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A DEB based analysis of growth and toxin elimination processes in mussels (Mytilus edulis) exposed to Diarrhetic Shellfish Toxins (DST) ArchiMer
Rosland, Rune; Alunno-bruscia, Marianne; Duinker, Arne; Strand, Oivind; Strohmeier, Tore.
A Dynamic Energy Budget(DEB) model was used to analyse growth and toxin elimination processes in musselsthat had been exposed to Diarrhetic Shellfish Toxins (DST). After DST exposure mussels were placed inan experimentalin-situ setup, expected to have low concentrations of toxic phytoplankton, and DST concentrations in mussel tissueswere regularly monitored along with temperature and seston concentration and composition in the water. A one-compartment model for DST concentrations and elimination rate was integrated with the DEB model, assuming that storage and structural compartments absorb DST. The model was used to simulate growth and toxin elimination rates from mussel tissues. Toxin elimination rate was obtained by a calibration between observed and...
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Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00148/25936/24001.pdf
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A DEB model to predict accumulation and detoxification of paralytic shellfish toxins by the Japanese Oyster (Crassostrea gigas) ArchiMer
Pousse, Emilien; Jean, Frédéric; Alunno-bruscia, Marianne; Flye Sainte Marie, Jonathan.
France being the largest consumer of oysters in Europe, oyster farming is deeply rooted in French heritage. The Japanese oyster (Crassostrea gigas) is the oyster species the most exploited in France, and in the world. Due to filter-feeding, these bivalves are sensitive to toxic algal blooms. Although not always lethal, toxic algae can affect oyster physiology and make it unfit for human consumption. Phytoplankton toxins can be classified in several groups: amnesic, neurotoxic, diarrhetic and paralytic. For the latter group, saxitoxins are synthesized by the microalgae of genus Alexandrium that can accumulate bivalve tissues. In recent years, number of studies have been performed on the interactions between C. gigas and saxitoxins. In order to better...
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Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00307/41859/41100.pdf
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A single bio-energetics growth and reproduction model for the oyster Crassostrea gigas in six Atlantic ecosystems ArchiMer
Alunno-bruscia, Marianne; Bourles, Yves; Maurer, Daniele; Robert, Stephane; Mazurie, Joseph; Gangnery, Aline; Goulletquer, Philippe; Pouvreau, Stephane.
Many studies based on bioenergetics growth models have investigated the effects of environmental factors on oyster (Crassostrea gigas) growth and physiology. However, most of these models are site-specific and cannot be applied to other culture sites without the re-estimation of parameters or re-formulation of some processes. We aimed to develop a generic growth model suitable for application in contrasting environments, with a constant set of parameters. We tested the oyster-DEB model (Bourlès et al. 2009) for the stimulation of C. gigas growth in different cohorts (spats and adults) at major shellfish culture sites in France, in several years: Arcachon (1993–1994); Marennes-Oléron (2007); Quiberon (1999, 2000, 2001); Rade de Brest (2008); Baie du...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: DEB theory; Modelling; Bivalves; Crassostrea gigas; Phytoplankton; Temperature effect; Coastal environment..
Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00043/15403/12762.pdf
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Application of a dynamic energy budget model to the Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas, reared under various environmental conditions ArchiMer
Pouvreau, Stephane; Bourles, Yves; Lefebvre, Sebastien; Gangnery, Aline; Alunno-bruscia, Marianne.
The Dynamic Energy Budget (DEB) model (Kooijman, S.A.L.M., 1986. Energy budgets can explain body size relations. J. Theor. Biol. 121, 269¿282; Kooijman, S.A.L.M., 2000. Dynamic Energy and Mass Budgets in Biological Systems. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 424 pp.) has been adapted to describe the dynamics of growth and reproduction of the Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas) reared in different areas under conditions ranging from controlled to natural. The values of the model parameters were estimated from available physiological data and from published information. The sets of data used to validate the model came from three long-term growth experiments (> 5 months) performed on Pacific oysters reared under different conditions of food and...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Reproductive effort; Reproduction; Growth; Ecophysiology; Dynamic energy budget; Crassostrea gigas.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/publication-1817.pdf
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Applying Dynamic Energy Budget (DEB) theory to simulate growth and bio-energetics of blue mussels under low seston conditions ArchiMer
Rosland, R; Strand, O; Alunno-bruscia, Marianne; Bacher, Cedric; Strohmeier, T.
