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A Late Quaternary record of highstand shedding from an isolated carbonate platform (Juan de Nova, southern Indian Ocean) ArchiMer
Counts, John; Jorry, Stephan; Vazquez Riveiros, Natalia; Jouet, Gwenael; Giraudeau, Jacques; Cheron, Sandrine; Boissier, Audrey; Miramontes, Elda.
A 27 m core collected on the seafloor near Juan de Nova island at 1909 m depth in the SW Indian Ocean preserves a high‐resolution record of carbonate sediment export to the deep sea over the past 1 Myr. Core chronology was established using calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy and benthic foraminiferal δ18O. Throughout the core, preserved highstand intervals (MIS 1, 5, 7, 9, 11, 13, 15, 23 and 25) are marked by an increase in the aragonite content within the sediment. Aragonite is likely sourced from the nearby Juan de Nova carbonate platform ~10 km to the south, and is interpreted to result from flooding of the platform top. Platform inundation allows carbonate muds to be winnowed from their original shallow‐water environment of deposition, suspended in...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Aragonite; Atoll; MIS 11; Mozambique Channel; Sea-level change.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00474/58553/61108.pdf
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Are deep-sea ecosystems surrounding Madagascar threatened by land-use or climate change? ArchiMer
Fontanier, Christophe; Mamo, Briony; Toucanne, Samuel; Bayon, Germain; Schmidt, Sabine; Deflandre, Bruno; Dennielou, Bernard; Jouet, Gwenael; Garnier, Eline; Sakai, Saburo; Lamas, Ruth Martinez; Duros, Pauline; Toyofuku, Takashi; Sale, Aurelien; Belleney, Deborah; Bichon, Sabrina; Boissier, Audrey; Cheron, Sandrine; Pitel, Mathilde; Roubi, Angelique; Rovere, Mickael; Gremare, Antoine; Dupre, Stephanie; Jorry, Stephan.
In this short communication, we present a multidisciplinaty study of sedimentary records collected from a deep-sea interfluve proximal to the mouths of major northwestern Madagascan rivers. For the last 60 years, the seafloor has been repeatedly disturbed by the deposition of organic rich, tropical, terrestrial sediments causing marked reductions in benthic biodiversity. Increased soil erosion due to local land-use, deforestation and intensifying tropical cyclones are potential causes for this sedimentary budget and biodiversity shift. Our marine sedimentary records indicate that until now, these conditions have not occurred within the region for at least 20,000 years.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Multidisciplinary study; Benthic foraminifera; Land-use; Tropical cyclones.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00413/52488/53276.pdf
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Focus on sulfur count rates along marine sediment cores acquired by XRF Core Scanner ArchiMer
Cheron, Sandrine; Etoubleau, Joel; Bayon, Germain; Garziglia, Sebastien; Boissier, Audrey.
The aim of this study is to investigate the information provided by sulfur count rates obtained by X-ray fluorescence core scanner (XRF-CS) along sedimentary records. The analysis of two marine sediment cores from the Niger Delta margin shows that XRF-CS sulfur count rates obtained at the surface of split core sections with XRF-CS correlate with both direct quantitative pyrite concentrations, as inferred from X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) and sulfur determination by wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence (WD-XRF) spectrometry, and total dissolved sulfide (TDS) contents in the sediment pore water. These findings demonstrate the potential of XRF-CS for providing continuous profiles of pyrite distribution along split sections of sediment cores. The...
Tipo: Text
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00346/45731/45376.pdf
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Living (stained) deep-sea foraminifera from the Sea of Marmara: a preliminary study ArchiMer
Fontanier, Christophe; Dissard, D.; Ruffine, Livio; Mamo, B.; Ponzevera, Emmanuel; Pelleter, Ewan; Baudin, F.; Roubi, Angelique; Cheron, Sandrine; Boissier, Audrey; Gayet, Nicolas; Bermell-fleury, S.; Pitel, M.; Guyader, Vivien; Lesongeur, Francoise; Savignac, F..
In this preliminary study, we investigate living (stained) foraminifera from the Sea of Marmara. We focus on the faunal composition and geochemical signatures (trace elements, carbon and oxygen stable isotopes) in foraminiferal tests at two deep-sea sites (329 and ~1240 m depth respectively). Documented by ROV observations and sampling, both study areas are heterogeneous (including bacterial mats and carbonate concretions), proximal to cold seeps and consist of dysoxic bottom water (O2<20 µmol/L). The prevailing dysoxia at both study areas restricts foraminiferal diversity to very low values (S<9, H’<0.97). Stress-tolerant species Bolivina vadescens and Globobulimina affinis dominate living faunas at both sites. The highest foraminiferal standing...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Living (stained) benthic foraminifera; Sea of Marmara; Extreme ecosystems; Trace elements; Stable isotopes.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00416/52774/53646.pdf
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