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Registros recuperados: 22
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Analysis of facilities in OFF research in participating countries of CORE Organic Organic Eprints
Nykänen, Arja; Canali, Stefano.
Report lists the following research facilities: research farms, experimental fields, on-farm studies, networks, animal research facilities, leaching fields and long-term experiments. Other facilities like facilities for laboratory analyses, food processing, greenhouses, climate chambers and growth cabinets are left out from this analysis, because they are seldom exclusively used for OFF research and because their use for OFF research does not require particular characteristics. On the other hand, when required, these facilities can easily be converted to OFF research.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: "Organics" in general.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://orgprints.org/13537/1/fasiliteetit.pdf
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Analysis of OFF research topics in CORE Organic participating countries Organic Eprints
Nykänen, Arja; Canali, Stefano.
This analysis of OFF research in the participating countries of CORE Organic is based on titles of projects running during the time period 2000-2007, with some variation from country to country. Lists of project titles were taken from country reports.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: "Organics" in general.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://orgprints.org/13539/1/tutkimusaiheet.pdf
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Can living mulches in intercropping systems reduce the potential nitrate leaching? Studies of organic cauliflower (Brassica oleracea L. var. botrytis) and leek (Allium porrum L.) production across European conditions Organic Eprints
Xie, Yue; Tittarelli, Fabio; von Fragstein, Peter; Bavec, Martina; Canali, Stefano; Kristensen, Hanne Lakkenborg.
The effect of introduction strategy for living mulches (LMs) to reduce the potential nitrate leaching was investigated when grown with vegetables with high nitrogen (N) demand and low use efficiency in four European countries: Italy, Slovenia, Germany and Denmark over 2 yr. The plant N uptake and soil nitrate N content at harvest, in the autumn, and in the following spring were measured below open-pollinated and hybrid cultivars of cauliflower and leek crops. The cultivars performed differently over the 2 yr. In Italy and Slovenia, when LM of burr medic or white clover was broad sown (addition design ADD) at the same time as crop transplanting, the N uptake of crops was hampered without increasing the total aboveground N accumulation. Delaying LM sowing by...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Crop combinations and interactions; Nutrient turnover; Vegetables; Environmental aspects.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://orgprints.org/32018/1/Xie%20et%20al%20RAFS%202017.pdf
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Can new organic cropping systems produce vegetables with lower use of resources and losses of nitrate? Organic Eprints
Kristensen, Hanne L.; Xie, Yue; Bavec, F.; von Fragstein, Peter; Campanelli, Gabriele; Ortolani, Livia; Canali, Stefano.
To secure a sustainable production of plant foods for the future, there is a need to develop new cropping systems. These systems should have reduced needs of external resources and reduced environmental impact, while product yields are maintained at high level. Therefore, field trials were performed in Italy, Slovenia, Germany and Denmark with the aim to study new organic cropping systems for production of vegetable crops; and the systems’ effect on labor and energy consumption and the risk of losing nitrate to the water environment. The cropping systems included an in-season living mulch to exploit ecosystem services by attracting beneficial insects, suppressing weeds, and taking up excess nitrogen during production of two high-value crops of leek and...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Crop combinations and interactions Recycling; Balancing and resource management Air and water emissions Vegetables.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://orgprints.org/28399/7/28399.pdf
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Combination of Spatial and Temporal Diversification in European Cropping Systems Organic Eprints
Corre-Hellou, Guénaëlle; Sukkel, Wijnand; Schmaedeke, Frank; Arlotti, Donatienne; Toque, Clotilde; Vandevalle, Aline; Jensen, Erik; van Apeldoorn, Dirk; Krauss, Maike; Campanelli, Gabriele; Lefèvre, Amélie; Dauber, Jens; Tebbe, Christoph; Cuperus, Fogelina; Canali, Stefano.
There is a lack of results on the advantages and limitations of combining different crop diversification strategies both in time and space, which makes it difficult for famers and advisers to find relevant information for the transition towards more diversified cropping systems. A network of ten field experiments (diverIMPACTS project) was built across seven European countries, covering a range of pedo-climatic conditions and different farming systems: arable and vegetable systems under both conventional and organic management. Each field experiment tests one or several diversified cropping systems, which combine three diversification strategies with low input practices. These diversified cropping systems are compared to reference systems, which are less...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Crop combinations and interactions Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/34565/1/corre-hellou-etal-2018-ESA2018_FinalAbstractBook_p145-146.pdf
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Cost and energy evaluation of organic cauliflower in sole crop and living mulch systems Organic Eprints
Ortolani, Livia; Kristensen, Hanne L.; Campanelli, Gabriele; Bavec, Martina; Bavec, Franc; von Fragstein, Peter; Bergmam, Astrid; Leteo, Fabrizio; Canali, Stefano.
