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A DAY WITHOUT FAFH IS A DAY WITH BETTER NUTRITION AgEcon
Binkley, James K..
Two day food intakes from the continuing Survey of Individual Food Intake is used to compare nutrition of individuals who on one day had a FAFH meal and on the other did not. It is found that nutrition on the FAFH day is consistently worse for almost all population subgroups. In particular, significantly more calories are consumed on a day with FAFH meal.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21975
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An Exploration of the Relationship Between Income and Eating Behavior AgEcon
Chen, Susan E.; Liu, Jing; Binkley, James K..
This paper explores the relationship between income and eating behavior. To do this we examine choice in two food categories: milk and soft drinks. These categories have varieties differing in health qualities but either no differences in cost or lower cost for the healthier types. By examining food choices when there are no measurable cost differences but clear health differences, we are able to isolate the association between income and healthy eating behavior. We find a negative association between income and dietary intake of higher-calorie types of milk and soft drinks. Our estimates are consistent across the five sets of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey and the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals data that we study....
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Health behavior; Healthy eating; Low income; Milk; Soft drinks; Agricultural and Food Policy; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Health Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/123315
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Consolidated Markets, Brand Competition, and Orange Juice Prices AgEcon
Binkley, James K.; Canning, Patrick N.; Dooley, Ryan; Eales, James S..
This paper examines how consolidation in the marketing system affects prices for orange juice. We isolated the pricing behavior of brand marketers, wholesalers, and retailers by observing the retail prices for specific orange juice products, including leading national brands and private label brands, in 54 U.S. markets over a 1-year period. The data provided little compelling evidence that consolidated markets engaged in non-competitive pricing behavior. Increased brand competition, particularly between private labels and leading national brands, did, however, appear to lower average market prices.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Consumer demographics; National brands; Orange juice; Price behavior; Private labels; Wholesaler concentration; Retailer concentration; Demand and Price Analysis; Industrial Organization.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33659
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CONSUMER PRICE AWARENESS IN FOOD SHOPPING: THE CASE OF QUANTITY SURCHARGES AgEcon
Binkley, James K.; Bejnarowicz, John.
Data from 54 grocery regions is on tuna sales, prices, and consumer demographics is used to examine why consumers purchase large sizes when unit prices are higher. Results strongly indicate that this is done on the mistaken belief that large sizes are always cheaper: buyers are not examining prices.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Quantity surcharges; Price awareness; Consumer/Household Economics.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21512
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CONVENIENCE, ACCESSIBILITY, AND THE DEMAND FOR FAST FOOD AgEcon
Jekanowski, Mark D.; Binkley, James K.; Eales, James S..
This study explores the growth in demand for fast food. A distinguishing characteristic of fast food is its convenience; in today's pervasive marketplace, consumers need not travel far to find a fast food outlet. This greater availability translates into a decrease in the full price of obtaining a meal, which contributes to greater consumption. Market-level data are used to estimate demand equations in two time periods, incorporating changes in availability as well as prices, income, and various demographic characteristics. Our findings show that greater availability has led to increased consumption. Failure to account for these types of marketplace changes could lead to incorrect inferences regarding the factors responsible for the industry growth.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Demand and Price Analysis.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/31162
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DEMAND FOR HIGH FIBER AND LOW FIBER CEREALS AgEcon
Binkley, James K.; Eales, James S..
Nutritional considerations are of increasing importance in some foods. To address demand for nutrition, we estimate a demand system for cereals of different nutrient types, concentrating on fiber and focussing on five Kellogg's cereals with marked differences in fiber content. Results shed light on the role of price in who demands "healthy" foods.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Demand and Price Analysis.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21826
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Determinants of household choice of breakfast cereals: healthy or unhealthy? AgEcon
Golub, Alla A.; Binkley, James K..
