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Registros recuperados: 26
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A MODEL OF NEW ZEALAND APPLE SUPPLY RESPONSE TO TECHNOLOGICAL CHANGE AgEcon
Rae, Allan N.; Carman, Hoy F..
A supply response model for New Zealand apples is specified and equa•tions for new plantings, removals, yields and adoption of an innovation are estimated. The model expands on perennial crop models previously estimated by incorporating the time pattern of adoption of a planting innovation and formulation of a measure of yield expectations given technological change.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 1975 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/22553
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A New Framework for Evaluating Commodity Promotion Programs: What Can We Learn from Disaggregate Data? AgEcon
Carman, Hoy F.; Li, Lan; Sexton, Richard J..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Marketing.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21229
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An Economic Evaluation of California Avocado Industry Marketing Programs, 1961-1995 AgEcon
Carman, Hoy F.; Craft, R. Kim.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Marketing.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/11925
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An Economic Evaluation of the Hass Avocado Promotion Order’s First Five Years AgEcon
Carman, Hoy F.; Li, Lan; Sexton, Richard J..
The U.S. avocado industry has evolved from an emphasis on seasonal domestic production of a mix of avocado varieties to year-round availability of domestic and imported Hass avocados. California avocado producers, who account for approximately 90% of U.S. avocado production and essentially all U.S. Hass avocado production, have funded promotional programs for avocados since 1961. With few imports of avocados prior to the early 1990s, the benefits from these demand-enhancing programs flowed directly to California producers. Imports of avocados into the United States have increased steadily since then, resulting in a free-rider problem that led ultimately to creation of the Hass Avocado Promotion, Research, and Information Act of 2000. This act established...
Tipo: Technical Report Palavras-chave: Avocados; Commodity promotion; Marketing order; HAB; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries; Land Economics/Use; Marketing.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/121697
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CALIFORNIA MILK MARKETING MARGINS AgEcon
Carman, Hoy F..
This article uses monthly price data to estimate farm-retail price response equations for three California market areas. The results indicate that there is a strong direct relationship between retail and farm-level milk prices-retailers increase and decrease their prices equally in response to f.o.b. price increases and decreases. While the total retail response to farm price increases and decreases is equal, the timing of the adjustments is not. Farm price increases during a given month led to retail price increases during the same month while farm price decreases were not fully reflected in retail prices until the following month.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Marketing.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/26840
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Countercyclical Price Movements during Periods of Peak Demand: Evidence from Grocery Retail Price for Avocados AgEcon
Li, Lan; Carman, Hoy F.; Sexton, Richard J..
Using a unique micro dataset and advanced panel models, this study examines the effects of demand shocks on grocery retail price for avocados, a key Californian fresh produce commodity. Retail prices for avocados exhibited countercyclical movements over seasonal demand shocks for avocados associated with some holidays and events. Demand for avocados is shown to be higher during some holidays/events, e.g., Christmas/New Year, Super Bowl Sunday, and Cinco de Mayo. Super Bowl Sunday and Cinco de Mayo are identified as holidays/events associated with idiosyncratic demand peaks for avocados, but not associated with high aggregate consumer demand. Retail price and margin were significantly lower during some holidays/events associated with high demand for...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Retail price; Retail price determination; Countercyclical price movement; Dynamic panel model; GMM; Demand and Price Analysis.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6251
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Discovering and Promoting Commodity Health Attributes: Programs and Issues AgEcon
Carman, Hoy F..
There is a growing consumer segment demanding healthy foods and diets, health and nutrition messages can expand food demand, and governments in the U.S. and EU, faced with increasing obesity and associated health outcomes, want consumers to have reliable information to choose healthy diets. California commodity organizations, charged with expanding the demand for almonds, avocados, strawberries and walnuts, are funding health and nutrition research as a means to discover a unique selling proposition for each product. Research and promotion effects are attracting interest by other commodity groups. Policy and regulatory issues abound.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Health; Nutrition; Food; Marketing; Promotion; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/8190
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Economic Aspects of the California Nursery and Floral Industry, 2001–2009 AgEcon
Carman, Hoy F..
California’s nursery and floral industry is the largest in the United States with a farm value for product sales totaling $3.78 billion in 2009. When floral and nursery product sales are combined, the industry ranks second among all California agricultural products, following the dairy industry. Production is in 55 of California’s 58 counties, although 16 counties account for more than 87% of the value of production. San Diego County dominates the industry with annual sales over $1 billion in 2007, 2008, and 2009. Since its 2008 and 2009 sales increased while California’s statewide sales decreased, San Diego County increased its share of California sales from 26% in 2007 to 30.3% in 2009. California is the largest single retail market for lawn and garden...
