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Registros recuperados: 21
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Agroecologia, movimento social, ciência, práticas e políticas públicas: uma abordagem comparativa. Organic Eprints
Abreu, Lucimar Santiago de; Lamine, Claire; Brandenburg, Alfio; Bellon, Stéphane; Mazarotto, Angelo A .V.de Sá.
Nos últimos anos tanto no Brasil, como na França o tema da agroecologia tem ganhado forte visibilidade na sociedade e ocupado espaços importantes em programas e ações de desenvolvimento rural, bem como, no mundo da pesquisa científica, ensino e no movimento social. Diante desse fato, o objetivo do nosso artigo é o de apresentar os primeiros resultados do projeto Capes-Cofecub1. Primeiramente, analisaremos numa perspectiva cruzada – da sociologia e das ciências agrárias -, a evolução e a dinâmica da agroecologia, indicando as principais ações em curso tendo em conta o processo de institucionalização e estruturação crescente da agroecologia no Brasil e na França. Em seguida, proporemos uma reflexão em torno da agroecologia e ética.
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Farming Systems.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://orgprints.org/22671/1/Abreu_agroecologia.pdf
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Can a peach production in organic farming be requalified with polyphenols ? A comparative case study in Rhone-Alpes Region (France) Organic Eprints
Fauriel, Joël; Bellon, Stéphane; Plénet, Daniel; Amiot, Marie-Jo.
Peach production in the Rhône-Alps region is increasingly challenged by mediterranean European regions. A possible regional strategy would consist in the development of qualification signs. A significant part of the peach production is already labelled (CCP, Red Label, Organic). How such labels relate with quality attributes at field level ? Can polyphenols be considered as an asset in a re-qualification process of peach production? To contribute to these issues, we present preliminary results derived from field work in Rhône-Alps. The study was conducted on 12 orchards of yellow peach (cv Spring Lady) in farms. 10 orchards were managed according to the above mentioned specifications while 2 were cultivated without specifications. Farmers practices...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Food security; Food quality and human health Fruit and berries.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://orgprints.org/6850/1/6850.pdf
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Co-Designing an organic framework: the ”REF’AB” Project in France Organic Eprints
Sautereau, Natacha; Fourrié, Laetitia; Experton, Catherine; Cresson, Céline; Mundler, P.; Bellon, Stéphane; Le Tailleur, F.; Garnier, J.F.; Dumontier , A.; Willot , M..
To help the development of Organic Food and Farming (OFF) systems, there is the need to consolidate conversions to OF, to support entry into organic farming, and to develop existing organic farms. Therefore a group of extensionists, researchers and educators has being working 2 years long to co-design a framework for OFF, taking into account the need to (i) embrace all forms of OFF, and at the same time to (ii) address the specificities of OFF. This project, called REF’AB (REFerentiel de l’Agriculture Biologique, 2010-2012) aims at designing the organization of set of references produced on shared methodological bases. The approach consisted in identifying key-issues of OFF systems, defining indicators, identifying relevant databases and references to feed...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Community development; Farming Systems.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://orgprints.org/27610/1/Sautereau_2012_IFSA.pdf
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Concilier des performances pour une agriculture durable - L'agriculture biologique comme prototype. Organic Eprints
Sautereau, Natacha; Penvern, Servane; Petitgenet, Morgane; Fauriel, Joël; Bellon, Stéphane.
L'agriculture biologique est de plus en plus reconnue comme prototype d’agriculture durable car elle combine de multiples performances. Toutefois des tensions apparaissent entre certaines de ces performances. Une équipe de l’unité Écodéveloppement d’Avignon explore ces tensions en l'arboriculture fruitière.
Tipo: Other Palavras-chave: Farm economics Food security; Food quality and human health Social aspects Biodiversity and ecosystem services Fruit and berries Crop health; Quality; Protection.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://orgprints.org/18649/1/fasad33.pdf
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Construction and implementation of an organic agriculture legislation: the Brazilian case Organic Eprints
Bertoncello, Bérangère; Bellon, Stéphane.
Since organic agriculture is getting legitimate, Brazil has also chosen to be involved, while adopting the legislation n°10.831/2003. As a crossroad between international and domestic rules, we explore (i) the opportunities coming from this text and its application, (ii) the attached production patterns and certification processes, (iii) their socio-economical consequences, and especially for small farming.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Regulation.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://orgprints.org/11826/1/Bertoncelle_Bellon_Brazil_Isofar.doc
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Conventionalisation? Organic farming bites back! Organic Eprints
Darnhofer, Ika; Bellon, Stéphane.
