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Registros recuperados: 14
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A Consistent Picture of Applied Protection Across the World AgEcon
Bouet, Antoine; Decreux, Yvan; Fontagne, Lionel; Jean, Sebastien; Laborde, David.
In order to provide with a consistent assessment of protection across the world in 2001, the MAcMap-HS6 database includes ad valorem equivalent measure of tariff duties and tariff rate quotas for 163 countries and 208 partners, at the six-digit level of the Harmonized System (5,111 products), and accounting for all preferential agreements. We first describe the methodology used to compute and aggregate ad valorem-equivalent applied tariff duties, well suited for analytical purposes. Special emphasis is put in minimizing the endogeneity bias in the aggregation procedure, and in acknowledging structural differences in export specialization. We then overview applied protection across the world, in terms of average as well as distribution. Protection...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18859
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Defining a trade strategy for southern Mediterranean countries AgEcon
Bouet, Antoine.
The objective of this paper is to analyze the best trade approach for Southern Mediterranean countries (Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt, Jordan, Syria, Lebanon and Turkey) that helps them increase market access and develop trade policies which will facilitate the most efficient economic development. The study uses, the MacMap-HS6 database on market access and the Modeling International Relations under Applied General Equilibrium (MIRAGE) model of the global economy. While most South Mediterranean (SM) countries are very protectionist, they enjoy a fairly good access to world markets, either due to product specialization or to preferences granted by the European Union in the industrial sector. Today, these countries are simultaneously opting for...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Trade strategy; Market access; Trade policies; Economic development; MIRAGE model; Multilateralism; Regional strategies; Free trade; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58568
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Does Africa Trade Less than it Should, and If So, Why?: The Role of Market Access and Domestic Factors AgEcon
Bouet, Antoine; Mishra, Santosh; Roy, Devesh.
This paper addresses the question of whether Africa is an undertrading continent. We answer this question using a much-improved data set for obtaining predicted trade and by employing methods that correct for bias in estimates of undertrading. Our results indicate that globally Africa is an underexporter in our preferred Heckman specification. This result is robust to the addition of various controls and the application of variants of the gravity model of trade. We also looked for explanations for Africa’s undertrading. We found that accounting for transport and communication infrastructure reduced the undertrading effect for Africa, and in some specifications of the gravity model, the under-trading effect vanished altogether. Results from a semiparametric...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Gravity model; Undertrading; Trade related infrastructure; Market access; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42320
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Eight Years of Doha Trade Talks: Where Do We Stand? AgEcon
Bouet, Antoine; Laborde, David.
In 2001 the World Trade Organization launched a highly ambitious program of multilateral liberalization. Eight years later, concluding the negotiations is uncertain, though an opportunity still exists. Since 2001, many proposals on market access have been brought to the negotiating table by the European Union, the United States, and the G20. Because it is politically and economically acceptable to many parties, the final December 2008 package could be the basis of an agreement. An evaluation of these various proposals shows how trade negotiations have been following countries’ strategic interests. In eight years, the ambition of the formula in agricultural market access tariff reduction has increased, but additional flexibilities designed to accommodate...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Computable general equilibrium modeling; Least developed countries; Trade negotiations; Financial Economics; International Development; International Relations/Trade; Political Economy; Public Economics.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/93256
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From “May Contain” to “Does Contain”: The price and trade effects of strict information requirements for GM maize under the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety AgEcon
Bouet, Antoine; Gruere, Guillaume P.; Leroy, Laetitia.
Replaced with revised version of paper 07/22/10.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Genetically modified food; International Trade; Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety.; Agricultural and Food Policy; Environmental Economics and Policy; International Relations/Trade; Political Economy; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Q17; Q18; F18.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61533
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Genetically Modified Food and International Trade: The Case of India, Bangladesh, Indonesia and the Philippines AgEcon
Gruere, Guillaume P.; Bouet, Antoine; Mevel, Simon.
Replaced with revised version of paper 07/27/07.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9917
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Genetically Modified Food and International Trade: The Case of India, Bangladesh, Indonesia, and the Philippines AgEcon
Gruere, Guillaume P.; Bouet, Antoine; Mevel, Simon.
