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A Litoteca do Instituto Federal Baiano, campus Santa Inês: um importante instrumento para o ensino-aprendizagem de geociências. Repositório Alice
NUNES, F. C.; MOREIRA, G. S.; SOUZA FILHO, J. R. de; CARVALHO, C. C. N. de; SILVA, E. F. da..
2016
Tipo: Capítulo em livro científico (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Litoteca; Geociências.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1051674
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A longitudinal study of Babesia and Theileria infections in cattle in Sri Lanka OAK
Sivakumar, Thillaiampalam; Kothalawala, Hemal; Weerasooriya, Gayani; Seekkuge Susil Priyantha Silva; Puvanendiran, Sumathy; Munkhjargal, Tserendorj; Igarashi, Ikuo; Yokoyama, Naoaki.
Throughout the world, infections with the Babesia and Theileria parasites often result in economically significant clinical disease in cattle. We conducted a longitudinal survey of Babesia and Theileria infections in cattle from the Polonnaruwa (n?=?75; dry zone) and Nuwara Eliya (n?=?161; wet zone) districts of Sri Lanka. DNA from blood samples collected in June, September, and December 2014 and March 2015 was screened for Babesia bovis, Babesia bigemina, Theileria annulata and Theileria orientalis using specific polymerase chain reactions (PCRs). Additionally, serum samples collected from the animals were screened using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) to detect B. bovis- and B. bigemina-specific antibodies. All of the animals surveyed in...
Palavras-chave: Babesia; Cattle; Longitudinal study; Sri Lanka; Theileria.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/4567
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A manipueira na adubação da mandioca. Infoteca-e
DINIZ, M. de S.; TRINDADE, A. V.; LEDO, C. A. da S..
A manipueira ou água da mandioca é o líquido extraído da massa da mandioca. Ela é considerada pura quando obtida na prensa e usada sem mistura com água. Torna-se impura ou diluída quando misturada com água no processo de extração de fécula ou simplesmente adicionando-se a água. Ambas podem ser usadas na adubação, devendo antes ser guardada em vasilha aberta para exalar o ácido cianídrico.
Tipo: Fôlder / Folheto / Cartilha (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Mandioca; Manipueira; Cassava.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1036715
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A matéria orgânica é a vida do solo. Infoteca-e
ALCÂNTARA, F..
Matéria orgânica serve de alimento para os macro e microrganismos do solo que são decompositores, ou seja, aqueles que decompõem os resíduos em partes menores para se alimentar.
Tipo: Fôlder / Folheto / Cartilha (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Matéria orgânica; Solo; Ecologia vegetal.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1047020
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A matter of ephemerality: the study of Kel Tadrart Tuareg (southwest Libya) campsites via quantitative spatial analysis Ecology and Society
Biagetti, Stefano; CaSEs - Complexity and Socio-Ecological Dynamics group; Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Department of Humanities; School of Geography, Archaeology, and Environmental Studies, University of the Witwatersrand; stefano.biagetti@upf.edu; Crema, Enrico R.; CaSEs - Complexity and Socio-Ecological Dynamics group; Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Department of Humanities; UCL Institute of Archaeology; enrico.crema@upf.edu.
We examined the settlement structure from the Kel Tadrart Tuareg, a small pastoral society from southwest Libya. Our objective was to apply spatial analysis to establish the statistical significance of specific patterns in the settlement layout. In particular, we examined whether there is a separation between domestic and livestock spaces, and whether particular residential features dedicated to guests are spatially isolated. We used both established statistical techniques and newly developed bespoke analyses to test our hypotheses, and then discuss the results in the light of possible applications to other case studies.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed article Palavras-chave: Campsites; Kel Tadrart Tuareg; Settlement layout; Spatial analysis.
Ano: 2016
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A metadata model for cross-domain marine data management, the SeaDataNet/Geo-Seas experience ArchiMer
Diviacco, P.; Casas Munoz, R.; Sorribas, J.; Loubrieu, Thomas.
Data management in the marine sciences faces the complex issue of addressing contrasting cognitive models across scientific domains, meaning the various representations that different communities build for overlapping areas of interest. Each of these communities constructs an identity on a specific and personal set of inherited backgrounds, practices, and tacit knowledge, which are mirrored in how they understand the targets of their studies. From a practical point of view, this can result in mis-linking observations and usage. This paper reports on the work done within the EU FP7 SeaDataNet project to tackle such problems through an integrated discovery and data access paradigm. It is based on a flexible metadata model that allows researchers to link...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Marine data management; Metadata model; Observation and Measurements; Sensor Web Enablement; Data discovery and access.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00359/47034/46945.pdf
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A method for assessing ecological values to reconcile multiple land use needs Ecology and Society
Kangas, Katja M; Natural Resources Institute Finland, Oulu; katja.kangas@luke.fi; Tolvanen, Anne; Natural Resources Institute Finland, Oulu; Department of Ecology, University of Oulu; anne.tolvanen@luke.fi; Tarvainen, Oili; Natural Resources Institute Finland, Oulu; oili.tarvainen@luke.fi; Nikula, Ari; Natural Resources Institute Finland, Rovaniemi; ari.nikula@luke.fi; Nivala, Vesa; Natural Resources Institute Finland, Rovaniemi; vesa.nivala@luke.fi; Huhta, Esa; Natural Resources Institute Finland, Rovaniemi; esa.huhta@luke.fi.
