. Environmental effects and potential impacts of the aquatic system are reported through different chapters : hydrology, microbiology, phytoplankton, zooplankton, fisheries, intertidal phytobenthos and zoobenthos. This power plant has been in operation for twenty eight years.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Centrale nucléaire; Flamanville; Surveillance; Benthos; Halieutique; Pelagos; Flamanville; Monitoring; Nuclear power plant; Benthos; Fisheries; Pelagos.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00189/30033/28519.pdf
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Taxa de semeadura, herbicidas e tratamento de sementes para plantio direto a lanço de Brachiaria brizantha cv. Xaraés. Repositório Alice
ABREU, A. de Q.; ANDRADE, C. M. S. de; ZANINETTI, R. A..
O objetivo deste estudo foi determinar a melhor combinação de tratamento de sementes, herbicidas e taxa de semeadura para plantio direto a lanço da Brachiaria brizantha cv. Xaraés. O delineamento foi em blocos ao acaso, com quatro repetições. Os tratamentos foram arranjados no esquema fatorial 4x2x2, com quatro taxas de semeadura (2,82; 5,64; 11,28 e 22,56 kg/ha de sementes puras germináveis - SPG), dois tratamentos de sementes (com e sem fipronil) e dois herbicidas (atrazina em pré-emergência ou 2,4-D em pós-emergência). O tratamento de sementes com fipronil não afetou o estabelecimento do capim-xaraés. A atrazina em pré-emergência aumentou a eficiência de controle de plantas daninhas monocotiledôneas, permitindo reduzir a taxa de semeadura do...
Tipo: Resumo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Capim Xaraés; Brachiaria brizantha cv Xaraés; Sistema de cultivo; Plantio direto; Semeadura a lanço; Tratamento de semente; Herbicida; Atrazina; Rendimento; Cropping systems; No-tillage; Seed broadcasters; Seed treatment; Herbicides; Atrazine; Fipronil; Crop yield; Sistemas de cultivo; Cero labranza; Sembradora a voleo; Tratamiento de semillas; Herbicidas; Rendimiento de los cultivos.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/989272
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Efeito do aumento da temperatura sobre o ciclo biológico e de gerações de Spodoptera frugiperda (J. E. Smith) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) Repositório Alice
ABREU, A. de; SALVADOR, M. C.; UEDA, T. E.; GRAÇA, J. P. da; OLIVEIRA, M. C. N. de; HOFFMANN-CAMPO, C. B..
2014
Tipo: Artigo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Temperatura.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/994129
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Reação à murcha de Curtobacterium (Curtobacterium flaccumfasciens pv. flaccumfasciens) de variedades tradicionais de feijão-comum (Phaseolus vulgaris) coletadas no Estado de Santa Catarina Repositório Alice
ABREU, B. S.; COSTA, J. G. C. da..
O objetivo do trabalho foi testar variedades tradicionais de feijão-comum coletados em regiões produtoras no Estado de Santa Catarina. Os testes dos acessos à murcha de Curtobacterium (MCB) foram realizados, em casa telada.
Tipo: Resumo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Curtobacterium flaccumfasciens; Santa Catarina; Feijão; Phaseolus vulgaris; Melhoramento genético vegetal; Variedade.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1031270
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Efficiency of the fused magnesium potassium phosphate for soybean. Repositório Alice
ABREU, C. A. de; SOUZA, C. P. C. de; VIARO, A. C. K.; ANDRADE, C. A. de; ABREU, M. F..
Abstract: The use of ground natural rocks (in natura) containing K was evaluated for the cultivation of rice (NEPTUNE et al., 1980), corn (Siqueira et al., 1985) and more recently in corn, soybeans and mil- let (Resende et al., 2006), whose agronomic results were not satisfactory. However, when the potassic rock is fused at high temperatures and calcare- ous is added, you get the product known as fused magnesium potassium phosphate (TK) with K availability increased. In a study to evaluate the fused magnesi- um potassium phosphate in corn, there was an in- crease in the production of dry matter and higher K accumulation accumulation in plants (FAQUIN et al., 1987) mass. High agronomic efficiency of this source was also observed for Marandu-grass with...
Tipo: Artigo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Soja; Potássio; Soybeans; Potassium phosphates; Potassium fertilizers.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1009239
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