A Dynamic Energy Budget (DEB) model for simulation of growth and bioenergetics of blue mussels (Mytilus edulis) has been tested in three low seston sites in southern Norway. The observations comprise four datasets from laboratory experiments (physiological and biometrical mussel data) and three datasets from in situ growth experiments (biometrical mussel data). Additional in situ data from commercial farms in southern Norway were used for estimation of biometricalrelationships in the mussels. Three DEB parameters (shape coefficient, half saturation coefficient, and somatic maintenance rate coefficient) were estimated from experimental data, and the estimated parameters were complemented with parameter values from literature to establish a basic parameter...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Low seston; Modelling; DEB theory; Mytilus edulis; Mussel culture.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2009/publication-6266.pdf
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Body size-density relationship for Mytilus edulis in an experimental food-regulated situation ArchiMer
Alunno-bruscia, Marianne; Petraitis, P; Bourget, E; Frechette, Marcel.
We grew mussels (Mytilus edulis) under two different food regimes and eight population density levels to estimate the joint effects of density and biomass on their growth and survival and to determine the shape of the biomass-density (B-IV) relationship. Mussels were reared for 22 months, between December 1994 and October 1996, in 1-L experimental chambers supplied with natural seston. Growth in shell length, individual wet mass and ash free dry mass (m) decreased with decreasing food availability and increasing population density. Survival was negatively correlated with density but did not differ significantly between food regimes during the first year. Variations in concentration of available food did not alter the effects of crowding on mussels, as...
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Ano: 2000 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2000/publication-6791.pdf
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Crassostrea gigas mortality in France: the usual suspect, a herpes virus, may not be the killer in this polymicrobial opportunistic disease ArchiMer
Petton, Bruno; Bruto, Maxime; James, Adele; Labreuche, Yannick; Alunno-bruscia, Marianne; Le Roux, Frederique.
Successive disease outbreaks in oyster (Crassostrea gigas) beds in France have resulted in dramatic losses in production, and subsequent decline in the oyster-farming industry. Deaths of juvenile oysters have been associated with the presence of a herpes virus (OsHV-1 µvar) and bacterial populations of the genus Vibrio. Although the pathogenicity of OsHV-1 µvar, as well as several strains of Vibrio has been demonstrated by experimental infections, our understanding of the complexity of infections occurring in the natural environment remains limited. In the present study, we use specific-pathogen-free (SPF) oysters infected in an estuarine environment to study the diversity and dynamics of cultured microbial populations during disease expression. We observe...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Pacific oysters; Summer mortality; Herpes virus; Vibrio pathogenicity; Experimental infection.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00271/38220/36377.pdf
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Disruption of amylase genes by RNA interference affects reproduction in the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas ArchiMer
Huvet, Arnaud; Beguel, Jean-philippe; Cavaleiro, Nathalia; Thomas, Yoann; Quillien, Virgile; Boudry, Pierre; Alunno-bruscia, Marianne; Fabioux, Caroline.
Feeding strategies and digestive capacities can have important implications for variation in energetic pathways associated with ecological and economically important traits, such as growth or reproduction in bivalve species. Here, we investigated the role of amylase in the digestive processes of Crassostrea gigas, using in vivo RNA interference. This approach also allowed us to investigate the relationship between energy intake by feeding and gametogenesis in oysters. Double-stranded (ds)RNA designed to target the two α-amylase genes A and B was injected in vivo into the visceral mass of oysters at two doses. These treatments caused significant reductions in mean mRNA levels of the amylase genes: −50.7% and −59% mRNA A, and −71.9% and −70.6% mRNA B in 15...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Alpha-Amylase; DsRNA; Gametogenesis; Marine bivalve; Dynamic energy budget.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00271/38239/36422.pdf
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Effects of domestication, selection and stress on the energy balance of Sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) in aquaculture ArchiMer
Campeas, Arnaud; Millot, Sandie; Chatain, Beatrice; Begout, Marie-laure; Alunno-bruscia, Marianne.
