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Registros recuperados: 12
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Evidencing the Impact of Coastal Contaminated Sediments on Mussels Through Pb Stable Isotopes Composition ArchiMer
Huy Dang, Duc; Schafer, Jörg; Brach-papa, Christophe; Lenoble, Veronique; Durrieu, Gael; Dutruch, Lionel; Chiffoleau, Jean-francois; Gonzalez, Jean-louis; Blanc, Gerard; Mullot, Jean-ulrich; Mounier, Stephane; Garnier, Cedric.
Heavily contaminated sediments are a serious concern for ecosystem quality, especially in coastal areas, where vulnerability is high due to intense anthropogenic pressure. Surface sediments (54 stations), 50 cm interface cores (five specific stations), river particles, coal and bulk Pb plate from past French Navy activities, seawater and mussels were collected in Toulon Bay (NW Mediterranean Sea). Lead content and Pb stable isotope composition have evidenced the direct impact of sediment pollution stock on both the water column quality and the living organisms, through the specific Pb isotopic signature in these considered compartments. The history of pollution events including past and present contaminant dispersion in Toulon Bay were also demonstrated by...
Tipo: Text
Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00288/39884/38624.pdf
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Influence hydrothermale dans les sédiments de fosses de la mer Rouge par l'étude de quelques éléments traces ArchiMer
Pierret, Marie Claire; Clauer, Norbert; Blanc, Gerard.
The Cu, Ni, Fe, Cr and Zr concentrations were evaluated to study the influence of hydrothermal activity on the sediments of six Red-Sea deeps. Comparison between the Ni/Fe and Cu/Fe ratios supports distinction between hydrothermal and non-hydrothermal sediments, whereas anti-correlation between Zr and Cr concentrations results from hydrothermal influence. The results allow us to envisage that the sediments of the Suakin Deep did not undergo a hydrothermal activity and that this hydrothermal influence was weak in the Valdivia Deep. The sediments of Port-Soudan Deep recorded a hydrothermal activity, whereas this activity was the strongest in the Thetis and Atlantis II deeps.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Sédiment; Mer Rouge; Fosses; Hydrothermalisme; Métaux; Sediment; Red sea; Deeps; Hydrothermalism; Metals.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00323/43375/42836.pdf
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L'argent (Ag, nanoAg) comme contaminant émergeant dans l'Estuaire de la Gironde : évaluations scientifiques et gouvernance des risques ArchiMer
Salles, Denis; Roumezi, Alexis; Lanceleur, Laurent; Schaefer, Jorg; Petit, Jerome; Blanc, Gerard; Coynel, Alexandra; Chiffoleau, Jean-francois; Auger, Dominique.
This article presents the results of multidisciplinary research (geochemistry, sociology) into the increasing concentrations of silver (Ag and nanoAg) in the environment and their potential impact on aquatic environments. We investigate simultaneously the risk of contamination of these environments by silver and the process of the social and political construction of this risk by water managers, health authorities, agencies and committees responsible for expert evaluations, environmental associations, and potential users of silver or nano-silver. Four updated models of risk construction allow us to understand the logic of arguments mobilized at this stage of the emerging risk. This interdisciplinary cooperation opens up possibilities for dealing with some...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Environment; Estuaries; Geochemistry; Interdisciplinary communication; Nanotechnology; Risk assessment; Risk management; Silver; Sociology; Water pollutants.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00156/26736/24939.pdf
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Long-term records of cadmium and silver contamination in sediments and oysters from the Gironde fluvial-estuarine continuum - Evidence of changing silver sources ArchiMer
Lanceleur, Laurent; Schaefer, Joerg; Chiffoleau, Jean-francois; Blanc, Gerard; Auger, Dominique; Renault, Sophie; Baudrimont, Magalie; Audry, Stephane.
The Gironde fluvial estuarine system is impacted by historic metal pollution (e.g. Cd, Zn, Hg) and oysters (Crassostrea gigas) from the estuary mouth have shown extremely high Cd concentrations for decades. Based on recent work (Chiffoleau et al., 2005) revealing anomalously high Ag concentrations (up to 65 mg kg(-1); dry weight) in Gironde oysters, we compared long-term (similar to 1955-2001) records of Ag and Cd concentrations in reservoir sediment with the respective concentrations in oysters collected between 1979 and 2010 to identify the origin and historical trend of the recently discovered Ag anomaly. Sediment cores from two reservoirs upstream and downstream from the main metal pollution source provided information on (i) geochemical background...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Silver; Cadmium; Estuary; Oyster; Biomonitoring.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00060/17109/15071.pdf
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Mercury in the Lot-Garonne River system (France): Sources, fluxes and anthropogenic component ArchiMer
Schafer, J; Blanc, Gerard; Audry, S; Cossa, Daniel; Bossy, C.