This paper presents the findings of an assessment aimed to evaluate, in terms of cost and energy consumption, the introduction of living mulches in different organic vegetable systems producing cauliflower. The study was carried out in three European countries (IT, SLO and DK) in the frame of the InterVeg project (Core Organic II). The achievements demonstrated that, in economic terms, farmers’ choice of a specific technique, like living mulch instead of sole cropping, can be influenced by two key elements: human labor and fossil fuel consumption. Different organic systems have a different proportion in using the two inputs depending on the specific farm strategy.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Farm economics; Technology assessment; Air and water emissions; Policy environments and social economy; Weed management; Denmark; Italy; Europe.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://orgprints.org/23713/1/23713%20Ortolani%20et%20al.%20_ISOFAR%202014_MM.pdf
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Current Evaluation Procedures for Fertilizers and Soil Conditioners Used in Organic Agriculture. Proceedings of a workshop held April 29–30, 2004 at Emerson College, Great Britain Organic Eprints
Canali, Stefano; Stopes, Christopher; Schmid, Otto; Speiser, Bernhard.
Table of Contents Fertilizers and soil conditioners in organic farming in Austria Alexandra Hozzank and Wilfried Hartl Fertilizers and soil conditioners in organic farming in the Czech Republic Anamarija Slabe Fertilizers and soil conditioners in organic farming in Denmark Rasmus Ørnberg Eriksen and Erik Steen Kristensen Fertilizers and soil conditioners in organic farming in France Marie-Christine Monnier Fertilizers and soil conditioners in organic farming in Germany Peter von Fragstein Fertilizers and soil conditioners in organic farming in Italy Stefano Canali Fertilizers and soil conditioners in organic farming in the Netherlands Chris Koopmans and Jan Bokhorst Fertilizers and soil conditioners in organic...
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Composting and manuring.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://orgprints.org/4701/1/canali%2Detal%2D2005%2Dsoilconditioners.pdf
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Ecological Services providing crops (ESCs) in organic vegetable production systems Organic Eprints
Canali, Stefano.
The presentation introduce the InterVeg project in a more broad activity of the CRA on the ESCs contribution to reduce negative externalities of agriculture.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Farming Systems; Biodiversity and ecosystem services; Environmental aspects.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://orgprints.org/22570/1/20130201_TILMANORG_interim%20meeting_canali_presentation_short%20version%20%5Bmodalit%C3%A0%20compatibilit%C3%A0%5D.pdf
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Effect of different management strategies on soil quality of citrus orchards in Southern Italy Organic Eprints
Canali, Stefano; Emanuela, Di Bartolomeo; Alessandra, Trinchera; Luigi, Nisini; Fabio, Tittarelli; Francesco, Intrigliolo; Giancarlo, Roccuzzo; Maria Luisa, Calabretta.
Twenty-six soil samples were collected from 13 paired orchards (organically vs. conventionally managed) homogeneous for age, rootstock and cultivars, belonging to the Eastern Sicily Organic Citrus farm Network. The soil quality was evaluated by chemical and biochemical indicators. The total organic C, humification parameters and isoelectric focusing of extracted organic matter were measured to quantify the size of relevant soil C pools. In addition, C turnover was evaluated by determining microbial C mineralization, C microbial biomass and by calculating the mineralization and metabolic quotient (qCO2). The results obtained demonstrated that organic citrus soils were characterized by a general increase in all the organic matter pools, which means a...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Crop combinations and interactions; Nutrient turnover; Farm nutrient management.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://orgprints.org/28208/1/Soil%20Use%20and%20Management%20_%20survey%20of%20citrus%20orchards.pdf
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EFFECT OF LIVING MULCH ON PEST/BENEFICIAL INTERACTION Organic Eprints
Burgio, Giovanni; Kristensen, Hanne L.; Campanelli, Gabriele; Bavec, Franc; Bavec, Martina; von Fragstein und Niemsdorff, Peter; Depalo, Laura; Lanzoni, Alberto; Canali, Stefano.
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of cover crops on pest/beneficial dynamics and to test the potential of living mulch on enhancing biological control against insect pests. The research, carried out in the frame of the InterVeg (Core Organic II) project, involved four European countries: Germany, Slovenia, Denmark and Italy. Three crops were tested: cauliflower, leek and artichoke. The preliminary results obtained in Italy on cauliflower, indicated that the living mulch did not affect the infestation of the cabbage butterfly, Pieris brassicae, showing no detrimental effect of this technique on pest dynamics. A very high level of parasitization against cabbage butterfly was detected either in the living mulch crop (88%) and in the sole one...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Biodiversity and ecosystem services; Italy.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://orgprints.org/23908/1/23908%20Burgio%20et-revised_MM.pdf
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Il ruolo della fertirrigazione in agricoltura biologica. Organic Eprints
Canali, Stefano.
