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Registros recuperados: 23
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Agricultural Trade Liberalization and Adjustment in Developing Countries AgEcon
Abbott, Philip C..
Agricultural trade liberalization offers the possibility of substantial income gains and poverty reduction in the developing world. For those gains to be realized, institutional innovations and realizations of export opportunities are crucial. Adjustment policies to foster gains from trade include initiatives to compensate losers, institutional reforms to integrate into the global trading system, and policies which facilitate resource reallocations and especially enhance investment activity, both foreign and domestic. Much can be learned from experience with structural adjustment reforms, in which substantial trade liberalization by developing countries was accompanied by numerous other reforms when successful. Agriculture is important in reforms because...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural trade liberalization; Developing countries; Structural adjustment; Institutional innovation; Good governance; Investment; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15731
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Bringing Agriculture into the GATT: Assessing the Benefits of Trade Liberalization AgEcon
Abbott, Philip C.; Johnston, Brian G.; Blandford, David; Kilkenny, Maureen; Bochniarz, Henryka; Magiera, Stephen L.; Dixit, Praveen M.; McGregor, Robert M.; Frohberg, Klaus; Robinson, Sherman; Hickenbotham, Terry L.; Roningen, Vernon O.; House, Robert M..
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1988 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/49873
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Can Cocoa Farmer Organizations Countervail Buyer Market Power? AgEcon
Wilcox, Michael D.; Abbott, Philip C..
Structural adjustment in less developed countries has often mandated removal of state-run marketing boards to enhance efficiency in the marketing chain and to raise farm income. Concerns have been mounting about the negative side effects of cocoa market liberalization, including replacement of the parastatal by imperfectly competitive marketing institutions and the loss of public goods (e.g. research and extension). It is believed that the link of the supply chain closest to the farmgate may be the least competitive, as farmers in remote areas lack good market information and encounter relatively few buying agents. These concerns, especially related to domestic market competitiveness, have prompted governments, foreign donors and NGOs to promote farmer...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agribusiness.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21261
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CAN U.S. AGRICULTURE PRODUCE THE BASIC FOODSTUFFS CONSISTENT WITH THE DIETARY GUIDELINES? AgEcon
Abbott, Philip C..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/32904
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Coming to Grips with Globalization AgEcon
Abbott, Philip C.; Boehlje, Michael; Doering, Otto C., III.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/93767
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Distortions to Agricultural Incentives in Cote d’Ivoire AgEcon
Abbott, Philip C..
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Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Distorted incentives; Agricultural and trade policy reforms; National agricultural development; Agricultural and Food Policy; International Relations/Trade; F13; F14; Q17; Q18.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/48522
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EXPORT COMPETITION: ISSUES AND OPTIONS IN THE AGRICULTURAL NEGOTIATIONS AgEcon
Young, Linda M.; Abbott, Philip C.; Leetmaa, Susan E..
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14624
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EXPORT SUBSIDIES AND SWITCHING COSTS IN AN IMPERFECTLY COMPETITIVE INTERNATIONAL WHEAT MARKET AgEcon
Kallio, Panu K.S.; Abbott, Philip C..
Switching costs affect importer decisions, hence impacts of subsidies over time. Dynamic, game theoretic simulations of EU-US competition for Moroccan wheat imports suggest firms charge lower prices and governments award higher subsidies with switching costs. Policy under alternative institutional arrangements depends on the extent of switching costs, measured here econometrically.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Crop Production/Industries; Industrial Organization; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20789
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ISSUES IN REFORMING TARIFF-RATE IMPORT QUOTAS IN THE AGREEMENT ON AGRICULTURE IN THE WTO AgEcon
de Gorter, Harry; Abbott, Philip C.; Barichello, Richard R.; Boughner, Devry S.; Bureau, Jean-Christophe; Choi, Jung-Sup; Coleman, Jonathan R.; Herrmann, Roland; Kramb, Marc Christopher; Sheldon, Ian M.; Liapis, Peter S.; MacLaren, Donald; Moennich, Christina; Morse, B. Adair; Skully, David W.; Sumner, Daniel A.; Tangermann, Stefan.