Reared sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) represent 13% of the economic weight of the Mediterranean aquaculture production (FAO, 2005) and is a subject of selection program. However, the traditional goal of selection that prevailed in the last century, i.e. increasing productivity, have to be modulated by new objectives such as better feed management or increasing fish welfare. The aim of our study is to evaluate the influence of domestication and selection, and their interactions with stress, on the energy balance in sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax). Therefore, we used two experimental datasets and analysed their results through a mathematical model. Four strains of sea bass were studied: i) Wild strain, ii) Domesticated strain (first generation obtained by...
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Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00032/14371/11665.pdf
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Experimental and natural cathodoluminescence in the shell of Crassostrea gigas from Thau lagoon (France): ecological and environmental implications ArchiMer
Langlet, D; Alunno-bruscia, Marianne; Rafelis, M; Renard, M; Roux, M; Schein, E; Buestel, Dominique.
We present a cathodoluminescence (CL) study of growth layer deposition in the shell of the oyster Crassostrea gigas. CL is based on the physical properties of lattice-bound manganese (Mn2+), which is the main activator in calcium carbonate. Our study involved chemical marking by immersing individuals in seawater to which manganese chloride had been added, and subsequent reading of the shell with CL microscopy coupled with numeric treatment of microphotographs; CL emission was analyzed using a scanning electron microscope coupled to a spectrometer. Since the marking did not harm the oysters, repeated markings were possible, allowing validation of the inferences made from analysis of the shell rings. Oysters reared in a French Mediterranean lagoon (Thau...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Mediterranean lagoon; Manganese marking; Carbonate biomineraliation; Shell growth; Cathodoluminescence; Oyster.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/publication-1979.pdf
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Factors influencing disease-induced mortality of Pacific oysters Crassostrea gigas ArchiMer
Petton, Bruno; Boudry, Pierre; Alunno-bruscia, Marianne; Pernet, Fabrice.
Mortalities of oyster Crassostrea gigas seed associated with ostreid herpesvirus OsHV-1 μVar have been observed in many oyster-producing countries since 2008. The present study, comprised of 4 complementary experiments, aimed to identify factors associated with disease-induced oyster mortality in order to propose mitigation strategies. Our first experiment compared survival of oysters from natural spatfall with others sampled from nurseries, after thermal elevation in the laboratory from <14 to 21°C. A total of 60% of the tested wild seed batches (n = 51) were infected by OsHV-1, exhibited mortality and were able to transmit the disease to cohabited naïve oysters. Comparatively, only 1 out of the 32 tested batches sampled from nurseries presented...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Epidemiology; Risk analyses; Shellfish farming; Virus OsHV-1 mu Var.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00257/36777/35390.pdf
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Global change and climate-driven invasion of the Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas) along European coasts: a bioenergetics modelling approach ArchiMer
Thomas, Yoann; Pouvreau, Stephane; Alunno-bruscia, Marianne; Barille, Laurent; Gohin, Francis; Bryere, Philippe; Gernez, Pierre.
Aim The spread of non-indigenous species in marine ecosystems world-wide is one of today's most serious environmental concerns. Using mechanistic modelling, we investigated how global change relates to the invasion of European coasts by a non-native marine invertebrate, the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas. Location Bourgneuf Bay on the French Atlantic coast was considered as the northern boundary of C. gigas expansion at the time of its introduction to Europe in the 1970s. From this latitudinal reference, variations in the spatial distribution of the C. gigas reproductive niche were analysed along the north-western European coast from Gibraltar to Norway. Methods The effects of environmental variations on C. gigas physiology and phenology were studied...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Biogeographical range expansion; Crassostrea gigas; DEB model; European coasts; Functional traits; Global change; Individual-based model; Invasive species; Remote-sensing.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00287/39828/38459.pdf
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Growth of blue mussels in a Norwegian and French culture site: comparison of food proxies with Dynamic Energy Budgets (DEB) ArchiMer
Alunno-bruscia, Marianne; Rosland, Rune; Strand, Øivind; Naustvoll, Lars; Robert, Stephane; Bacher, Cedric.