La fertirrigazione può essere utilizzata nei sistemi agricoli biologici dove,in sinergia con altre strategie di gestione della fertilità del terreno, può contribuire al raggiungimento di soddisfacenti risultati tecnici ed economici. Tuttavia, per garantire i vantaggi agronomici ed ambientali propri delle produzioni organiche, la fertirrigazione non dovrebbe essere utilizzata come unica tecnica di fertilizzazione, semplicemente sostituendo ai concimi di sintesi i fertilizzanti organici consentiti in agricoltura biologica.
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Knowledge management Farm nutrient management Irrigation and drainage Soil quality Recycling; Balancing and resource management.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://orgprints.org/7927/1/Fertirrigazione_AB_SC.pdf
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Incrementare i benefici multifunzionali delle colture consociate (InterVeg) Organic Eprints
Ortolani, Livia; Canali, Stefano.
The presentation has been used to illustrate the CORE Organic II project InterVeg structure to the Italian farmer during a public meeting held by the University of Sassari for the end of a national project on similar topic.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Farming Systems Biodiversity and ecosystem services Education; Extension and communication.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://orgprints.org/22558/1/20120320_Italian%20Presentation%20of%20Interveg%20in%20Sassari.pdf
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INTERVEG - Enhancing multifunctional benefits of cover crops - vegetables intercropping (Final report, Project Deliverable 1.1b) Organic Eprints
Canali, Stefano.
The final report of the INTERVEG project provide a detailed description of project activities and a summary of the results achieved by the project between 2011 and 2015. For further detail on scientific results the deliverables of the project and the scientific publications developed within the project framework are available on this database.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Crop combinations and interactions; Technology assessment; Soil; Vegetables.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://orgprints.org/29519/1/20150706_SC_interveg_final%20report.pdf
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Living mulch and vegetable production: effect on crop/weed competition Organic Eprints
Ciaccia, Corrado; Kristensen, Hanne L.; Campanelli, Gabriele; Bavec, Franc; von Fragstein, Peter; Robacer, Martina; Testani, Elena; Canali, Stefano.
Two field experiments were carried out in order to test the effect on weed management of living mulch introduction in organically managed cauliflower in Central Italy and leek in Denmark. Burr medic and Dyers Woad were sown as living mulch in Central Italy and Denmark, respectively. Different living mulch managements and cultivars were tested in strip plot designs. The main objective of the research was the evaluation of their effects on both crop growth and weed suppression. Biomass of crops, living mulches and weeds were measured and competitive indices were used to assess their competitive relationships. The results showed the effect of the agronomic choices (interseeding timing and crop cultivar) on weed suppressiveness and in avoiding living mulch...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Crop combinations and interactions; Weed management.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://orgprints.org/23772/1/23772_Ciaccia%20et%20al.%20OWC14_MM.pdf
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Living mulch in vegetables Organic Eprints
Canali, Stefano.
The video shows the findings of an INTERVEG project on the cultivation of vegetables in association with a living mulch (the living mulch is a cover crop intercropped with a cash crop). Pest control, weed and nutrient management have been compared for sole crops and for cash crops grown into a living mulch. Living mulch is a practice that has shown positive impact on all the factors under study. Some cash crops/living mulch combination work better than others, but in all cases farmers report that very useful insights have been obtained. As an advanced technique, it addresses more to experienced organic farmers, but when applied to small scale can be used also by newcomers.
Tipo: Practice tool Palavras-chave: Vegetables Crop health; Quality; Protection Weed management.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://orgprints.org/32584/1/video.php_y%3Dhttps_%252F%252Fwww.youtube.com%252Fwatch_v%3DtonDD6PcUZc
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Organic Agriculture 3.0 is innovation with research Organic Eprints
Rahmann, Gerold; Ardakani, M. Reza; Boehm, Herwert; Canali, Stefano; Chander, Mahesh; David, Wahyudi; Dengel, Lucas; Erisman, Jan Willem; Galvis-Martinez, Ana C.; Hamm, Ulrich; Kahl, Johannes; Köpke, Ulrich; Kühne, Stefan; Lee, Sang Beom; Løes, Anne-Kristin; Moos, Jan Hendrik; Neuhoff, Daniel; Nuutila, Jaakko; OLOWE, VICTOR; Oppermann, Rainer; REMBIAŁKOWSKA, EWA; Riddle, Jim; Rasmussen, Ilse A.; Shade, Jessica; Sohn, Sang Mok; Tadesse, Mekuria; Tashi, Sonam; Thatcher, Alan; Uddin, Nazim; von Fragstein und Niemsdorff, Peter; Wibe, Atle; Wivstad, Maria; Wenliang, Wu; Zanoli, Raffaele.