This is a summary of the discussion during the workshop 2.6 on conventionalisation of organic farming and how farmers or farmers' associations avoid conventionalisation. It also includes the abstracts of the papers that were presented during the workshop.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Social aspects Values; Standards and certification Knowledge management.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://orgprints.org/17124/1/ESRS09_WG26.pdf
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Deliverable 2.2: List of topics prioritised according to national and common criteria to be considered for transnational calls Organic Eprints
Alföldi, Thomas; Niggli, Urs; Anil, Sahin; Bellon, Stéphane.
The overall goal of work package 2, “Identifying research topics for transnational calls”, was to identify research topics for transnational calls within CORE Organic II. This deliverable first provides an overview on the selection and prioritization processes for the 1st, 2nd and 3rd call, then presents the research topics initiated under CORE Organic II and finally identifies remaining research gaps. This deliverable refers in several aspects to the deliverables 2.1 and 2.3, finalized earlier. Here we summarize the main experiences to share with other ERA-NETs. Furthermore we provide an update of relevant aspects around research on organic food and farming in the partner countries. Towards the end of CORE Organic II, we made an update of a survey...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Research communication and quality.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://orgprints.org/29202/1/alfoeldi-etal-2013-d2_2_topics_final.pdf
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Enhancing agroecological innovations with a multi-level approach to experimental research needs Organic Eprints
LE PICHON, V.; Filleron, Emmanuelle; Ricavy, I.; Taussig, C.; Bellon, Stéphane.
Public policies clearly aim at an ecologisation of agriculture. However, few concrete goals or incentives have been established to mobilize the experimental research. Applied to 13-year results of four experimental stations of the South-East of France, the Direct-Indirect-System multi-level analysis grid showed a diversification of their experimental strategies. These three levels of analysis, combined with the identification of different types of agroecosystems, appears as promising for instigating assessment and determining agroecological innovation priorities for an experimental station, a territory or a food chain.
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Research methodology and philosophy.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://orgprints.org/26325/1/LePichon_2013_CIAG_Vol32.pdf
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Formas sociais de desenvolvimento da horticultura orgânica familiar em áreas de cinturão verde de território de Ibiúna, estado de São Paulo. Organic Eprints
Bellon, Stéphane; Abreu, Lucimar Santiago de.
O desenvolvimento da agricultura orgânica (AO) no Brasil tem múltiplas formas. Além de um nicho de mercado ou de uma oportunidade de exportação, consiste numa prática social alternativa, que recria espaços de produção e novas relações entre produtores, mercado e consumidores. Por meio de suas experiências com a AO, em uma comunidade próxima a três metrópoles, horticultores familiares de Ibiúna, SP, criaram entidades coletivas e experimentaram novas práticas sociais. No estudo, mostrou-se como esses minifúndios foram organizados para desenvolver agricultura orgânica e responder a diversos objetivos. Com base nas entrevistas e nas observações de campo, foram consideradas as formas concretas de organização e de desenvolvimento da agricultura orgânica. No...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Farm economics; Farming Systems; Social aspects.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://orgprints.org/22719/1/FormasSociaisDeDesenvolvimentoDaHorticulturaOrganica.pdf
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How to promote innovation and interdisciplinarity in organic food and farming research evaluation Organic Eprints
Blanc, Julien; Alföldi, Thomas; Bellon, Stéphane; Niggli, Urs.
The development of organic food and farming research calls for system-oriented, innovative, interdisciplinary approaches. The process of evaluating research proposals is a crucial step towards this objective. Based on the EU CORE Organic pilot call for joint transnational research projects, we analysed to what extent the evaluation criteria and procedures implemented address this issue. Feedback on the experience of the target groups involved in this call was gathered and discussed in relation to findings from the literature. Our results show that interdisciplinary and innovative aspects could be better addressed, and evaluation criteria more clearly defined and delimited. This entails reshaping the main criteria and developing more suitable evaluation...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Research methodology and philosophy; Systems research and participatory research; Knowledge management; Research communication and quality.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://orgprints.org/11757/1/11757.pdf
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L'AB en 3D : diversité, dynamique et dessein de l'agriculture biologique Organic Eprints
Allaire, Gilles; Bellon, Stéphane.
Avec une reconnaissance croissante, l’agriculture biologique (AB) continue son développement. Dans cet article, nous l’abordons selon deux paradigmes cognitifs - décomposabilité et identité - et dans une perspective relative au dessein de l’AB, en rendant compte des contributions de recherches agronomiques et en sciences sociales. Ces clefs de lecture transversales sont déclinées en trois temps. En premier lieu, nous montrons que la tension entre identité et diversité de l’AB est résolue par l’adaptation de ses cadres de référence. Ensuite, nous rendons compte des principales dynamiques récentes de l’AB et les traduisons en enjeux de R&D, en précisant le rôle des institutions dans ces orientations. Enfin, nous abordons les enjeux de re-conception de...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Community development; Social aspects; Policy environments and social economy.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://orgprints.org/27904/1/Allaire-Bellon_2014_AES_Vol4.pdf
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L'écologisation des pratiques en arboriculture et maraichage. Enjeux et perspectives de recherches Organic Eprints
Navarrete, Mireille; Bellon, Stéphane; Géniaux, Ghislain; Lamine, Claire; Penvern, Servane; Sautereau, Natacha; Tchamitchian, Marc.
