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Registros recuperados: 9
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REPORT ON EXPERIMENTS ABOUT TIlE SEEDS’ SIZE OF KINMEN EARLY KOHLRABI Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute
P.N. Lee; 李伯年.
[[abstract]]1. Influenced by the factors such as the environment of seed-picking place, time of planting, fertilizing, management and the different part of picking, picked the seeds of same variety may inevitably have different size. 2 Kinmen Early kohlrabi cultivated at Kinmen did not grow well because of dry weather. The size of seeds had obvious difference. 3. The large size seeds have strong organism and promising development, they can be kept longer and still reserve life, medium and small size seeds have weak organism, they can lose their life very shortly in storage. 4. The size of seeds does not affect the yield. The medium and small size seeds can product more than the large size ones. But the germination of the former is not good, and their life...
Palavras-chave: [[classification]]6.
Ano: 1964
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不同容器貯藏蔬菜種子壽命之研究 Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute
李伯年; 諶靜吾; P.N Lee; C.W. Shen.
[[abstract]]蔬菜種子在自然氣溫下貯藏,很易失去生命,因此關於各種貯藏方法之研究,國內外以住研究頗多,低溫乾燥貯藏,可保持壽命最久,卻因設備不易,為民間一般農戶和零售種子商,難以採用。作者有鑒及此,研究普遍能合實用的方法,於民國四十六年開始,至五十二年止,前後共計六年,獲得生石灰白鐵罐貯藏,可保持壽命數年不失。 1. In this experiment, the seed storage effect of a tin can and a glass desicca-tor with caustic lime or calcium chloride was studied. 2. From the data of this experiment, a tin can with caustic lime and a glass desiccator with calcium chloride showed good results. 3. Although glass desiccator is a common container for the use of seed storage, yet it has some faults. Those are expensive, difficult to convey, and easy to break. In view of these facts, we consider that the tin can is a more practical container to most of the local seed merchants or farmers in Taiwan. 4. When we store a large...
Palavras-chave: [[classification]]6.
Ano: 1964
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各種藥劑打破雲南大頭菜種子休眠之研究 Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute
李伯年; 諶靜吾; P.N. Lee; C.W. Shen.
[[abstract]]據上各項處理成績之分析,雲南大頭菜種子之休眠,受環境因素之關係甚大,在產地因收穫後,沒有高溫,故休眠期甚短,收穫後之種子,隨即播種,仍可立即發芽,且發芽率高達99,5%。如收穫後之種子,携至平地,因氣溫突然昇高,和產地相差達10℃以上,可能因環境不適,即進入休眠期,發芽數字極微,此項休眠之打破,應用10℃,15℃低溫處理三天,可促進發芽率達90%以上,應用(Gibberellin)50-200PPM處理,亦可達93%以上之發芽率;其次硫尿(Thiourea)200PPM可促進發芽率68.5%;至於硝酸鉀(Potassium),硫酸錏(Ammonium Thiocyanate),增收素(Bene Plant),愛多收(Atonik)打破休眠之效能不大。 The newly harvested seeds of Brassica juncea var. megarrhiza usually enter into the dormant stage under high temperature. Then we can not expect the germination of such seeds during the dormant stage unless we use artificial methods such as low temperature or chemical treatment to break dormancy. In this experiment, we studied out the effects of low temperature or some chemicals including commercial plant growth...
Palavras-chave: [[classification]]6.
Ano: 1965
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同品種蔬菜種子大小與產量關係之研究 Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute
李伯年; 諶靜吾; 黃新民; P.N. Lee; C.W. Shen; S.M. Huang.
[[abstract]]1. 海拔較低地區(500~1,000公尺)受平地幅射熱之關係,年平均溫度,並不甚低,所穫之種子,其大小勻度極不整齊;海拔較高地區(1,500~2,000公尺)有足夠低溫,種子大小勻度劃一,形質亦佳。 2. 無限花序之十字花科蔬菜,其花序尖端(即後開花)所結之種子,較花序基部(即先開花)所結之種子為小,側枝所結之種子,較主枝為小。 3. 不同熟度採收之種子,其大小勻度極不齊整,青熟、黃熟和老熟採收之種子,其大小常在一倍以上。 4. 抽苔開花結籽季節,天氣過份乾旱,所收種子粒形大小參差不齊。 5. 大株移植採收之種子,恒較不移植採收之種子為小,摘心萌芽採收之種子,亦較不摘心萌芽採收之種子為小。 為探求同品種蔬菜種子之大小,與後代產量之關係影響如何,自民國47年開始,分別進行研究。茲將獲有結果之金門早生球莖甘藍、美濃蘿蔔、白子衣笠菜豆三種,分述於下。其他各種蔬菜,俟今後研究結束,陸續發表。 1. The size of vegetable seeds of same variety has great relation with the growth of seedlings, the difference is especially obvious in twenty days after seeding, i. e., the growth in small and middle size seeds are less strong than that in large size ones. Our institute has experimented all the three sizes of seeds and found out that the height of the...