Introduction The blue mussel (Mytilus edulis) culture occurs in temperate waters around the world under a wide range of environmental conditions, e.g. at phytoplankton concentrations below as 1-2 µg L-1 (in Norwegian fjords) up to 9-10 µg L-1 (in French Atlantic coastal sites). Under such contrasted food resources, the aim of our study is to develop a generic bio-energetic model for M. edulis, i.e. that can be applied in various contrasted environments with a constant set of parameters, to simulate growth and reproduction of the blue mussel. Such a model will allow us to assess directly the links between mussel growth performances and environmental parameters in different culture sites.
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Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00032/14362/11664.pdf
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Growth of the Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas) in a high-turbidity environment: Comparison of model simulations based on scope for growth and dynamic energy budgets ArchiMer
Barille, Laurent; Lerouxel, Astrid; Dutertre, Mickael; Haure, Joel; Barille, Anne-laure; Pouvreau, Stephane; Alunno-bruscia, Marianne.
We compared growth simulations by dynamic energy budget (DEB) and scope for growth (SFG) models of the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas, cultivated in Bourgneuf Bay on the French Atlantic coast. This bay is located at a latitude in the middle of the European range of the species, and is characterized by high concentrations of suspended particulate matter (SPM) and a marked gradient between high-turbidity sites in the north (daily SPM > 500 mg L-1) and intermediate-turbidity sites in the south. The models use two forcing variables: seawater temperature and food density. We tested two indices of food availability: chlorophyll a and microalgal concentrations. In the SFG model, food intake is simulated by a type-II Holling functional response, as in the DEB...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Oyster; Dynamic Energy Budget model; Scope for growth model; Turbidity.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00043/15433/12783.pdf
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Growth performance and detoxification of mussels cultured in a fjord enhanced by forced upwelling of nutrient rich deep water (GATE) ArchiMer
Strohmeier, Tore; Strand, Øivind; Aure, Jan; Duinker, Arne; Alunno-bruscia, Marianne; Erga, Svein Rune; Rosland, R.; Naustvoll, Lars.
Objectives The objective of the study is to assess how phytoplankton composition and quantity enhanced by forced upwelling of nutrient rich deep water in a fjord affects growth performance and detoxification in cultured mussels. Sub goals are: 1. monitor the fjord environment and succession of phytoplankton including toxic algae, 2. contrast feeding and growth performance in mussels affected and unaffected by the enhanced phytoplankton assemblage forced by upwelling of nutrient rich deep water, 3. estimate elimination rate of algae toxins in mussels introduced to enhanced phytoplankton concentration forced by upwelling of nutrient rich deep water.
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Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00033/14376/11666.pdf
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Immune-suppression by OsHV-1 viral infection causes fatal bacteraemia in Pacific oysters ArchiMer
De Lorgeril, Julien; Lucasson, Aude; Petton, Bruno; Toulza, Eve; Montagnani, Caroline; Clerissi, Camille; Vidal-dupiol, Jeremie; Chaparro, Cristian; Galinier, Richard; Escoubas, Jean Michel; Haffner, Philippe; Degremont, Lionel; Charriere, Guillaume; Lafont, Maxime; Delort, Abigail; Vergnes, Agnes; Chiarello, Marlene; Faury, Nicole; Rubio, Tristan; Leroy, Marc; Perignon, Adeline; Regler, Denis; Morga, Benjamin; Alunno-bruscia, Marianne; Boudry, Pierre; Le Roux, Frederique; Destoumieux-garzon, Delphine; Gueguen, Yannick; Mitta, Guillaume.