Organic agriculture can and should play an important role in solving future challenges in producing food. The low level of external inputs combined with knowledge on sustainablity minimizes environmental contamination and can help to produce more food for more people without negatively impacting our environment. Organic agriculture not only includes farming as a production practice but it also includes processing, trade and consumption. Nevertheless, Organic agriculture must always evolve to overcome emerging challenges. Science-based knowledge attained through dedicated research is required to strengthen organic food and farming as a means to solve future challenges. In 2010, a global discussion about Organic 3.0 was initiated to address current problems...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: "Organics" in general Farming Systems Values; Standards and certification World Environmental aspects History of organics Knowledge management.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://orgprints.org/31279/1/Rahmann%20et%20al%202017.pdf
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Organic food and farming research in Italy: A review by the Italian Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry Policies (MIPAF) Organic Eprints
Puliga, Serenella; Marzetti, Annamaria; Canali, Stefano; Zecca, Francesco.
In Italy, as in other countries, Organic Food and Farming (OFF) research suffers from a very high fragmentation as it is carried out by many public research institutes, universities and private centres. In recent years, due to the increasing relevance of OFF within national rural development programmes, strong efforts have been addressed towards an improvement of the efficiency of the distribution of funds, the research system and the reorganization of its activities, and a reduction of overlapping initiatives. This paper presents projects and institutions currently working on OFF research in Italy, focusing on the available public financial instruments and the main projects funded by the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry MIPAF. Most of the Italian...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Italy; Research communication and quality.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://orgprints.org/4423/4/Puliga_etal_4p_revised%2Ded.doc
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Report on Italian Research in Organic Food and Farming (2000–2005) Organic Eprints
Puliga, Serenella; Marzetti, Annamaria; Canali, Stefano.
In Italy since the eighties, the scientific community opened a discussion on how to face many agricultural critical points, reconsidering old but renewed approaches to make agriculture more environment and consumer-friendly. In 1988 the first coordinated project on OF&F (Biological and integrated control of crop and forest pest and disease) was financed by MIPAF, involving 46 researchunits (research centres and universities). But it was only in the last decade that interest in organic farming really took off, when production methods continued to develop, along with consumers’ keen concern to be supplied with more wholesome, environment-friendly products. There was a major increase in the number of producers, and new initiatives got on the way for...
Tipo: Book chapter Palavras-chave: Policy environments and social economy; Italy; Research communication and quality.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://orgprints.org/8800/1/puliga%2Detal%2D2006%2Ditaly%2Dresearch.pdf
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Soil quality comparison among organically and conventionally managed citrus orchards in Eastern Sicily (Italy) Organic Eprints
Canali, Stefano; di Bartolomeo, Emanuela; Torrisi, Biagio.
The aim of this work was to compare soil fertility status of conventional and organic managed citrus orchards, using specific soil system descriptors. The research was carried out in a Mediterranean environment (Sicily region, Southern Italy), on Navelina and Tarocco orange orchards. Soil characteristics were analysed in 54 farms under both organic and conventional management. Farms were selected to obtain similar pairs (27) in the same environmental conditions. For each soil, total organic carbon, total nitrogen, mineral NO3-N and NH4-N were determined. In addition, in order to evaluate biological fertility status of soils, carbon mineralisation and nitrogen mineralisation in anaerobic conditions were studied. Soils humic fraction was at least...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Soil quality.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://orgprints.org/4388/3/Canali_etal_4p_revised%2Ded.doc
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Soil quality of organically managed citrus orchards in the Mediterranean area. Organic Eprints
Canali, Stefano.
Soil quality can be defined as the capacity of a soil to function, whilst maintaining the environmental quality and promoting plant and animal health. It also refers to the capability of soil to function at present and in the future for an indefinite period of time. Soil quality is a basic concept in the sustainable management of any agricultural system aimed at producing, avoiding or reducing negative effects on the environment, preserving resources and saving energy on a medium- or long-term basis and its assessment might be considered a means for the evaluation of the environmental sustainability of agricultural systems. A study was conducted with the aim of evaluating the contribution of the introduction of organic farming system to the environmental...
Tipo: Book chapter Palavras-chave: Nutrient turnover; Quality and evaluation of inputs; Farm nutrient management; Soil quality.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://orgprints.org/7836/1/Soil_quality_of_organically_managed_citrus_orchards_in_the%E2%80%A6.pdf
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