We studied consumer demand for more and less healthy breakfast cereals. Using ACNielsen Homescan database and USDA food nutrition data, we developed three cereal nutrition indexes for each household in the data. In addition to the standard demographic characteristics of households and prices, we included variables representing differences between private labels and national brands. We found that the structure of the industry, through its effect on the product mix produced, affects consumer choice of nutritious foods. Some households buy fewer healthy cereals simply through reluctance to trust private labels. Among all factors expected to influence consumer purchases, the prices appear to have the strongest effect on the healthiness of the choice of...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Consumer demand; Healthy and unhealthy food; Breakfast cereals; Consumer/Household Economics.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19181
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DETERMINANTS OF U.S. CHILDREN'S AND TEENAGERS' BODY MASS INDEX AgEcon
Eales, James S.; Binkley, James K.; Jekanowski, Mark D..
OBJECTIVE: To determine if the increase in consumption of food away from home has contributed to the increased weight of the US youth. METHODS: Multiple regression will be used to estimate the effect of food source on body mass index (BMI) while accounting for other factors which have been shown to affect weight in a nationally representative sample of the U.S. population.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Health Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19880
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HOUSEHOLD FOOD CHOICE IN FOUR FOOD CATEGORIES: HEALTHY OR UNHEALTHY? AgEcon
Binkley, James K.; Golub, Alla A..
The interest of this study is the tradeoff between nutrition and taste in consumer food choice. We examine choice between more and less healthy versions of particular foods within four important grocery categories: breakfast cereal, milk, bread, and soft drinks. Within a category, products do not greatly differ in terms of cost and convenience, and nutritional differences are easily determined. Consumers are less likely to choose unhealthy foods due to cost or convenience advantages, or through ignorance. This makes the choice between taste and nutrition more apparent. We use annual expenditure data reported by a large sample of households participating in the AC Nielsen Homescan data system. For each of the food categories we develop a measure of...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Nutrition; Food; Consumer Choice; Health; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Health Economics and Policy; D12; I12; I18.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58418
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IMPLICATION OF RECENT USER CHARGE LEGISLATION FOR BARGE TRANSPORTATION OF AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES AgEcon
Binkley, James K.; Shabman, Leonard A..
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Political Economy.
Ano: 1980 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/29477
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LOW INCOME AND POOR HEALTH CHOICES: THE EXAMPLE OF SMOKING AgEcon
Binkley, James K..
People with low incomes tend to make less healthy consumption choices than do high income people. In the case of food, agricultural economists have investigated whether this is due to the cost of a healthy diet. Studies of various aspects of the nutrition-income nexus have generally been inconclusive. We investigate a different possibility, motivated by the fact that low income individuals are most likely to be smokers, which cannot be due to limited budgets. Drawing on a body of related literature, we develop a model in which income serves not only as a budget constraint but also as a source of future utility. We test the model by estimating logistic models of beginning and quitting smoking. We find support for the idea that low income consumers make less...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Income; Food Choice; Smoking; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Health Economics and Policy; D12; I12; I18.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58419
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MARKET COMPETITION AND METROPOLITAN-AREA GROCERY PRICES AgEcon
Binkley, James K.; Connor, John M..
This paper examines the relationship of 1987 retail grocery prices to supermarket sales concentration across 95 U.S. metropolitan areas. The regression model incorporates a large number of population, retail-cost, and retail competition factors and separate prices by type of grocery item. We find that the concentration-price relationship is sensitive to item type: positive for packaged, branded, dry groceries and unrelated for produce, meat, and dairy product prices. As for market rivalry, we find that small grocery stores provide no grocery price competition for supermarkets. However, branded grocery prices are driven down by fast-food places and by rapid price churning, whereas for unbranded foods the presence of warehouse stores places downward...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Retail grocery trade; Pricing policy; Variable price merchandising; Market competition; Category management; Market structure; Sales concentration; Price discrimination; Price rivalry; Oligopoly; Food demand; Food prices; Consumer/Household Economics.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25988
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PORT ELEVATOR CAPACITY AND NATIONAL AND WORLD GRAIN SHIPMENTS AgEcon
Barnett, Doug; Binkley, James K.; McCarl, Bruce A..