Tipo: Technical Report Palavras-chave: California; Nursery industry; Floral industry; Retail nursery sales; Agribusiness; Crop Production/Industries; Production Economics.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/121696
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Economic Contributions of the California Nursery Industry AgEcon
Carman, Hoy F.; Rodriguez, Ana Maria.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/11916
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Effective Marketing of Hass Avocados: The Impacts of Changing Trade Policy and Promotion/Information Programs AgEcon
Carman, Hoy F.; Sexton, Richard J..
www.ifama.org
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Avocado; Promotion; Mexico; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Demand and Price Analysis; Financial Economics; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Production Economics.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/117600
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Grocery Retailer Pricing Behavior for California Avocados with Implications for Industry Promotion Strategies AgEcon
Li, Lan; Carman, Hoy F.; Sexton, Richard J..
Rising concentration and consolidation of sales among large supermarket chains in the U.S. and other countries, due in part to a recent wave of mergers in food retailing, have made retailers' role in the food industry a topical issue. Using a unique micro dataset, this paper investigates retailer pricing issues for avocados, a key California specialty commodity, and analyzes the implications of retailer pricing behavior for the effectiveness of avocado industry advertising programs. The methodologies developed and the results achieved in this study should have broad applications across the produce sector, the food industry, and the grocery retail market. We find that retail prices for avocados are highly dispersed both spatially and temporarily. The...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: F13; L1; L81; Q1; Q13; Demand and Price Analysis; Marketing.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25494
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Grocery Retailer Pricing Behavior for California Avocados with Implications for Industry Promotion Strategies AgEcon
Li, Lan; Carman, Hoy F.; Sexton, Richard J..
Replaced with revised version of paper 07/20/05.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Marketing.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19498
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HORIZONTAL DIFFERENTIATION WITH DIFFERENTIAL INPUT COSTS: RETAIL PRICES FOR MILK BY FAT CONTENT AgEcon
Sexton, Richard J.; Xia, Tian; Carman, Hoy F..
Markets for horizontally differentiated products with differential costs are important and have unique features. This paper studies sellers'’ pricing strategy and market equilibrium in these markets under various competition scenarios in the context of retail milk markets. An empirical study is also conducted to examine the effects of cost factors on retail milk prices and to characterize competition in markets in four California cities.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Marketing.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20410
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Impact of Sequential and Partial Trade Liberalization for Mexican Hass Avocado Imports to the U.S. during 1998-2004 AgEcon
Carman, Hoy F.; Li, Lan; Sexton, Richard J..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21078
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INCOME TAX REFORM AND CALIFORNIA ORCHARD DEVELOPMENT AgEcon
Carman, Hoy F..
The effects of requiring capitalization of citrus and almond orchard development expenses on acreage, production and product prices for seven California orchard and vine crops are estimated. Acreage and production of citrus and almonds decreased, as expected. The decreases in orange and lemon acreage, however, were more than offset by increased acreage of walnuts and grapes. The switch of developer and investor interest to walnuts and grapes appears to have added to the cyclical instability of production and prices for these two crops. Perennial crop adjustments to selective changes in tax provisions involve very significant time lags.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Crop Production/Industries; Public Economics.
Ano: 1981 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/32585
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Mandated Marketing Programs For California Commodities AgEcon
Lee, Hyunok; Alston, Julian M.; Carman, Hoy F.; Sutton, William R..
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy; Marketing.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/11919
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Marketing Order Impact on the Organic Sector: Almonds, Kiwifruit and Winter Pears AgEcon
Carman, Hoy F.; Klonsky, Karen; Beaujard, Armelle; Rodriguez, Ana Maria.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Marketing.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/11930
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Marketing the Mediterranean Diet: Some Comments on Issues and Opportunities AgEcon
Carman, Hoy F..
"The Mediterranean Diet" is a commonly used term in the U.S. denoting healthful eating and a healthy lifestyle. It appears to be inspired by the traditional diets of two Mediterranean countries based on post-World War II studies conducted in Naples, Italy and Crete. Popularization of the Mediterranean diet is associated with increased demand for red wine and olive oil in the United States. As noted in the American Heart Association (AHA) website, there is no one "Mediterranean" diet. The Mediterranean diet, as typically presented, appears to be inspired by traditional diets in Southern Italy, Greece, and Spain. The AHA outlines the common characteristics of the Mediterranean dietary pattern. At least two non-profit organizations promote their version of a...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9401
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Optimal Reserve and Export Policies for the California Almond Industry : Theory, Econometrics, and Simulations AgEcon
Alston, Julian M.; Carman, Hoy F.; Christian, Jason E.; Dorfman, Jeffrey H.; Murua, Juan-Ramon; Sexton, Richard J..
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/11937
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Preventive Health Maintenance Information Brought to You by Your Local Fruit and Nut Producers AgEcon
Carman, Hoy F..
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Crop Production/Industries; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; I12; Q13.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94362
Registros recuperados: 26
Primeira ... 12 ... Última
 

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