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Registros recuperados: 18
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A Multivariate Evaluation of Ex-ante Risks Associated with Fed Cattle Production AgEcon
Belasco, Eric J.; Goodwin, Barry K.; Ghosh, Sujit K..
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the risks faced by fed cattle producers. With the development of livestock insurance programs as part of the Agricultural Risk Protection Act of 2000, a thorough investigation into the probabilistic measures of individual risk factors is needed. This research jointly models cattle production yield risk factors, using a multivariate dynamic regression model. A multivariate framework is necessary to characterize yield risk in terms of four yield factors (dry matter feed conversion, averaged daily gain, mortality, and veterinary costs), which are highly correlated. Additionally, a conditional Tobit model is used to handle censored yield variables (e.g., mortality). The proposed econometric model estimates...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9382
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Adoption of Variability Detection and Variable Rate Application Technologies by Cotton Farmers in Southern United States AgEcon
Nair, Shyam; Wang, Chenggang; Segarra, Eduardo; Belasco, Eric J.; Velandia, Margarita M.; Reeves, Jeanne M..
A nested logit model was used to analyze the 2009 Southern Cotton Precision Farming Survey to study the impact of farmer and farm characteristics on the adoption of Variability Detection Technologies (VDT) and the adoption of Variability Rate application Technology (VRT) conditioned on the type of the VDT chosen. The results showed that the farm size and exposure to extension activities are important factors affecting the choice of VDTs. The farmers adopting both soil and plant based VDTs are more likely to adopt VRT. The probability of adoption of VRTs was lower for Texas cotton farmers irrespective of the type of VDT adopted. In general, younger, more educated farmers who use computers for farming operations are more likely to adopt VRT when they...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Precision Agriculture; Technology Adoption; Cotton; Crop Production/Industries; Farm Management; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; O33; Q16.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103567
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An Assessment of the Interaction between High Tunnels and Crop Insurance for Specialty Crop Producers AgEcon
Belasco, Eric J.; Chen, Chen; Ponnaluru, Srinivasa Sasdhar; Galinato, Suzette P.; Marsh, Thomas L..
Protective covers, such as high tunnels, are being used by specialty crop producers to enhance production quality and yields, expand or growing seasons, and protect crops from some extreme elements. While growing in popularity, one barrier to larger utilization includes the uncertainty regarding their practices and benefits. This paper recognizes that high tunnels can be used as a form of risk management and examines the relationship with crop insurance in order to better define optimal risk management strategies.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: High tunnels; Specialty crop insurance; Risk management; Production Economics.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103896
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An Evaluation of the Soda Tax with Multivariate Nonparametric Regressions AgEcon
Belasco, Eric J.; Ghosh, Sujit K.; Chidmi, Benaissa.
This research extends past work by Shonkwiler and Yen (1999) by allowing for distributional flexibility and nonlinear responses in the form of established semiparametric and nonparametric regressions. The proposed models are shown to outperform the parametric version typically used in demand analysis to characterize a system of censored equations in terms of model fit and prediction power. Using the developed models, we derive elasticities associated with different individual-specific scenarios with regard to the recently proposed “penny-an-ounce” tax on soft drinks sweetened with sugar.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Censoring; Health taxes; Nonparametric regressions; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61329
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Consumer Heterogeneity: Does It Affect Policy Responses to the Obesity Epidemic? AgEcon
Lyford, Conrad P.; Belasco, Eric J.; Chidmi, Benaissa; Funtanilla, Margil.
The fight against obesity in the U.S. has become a priority area for policy makers due to the additional health risks and health care costs. In developing policy to lower obesity rates, it is important to accurately characterize the impact that exercise, smoking and demographic characteristics have on BMI in order to draft effective policy. This analysis uses data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFS) to evaluate the relationship between behavioral and demographic factors with BMI while explicitly accounting for individual heterogeneity by using a quantile analysis. Results suggest that the effect of exercise, smoking, occupation and race vary by BMI quantile, indicating that consumers should be treated as heterogeneous at least for...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Obesity; Quantile Regression; Heterogeneity; Policy; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; I18.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56467
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Derived Demand for Cottonseed : Dairy Industry Component AgEcon
Arguello, Priscilla B.; Malaga, Jaime E.; Chidmi, Benaissa; Belasco, Eric J.; Knight, Thomas O.; Lopez, Jose Antonio.
