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Registros recuperados: 32
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A COMPARISON OF HUMAN ILLNESS COST ESTIMATES FOR E. COLI 0157:H7 DISEASE IN THE UNITED STATES AND SCOTLAND AgEcon
Buzby, Jean C.; Roberts, Tanya; Roberts, Jennifer A.; Upton, Pauline A..
This paper explores methodological and demographical reasons for differences in estimated social costs from foodborne Escherichia coli O157:H7 between the United States and United Kingdom (UK). Depending on the evaluation method, estimated U.S. costs average $10,000-17,000/case while estimated costs for the largest reported UK milk-borne outbreak are $280,000/case.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Health Economics and Policy.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20792
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A HEALTHY SCHOOL MEAL ENVIRONMENT: FOOD ASSISTANCE RESEARCH BRIEF AgEcon
Ralston, Katherine L.; Buzby, Jean C.; Guthrie, Joanne F..
A "healthy school meal environment" not only gives students opportunities to make healthy meal choices but also encourages them to do so. The extent to which a healthy school meal environment affects the success of USDA's school meals programs is currently a subject of debate. The policy strategies that can be used to encourage such an environment for the National School Lunch Program (NSLP) and the School Breakfast Program (SBP)also are subjects of debate. Environmental factors considered to be important include: (1) the nutritional quality, variety, and acceptability of program meals; (2) meal scheduling; (3) nutrition education; and (4) sales of non-USDA ("competitive") foods. Other factors contributing to an overall healthy nutrition environment in...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33845
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Adulteration Accounts for Majority of FDA Food-Related Import Refusals AgEcon
Buzby, Jean C..
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/125223
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Almonds Lead Increase in Tree Nut Consumption AgEcon
Buzby, Jean C..
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Crop Production/Industries; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/122962
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Bacterial Foodborne Disease: Medical Costs and Productivity Losses AgEcon
Buzby, Jean C.; Roberts, Tanya; Lin, Chung-Tung Jordan; MacDonald, James M..
Microbial pathogens in food cause an estimated 6.5-33 million cases of human illness and up to 9,000 deaths in the United States each year. Over 40 different foodborne microbial pathogens, including fungi, viruses, parasites, and bacteria, are believed to cause human illnesses. For six bacterial pathogens, the costs of human illness are estimated to be $9.3-$12.9 billion annually. Of these costs, $2.9-$6.7 billion are attributed to foodborne bacteria. These estimates were developed to provide analytical support for USDA's Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) systems rule for meat and poultry. (Note that the parasite Toxoplasma gondii is not included in this report.) To estimate medical costs and productivity losses, ERS uses four severity...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Cost-of-illness; Foodborne pathogens; Lost productivity; Medical costs; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Health Economics and Policy.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33991
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Chapter 12: USING CONTINGENT VALUATION TO VALUE FOOD SAFETY: A CASE STUDY OF GRAPEFRUIT AND PESTICIDE RESIDUES AgEcon
Buzby, Jean C.; Skees, Jerry R.; Ready, Richard C..
This book was originally published by Westview Press, Boulder CO, 1995.
Tipo: Book Chapter Palavras-chave: Pesticide residues; Grapefruit; Contingent valuation; Willingness to pay; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25972
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Consumer Acceptance of Irradiated Meat and Poultry Products AgEcon
Frenzen, Paul D.; Majchrowicz, T. Alexander; Buzby, Jean C.; Imhoff, Beth.
The Federal Government began allowing food manufacturers to irradiate raw meat and meat products to control pathogenic microorganisms in February 2000. Consumer acceptance of irradiated foods could affect public health because many foodborne illnesses occur when consumers handle or eat meat or poultry contaminated by microbial pathogens. However, food manufacturers have been slow to adopt irradiation, partly because of the perception that relatively few consumers are willing to buy irradiated foods. A recent survey by the Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network (FoodNet) confirmed this perception: only half of the adult residents of the FoodNet sites were willing to buy irradiated ground beef or chicken, and only a fourth were willing to pay a...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33616
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Consumer Preferences Change Wheat Flour Use AgEcon
Vocke, Gary; Buzby, Jean C.; Wells, Hodan Farah.
