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Registros recuperados: 12
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Africa’s Food and Nutrition Security Situation: Where Are We and How Did We Get Here? AgEcon
Benson, Todd.
Efforts and initiatives to combat hunger and malnutrition in Africa are gaining momentum at all levels—local, national, continental, and international. To design and implement effective strategies for action, it is vital that we have a clear understanding of the problems and options. In this 2020 discussion paper, Todd Benson reviews the extent of food and nutrition insecurity across Africa. He assesses recent patterns and trends, exploring where significant progress has occurred, or not, and why. The differences between food and nutrition security, and how they are linked, are clarified. Benson examines the key direct and indirect determinants and consequences of food and nutrition insecurity in the African context and offers a menu of actions and...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42272
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Assessing Africa's Food and Nutrition Security Situation AgEcon
Benson, Todd.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/45777
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Fertilizer subsidies in Africa, are vouchers the answer? AgEcon
Minot, Nicholas; Benson, Todd.
In the 1970s and 1980s, most African countries sold fertilizer at subsidized prices through state-owned enterprises. In response to the fiscal cost and ineffective implementation of these subsidies, as well as pressure from international financial institutions, almost all of these countries liberalized their fertilizer markets to some degree as part of structural adjustment programs carried out in the late 1980s and early 1990s. Under these reforms, governments eliminated state monopolies on fertilizer distribution and phased out universal subsidies.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Agribusiness.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55510
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Global food crisis; Monitoring and assessing impact to inform policy responses AgEcon
Benson, Todd; Minot, Nicholas; Pender, John L.; Robles, Miguel; von Braun, Joachim.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54045
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Improving Nutrition as a Development Priority: Addressing Undernutrition in National Policy Processes in Sub-Saharan Africa AgEcon
Benson, Todd.
Undernutrition has, fortunately, risen on the policy agenda in Africa in recent years. In 2004, an international IFPRI 2020 conference held in Kampala on food and nutrition security in Africa drew attention to the issue, and high-level policymakers noted the problem and the need for action much more than they had before. Still, undernutrition remains a fundamental challenge to achieving improved human welfare and economic growth in Sub- Saharan Africa. To address that challenge, national governments must undertake appropriate policies and actions. Politically, however, a high prevalence of undernutrition is not seen as anomalous and indicative of the inability of governments to fulfill their duties to their citizens. This report examines the findings from...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Nutrition policy; Africa Sub-Saharan; Food supply; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; International Development.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37875
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Insights from Poverty Maps for Development and Food Relief Program Targeting: An Application to Malawi AgEcon
Benson, Todd.
Poverty mapping applies models of household welfare developed from detailed household consumption and expenditure surveys to the extensive but less detailed data from national censuses. A poverty map for Malawi, developed by drawing upon information from the 1997–98 Malawi Integrated Household Survey with the 1998 Malawi Population and Housing Census, provides aggregate estimates of household welfare and poverty at a highly disaggregated level—down to the level of local government wards. Given the close association between welfare and food security in most Malawi households, such a detailed poverty map can be of considerable value to development and relief organizations, as they plan and target activities to improve the ability of poor households to cope...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Poverty mapping; Food security; Malawi; Food relief; Targeting; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55897
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Poverty in Malawi, 1998 AgEcon
Benson, Todd; Machinijili, Charles; Kachikopa, Lawrence.
This paper presents the poverty analysis of the 1997-98 Malawi Integrated Household Survey. The analysis developed basic needs poverty lines, using consumption-based measures of welfare to classify households and individuals as poor and nonpoor. Because consumption data were not of uniform quality across sample households, the analysis made adjustments to derive a more accurate assessment of the incidence of poverty across the country. The analysis provides poverty and inequality estimates for Malawi's population. About 65 percent were unable to meet their basic needs, and poverty was deep and pervasive. The distribution of household welfare was closely examined within the context of the Malawi Poverty Reduction Strategy to guide government action in...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Southern Africa; Africa South of Sahara; Poverty; Poverty Analysis; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/60940
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QUE NOS PUEDEN DECIR LOS MAPAS DE POBREZA PARA LA PROGRAMACION DE LA ASISTENCIA EN ALIMENTOS? AgEcon
Benson, Todd.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16492
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QUE PEUVENT NOUS DIRE LES CARTES DE PAUVRETE SUR LES PROGRAMMES D'AIDE AgEcon
Benson, Todd.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: International Development.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15908
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WHAT CAN POVERTY MAPS TELL US FOR FOOD ASSISTANCE PROGRAMMING? AgEcon
Benson, Todd.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16498
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Why African governments under-invest in agriculture: results from an expert survey AgEcon
Headey, Derek D.; Benson, Todd; Kolavalli, Shashidhara; Fan, Shenggen.
Agricultural productivity growth is widely seen as an essential instrument of poverty reduction, food security and broader economic growth. Paradoxically, however, the agricultural sector is often neglected by African governments in what is often termed ‘urban bias’. This paper explores what appears to be a very contemporary form of urban bias: that despite open acknowledgement of the importance of agriculture, public expenditure allocations to the agricultural sector remain very low in Africa. An innovation of the paper is to go beyond the broad cross-country picture about why this might be the case to instead examine more complex country stories through the use of expert surveys. Specifically, we interview senior policymakers in ministries of...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural development; Urban bias; Public expenditure; Expert surveys.; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Food Security and Poverty; International Development; Political Economy.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51818
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Why the Poor in Rural Malawi Are Where They Are: An Analysis of the Spatial Determinants of the Local Prevalence of Poverty AgEcon
Benson, Todd; Chamberlin, Jordan; Rhinehart, Ingrid.
We examine the spatial determinants of the prevalence of poverty for small spatially defined populations in rural Malawi. Poverty prevalence was estimated using a small-area poverty estimation technique. A theoretical approach based on the risk chain conceptualization of household economic vulnerability guided our selection of a set of potential risk and coping strategies—the determinants of our model—that could be represented spatially. These were used in two analyses to develop global and local models, respectively. In our global model—a spatial error model—only eight of the more than two dozen determinants selected for analysis proved significant. In contrast, all of the determinants considered were significant in at least some of the local models of...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Spatial regression; Poverty determinants; Poverty mapping; Malawi; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/59601
Registros recuperados: 12
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