Despite much research on feed grains and oilseeds little is known about the dairy industry's influence on aggregate cottonseed demand. A transcendental logarithmic production model with regional dummy variables is used to estimate the US dairy industry's derived demand for cottonseed meal, corn, alfalfa hay and other grains. Own-price and cross-price elasticities for the US dairy industry are estimated using a marginal approach.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Demand and Price Analysis; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6318
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Evaluation of Crop Insurance Yield Guarantees and Producer Welfare with Upward Trending Yields AgEcon
Adhikari, Shyam; Knight, Thomas O.; Belasco, Eric J..
Actual Production History (APH) yields play a critical role in determining the coverage offered to producers by the Risk Management Agency’s (RMA) Yield Protection, Revenue Protection, and Revenue Protection-Harvest Price Exclusion crop insurance products. The RMA currently uses the simple average of from 4 to 10 years of historical yields to determine the APH yield guarantee. If crop yields are trending upward, use of a simple average of historical yields introduces bias into the insurance offering. Using both county and individual insured unit data, we examine the producer impact of APH yield trends for Texas cotton and Illinois corn. Our findings indicate that biases due to using simple average APH yields when yields are trending upward reduce the...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Actual Production History; Crop Insurance; Yield Trend; Yield Guarantee; Production Economics; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/98855
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Is There Evidence that Legislative Ambition Matches Development? Evaluating the Factors Influencing Wind Energy Development AgEcon
Klaiber, H. Allen; Belasco, Eric J.; Williams, Ryan Blake.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61613
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Modeling Censored Data Using Mixture Regression Models with an Application to Cattle Production Yields AgEcon
Belasco, Eric J.; Ghosh, Sujit K..
This research develops a mixture regression model that is shown to have advantages over the classical Tobit model in model fit and predictive tests when data are generated from a two step process. Additionally, the model is shown to allow for flexibility in distributional assumptions while nesting the classic Tobit model. A simulated data set is utilized to assess the potential loss in efficiency from model misspecification, assuming the Tobit and a zero-inflated log-normal distribution, which is derived from the generalized mixture model. Results from simulations key on the finding that the proposed zero-inflated log-normal model clearly outperforms the Tobit model when data are generated from a two step process. When data are generated from a Tobit...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Censoring; Livestock production; Tobit; Zero-inflated; Bayesian; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6341
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Parental Motivation in Family Farm Intergenerational Transfers AgEcon
Lange, Kelly Y.; Johnson, Jeffrey W.; Johnson, Phillip N.; Hudson, Darren; Belasco, Eric J..
An intergenerational transfer model incorporating both altruism and exchange is presented for family farm transfers. A simulation study is conducted to test parental motivation in intergenerational transfers of family farm businesses. Results indicated that family farm intergenerational transfers are altruistically motivated.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Family Farms; Intergenerational Transfer; Family Farm Succession; Consumer/Household Economics; Farm Management; Q10; Q12.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103231
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Probabilistic Models of Yield, Price, and Revenue Risks for Fed Cattle Production AgEcon
Belasco, Eric J.; Taylor, Mykel R.; Goodwin, Barry K.; Schroeder, Ted C..
