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Registros recuperados: 8
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Assessment and restoring soil functionality in degraded areas of organic vineyards. The preliminary results of the ReSolVe project in Italy Organic Eprints
Priori, S.; Agnelli, A.E.; Castaldini, M.; D'Avino, L.; D'Errico, G.; Gagnarli, E.; Guidi, S.; Goggioli, D.; Lagomarsino, A.; Landi, S.; Leprini, M.; Pellegrini, S.; Perria, R.; Puccioni, S.; Simoni, S.; Storchi, P.; Valboa, G.; Zombardo, A.; Costantini, E.A.C..
In both conventional and organic Italian vineyards, it is quite common to have areas characterized by problems in vine health, grape production and quality, often caused by improper land preparation before vine plantation and/or management. Causes for soil malfunctioning can include: reduced contribution of the soil fauna to the ecosystem services (i.e. nutrient cycles), poor organic matter content, imbalance of some element ratio, altered pH, water deficiency, soil compaction and/or scarce oxygenation. ReSolVe is a transnational and interdisciplinary 3-years research project aimed at testing the effects of selected organic strategies for restoring optimal soil functionality in degraded areas within vineyard. The different restoring strategies...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Soil quality; Soil; Biodiversity and ecosystem services.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://orgprints.org/30219/1/EGU2016-4501.pdf
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Assessment of soil ecosystem in degraded areas of vineyards after organic treatments Organic Eprints
Landi, S.; D'Errico, G.; Gagnarli, E.; Simoni, S.; Goggioli, D.; Guidi, S.; D'Avino, L.; Lagomarsino, A.; Valboa, G.; Castaldini, M.; Agnelli, A.E.; Fantappiè, M.; Lorenzetti, R.; Priori, S.; Costantini, E.A.C..
In Italian vineyards, it is quite common to have areas characterized by problems in vine health, grape production and quality, often caused by improper land preparation before vine plantation and/or management. Causes for soil malfunctioning can include reduced contribution of the soil fauna to the ecosystem services such as nutrient cycles and organic matter turnover. ReSolVe is a transnational and interdisciplinary project, supported by Core-Organic+ program, aimed at testing the effects of selective agronomic strategies for restoring optimal soil functionality in degraded areas within organic vineyard. For this purpose, the evaluation and biomonitoring of the abundance of soil mesofauna, nematodes and microarthropods, represents an efficient tool...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Soil quality; Soil biology; Nutrient turnover; Soil; Biodiversity and ecosystem services.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://orgprints.org/32424/1/EGU2017-7025.pdf
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Effects of reduced soil functionality in European vineyards Organic Eprints
Costantini, E.A.C.; Priori, S.; Akca, S.; Castaldini, M.; D'Avino, L.; Fulchin, E.; Gagnarli, E.; Giffard, B.; Kìraz, M.E.; Lagomarsino, A.; Landi, S.; Martensson, A.; Pellegrini, S.; Perria, R.; Puccioni, S.; Schroers, H.J.; Simoni, S.; Storchi, P.; Tangolar, S.; Tardaguila, J.; Valboa, G.; Zombardo, A..
Improper or excessive land preparation methods in vineyards before planting can have a considerable impact on soil functionality. They include excessive levelling and deep ploughing leading to disturbances of the natural contour of slopes and destruction, truncation and burial of soil horizons. Manipulations may significantly modify chemical, physical, biological and hydrological balance of soils. Problems that may arise from these interventions relate to the reduction of organic substances, enrichment of calcium carbonate and soluble salts, impacting development and health of grapevines. Reduced water retention capacity can lead to increased water stress during dry season, decreased water permeability and circulation of oxygen in the soil, increased...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Soil quality; Nutrient turnover; Soil; Biodiversity and ecosystem services.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://orgprints.org/32423/1/EGU2017-2296.pdf
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Effects of soil erosion on agro-ecosystem services and soil functions: A multidisciplinary study in nineteen organically farmed European and Turkish vineyards Organic Eprints
Costantini, E.A.C.; Castaldini, M.; Diago, M.P; Giffard, B.; Lagomarsino, A.; Schroers, H.J.; Priori, S.; Valboa, G.; Agnelli, A.E.; Akca, E.; D'Avino, L.; Fulchin, E.; Gagnarli, E.; Kìraz, M.E.; Knapic, M.; Pelengic, R.; Pellegrini, S.; Perria, R.; Puccioni, S.; Simoni, S.; Tangolar, S.; Tardaguila, J.; Vignozzi, N.; Zombardo, A..