Palavras-chave: [[classification]]6.
Ano: 1961
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東西橫貫公路沿綫蔬菜採種試驗(第一報) Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute
李伯年; 諶靜吾; Pe-Nien Lee; Ching-Wu Shen.
[[abstract]]東西橫貫公路,西部由臺中縣谷關入山,溯大甲溪流域而上穿越海拔2,800公尺之合歡埡口,順立霧溪流域而至東部花蓮縣大魯閣止,全長177公里;中途由梨山經海拔1,850公尺之鞍部,順濁水溪流域而至宜蘭縣獨立山支綫,全長82公里。當全綫公路興築之初,作者曾步行跋涉往沿綫各地考察過一次,一路山岳重疊,風景綺麗,雖可耕地不廣,但在海拔1,000公尺以上,2,000公尺以下沿綫之山麓及山腹地帶,終年氣候溫涼,為溫涼性蔬菜採種之合適環境,經商得中國農村復興聯合委員會同意,將歷年補助計劃之剩餘經費,于1947年冬季,委託就地部落高山同胞,進行蔬菜種試驗工作,至1949年春季,前後費時三年,始獲得一套參考資料,玆經整理彙編成冊,公諸社會,以供今後發展沿綫採種事業之參考。 為獲得本資料之儘量完整,十餘種蔬菜在不同播種,開花,結實收穫期間,攝製其真實照片,爭取時間性,不辭沿途艱險困難或豪雨為害,振奮著萬分勇氣,步行跋涉上山數次,始能獲得本資料之適當齊全,附此數語,藉誌紀念。 1. We are in need of large amount of cool season vegetable seeds, but it can only be imported from abroad. Various efforts of experiments had been made by several agricultural institutions and governmental organizations, none of them, however, has good result due to the limitation of high temperature in Taiwan. 2. There...
Palavras-chave: [[classification]]6.
Ano: 1960
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洋蔥品種比較試驗報告 Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute
郁宗雄; 王進生; 李伯年; T.H. Yu; C.S. Wang; P.N. Lee.
[[abstract]]1. 二十二個品種,播種期提早,產量及結球率固可提高,但分球率及抽苔率亦相對增多,對洋蔥品質影響甚大;過遲播種者,雖分球率及抽苔率降低,但蔥球不大,產量減少,亦屬不適。 2. 早熟品種之播種適期,以九月下旬至十月中旬之間為最佳,九月中旬以前播種,不特育苗時間常遇颱風豪雨之害,除用特殊設備覆蓋外,不易育成。晚熟品種,如Red Creole, White Creole等之播種適期,在南部以十月下旬為最適,臺中以北為十月中旬。過早播種,分球抽苔率極高,鱗球形質劣變。 3. 二十二個品種,就播種期之早晚,與產量、結球率、分球率、抽苔率之比較,合於臺灣氣候之栽培價值者早熟種有四個品種。(1)Granex (2)Early Grano (3)San Joaquin (4)Excel Bermuda,晚熟種有二個品種(1)Red Creole (2)White Creole. 4.晚熟種Red Creole及White, Creole,在生育期中,抗病力強,收穫之鱗球大小,雖不十分整齊,產量又低,但極耐貯藏,在臺灣之自然室溫下,經過炎熱漫長之暑期,腐敗率極低,為前述早熟種所不及。 5. 此外比較試驗品種中(1)Red Bermuda (2)White Grano (3)Crystal White Wax (4)Granex Hybrid(5)Texas Grano (6)Laredo 690等六品種,尚有試驗調查價值外,其餘各品種,成績極差,在臺灣無栽培經濟價值。 1. In a trial of twenty two onion varieties, it was found that, when the dates of planting were early in the season,...
Palavras-chave: [[classification]]6.
Ano: 1960
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球莖甘藍品種比較試驗 Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute
李伯年; 諶靜吾; 林昭雄; P.N. Lee; C.W. Shen; C.H. Lin.