We present a new method for ecologically sustainable land use planning within multiple land use schemes. Our aims were (1) to develop a method that can be used to locate important areas based on their ecological values; (2) to evaluate the quality, quantity, availability, and usability of existing ecological data sets; and (3) to demonstrate the use of the method in Eastern Finland, where there are requirements for the simultaneous development of nature conservation, tourism, and recreation. We compiled all available ecological data sets from the study area, complemented the missing data using habitat suitability modeling, calculated the total ecological score (TES) for each 1 ha grid cell in the study area, and finally, demonstrated the use of TES in...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Biodiversity; Conservation; Ecological value; Land use planning; Modeling; Spatial data; Tourism.
Ano: 2016
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A method for Colletotrichum graminicola inoculation in maize stalks. Repositório Alice
PARREIRA, D. F.; ZAMBOLIM, L.; COSTA, R. V. da; SILVA, D. D. da; MARCONDES, M. M.; LANZA, F. E.; NEVES, W. S.; FIGUEIREDO, J. E. F.; SOUZA, A. G. C.; COTA, L. V..
ABSTRACT: Anthracnose stalk rot (ASR) disease caused by Colletotrichum graminicola can lead to major corn yield losses in Brazil. Studies on plant resistance and genetic variation in pathogen populations are required towards the development of ASR disease management strategies. However, the lack of adequate methods for C. graminicola inoculation in maize stalk has hindered these efforts. The main objective of the study was to develop a confident and feasible method for C. graminicola inoculation into maize stalk. Three inoculation methods were evaluated: TCMP (toothpick colonized by pathogen mycelium), TICS (toothpicks immersed in conidial suspension), and ICS (injection of conidial suspension). The effect of the internode position, the phenological stage,...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Antracnose; Podridão do colmo; Doença de planta; Anthracnose; Plant diseases and disorders.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1051707
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A method for controlled target strength measurements of pelagic fish, with application to European anchovy ( Engraulis encrasicolus ) ArchiMer
Doray, Mathieu; Berger, Laurent; Le Bouffant, Naig; Coail, Jean-yves; Vacherot, Jean-philippe; De La Bernardie, Xavier; Moriniere, Pierre; Lys, Elisabeth; Schwab, Romain; Petitgas, Pierre.
Measuring fish target strength (TS) in the wild is challenging because: (i) TS varies versus physical (orientation relative to the incident sound wave, size, and depth) and physiological fish attributes (maturity and condition), (ii) the target species and its aforementioned attributes are difficult to assess in near real time, and (iii) in the case of packed fish schools, accepted echoes may originate from multiple unresolved targets. We propose a method for controlled TS measurements of densely packed small pelagic fish during daytime, based on the joint use of a Remotely Operated Towed Vehicle, “EROC”, with a pelagic trawl fitted with a codend opening system, “ENROL”. EROC, equipped with a 70-kHz split-beam echosounder (Simrad EK60) and a low-light...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Acoustics; Deformed cylinder model; Engraulis encrasicolus; Remotely operated vehicle; Target strength; Video.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00346/45693/45623.pdf
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A methodological framework to assess the carbon balance of tropical managed forests. Repositório Alice
PIPONIOT, C.; CABON, A.; DESCROIX, L.; DOURDAIN, A.; MAZZEI, L.; OULIAC, B.; RUTISHAUSER, E.; SIST, P.; HÉRAULT, B..
Background: Managed forests are a major component of tropical landscapes. Production forests as designated by national forest services cover up to 400 million ha, i.e. half of the forested area in the humid tropics. Forest management thus plays a major role in the global carbon budget, but with a lack of unified method to estimate carbon fluxes from tropical managed forests. In this study we propose a new time- and spatially-explicit methodology to estimate the above-ground carbon budget of selective logging at regional scale. Results: The yearly balance of a logging unit, i.e. the elementary management unit of a forest estate, is modelled by aggregating three sub-models encompassing (i) emissions from extracted wood, (ii) emissions from logging damage and...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Carbon cycle; Selective logging; Error propagation; Production forests; Amazônia; Ciclo do carbono; Floresta.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1051226
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A mezőgazdasági sokféleségért - 1 éves a nemzetközi Diversifood projekt Organic Eprints
Heim, Ildikó.