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Consumer/Household Economics; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/124030
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CONTINGENT VALUATION IN FOOD POLICY ANALYSIS: A CASE STUDY OF A PESTICIDE-RESIDUE RISK REDUCTION AgEcon
Buzby, Jean C.; Ready, Richard C.; Skees, Jerry R..
This study demonstrates how contingent valuation techniques can be used in a cost-benefit analysis of a food safety policy issue. The analysis focuses on banning a specific post harvest pesticide used in fresh grapefruit packinghouses. Benefits of the ban are measured using consumers' aggregated willingness to pay (WTP) for safer grapefruit. A national contingent valuation survey used the payment card method to obtain WTP data. Costs of the ban stem predominantly from increased post harvest losses and were estimated using a model of the market for Florida grapefruit. Results indicate that benefits of the ban outweigh costs.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Contingent valuation; Cost-benefit analysis; Food safety; Pesticides; Willingness to pay; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15278
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Dietary Assessment of Major Trends in U.S. Food Consumption, 1970-2005 AgEcon
Wells, Hodan Farah; Buzby, Jean C..
This report examines major trends in the amount of food available for consumption in the United States between 1970 and 2005 using data from the ERS Food Availability (Per Capita) Data System. The report also estimates whether Americans are meeting Federal dietary recommendations for each of the major food groups by comparing the data with dietary recommendations in the 2005 Dietary Guidelines for Americans and the MyPyramid Food Guidance System. Findings show that Americans do not meet the Federal dietary recommendations. In order to meet them, Americans would need to substantially lower their intake of added fats, refined grains, and added sugars and sweeteners and increase their consumption of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lowfat milk and milk...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Agriculture; Added fats and oils; Added sugars and sweeteners; Dairy; Dietary Guidelines for Americans; Dietary recommendations; Eggs; Food; Food consumption; Fruits; Meat; MyPyramid Food Guidance System; Nutrients; Grains; Nuts; Vegetables.; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58641
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Economic Assessment of Food Safety Regulations: The New Approach to Meat and Poultry Inspection AgEcon
Crutchfield, Stephen R.; Buzby, Jean C.; Roberts, Tanya; Ollinger, Michael; Lin, Chung-Tung Jordan.
USDA is now requiring all Federally inspected meat and poultry processing and slaughter plants to implement a new system called Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points (HACCP) to reduce potentially harmful microbial pathogens in the food supply. This report finds that the benefits of the new regulations, which are the medical costs and productivity losses that are prevented when foodborne illnesses are averted, will likely exceed the costs, which include spending by firms on sanitation, temperature control, planning and training, and testing. Other, nonregulatory approaches can also improve food safety, such as providing market incentives for pathogen reduction, irradiation, and education and labeling to promote safe food handling and thorough cooking.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food safety; Foodborne illness; Microbial pathogens; Meat and poultry inspection; HACCP; Cost of illness; Consumer education; Irradiation; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/34009
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Estimated Annual Costs of Campylobacter-Associated Guillain-Barre Syndrome AgEcon
Buzby, Jean C.; Roberts, Tanya; Allos, Ban Mishu.
Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS) is an autoimmune reaction that can cause acute neuro-muscular paralysis. Of an estimated 2,628 to 9,575 new U.S. cases with GBS annually, 526 to 3,830 are triggered by infection with Campylobacter, the most frequently isolated cause of foodborne diarrhea. Estimated total annual costs of Campylobacter-associated GBS of $0.2 to $1.8 billion plus previously estimated costs of campylobacteriosis ($1.3 to $6.2 billion) add to total annual costs from Campylobacter of $1.5 to $8.0 billion (1995 dollars). Assuming 55-70 percent of costs are attributable to foodborne sources, costs of campylobacteriosis from food sources ($0.7 to $4.3 billion) and costs of associated GBS ($0.1 to $1.3 billion) combined equal total annual costs of $0.8...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Campylobacter; Cost-of-illness; Foodborne pathogens; Guillain-Barre syndrome; Lost productivity; Medical costs; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Health Economics and Policy.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33969
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FDA Refusals of Food Imports by Exporting Country Group AgEcon
Buzby, Jean C.; Regmi, Anita.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; International Relations/Trade; F1; I18; Q17.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94706
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Food Safety and Imports: An Analysis of FDA Food-Related Import Refusal Reports AgEcon
Buzby, Jean C.; Unnevehr, Laurian J.; Roberts, Donna.
