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AN ECONOMETRIC ANALYSIS OF THE ECONOMIC CONTRIBUTION OF SUBTHERAPEUTIC ANTIBIOTIC USE IN PORK PRODUCTION AgEcon
Algozin, Kenneth A.; Miller, Gay Y.; McNamara, Paul E..
There is growing concern among public health experts regarding the diminishing efficacy of antimicrobial therapy in human and veterinary medicine, and some have called for a ban on subtherapeutic antibiotic use in pork production. This paper develops an econometric analysis to identify the economic contributions of subtherapeutic antibiotic use in swine production.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20633
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AN EXAMINATION OF THE STABILITY OF COOPERATION IN A VOLUNTARY COLLECTIVE ACTION: THE CASE OF NONPOINT-SOURCE POLLUTION IN AN AGRICULTURAL WATERSHED AgEcon
Algozin, Kenneth A.; Nelson, Carl H..
This paper addresses the collective action problem of nonpoint-source pollution control in a small agricultural watershed. At issue is the stability of cooperative behavior among a group of farmers, who have voluntarily agreed to discontinue their use of the herbicide atrazine due to high concentrations of the herbicide in a local water supply. Continued cooperation among the group is threatened by the unexpected cancellation of cyanazine, an inexpensive and widely used alternative to atrazine. With cyanazine no longer available, the farmers will face a significant increase in weed control costs if they continue to use products that do not contain atrazine. Is cooperation among the farmers still possible despite the increased cost of cooperating?...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20478
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ENVIRONMENT, EQUITY AND WATERSHED MANAGEMENT AgEcon
Onal, Hayri; Algozin, Kenneth A.; Isik, Murat.
This paper presents a methodology for incorporating environmental and social equity objectives in an economic analysis of watershed management. Empirical results indicate that restricting agricultural pollution notably increases farm costs. The equity objective also adversely affects economic efficiency, but the cost increase due to social equity is less significant.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21032
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Productivity and Economic Effects of Antibiotics Used for Growth Promotion in U.S. Pork Production AgEcon
Miller, Gay Y.; Algozin, Kenneth A.; McNamara, Paul E.; Bush, Eric J..
Public health experts are concerned about the diminishing efficacy of antibiotics. Some have called for a ban on growth-promoting antibiotics in animal agriculture. This study identifies the contribution of growth-promoting antibiotics in the grower/finisher phase of U.S. pork production. With National Animal Health Monitoring System swine data, relationships are estimated between growth-promoting antibiotic use and productivity. Results indicate improvements in average daily gain (0.5%), feed conversion ratio (1.1%), and mortality rate (reduced 0.22 percentage points); these productivity improvements translate into a profitability gain of $0.59 per pig marketed, or an improvement of 9% in net profits associated with growth promotion antibiotics.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Antibiotics; Economics; Growth promotants; Productivity; Resistance; Swine; Q12; Q18.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43146
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