An analysis is conducted on the port component of the United States grain export system. A transshipment model is utilized which covers both United States internal and foreign shipments of corn, soybeans, and wheat during the four quarters of a year. The model suggests that there will be quarter to quarter constraints on port capacity but that annual capacity is adequate. Through sensitivity analysis a number of key factors were found which influence the adequacy of the current port system. Port adequacy is found to depend not as much on export market location as it does on domestic transportation rates and policies.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1984 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/32363
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Purchasing Patterns for Nutritional-Enhanced Foods: The Case of Calcium enhanced Orange Juice AgEcon
Golub, Alla A.; Binkley, James K.; Denbaly, Mark.
In recent times there has been a growing awareness of the importance of nutrition and the nutritional aspects of various foods. Products are now marketed by emphasizing their nutritional properties, and new products are often designed to serve a particular nutritional purpose. Nutrition concern has become an important force in successfully shaping food marketing. Nevertheless, obesity and other nutrition-related health problems have not abated, and in fact have worsened. A possible explanation for these disparate trends is that a subset of nutritionally-concerned consumers– - consumers in less need of improved nutrition- is responsible for the majority of healthy food purchases, with most others ignoring the nutritional message. Thus, an important...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20221
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THE DEMAND FOR NUTRITIONALLY-ENHANCED VARIETIES AND IMPLICATIONS FOR FOOD PRODUCT COMPETITION: THE CASE OF ORANGE JUICE AgEcon
Dooley, Ryan; Eales, James S.; Binkley, James K..
This study focused on consumer demand for orange juice, for both frozen concentrate and refrigerated, by major brands and nutritional enhancement. Demand for calcium-enhanced orange juice and standard orange juice were compared. Estimation involved system of demand equations and included the role of demographics.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Demand and Price Analysis; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21802
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The Economics of Reducing Package Size: Consumer response and returns to manufacturers. AgEcon
Cakir, Metin; Balagtas, Joseph Valdes; Binkley, James K.; Leibtag, Ephraim S..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Marketing; Production Economics.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61600
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The Effect of Demographic, Economic, and Nutrition Factors on the Frequency of Food Away from Home AgEcon
Binkley, James K..
Food away from home, especially fast food, is often cited as contributing to rising obesity. This negative publicity can affect the demand for restaurant meals. In this study econometric models explaining visits to table service and fast food restaurants are estimated. The explanatory variables include not only standard demographic and economic measures but also measures of nutrition knowledge, attitudes, and concerns. Effects for the former are similar to those found in past studies. For nutrition factors, we find only limited impact for table service, but there is strong evidence that nutrition-orientated consumers tend to have lower fast food consumption.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19502
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THE EFFECT OF FOOD STAMPS ON SPENDING FOR GROCERY PRODUCTS AgEcon
Binkley, James K.; Eales, James S..
We constructed demographic profiles of each market area by aggregating circa-1990 county US census data. We constructed a measure for market level food stamp benefits using 1990 county-level food stamp benefit data supplied by the USDA. This is the key explanatory variable in regressions in which sales of many specific foods and food aggregates are regressed on food stamp benefits and a large number of demographics, including a measure of poverty. The percent of grocery sales accounted for by food stamps ranged from less than two in the Boston area to more than ten in Shreveport. The primary interest is to evaluate the extent to which differences in food stamp usage across market areas alters the relative sales of grocery products. Because food...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19690
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The Impact of Demographics, Market Characteristics, and Prices on the Consumption of Food-Away-From-Home AgEcon
Jekanowski, Mark D.; Binkley, James K.; Eales, James S..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/35839
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The Relation Between Dietary Change and Rising U.S. Obesity AgEcon
Binkley, James K..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Health Economics and Policy.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/35896
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