This report examines U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) data on refusals of food offered for importation into the United States from 1998 to 2004. Although the data do not necessarily reflect the distribution of risk in foods, the study found that import refusals highlight food safety problems that appear to recur in trade and where the FDA has focused its import alerts, examinations (e.g., sampling), and other monitoring efforts. The data show some food industries and types of violations are consistent sources of problems both over time and in comparison with previous studies of more limited data. The three food industry groups with the most violations were vegetables (20.6 percent of total violations), fishery and seafood (20.1 percent), and fruits...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Adulteration; Food imports; Food and Drug Administration (FDA); Food safety; Misbranding; Labeling; Refusal; Shipment; Violation; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58626
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Food Safety and International Trade AgEcon
Buzby, Jean C.; Unnevehr, Laurian J..
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33629
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Food Safety Issues for Meat/Poultry Products and International Trade AgEcon
Mathews, Kenneth H., Jr.; Bernstein, Jason; Buzby, Jean C..
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33637
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Guess Who’s Turning 100? Tracking a Century of American Eating AgEcon
Morrison, Rosanna Mentzer; Buzby, Jean C.; Wells, Hodan Farah.
USDA’s Economic Research Service maintains the only time-series data on U.S. food availability in the country, a series that now spans 100 years. The data play a key role in monitoring the potential for the food supply to meet the nutritional needs of Americans and in examining historical consumption trends. A look at 100 years of American eating reveals the technological, political, social, and economic forces affecting food availability.
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/122141
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High-Fructose Corn Syrup Usage May Be Leveling Off AgEcon
Wells, Hodan Farah; Buzby, Jean C..
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Agribusiness; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/123998
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How Much Do Fruits and Vegetables Cost? AgEcon
Stewart, Hayden; Hyman, Jeffrey; Buzby, Jean C.; Frazao, Elizabeth; Carlson, Andrea.
Federal dietary guidance advises Americans to consume more vegetables and fruits because most Americans do not consume the recommended quantities or variety. Food prices, along with taste, convenience, income, and awareness of the link between diet and health, shape food choices. We used 2008 Nielsen Homescan data to estimate the average price at retail stores of a pound and an edible cup equivalent (or, for juices, a pint and an edible cup equivalent) of 153 commonly consumed fresh and processed fruits and vegetables. We found that average prices ranged from less than 20 cents per edible cup equivalent to more than $2 per edible cup equivalent. We also found that, in 2008, an adult on a 2,000- calorie diet could satisfy recommendations for vegetable and...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food prices; Food budgeting; Fruit and vegetable consumption; 2010 Dietary Guidelines for Americans; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/101280
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Imports From China and Food Safety Issues AgEcon
Gale, H. Frederick, Jr.; Buzby, Jean C..
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA) increased attention to food imports from China is an indicator of safety concerns as imported food becomes more common in the United States. U.S. food imports from China more than tripled in value between 2001 and 2008. Addressing safety risks associated with these imports is difficult because of the vast array of products from China, China’s weak enforcement of food safety standards, its heavy use of agricultural chemicals, and its considerable environmental pollution. FDA import refusal data highlight food safety problems that appear to recur in trade and where FDA has focused its import alerts and monitoring efforts. FDA refusals of food shipments from China suggest recurring problems with “filth,” unsafe...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: China; Food imports; Food safety; U.S. Food and Drug Administration; FDA; Misbranding; Labeling; Refusals; Shipment; Violation.; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58620
Registros recuperados: 32
Primeira ... 12 ... Última
 

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