Les systèmes horticoles (arboriculture et maraîchage) sont parmi les plus intensifs en main d'oeuvre et en intrants ; la production conventionnelle repose sur un usage intense des produits phytosanitaires, pour satisfaire les critères d'accès aux circuits commerciaux des grandes et moyennes surfaces, et en particulier le « zéro défaut visuel ». Le secteur des fruits et légumes est extrêmement concurrentiel du fait de la faible part des aides (européennes, nationales) et souffre d'une forte distorsion des coûts de production entre états membres. Ces dernières années, la problématique de l'écologisation de l'agriculture, pour une meilleure préservation de l'environnement mais aussi de la santé des consommateurs, a particulièrement accru la pression sur le...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Production systems; Farming Systems.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://orgprints.org/27918/1/Navarrete_2012_CourrierEnvironnement_Vol62.pdf
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L’écologisation des pratiques en arboriculture et maraîchage. Enjeux et perspectives de recherches Organic Eprints
Navarrete, Mireille; Bellon, Stéphane; Géniaux, Ghislain; Lamine, Claire; Penvern, Servane; Sautereau, Natacha; Tchamitchian, Marc.
L’écologisation des systèmes arboricoles et maraîchers est une nécessité en termes de préservation de l’environnement mais elle est particulièrement contrainte sur un plan technique et économique. Sur la base d’un ensemble de travaux de recherche réalisés à l’Unité Ecodéveloppement depuis une dizaine d’années, nous proposons une analyse des enjeux et des perspectives d’écologisation des pratiques afin d’identifier des voies de transition vers des systèmes horticoles écologisés. Cette analyse s’articule autour de trois questions : (1) l’analyse multidimensionnelle des performances (agronomiques, écologiques, économiques, sociales) que doivent atteindre les systèmes écologisés ; (2) les leviers techniques qu’il est possible de mobiliser pour concevoir ces...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Farm economics Systems research and participatory research Social aspects Vegetables Fruit and berries Crop health; Quality; Protection.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://orgprints.org/18620/1/Navarrete_et_al_2011_%2318620_paper.pdf
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Minifundios and metropolis: territorial management of organic farming in Ibiúna (São Paulo, Brazil). Organic Eprints
Abreu, Lucimar Santiago de; Bellon, Stéphane.
In spite of the growing demand in green vegetables from three main cities in São Paulo State, smallscale vegetable farmers are still facing economic problems. Subsequently, the maintenance of small farmers and families depending solely on agriculture appears as very difficult. Organic Farming (OF) is increasingly considered as a possible alternative for designing a "new rural" in Brazilian communities (Abreu, 2000). It is seen as an opportunity for economic valuation of horticulture products (root, fruit and leaf vegetables for salads). The existing demand for this type of product, together with favorable green market prices, especially during summertime, would both stimulate and propitiate an expansion in production (Assis, 2002). The consumer of organics...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Production systems; Vegetables.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://orgprints.org/22762/1/Minifundios%20and%20Metropolis%20territorial%20management...pdf
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Peach orchard protection strategies and aphid communities: Towards an integrated agroecosystem approach Organic Eprints
Penvern, Servane; Bellon, Stéphane; Fauriel, Joël; Sauphanor, Benoit.
Aphid populations, including a widespread pest, Myzus persicae, are known to be affected by cultural practices, plant growth and natural regulation, but their control in orchards most frequently relies on regular treatments aiming to avoid direct damage and virus transmission. This study aimed first at characterising farmers’ management strategies towards aphids and, secondly evaluating them in terms of efficiency and impact on aphid natural enemies from 19 organic and conventional fruit farms in south-eastern France. Comprehensive variables made it possible to differentiate four strategies: intensive, optimised, input-substitution and integrated. The more integrated the strategy, the more diverse and abundant the aphids. The two most effective strategies...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Fruit and berries Crop health; Quality; Protection.
Ano: 2010
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Promoting organic research & development: lessons from an interdisciplinary group from France (2000-2013) Organic Eprints
Bellon, Stéphane; Cabaret, Jacques; Debaeke, Philippe; Ollivier, Guillaume; Penvern, Servane.