Contents: The Economics of Tariff Rate Quotas and the Effects of Trade Liberalization; TRQs and GATT Rules; An Overview of Tariffs, Quotas and Imports Worldwide; TRQs in the European Union; U.S. TRQs for Sugar, Tobacco and Peanuts; Dairy TRQs in the United States; Tariff Rate Quota Implementation and Administration by Developing Countries; Management of Tariff Rate Quotas in Korea and Japan; Tariff Rate Quota Administration in Canadian Agriculture; The Case of Australia and New Zealand Facing TRQs; The 1999 WTO Panel Report on the EU's Common Market Organization for Bananas; Assessment
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14617
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Market Power and Structural Adjustment: The Case of West African Cocoa Market Liberalization AgEcon
Wilcox, Michael D.; Abbott, Philip C..
Liberalization of the cocoa market in West Africa, due to structural adjustment reforms, has resulted in the elimination of para-statal marketing boards and initiated the creation of new institutions to replace the marketing services of those agencies. Concerns have been raised as to the effects of these reforms on prices of cocoa received by farmers, welfare measures and competitiveness of marketing channels. Of particular importance is backward integration of multinational processing firms, who take over exporting activities and may collect rents previously captured as export taxes. This paper uses a conjectural variations approach to estimate the degree of market power present in the post-liberalized cocoa bean markets of Ivory Coast and Nigeria....
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Marketing.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20084
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PREFERENTIAL TRADE ARRANGEMENTS IN APPAREL EXPORTS FROM THE CARIBBEAN TO THE U.S.: A DYNAMIC INVESTMENT APPROACH AgEcon
Skripnitchenko, Anatoliy; Abbott, Philip C..
A dynamic profit maximization model with adjustment costs of capital is implemented to study US outward processing trade in apparel and to examine the effects of preferential trade policies in the long and short runs. The model is used to determine the role of foreign investment and to simulate outcomes due to the introduction of the Trade and Development Act of 2000 and the elimination of Multi-Fiber Agreement quotas in selected Caribbean countries. The transitional dynamics as well as long-run costs and benefits of these trade policy changes are evaluated. While outward processing trade expands with preferences under the Caribbean Basin Initiative, policies typically require five years to be fully effective, and competition in freer markets could reverse...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21977
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PREFERENTIAL TRADE OF AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES IN THE CARIBBEAN BASIN AgEcon
Loper, Nathan; Abbott, Philip C.; Foster, Kenneth A..
Preferential agricultural trade under the Caribbean Basin Initiative has been beneficial to participating countries, particularly for differentiated goods. Goods that have not performed well were either subject to policy changes, eroding preferences and deteriorating market trends or structural changes that diminished CBI exports.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/22018
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Price Elasticities of Key Agricultural Commodities in China AgEcon
Zhuang, Renan; Abbott, Philip C..
We estimate a simultaneous equations model of Chinese markets for wheat, rice, corn, pork, and poultry. Elasticities for consumption, feed demand, production, stocks demand, and foreign trade fall within the range of results from previous studies, and are reasonable magnitudes. China has market power in the trade for all commodities.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Marketing.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19267
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Report of ESCOP Subcommittee on Domestic and International Markets and Policy AgEcon
Abbott, Philip C.; Johnson, D. Gale; Johnson, Robbin S.; Meyers, William H.; Rossmiller, George Edward; White, T. Kelley; McCalla, Alex F..
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1989 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51253
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SUPPLIER SUBSTITUTABILITY BY IMPORTERS: IMPLICATIONS FOR ASSESSING THE 1980 U.S. GRAIN EMBARGO AgEcon
Abbott, Philip C.; Paarlberg, Philip L.; Patterson, Paul M..