2016 februárjában Cipruson rendezték meg a DIVERSIFOOD 633571 elnevezésű, Horizont 2020 nemzetközi projekt éves konzorcium-találkozóján. A projekt márciuban lett 1 éves, konzorciumtagként az ÖMKi kisparcellás és on-farm alakor és tönke kísérletekkel vesz részt a kutatásban, továbbá ezeken túl vizsgálja a tájfajta paradicsomok magyar fogyasztói preferenciáit.
Tipo: Newspaper or magazine article Palavras-chave: "Organics" in general Biodiversity and ecosystem services Education; Extension and communication Knowledge management.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://orgprints.org/30299/1/os1606.pdf
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A microbiological survey on tomatoes (Lycopersicon esculentum) marketed in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Repositório Alice
PENTEADO, A. L.; CASTRO, M. F. D. P. M. de; PAZIANOTTO, R. A. A..
Abstract: Fresh produce can be a possible source of microbiological contamination. In the past 20 years, several salmonellosis outbreaks due to the consumption of tomato have been reported, mainly in the USA. Organic raw vegetables pose a risk for the transmission of foodborne pathogens since they are often cultivated using manure as a fertilizer. The aim of this study was to conduct a survey of the presence of Salmonella spp, total coliforms and Escherichia coli on the surface of tomatoes from two different production systems. A total of 262 samples of organic and conventional tomatoes were collected from supermarkets and open street markets in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil and analyzed for these microorganisms. To increase the probability of...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Agricultura convencional; Vigilância sanitária; Sanitary surveillance; Salmonella; Tomate; Agricultura orgânica; Escherichia coli; Contaminação bacteriana; Análise microbiológica; Tomatoes; Bacterial contamination; Organic production; Conventional farming.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1061920
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A modeling study of processes controlling the Bay of Bengal sea surface salinity interannual variability ArchiMer
Akhil, V. P.; Lengaigne, M.; Vialard, J.; Durand, F.; Keerthi, M. G.; Chaitanya, A. V. S.; Papa, F.; Gopalakrishna, V. V.; De Boyer Montegut, Clement.
Recent observational studies provided preliminary insights on the interannual variability of Bay of Bengal (BoB) Sea Surface Salinity (SSS), but are limited by the poor data coverage. Here, we describe the BoB interannual SSS variability and its driving processes from a regional eddy-permitting ocean general circulation model forced by interannually varying air-sea fluxes and altimeter-derived discharges of major rivers over the past two decades. Simulated interannual SSS variations compare favorably with both in situ and satellite data and are largest in boreal fall in three regions: the northern BoB, the coastal region off east India, and the Andaman Sea. In the northern BoB, these variations are independent from those in other regions and mostly driven...
Tipo: Text
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00360/47134/47083.pdf
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A Morphological Study of the Dorsum Sellae in Human Skull International Journal of Morphology
Haider,Syed Javed; Rezigalla,Assad Ali; Abdalla,Asim Mohammed.
Anatomical variations in the shape and dimension of the dorsum sellae and posterior clinoid process are common. Most textbooks describe its shape as a median rectangular plate, a square plate, or a transverse ledge on a slope behind the sella turcica (hypophyseal fossa). This work aims to study the dorsum sellae of human skull. One hundred and twenty five dried adult human skulls, irrespective of age, were used for the study. Detailed features of the dorsum sellae were noted and classified into five types: crest like, thin plate, frail quadrilateral plate, heavy square plate, thick elongated plate. Fusion of the posterior and middle clinoid processes in one (unilateral) and all the clinoid processes (anterior, middle, and posterior) in three skulls...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Dorsum sellae; Clinoid process; Anatomical variations; Skull.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022016000400001
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A motorized device for cracking pre-treated dika nuts CIGR Journal
Ogundahunsi, Olufemi Emmanuel; Ogunsina, Babatunde Sunday; Ibrahim, Raheem O..
Cracking of dika nut has presented serious challenges to local processors considering the arduous task it constitutes during processing.  A motorized machine that is capable of multiple cracking of dika nuts was designed, fabricated and tested. The major components of the machine include a sliding hammer, a gear unit, a chain conveyor and cracking trays.  The experimental machine was evaluated on the basis of cracking efficiency and throughput considering three types of pre-treated nuts (sun-dried, oven-dried and roasted) and two nut sizes (small and big).  The cracking efficiency and throughput were: 65% and 8.84kg/h, 63% and 7.75kg/h, 45% and 5.67 kg/h for roasted, oven-dried and sun-dried small nuts; while the corresponding values for big nuts were: 72%...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Post harvest technology; Processing machines motorized; Machine; Dika nut; Cracking.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.cigrjournal.org/index.php/Ejounral/article/view/3614
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A multifuncionalidade da agricultura urbana e a sua integração no ecossistema urbano da ilha de São Luís. Repositório Alice
GOMES, J. F. B..