At INRA (French National Institute for Agricultural Research), the CIAB (Internal Committee of Organic Agriculture) is the main driver of an organic research program. The aim of this paper is to analyze whether these projects comply with the main objectives set out in the program. A database was built with all of the 40 project proposals that were finally approved. The database also made it possible to depict participation in collaborative networks. The analysis highlights four major benefits: (i) Structuring a network of scientific and professional partnerships, (ii) Mobilizing new research teams in the organic program,(iii) Resulting networks and partnerships,(iv) Mobilizing disciplinary or interdisciplinary approaches. We finally draw lessons on the...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Research methodology and philosophy.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://orgprints.org/23972/1/23972%20OWC14_Bellon%20et%20alJCPDGWformated_MM.pdf
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Quantity versus quality and profit versus values ? Do these inherent tensions inevitably play in organic farming? Organic Eprints
Sautereau, Natacha; Géniaux, Ghislain; Bellon, Stéphane; Petitgenet, Morgane; Lepoutre, Jérôme.
The literature shows that the systems advocating the productivity relatively neglect the ecological services whereas those based on these services, as Organic Farming (OF), are generally less productive. Which balance between these two issues should be found and would contribute to a sustainable agriculture? OF as a value-laden agriculture, whose principles are based on ecology, equity, health and care appears as a candidate for combining performances. In the first section we show results at farm level on environmental and agro-economic performances. In the second section, we underline the challenges facing OF to confirm its prototype’s position. OF as a heterogeneous entity presents different types of trade-offs between the performances. Some performances...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Farming Systems; Biodiversity and ecosystem services.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://orgprints.org/27605/1/Sautereau_2010__ISDA.pdf
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Relações entre agricultura orgânica e agroecologia: desafios atuais em torno dos princípios da agroecologia. Organic Eprints
Abreu, Lucimar Santiago; Bellon, Stéphane; Alfio, Brandenburg; Ollivier, Guillame; Lamine, Claire; Darolt, Moacir Roberto; Aventurier, Pascal.
Neste artigo, exploramos a relação entre Agroecologia e Agricultura Orgânica. O debate na comunidade científica em alguns países e a análise das posições ou discursos de pesquisadores e artigos apontam para distintas combinações, trocas e interações entre a Agricultura Orgânica e Agroecologia. Nesse sentido, primeiramente, com base na revisão de literatura, mostramos distintas interações entre esses estilos de agricultura. Além disto, analisamos as controvérsias das agriculturas em foco, bem como apresentamos uma síntese de dois estudos de caso para ilustrar a aplicação prática de princípios da agroecologia, ava¬liando práticas e valores éticos, relacionando-as com as lógicas familiares ou patronais de funcionamento da produção. Concluímos que as relações...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Farming Systems; Crop husbandry; Social aspects.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://orgprints.org/24207/1/Abreu%2C%20L.%20S%3B%20Bello%2C%20S%3B%20Brandenburg%2C%20ARela%C3%A7%C3%B5es%20entre%20agricultura%20org%C3%A2nica%20e%20agroecologia_.pdf
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Relationships between social forms of organic horticultural production and indicators of environmental quality: a multidimensional approach in Brazil Organic Eprints
Bellon, Stéphane; Santiago de Abreu, Lucimar; Valarini, Pedro J..
Organic farming (OF) is increasingly considered as a possible alternative for designing a "new rural" in Brazil, where OF covers a wide range of production and certification systems. However, the ways small farmers adopt OF in green belts to meet an urban demand in organic vegetables have not been extensively investigated. Likewise, the impact of such practices on environmental quality components has not been sufficiently documented. Our objective was to relate forms of organisation to environmental assessment in a watershed where organic horticulture significantly contributes to landscape and water quality. We showed how small farmers were organised or how they organised themselves to meet urban demands and develop OF. We assumed that associated practices...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Community development.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://orgprints.org/4312/4/4312%2DBellon_etal_4p_revised%2Ded.pdf
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The contribution of conversion to organic food and farming to the analysis of dynamics and governance in transitions towards sustainable agri-food systems Organic Eprints
Sautereau, Natacha; Bellon, Stéphane.
Sustainable agri-food system approaches are rooted both in the environmental movements and in the political-economic critique of the contemporary system. Organic food and farming (OF&F) as an alternative agri-food system among others encompasses multiple dimensions and performances, enabling the study of conversion as a prototype of transition. We use the multilevel pathways framework to describe the transition process. We first present OF&F as a heterogeneous entity and examine the consequences of acknowledging its diversity. We show that OF&F as an innovation influences the mainstream design of agri-food systems, and we explore the strategies of the actors in charge of its development. We then introduce how different levers can influence...
Tipo: Book chapter Palavras-chave: Policy environments and social economy.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://orgprints.org/27612/1/Sautereau_2012_BookSISA_Chap2.pdf
Registros recuperados: 21
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