Infectious diseases are mostly explored using reductionist approaches despite repeated evidence showing them to be strongly in fluenced by numerous interacting host and environmental factors. Many diseases with a complex aetiology therefore remain misunderstood. By developing a holistic approach to tackle the complexity of interactions, we decipher the complex intra-host interactions underlying Pacific oyster mortality syndrome affecting juveniles of Crassostrea gigas, the main oyster species exploited worldwide. Using experimental infections reproducing the natural route of infection and combining thorough molecular analyses of oyster families with contrasted susceptibilities, we demonstrate that the disease is caused by multiple infection with an initial...
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Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00461/57234/59228.pdf
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Individual mussel growth model using DEB (Dynamic Energy Budget) theory: revisiting the DEB parameter values for Mytilus edulis ArchiMer
Flye Sainte Marie, Jonathan; Alunno-bruscia, Marianne; Gangnery, Aline; Rannou, Eric; Rosland, Rune; Strand, Øivind.
Mussel aquaculture is well developed in various ecosystems of temperate waters. In the aim of developing predictive tools for management of mussel aquaculture, a better understanding of relationships between the environmental conditions and mussel growth is necessary. For this purpose, development of bioenergetic models, linking environmental variables (especially food resource and temperature) and mussel growth and reproduction, are of a particular interest. Dynamic Energy Budget (DEB) theory offers a general framework to study energy flows in organisms, from assimilation to use for maintenance, growth and reproduction. This theory is appropriate for growth modelling of marine organisms and have first been applied in 1993 to model mussel growth....
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Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00032/14368/11658.pdf
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Influence of temperature on disease transmission associated with ostreid herpes virus OSHV-1 µVAR in relation to survival of juvenile Crassostrea gigas ArchiMer
Petton, Bruno; Pernet, Fabrice; Robert, Rene; Boudry, Pierre; Alunno-bruscia, Marianne.
Since 2008, mass mortalities of 1-yr-old oysters Crassostrea gigas associated with ostreid herpes virus OsHV-1 μVar have occurred along all coasts of France. These mortality events represent the most serious crisis for the French oyster industry since the introduction of C. gigas in the early 1970s. Temperature is commonly one of the major triggering factors of disease epizootics, notably for aquatic species. In France, OsHV-1 is generally detected in dying oysters when seawater temperature is higher than 16° C. The influence of temperature on OsHV-1 detection and expression was also demonstrated for C. gigas larvae and suspected for juveniles. The present study aims to characterize the effect of temperature on disease transmission and survival related...
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Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00151/26259/24343.pdf
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Modelling Crassostrea gigas growth and reproduction in different contrasted ecosystems by using dynamic energy budgets : generic validation of the oyster-DEB model ArchiMer
Bourles, Yves; Maurer, Daniele; Le Moine, Olivier; Geairon, Philippe; Mazurie, Joseph; Gangnery, Aline; Alunno-bruscia, Marianne; Pouvreau, Stephane; Goulletquer, Philippe.
Oyster farming is the main aquaculture activity in France, where Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas) is spatially cultured from the English Channel to the Mediterranean coasts. Oyster growth performance monitored along French coasts are widely heterogeneous among culture sites and over years. Many studies have been carried out to understand the effects of environmental factors on oyster growth and physiology, by using bioenergetics growth models. However, most of these studies were site-specific. As an example, the model developed by Barillé et al. (1997), which was extensively specified with more than 50 parameters, was validated in the Marennes-Oléron Bay, but cannot be successfully applied to other culture sites without re-estimating parameters or...
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Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00032/14367/11657.pdf
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Modelling growth and reproduction in the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas : 1. What's new with the oyster-DEB model? ArchiMer
Bourles, Yves; Pouvreau, Stephane; Alunno-bruscia, Marianne; Leguay, Didier; Arnaud, Christophe; Goulletquer, Philippe; Kooijman, S. A. L. M..
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Ano: 2007 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2007/acte-3330.pdf
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