O aumento contínuo da população urbana traz graves problemas urbanos nas cidades, como: abastecimento alimentar, em especial da camada social vulnerável. A agricultura urbana apresenta grande potencial de melhoria da vida das populações marginalizadas, e sua relação da cidade com o meio ambiente. Objetivou-se conhecer a agricultura urbana praticada em São Luís na sua caracterização socioespacial. Realizou-se pesquisa do tipo quantitativa e qualitativa para compreender a agricultura praticada em seus espaços, e os atores no atual modelo de planejamento urbano do município. O percurso metodológico consistiu na realização de pesquisa bibliográfica, pesquisa de campo e análise qualitativa e quantitativa dos dados. Para o estudo das categorias analíticas, com...
Tipo: Tese/dissertação (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Agricultura urbana; São Luís; Planejamento urbano; Destruição criativa; Ecossistema urbano; Feiras livres; Produção agrícola.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1077483
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A multi-model assessment of the impact of currents, waves and wind in modelling surface drifters and oil spill ArchiMer
De Dominicis, M.; Bruciaferri, D.; Gerin, R.; Pinardi, N.; Poulain, P. M.; Garreau, Pierre; Zodiatis, G.; Perivoliotis, L.; Fazioli, L.; Sorgente, R.; Manganiello, C..
Validation of oil spill forecasting systems suffers from a lack of data due to the scarcity of oil slick in-situ and satellite observations. Drifters (surface drifting buoys) are often considered as proxy for oil spill to overcome this problem. However, they can have different designs and consequently behave in a different way at sea, making it not straightforward to use them for oil spill model validation purposes and to account for surface currents, waves and wind when modelling them. Stemming from the need to validate the MEDESS4MS (Mediterranean Decision Support System for Marine Safety) multi-model oil spill prediction system, which allows access to several ocean, wave and meteorological operational model forecasts, an exercise at sea was carried out...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Oil spill modelling; Drifters; Oil slick; Mediterranean; Met-ocean models.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00326/43724/43175.pdf
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A natural fungal infection of a sylvatic cockroach with Metarhizium blattodeae sp. nov., a member of the M. flavoviride species complex. Repositório Alice
MONTALVA, C.; COLLIER, K.; ROCHA, L. F. N.; INGLIS, P. W.; LOPES, R. B.; LUZ, C.; HUMBER, R. A..
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Blattodea; Clavicipitaceae; Goiás; Entomopathogenic fungus.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1061503
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A necessidade do fortalecimento do conhecimento humanístico na formação do médico-veterinário: a visão de estudantes do segundo semestre de graduação MV&Z
Tavolaro, Paula.
Embora uma das funções do ensino superior seja formar alunos como profissionais e cidadãos, talvez o saber técnico seja favorecido em detrimento da formação humana. A estruturação de disciplinas de humanidades presentes nos cursos universitários com base em problemas detectados no dia a dia de trabalho do futuro profissional pode ajudar o aluno a construir competências e habilidades necessárias para o mundo contemporâneo para além do conhecimento técnico. Este estudo apresenta os resultados de uma atividade realizada na disciplina de Sociologia de um curso de Medicina Veterinária na cidade de São Paulo. Nesta atividade, os alunos discutiam os grupos sociais envolvidos com o trabalho do veterinário e apontavam o grupo que consideravam como o mais complicado...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Educação superior; Médicos veterinários; Formação humanística.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.revistamvez-crmvsp.com.br/index.php/recmvz/article/view/31034
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A new approach to determine the distributional effects of quota management in fisheries ArchiMer
Bellanger, Manuel; Macher, Claire; Guyader, Olivier.
Quota allocation mechanisms have distributional effects that are highly relevant to the economic organization of fisheries. In France, where fishing allocations are non-transferable, quotas are shared among Producer Organizations (POs) based on the historical landings of their members. Each PO is then responsible for implementing their own internal rules that provide individual or collective allocations to their members. This study investigates the distributional effects of the various quota management systems adopted by POs on quotas and production for the Bay of Biscay sole fishery. A comparison between initial allocations by vessel based on historical landings and actual observed landings is presented. Inequality metrics are used to quantify...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Distribution; Inequality; Producer organizations; Catch shares; Common-pool resources; Fishery management.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00332/44359/43999.pdf
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