Dissolved and particulate Hg fluxes in the Lot-Garonne-Gironde fluvial-estuarine system were obtained from observation of daily discharge and suspended particulate matter (SPM) concentrations. In addition to the measurements of the total dissolved (< 0.45 gm) and particulate Hg (> 0.45 gm), called HgTD and HgTp respectively, the dissolved inorganic Hg species (HgRD) were determined monthly. Geochemical background values for HgTp in sediments and SPM were similar to crustal values and to typical concentrations in SPM of non-contaminated river systems, respectively. The Riou Mort watershed already known as the origin of important historical polymetallic (e.g., Cd, Zn) pollution was identified as an important Hg point source. In the downstream Lot...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Lot; Garonne; SPM; River; Organic matter; Mercury.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/publication-1343.pdf
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Past and present platinum contamination of a major European fluvial-estuarine system: Insights from river sediments and estuarine oysters ArchiMer
Abdou, M.; Schaefer, J.; Cobelo-garcia, A.; Neira, P.; Petit, J. C. J.; Auger, Dominique; Chiffoleau, Jean-francois; Blanc, Gerard.
Platinum Group Metals (PGM) are modern, technologically relevant elements for which (i) the anthropogenic cycle has outcompeted the natural cycles and (ii) environmental behavior, fate and impact are still widely unknown. Stripping voltammetry was used for accurate determinations of platinum (Pt) in historical records of river sediments and estuarine oysters from the Gironde fluvial-estuarine continuum (SW France) comprising the Lot River. Sediment cores from the Lot River, dated from 1952 to 2001, showed past Pt contamination due to former industrial (smelter) activities in the Lot River watershed. These samples revealed the phasing-out of a historical Pt contamination with Pt/Th (Thorium) values of 11 × 10− 5 ± 0.79 × 10− 5 for the deepest part of the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Platinum; Sediments; Wild oysters; Bioaccumulation.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00311/42177/41478.pdf
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Platinum in sediments and mussels from the northwestern Mediterranean coast: temporal and spatial aspects ArchiMer
Abdou, Melina; Schafer, Jorg; Hu, Ruoyu; Gil-diaz, Teba; Garnier, Cedric; Brach-papa, Christophe; Chiffoleau, Jean-francois; Charmasson, Sabine; Giner, Franck; Dutruch, Lionel; Blanc, Gerard.
Platinum (Pt) is considered a Technology Critical Element (TCE) and an emerging metallic contaminant with increasing release into the environment. Gaps in knowledge and understanding of environmental levels, fate and effects of Pt still exist, especially in the marine environment. This work presents Pt concentrations in the northwestern Mediterranean coast including: (i) temporal variability from sediment cores and farmed mussels in the Toulon Bay (historically affected by intense human activities) and (ii) spatial distribution from recent wild mussels collected along ∼ 300 km coastline with contrasting ecosystems (including natural reserves), quantified using voltammetry and inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry. The historical (> 100 years)...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Platinum; Sediments; Mussels; Biomonitoring; Mediterranean coast.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00460/57134/59055.pdf
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Profils d'hydrocarbures légers dans l'eau de mer, les saumures et les eaux intersticielles de la fosse Atlantis II (Mer Rouge) ArchiMer
Blanc, Gerard; Boulegue, Jacques; Charlou, Jean-luc.
Tipo: Text
Ano: 1990 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00069/18042/15585.pdf
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Silicate diagenesis in deep-sea sediments from the Tonga forearc (SW Pacific): a strontium and Rare Earth Elements signature ArchiMer
Vitali, F; Blanc, Gerard; Toulkeridis, T; Stille, P.