Genetically modified (GM) food crops have the potential to raise agricultural productivity in Asian countries, but they are also associated with the risk of market access losses in sensitive importing countries. We study the potential effects of introducing GM food crops in Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, and the Philippines in the presence of trade-related regulations of GM food in major importers. We focus on GM field crops (rice, wheat, maize, soybeans, and cotton) resistant to biotic and abiotic stresses, such as drought-resistant rice, and use a multi-country, multi-sector computable general equilibrium model. We build on previous international simulation models by improving the representation of the productivity shocks associated with GM crops, and by...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Genetically modified food; International trade; Segregation; Asia; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42359
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Genetically Modified Rice, International Trade, and First-Mover Advantage: The Case of India and China AgEcon
Gruere, Guillaume P.; Mevel, Simon; Bouet, Antoine.
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Crop Production/Industries; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55032
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Global Nutrition Impacts of Rapid Economic Growth in China and India AgEcon
Hertel, Thomas W.; Verma, Monika; Bouet, Antoine; Cranfield, John A.L.; Preckel, Paul V..
Despite record global economic growth in past decade – malnutrition remains a serious problem in many parts of the world. According to the United Nations’ Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), about 800 million people (17% of the world’s population) remain malnourished. For these households at a subsistence level of income, changes in commodity market conditions, as may arise from changes in global economic growth and/or trade policy can have serious consequences for nutritional intake. Even a small decline in diet quality can have substantial adverse impacts on health status. On the other hand, a modest income boost, or lower food prices, could have extremely positive impacts. Previously, the links between changes in the global economy and nutritional...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9841
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How Much Will Trade Liberalization Help the Poor? Comparing Global Trade Models AgEcon
Bouet, Antoine.
The world community and international institutions have made development and poverty alleviation a high priority. The Millennium Development Goals, fixed by the United Nations for 2015, call for halving the number of people living on less than a dollar a day. With this goal in mind, the international community is calling current global trade negotiations, conducted by the World Trade Organization (WTO), the Doha Development Agenda. Trade liberalization is expected to act positively on development and poverty reduction. The recent empirical literature identifies several key linkages through which trade liberalization affects development: the price and availability of goods, factor prices, government transfers, incentives for investment and innovation, terms...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42453
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The Expected Benefits of Trade Liberalization for World Income and Development: Opening the "Black Box" of Global Trade Modeling AgEcon
Bouet, Antoine.
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Developing Countries; Econometric Models; International Trade; Poverty; Free Trade; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/53871
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The potential cost of a failed Doha Round AgEcon
Bouet, Antoine; Laborde, David.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/47664
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Two Opportunities to Deliver on the Doha Development Pledge AgEcon
Bouet, Antoine; Mevel, Simon; Orden, David.
In this brief, we evaluate the effects of a possible Doha agreement based on proposals currently on the table from the United States, the European Union, and the Group of Twenty (G20). We first begin with a basic scenario that represents a compromise between the more and less ambitious aspects of these proposals.1 As assessed in the MIRAGE general equilibrium model of the world economy, this basic scenario yields a global income gain of $54.7 billion, or about one-fourth of the global income gains that are estimated from full trade liberalization.2 Gains are distributed among countries in a slightly progressive manner but are largely proportional to initial income shares, so the LDCs gain only a paltry $1.0 billion. We next consider two specific...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42452
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What Can the Poor Expect From Trade Liberalization? Opening the "Black Box" of Trade Modeling AgEcon
Bouet, Antoine.
Trade liberalization is expected to act positively on development and poverty alleviation, both of which have become a high priority of international community. This explains why numerous studies have focused on assessing the expected benefits of trade liberalization on poverty. The main empirical tool for these assessments has been the use of multi-country Computable General Equilibrium Models (CGEM). These models, however, have produced divergent results. As demonstrated by recent studies, the associated increase in world welfare from full trade liberalization ranges from 0.2% to 3.1% — results that differ by a factor of 15 to 1! The impact on poverty headcount is also very divergent as the number of people lifted out from poverty ranges from 72 million...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Trade modeling; Poverty alleviation; General equilibrium model; Assessment; Food Security and Poverty; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58575
Registros recuperados: 14
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