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Registros recuperados: 4
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A PCR Based Survey of Babesia ovata in Cattle from Various Asian, African and South American Countries OAK
SIVAKUMAR, Thillaiampalam; ASADA, Masahito; BATTSETSEG, Badgar; HUANG, Xiaohong; LAN, Dinh Thi Bich; INPANKAEW, Tawin; P. YBAÑEZ, Adrian; ALHASSAN, Andy; THEKISOE, Oriel M. M.; DE MACEDO, Alan Caine Costa; INOKUMA, Hisashi; IGARASHI, Ikuo; YOKOYAMA, Naoaki; 猪熊, 壽; 五十嵐, 郁男; 横山, 直明.
Babesia ovata is a tick-transmitted hemoprotozoan parasite that infects cattle. In our study, bovine blood samples (n=2,034) were collected from 10 different countries (Brazil, China, Ghana, Japan, Mongolia, the Philippines, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Vietnam) and DNA extracted. The DNA samples were screened using an established and specific polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay targeting the Apical membrane antigen 1 (AMA-1) gene. Parasite DNA was detected among samples collected from Japan, Mongolia and Thailand. Sequence analyses confirmed that the PCR assay detected only B. ovata AMA-1, and that amplicons from different geographical locations were conserved. Our findings highlight the importance of designing adequate strategies to control B....
Palavras-chave: AMA-1; Babesia ovata; Cattle; Mongolia; Thailand.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/4016
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Calcium ions are involved in egress of Babesia bovis merozoites from bovine erythrocytes OAK
MOSSAAD, Ehab; ASADA, Masahito; NAKATANI, Daichi; INOUE, Noboru; YOKOYAMA1), Naoaki; KANEKO, Osamu; KAWAZU, Shin-ichiro; 井上, 昇; 横山, 直明; 河津, 信一郎.
Bovine babesiosis is a livestock disease known to cause economic losses in endemic areas. The apicomplexan parasite Babesia bovis is able to invade and destroy the host’s erythrocytes leading to the serious pathologies of the disease, such as anemia and hemoglobinuria. Understanding the egress mechanisms of this parasite is therefore a key step to develop new therapeutic strategies. In this study, the possible involvement of Ca2+ in the egress of B. bovis merozoites from infected erythrocytes was investigated. Egress was artificially induced in vitro using calcium ionophore A23187 and thapsigargin to increase Ca2+ concentration in the cytosol of the parasite cells. The increased intracellular Ca2+ concentration following these treatments was confirmed...
Palavras-chave: Babesia bovis; Calcium ionophore; Calcium signalling; Egress.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/4071
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Cloning and Characterization of a 2-Cys Peroxiredoxin from Babesia gibsoni OAK
MASATANI, Tatsunori; ASADA, Masahito; ICHIKAWA-SEKI, Madoka; USUI, Miho; TERKAWI, Mohamad A.; HAYASHI, Kei; KAWAZU, Shin-ichiro; XUAN, Xuenan; 河津, 信一郎; 玄, 学南.
Peroxiredoxins (Prxs) are a family of antioxidant enzymes. Here, we cloned a 2-Cys Prx, BgTPx-1, from the canine Babesia parasite B. gibsoni. Sequence identity between BgTPx-1 and 2-Cys Prx of B. bovis was 81% at the amino acid level. Enzyme activity assay by using recombinant BgTPx-1 (rBgTPx-1) indicated that BgTPx-1 has antioxidant activity. Antiserum from a mouse immunized with rBgTPx-1 reacted with parasite lysates and detect a protein with a monomeric size of 22 kDa and also a 44 kDa protein, which might be an inefficiently reduced dimer. BgTPx-1 was expressed in the cytoplasm of B. gibsoni merozoites. These results suggest that the BgTPx-1 may play a role to control redox balance in the cytoplasm of B. gibsoni.
Palavras-chave: Antioxidant activity; Babesia gibsoni; Canine; Peroxiredoxin.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/3925
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Identification, Cloning and Characterization of BmP41, a Common Antigenic Protein of Babesia microti OAK
MASATANI, Tatsunori; OOKA, Hideo; TERKAWI, Mohamad A.; CAO, Shinuo; LUO, Yuzi; ASADA, Masahito; HAYASHI, Kei; NISHIKAWA, Yoshifumi; XUAN, Xuenan; 西川, 義文; 玄, 学南.
Babesia microti is a rodent tick-borne blood parasite and the major causative agent of emerging human babesiosis. Here, we identified a candidate of common antigenic protein BmP41 of B. microti by serological screening of cDNA library of human-pathogenic Gray strain with antisera against rodent Munich strain. Immunofluorescent antibody test using mouse anti-recombinant BmP41 (rBmP41) serum revealed that native BmP41 was expressed in each of the developmental stages of B. microti merozoites. An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) using rBmP41 detected specific antibodies in sera from hamsters infected with B. microti Gray strain and mice infected with B. microti Munich strain. Taken together, BmP41 could be a promising universal serological marker for...
Palavras-chave: Babesia microti; BmP41; Common antigen; ELISA; Immunoscreening.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/3917
Registros recuperados: 4
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