Cattle feeding enterprises operate amid variability originating in prices and production. This research explicitly models yield risks related to cattle feeding by relating the mean and variance of yield performance factors to observable conditioning variables. The results demonstrate that pen characteristics, such as entry weight, gender, placement season, and location influence the mean and variability of yield factors, defined as dry matter feed conversion, average daily gain, mortality, and animal health costs. Ex ante profit distributions, conditional on cattle placement characteristics, are derived through simulation methods to evaluate the effects of price or yield shocks on the distributional characteristics of expected profits.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Conditional variance; Production risk; Cattle feeding; Yields; Agribusiness; Livestock Production/Industries; Production Economics; Productivity Analysis; Risk and Uncertainty; D24; D81; Q12.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/48761
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Probabilistic Models of Yield, Price, and Revenue Risks for Fed Cattle Production AgEcon
Belasco, Eric J.; Taylor, Mykel R.; Goodwin, Barry K..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21265
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Producer Heterogeneity in Crop Insurance Product Decisions within Major Corn Producing States (PowerPoint) AgEcon
Adhikari, Shyam; Belasco, Eric J.; Knight, Thomas O..
PowerPoint presentation
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Crop insurance; Risk; Decision-making; Risk and Uncertainty; D81.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/48902
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Quality Risk and Profitability in Cattle Production: A Multivariate Approach AgEcon
Belasco, Eric J.; Schroeder, Ted C.; Goodwin, Barry K..
This study evaluates quality, production, and price risk within the context of overall profit variability in fed cattle production. The approach used offers a flexible way to estimate a large system of equations with more than three jointly related censored outcomes. Trade-offs between quality and yield grade levels and production measures, such as average daily gain and feeding efficiency, are evaluated. Simulation procedures are used to assess the impact of quality risk on overall profit variability. Results make an important contribution to existing research by explaining why price signals through grid quality grade premiums may not generate intended producer responses.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Censoring; Copula; Fed cattle; Grid pricing; Multivariate; Quality risk; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/97854
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The Evolution of Risk Management Education: An Evaluation of Past and Present Demand AgEcon
Garcia, Alexis Arthur B.; Belasco, Eric J.; Knight, Thomas O.; Coble, Keith H.; Mitchell, Paul D.; Rejesus, Roderick M..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Risk Management Education; Multivariate Ordered Probit; Production Economics; Risk and Uncertainty; Teaching/Communication/Extension/Profession.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61478
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The Impact of Weather Cycles and Crop Yield Autocorrelation on Crop Insurance Yield Guarantees AgEcon
Adhikari, Shyam; Belasco, Eric J.; Knight, Thomas O..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Crop Yield Modeling; Crop Insurance; Weather Cycle; Crop Yield Autocorrelation; Agricultural Finance; Production Economics; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103724
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The Role of Price Risk Management in Mitigating Fed Cattle Profit Exposure AgEcon
Belasco, Eric J..
This study identifies the amount and origin of risk in cattle feedlot operations through the use of simulation techniques. Ex ante profit risks are evaluated under scenarios with varying levels of price protection through the use of forward pricing. An empirical probability density function is simulated to capture the mean and variability in prices and cattle production yields within a specified profit under difference assumptions regarding the relative importance of production risk and price risk in overall cattle feeding profits.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Corn prices; Livestock production; Multivariate simulation; Livestock Production/Industries; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/46563
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YIELD GUARANTEES AND THE PRODUCER WELFARE BENEFITS OF CROP INSURANCE AgEcon
Adhikari, Shyam; Knight, Thomas O.; Belasco, Eric J..
Crop yield and revenue insurance products with coverage based on actual production history (APH) yields dominate the U.S. Federal Crop Insurance Program. The APH yield, which plays a critical role in determining the coverage offered to producers, is based on a small sample of historical yields for the insured unit. The properties of this yield measure are critical in determining the value of the insurance to producers. Sampling error in APH yields has the potential to lead to over-insurance in some years and under-insurance in other years. Premiums, which are in part determined by the ratio of the APH yield to the county reference yield, are also affected by variations in APH yields. Congress has enacted two measures, yield substitution and yield floors,...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Actual Production History; Crop Insurance; Sampling Error; Yield Guarantee; Production Economics; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61476
Registros recuperados: 18
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