[[abstract]]民國四十五年秋季全省蔬菜改進試驗工作,從福建金門引進一個早生球莖甘藍品種,在省內十一個試驗場所試作結果,均認為早熟豐產,品型優美;翌年擴大區域試作及示範栽培,全省120個栽培農戶,亦一致稱好。至四十七年秋季農業試驗所,曾將金門早生球莖與美國白蕪球莖(WhiteVienna)及日本金澤球莖甘藍三個品種,作比較試驗。金門早生球莖甘藍所得結果,可歸納下列數點:(1)外葉稀少,(2)食用部份收穫率高(球重佔全重達72.78%),(3)球型扁圓,外觀優美,(4)商品價值大,(5)早熟豐產。 According to the above results based on the observations of experiments, the characteristic of Kinmen Early is attributed to the following four points: 1. Through twice comparative experiments, (the first experiment contains three varieties-Kinmen Early, White Vienna and Kanazawa Late; the second contains five varieties-Kinmen Early, American Early, White Vienna, Peking Late and Kanazawa Late). Kinmen Early variety is acknowledged and certified as the best variety of kohlrabis, because of its early...
Palavras-chave: [[classification]]6.
Ano: 1960
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福壽山農場土壤蔬菜盆栽試驗初步報告 Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute
李伯年; 諶靜吾; P.N. Lee; C.W. Shen.
[[abstract]]根據上述鳳山熱帶園藝試驗分所及臺灣省農業試驗所盆栽試驗結果,可歸納下列幾點結論: 1. 福壽山土壤無肥盆栽試驗,鳳山與臺北兩試驗地之結果雖有出入,當初期生育情形比較,則屬一致,均呈萎縮難以生長狀態,而後期臺北試區之結果反較前者為佳;而在鳳山試區前後期均呈萎縮現象,可能臺北試區之四十日油菜耐酸性之能力較強之故。 2. 兩地對照之園土無肥盆栽比較,雖生長並不十分理想,但無上述諸種缺點。由此可證明福壽山土壤不適蔬菜生長之主要原因,當在土壤中之酸度太高,而非氣候之關係。 3. 福壽山土壤未種植前之pH測定為3.8-4.1,而鳳山土則為6.4,凡pH在4.0左右之高度強酸性土壤,一般作物實無法生育良好。 4. 為謀改進此種強酸性土壤,乃進行有肥盆栽試驗,鳳山與臺北兩試驗地,加用適量腐熟堆肥及少量石炭,成效大增,鳳山試區經處理後之土壤產量增加60倍強,臺北試區則為5.5倍強。 Conclusions drawn from the pot experiments carried out in the Fengshan Tropical Horticultural Experiment Station and Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute, are as follows: 1. The growth condition of vegetables cultivated in the soil from Fushoushan both in Fengshan and Taipei in the early stages are mainly the same; the tendency to wilter in the later stages, it...
Palavras-chave: [[classification]]6.
Ano: 1963
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金門早生球莖甘藍採種試驗 Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute
李伯年; 諶靜吾; P. N. Lee; C.W. Shen.
[[abstract]]1.金門早生球莖甘藍在臺灣北部平地,可以抽苔開花結籽,但在盛花期中,因春雨綿綿不停,土壤排水不良之地,收籽甚難,且形質極差。 2.海拔370M之深坑砲仔崙山地,及海拔470~690M 之陽明山山仔後,竹子湖山地,土質鬚鬆,排水良好,雖春季多雨,仍可結籽優良,其種予形質亦佳。 3.海拔1020M之西寶農場,春季氣候穩定,雨水亦少,為採種之合適環境,不特單株收量豐富,且種子形質亦良。 4.海拔2248M之福壽山農場,春季溫度昇高極緩,延至夏初抽苔開花,至種子結實成熟時期之六、七月間,適為夏季雨期,豪雨連綿,雖可收得種子,不特產量不豐,且處理上困難特多。 5.如原種育成完善,採種圃生產種子,可免選種移值,以節省勞力,而增種子懂量;為謀單位面積收量之增多,在合適之環境採種,可儘量提早栽植。 1. Kinmen Early Kohlrabi is capable of bolting, flowering and seeding in northern plain of Taiwan. However, owing to long-period spring rain, seedings are difficult in ill-draind paddy field, and their characteristics are low. 2. Mountain areas of Shen-kang, Pao-tzu-lun (altitude 370 m.) and Yangmingshan, Shan-tzu-hou, Chu-tzu-hu (altitude 470-660 m.) have well-drainage soil. Seedings are good despite of...
Palavras-chave: [[classification]]6.
Ano: 1961
Registros recuperados: 9
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