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Registros recuperados: 8
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Accumulation and dispersion dynamics of mud and sand particles in a continental shelf under estuarine influence: a numerical modelling analysis (Gironde, France) ArchiMer
Diaz, Melanie; Grasso, Florent; Le Hir, Pierre; Caillaud, Matthieu; Thouvenin, Benedicte.
Coastal environments are directly influenced by terrigenous inputs coming from rivers through estuaries. Quantifying the amount of nutrients and contaminants brought by sediments from continental areas to the sea is of major interest for marine resource protection. The complexity of the intra-estuarine dynamics, associated with the strong variability of meteorological forcing makes it difficult to quantify the residence time of particles within the estuary and the accumulation and dispersion areas offshore the mouth. Moreover, the dynamics of fine sediment trapping areas in the adjacent continental shelf (e.g. temporary or permanent storage such as the “West-Gironde Mud Patch” (WGMP) ) remains extremely challenging to address. Based on a realistic...
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Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00514/62559/66913.pdf
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Contourite distribution and bottom currents in the NW Mediterranean Sea: Coupling seafloor geomorphology and hydrodynamic modelling ArchiMer
Miramontes Garcia, Elda; Garreau, Pierre; Caillaud, Matthieu; Jouet, Gwenael; Pellen, Romain; Hernández-molina, F. Javier; Clare, Michael A.; Cattaneo, Antonio.
Contourites are common morphological features along continental margins where currents encounter the seafloor. They can provide long-term archives of palaeoceanography, may be prone to sediment instability, and can have a great potential for hydrocarbon exploration. Despite their importance and increasingly recognised ubiquitous occurrence worldwide, the link between oceanographic processes and contourite features is poorly constrained. In particular, it is unclear under which specific conditions sediments are mobilised, modified and deposited by bottom currents. Here, we aim to determine key bottom current characteristics (velocity and bottom shear stress) affecting contourite deposition, by assuming that recent oceanographic regimes may be extended back...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Sediment drift; Erosion; Oceanic circulation; Bottom shear stress.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00483/59426/62241.pdf
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Contourite identification along Italian margins: The case of the Portofino drift (Ligurian Sea) ArchiMer
Cattaneo, Antonio; Miramontes, Elda; Samalens, Kevin; Garreau, Pierre; Caillaud, Matthieu; Marsset, Bruno; Corradi, Nicola; Migeon, Sebastien.
A brief review of the published evidence of current deposits around Italy is the occasion to test the robustness of matching bottom current velocity models and seafloor morphologies to identify contourite drifts not yet documented. We present the result of the regional hydrodynamic model MARS3D in the Northern Tyrrhenian and Ligurian Sea with horizontal resolution of 1.2 km and 60 levels with focus on bottom current: data are integrated over summer and winter 2013 as representative of low and high intensity current conditions. The Eastern Ligurian margin is impacted by the Levantine Intermediate Water (LIW) with modeled mean velocity of bottom current up to 20 cm s−1 in winter 2013 and calculated bottom shear stress exceeding 0.2 N m−2 in water depth of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Sediment drift; Circulation model; Bottom current velocity; Levantine Intermediate Water; Submarine landslide; Mediterranean.
Ano: 2017 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00378/48977/49394.pdf
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Development and validation of a sediment dynamics model within a coastal operational oceanographic system ArchiMer
Cayocca, Florence; Verney, Romaric; Petton, Sebastien; Caillaud, Matthieu; Dussauze, Morgan; Dumas, Franck; Le Roux, Jean-francois; Pineau-guillou, Lucia; Le Hir, Pierre.
The rising interest in environmental and ecosystem dynamics have lead coastal oceanographers to not only investigate the “traditional” physical parameters describing the ocean state and its dynamics (e.g. temperature, salinity, currents, water levels in coastal areas), but to also account for the dynamics of parameters describing its biogeochemical components. To that end, MARS3D regional and coastal modelling system has been coupled to ecosystem modules (ECO-MARS3D, ECO3M) as well as sediment dynamics modules (MARS3D-SEDIM): sediment, nutrient and primary production contents can be considered as the lower level environment and ecosystem descriptors of the “biogeochemical” ocean. Early investments into physical and biological analysis at the regional scale...