Sr-87/Sr-86 isotopic ratios, strontium and Rare Earth Element concentrations obtained on volcano-sedimentary rocks and separated clay mineral and zeolite fractions reveal a formation by pore water-volcanic rock interaction for most of the hydrous silicate minerals of the Site 841 ODP collected from the Tonga forearc. Unusual strontium concentrations and isotopic ratios recorded in the Miocene tuffs associated with specific REE patterns indicate that the formation of these hydrous silicates does not follow a simple burial diagenesis model, but was related to the cooling of intruding basaltic sills in the Miocene volcano-sedimentary series. Migration of strontium into the pore water in response to the heat flow induced the formation of Sr-bearing zeolites...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Tonga; Silicates; Strontium; Terres rares; Diagenèse; Flux thermique; Tonga; Silicates; Strontium; Rare Earth Elements; Diagenesis; Heat flow.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00324/43563/44060.pdf
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Spatial and temporal variations in trace metal concentrations in surface sediments of the Marennes Oleron Bay. Relation to hydrodynamic forcing ArchiMer
Strady, Emilie; Kervella, Stephane; Blanc, Gerard; Robert, Serge; Stanisiere, Jean-yves; Coynel, Alexandra; Schaefer, Joerg.
Sediments quality assessment is of priority concern to provide a comprehensible overview of ecological and chemical state of an ecosystem. The Marennes-Oleron Bay, hosting the largest oyster production in France, is influenced by the historic polymetallic pollution of the Gironde Estuary. Despite, management efforts and decreasing emissions in the Gironde watershed, Cd levels in oysters from the bay are close to consumption limit (5 pig g(-1) dw. EC no. 466/2001). In this context, the aim of the study was to assess the priority metal (Ni, Cu, Zn, As, Ag, Cd, Hg, Pb and Th) concentrations in sediment within the Bay, by investigating spatial and temporal distribution variations and the role of hydrodynamic forcing. For that we selected three sites (east,...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Trace metal; Marennes Oleron Bay; Enrichment factor; Sediment; Hydrodynamic; Altus.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00038/14914/15996.pdf
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Tellurium behaviour in a major European fluvial–estuarine system (Gironde, France): fluxes, solid/liquid partitioning and bioaccumulation in wild oysters ArchiMer
Gil-díaz, Teba; Schäfer, Jörg; Dutruch, Lionel; Bossy, Cécile; Pougnet, Frédérique; Abdou, Melina; Lerat-hardy, Antoine; Pereto, Clément; Derriennic, Hervé; Briant, Nicolas; Sireau, Teddy; Knoery, Joel; Blanc, Gerard.
Tellurium (Te) is a technology critical element (TCE) with largely unknown environmental behaviour, especially in continent-ocean interface systems. The unknown behaviour results from the lack of studies in aquatic environments and from analytical challenges limiting the determination of its naturally low (ultra-trace) environmental levels. We performed a comprehensive study of Te in the Lot–Garonne–Gironde fluvial–estuarine system to better understand seasonal variations, solid/liquid partitioning (Kd), gross fluxes, estuarine dynamics, and transfer to wild oysters at the estuary mouth. A temporal record (2014–2017) of dissolved (Ted) and particulate (Tep) Te concentrations at five sites in the Lot–Garonne River system shows little differences between...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Garonne River; Gironde Estuary; Lot River; RNO; ROCCH; Technology critical element.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00505/61684/65639.pdf
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The estuarine geochemical reactivity of Zn isotopes and its relevance for the biomonitoring of anthropogenic Zn and Cd contaminations from metallurgical activities: Example of the Gironde fluvial-estuarine system, France ArchiMer
Petit, Jerome C. J.; Schafer, Jörg; Coynel, Alexandra; Blanc, Gerard; Chiffoleau, Jean-francois; Auger, Dominique; Bossy, Cecile; Derriennic, Herve; Mikolaczyk, Mathilde; Dutruch, Lionel; Mattielli, Nadine.
Zinc stable isotopes measurements by MC-ICP-MS, validated by laboratory intercalibrations, were performed on wild oysters, suspended particles and filtered river/estuarine water samples to provide new constraints for the use of Zn isotopes as environmental tracers. The samples selected were representative of the long range (400 km) transport of metal (Zn, Cd, etc.) contamination from former Zn-refining activities at Decazeville (i.e. δ66Zn > 1 ‰) and its phasing out, recorded during 30 years in wild oysters from the Gironde Estuary mouth (RNO/ROCCH sample bank). The study also addresses additional anthropogenic sources (urban and viticulture) and focuses on geochemical reactivity of Zn in the turbidity gradient and the maximum turbidity zone (MTZ) of...
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Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00277/38852/37390.pdf
Registros recuperados: 12
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