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Beta-N-Methylamino-L-Alanine: LC-MS/MS Optimization, Screening of Cyanobacterial Strains and Occurrence in Shellfish from Thau, a French Mediterranean Lagoon ArchiMer
Reveillon, Damien; Abadie, Eric; Sechet, Veronique; Brient, Luc; Savar, Veronique; Bardouil, Michele; Hess, Philipp; Amzil, Zouher.
beta-N-methylamino-L-alanine (BMAA) is a neurotoxic non-protein amino acid suggested to be involved in neurodegenerative diseases. It was reported to be produced by cyanobacteria, but also found in edible aquatic organisms, thus raising concern of a widespread human exposure. However, the chemical analysis of BMAA and its isomers are controversial, mainly due to the lack of selectivity of the analytical methods. Using factorial design, we have optimized the chromatographic separation of underivatized analogues by a hydrophilic interaction chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry (HILIC-MS/MS) method. A combination of an effective solid phase extraction (SPE) clean-up, appropriate chromatographic resolution and the use of specific mass spectral...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Cyanotoxins; BMAA; DAB; AEG; HILIC-MS/MS; Cyanobacteria; Bivalve mollusks; French Mediterranean.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00245/35579/34112.pdf
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Dietary BMAA Exposure in an Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Cluster from Southern France ArchiMer
Masseret, Estelle; Banack, Sandra; Boumediene, Farid; Abadie, Eric; Brient, Luc; Pernet, Fabrice; Juntas-morales, Raoul; Pageot, Nicolas; Metcalf, James; Cox, Paul; Camu, William.
Background Dietary exposure to the cyanotoxin BMAA is suspected to be the cause of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis in the Western Pacific Islands. In Europe and North America, this toxin has been identified in the marine environment of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis clusters but, to date, only few dietary exposures have been described. Objectives We aimed at identifying cluster(s) of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis in the Hérault district, a coastal district from Southern France, and to search, in the identified area(s), for the existence of a potential dietary source of BMAA. Methods A spatio-temporal cluster analysis was performed in the district, considering all incident amyotrophic lateral sclerosis cases identified from 1994 to 2009 by our expert...
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Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00168/27941/26234.pdf
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Searching for a link between the L-BMAA neurotoxin and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: a study protocol of the French BMAALS programme ArchiMer
Delzor, Aurelie; Couratier, Philippe; Boumediene, Farid; Nicol, Marie; Druet-cabanac, Michel; Paraf, Francois; Mejean, Annick; Ploux, Olivier; Leleu, Jean-philippe; Brient, Luc; Lengronne, Marion; Pichon, Valerie; Combes, Audrey; El Abdellaoui, Saida; Bonneterre, Vincent; Lagrange, Emmeline; Besson, Gerard; Bicout, Dominique J.; Boutonnat, Jean; Camu, William; Pageot, Nicolas; Juntas-morales, Raul; Rigau, Valerie; Masseret, Estelle; Abadie, Eric; Preux, Pierre-marie; Marin, Benoit.
Introduction: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is the most common motor neurone disease. It occurs in two forms: (1) familial cases, for which several genes have been identified and (2) sporadic cases, for which various hypotheses have been formulated. Notably, the beta-N-methylamino-L-alanine (L-BMAA) toxin has been postulated to be involved in the occurrence of sporadic ALS. The objective of the French BMAALS programme is to study the putative link between L-BMAA and ALS. Methods and analysis: The programme covers the period from 1 January 2003 to 31 December 2011. Using multiple sources of ascertainment, all the incident ALS cases diagnosed during this period in the area under study (10 counties spread over three French regions) were collected....
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Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00443/55431/56952.pdf
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