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Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00194/30572/29015.pdf
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Development of emergency response tools for accidental radiological contamination of French coastal areas ArchiMer
Duffa, Celine; Du Bois, Pascal Bailly; Caillaud, Matthieu; Charmasson, Sabine; Couvez, Celine; Didier, Damien; Dumas, Franck; Fievet, Bruno; Morillon, Mehdi; Renaud, Philippe; Thebault, Herve.
The Fukushima nuclear accident resulted in the largest ever accidental release of artificial radionuclides in coastal waters. This accident has shown the importance of marine assessment capabilities for emergency response and the need to develop tools for adequately predicting the evolution and potential impact of radioactive releases to the marine environment. The French Institute for Radiological Protection and Nuclear Safety (IRSN) equips its emergency response centre with operational tools to assist experts and decision makers in the event of accidental atmospheric releases and contamination of the terrestrial environment. The on-going project aims to develop tools for the management of marine contamination events in French coastal areas. This should...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Decision support; Marine; Modelling; Radioecology; Nuclear accident.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00270/38118/36480.pdf
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Effects of Oceanic Salinity on Body Condition in Sea Snakes ArchiMer
Brischoux, Francois; Rolland, Virginie; Bonnet, Xavier; Caillaud, Matthieu; Shine, Richard.
Since the transition from terrestrial to marine environments poses strong osmoregulatory and energetic challenges, temporal and spatial fluctuations in oceanic salinity might influence salt and water balance (and hence, body condition) in marine tetrapods. We assessed the effects of salinity on three species of sea snakes studied by mark-recapture in coral-reef habitats in the Neo-Caledonian Lagoon. These three species include one fully aquatic hydrophiine (Emydocephalus annulatus), one primarily aquatic laticaudine (Laticauda laticaudata), and one frequently terrestrial laticaudine (Laticauda saintgironsi). We explored how oceanic salinity affected the snakes' body condition across various temporal and spatial scales relevant to each species' ecology,...
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Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00089/20064/20739.pdf
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Impact hydrodynamique de la mise en place d’un parc d’hydroliennes en Baie du Mont Saint-Michel ArchiMer
Batifoulier, Francois; Kervella, Youen; Laborde, Renaud; Cuny, Jérôme; Caillaud, Matthieu; Lazure, Pascal; Cayocca, Florence.
Les fortes vitesses rencontrées à l’entrée de la Baie du Mont Saint-Michel font de cet environnement macro-tidal un endroit privilégié, en termes de ressources énergétiques, pour l’implantation d’une ferme d’hydroliennes. Afin d’établir plus précisément son potentiel énergétique et d’évaluer l’impact de l’implantation de telles machines sur son hydrodynamisme, une modélisation hydrodynamique de la Baie du Mont Saint-Michel est mise en oeuvre à l’aide du modèle de circulation régionale MARS3D (LAZURE & DUMAS, 2008) dans sa version tridimensionnelle. La validation hydrodynamique de cette configuration est réalisée à partir de comparaisons à des mesures courantologiques récentes (KERVELLA, 2010). A partir de cette modélisation, une cartographie du...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Modélisation régionale; Hydroliennes; Baie du Mont Saint-Michel; Hydrodynamisme; Potentiel énergétique.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00195/30599/29055.pdf
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Wind-induced variability in larval retention in a coral reef system: a biophysical modelling study in the South-West Lagoon of New Caledonia ArchiMer
Cuif, Marion; Kaplan, David; Lefevre, Jerome; Faure, Vincent Martin; Caillaud, Matthieu; Verley, Philippe; Vigliola, Laurent; Lett, Christophe.
In the present work, a biophysical dispersal model is used to understand the role of the physical environment in determining reef fish larval dispersal patterns in the South-West Lagoon of New Caledonia. We focus on a reef fish species, the humbug damselfish Dascyllus aruanus, to investigate seasonal variability of simulated larval retention at the scale of a reef patch and at the scale of the lagoon, and to explore links between larval retention and wind variability. The model shows that retention exhibits considerable temporal variability and periodically reaches values much larger than anticipated. Non-zero larval settlement occurs over a large part of the lagoon. Nevertheless, settlement values decrease quickly away from the natal reef and mean...
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Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00170/28115/26326.pdf
Registros recuperados: 8
Primeira ... 1 ... Última
 

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