The 1980 U.S. suspension of grain sales to the Soviet Union illustrates the importance of the choice of conceptual framework for empirical analysis of international trade problems. A spatial equilibrium model of wheat and coarse grains trade assumes perfect substitution among exporting nations' commodities by importers and, thus, precludes the embargo from having a large impact. The imperfect substitutability assumption of an Armington model results in larger consequences from the embargo. For small shocks, the Armington model better captures the rigidities characteristic of international grain markets. The spatial model provides insights on adjustments to large shocks, but rigidities persist in actual markets.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1988 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/29260
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Targeted Agricultural Export Subsidies and Social Welfare AgEcon
Abbott, Philip C.; Paarlberg, Philip L.; Sharples, Jerry A..
Most agricultural export subsidies are targeted to specific countries. This paper demonstrates that in a standard general equilibrium model of international trade, a small targeted subsidy increase the welfare of the subsidizing country by exploiting differences in price responsiveness of demand relationships of importers. A single-product spatial equilibrium model then is used to show that targeted export subsidies can be used to increase the subsidizing country's welfare by exploiting transportation cost differences and the elasticity of excess supply of competitors or of markets supplied by competitors through subsidization of shared markets. In addition, an empirical model of the world wheat market is used to illustrate the theoretical conclusions.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1986 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51235
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TARIFF RATE QUOTA IMPLEMENTATION AND ADMINISTRATION BY DEVELOPING COUNTRIES AgEcon
Abbott, Philip C.; Morse, B. Adair.
Tariff rate quota administration and implementation are empirically evaluated for the fourteen developing countries notifying the WTO of the use of TRQs. FAO trade data, UNCTAD data on applied tariffs and the WTO notifications permit us to assess underfill of quotas, discrimination among exporters, use of state trading as an implementation mechanism, and the extent of protection under these TRQs. Substantial liberalization was found, generally due to use of low MFN tariffs rather than through TRQs permitting greater market access. High tariff bindings and endogenous quotas allow these countries to pursue flexible trade regimes within their WTO commitments.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/31336
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THE EXPORT ENHANCEMENT PROGRAM'S INFLUENCE ON FIRM-LEVEL COMPETITION IN INTERNATIONAL MARKETS AgEcon
Patterson, Paul M.; Abbott, Philip C.; Stiegert, Kyle W..
The U.S. government awarded export subsidies to agribusiness firms through the Export Enhancement Program (EEP). This study analyzes (a) whether the subsidies promoted new firm market entry and (b) whether firm characteristics influenced program participation. Trade in three commodities, poultry, wheat, and wheat flour, was analyzed using firm level data. It was found that new firm market entry was not significantly higher among subsidy recipients and that past program participation strongly influenced current program participation. Although the EEP is believed to have been administered fairly, perceived or real barriers prevented some firms from using it.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/30997
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TOWARDS MORE SOCIALLY RESPONSIBLE COCOA TRADE AgEcon
Abbott, Philip C..
Cocoa is a classic Third World cash crop. It is produced mostly by small, poor farmers in Africa, while its products - chocolate and sun tan oil - are consumed by rich consumers in North America and Europe. A few West African economies are highly dependent on foreign exchange earned from cocoa sales. It has therefore been targeted by Oxfam's Fair Trade initiative, and IITA's Sustainable Tree Crops Program (STCP) is launching an effort of become more aligned with consumer's social preferences. The most obvious dimension to addressing consumer demand for cocoa products is to insure provision of high quality products, which has become problematic since structural adjustment programs have dismantled the African parastatals governing cocoa production and...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Institutional and Behavioral Economics; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14603
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What's Driving Food Prices? AgEcon
Abbott, Philip C.; Hurt, Christopher; Tyner, Wallace E..
Replaced with revised version of paper 08/01/08.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food Prices; Demand and Price Analysis.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37951
Registros recuperados: 23
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