This multidisciplinary research work evaluated the effects of soil erosion on grape yield and quality and on different soil functions, namely water and nutrient supply, carbon sequestration, organic matter recycling, and soil biodiversity, with the aim to understand the causes of soil malfunctioning and work out a proper strategy of soil remediation. Degraded areas in nineteen organically farmed European and Turkish vineyards resulted in producing significantly lower amounts of grapes and excessive concentrations of sugar. Plants suffered from decreased water nutrition, due to shallower rooting depth, compaction, and reduced available water capacity, lower chemical fertility, as total nitrogen and cation exchange capacity, and higher concentration of...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Soil quality Crop combinations and interactions Soil biology Composting and manuring Nutrient turnover Soil Biodiversity and ecosystem services Crop health; Quality; Protection Landscape and recreation Viticulture.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/33472/1/JEM_draft.pdf
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Inferences from inventories of microbes in ecological vineyard settings Organic Eprints
Schroers, H.J.; Castaldini, M.; Martensson, A..
The effect of degraded soil conditions on microbial communities associating the rhizosphere and roots of grapevines was investigated within the frame of project CORE Organic Plus ReSolVe. Several relationships based on Dice cluster analyses of DGGE gel profiles suggest that fungal and bacterial communities from degraded and non-degraded areas differ. Results also suggest that composted organic amendments had an effect on community structures. However, the comparison of diversity indexes did not show differences between degraded and non-degraded plots. They suggested rich and even diversity of bacteria and fungi in any of the tested samples. Culture dependent analysis emphasized that a high diversity of Streptomyces spp. associates grapevine roots in...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Soil quality Nutrient turnover Soil Biodiversity and ecosystem services Crop health; Quality; Protection Viticulture.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/33831/1/7921-26752-1-PB.pdf
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Protocol for soil functionality assessment in vineyards Organic Eprints
Costantini, E.A.C.; Priori, S.; Giffard, B.; Fulchin, E.; Tardaguila, J.; Schroers, H.J.; Martensson, A.; Tengolar, S.; Akca, E.; Landi, S.; Lagomarsino, A.; Castaldini, M..
Protocols used by Resolve partners during the project, to assess soil functionality on degraded aeras and evaluate soil restoration after applying recovering practices.
Tipo: Practice tool Palavras-chave: Soil quality Soil biology Biodiversity and ecosystem services Crop health; Quality; Protection Research methodology and philosophy Viticulture.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/33851/1/2018.09.19%20Protocols_for_soil_functionality_assessment_in_vineyards.pdf
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Protocols for soil functionality assessment in vineyards Organic Eprints
Costantini, E.A.C.; Priori, S.; Landi, S.; Lagomarsino, A.; Castaldini, M.; Giffard, B.; Fulchin, E.; Tardaguila, J.; Schroers, H.J.; Martensson, A.; Tangolar, S.; Akca, E..
The purpose of this guideline is to describe the methods used during ReSolVe project for soil functionality assessment, so they can be implemented in similar studies. A brief introduction first underlines what are the main functions of soil and why maintaining an optimal soil functionality is particularly of major interest in viticulture. Then the different protocols selected for ReSolVe project and this guideline are presented according to the following classification: - Part I: assessment of soil physical and chemical features; - Part II: assessment of soil biological features (ecosystem service provision and providers); - Part III: assessment of rhizosphere biological features; - Part IV: assessment of grapevine quantitative and qualitative...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Soil quality; Soil biology; Specific methods; Nutrient turnover; Soil; Technology transfer; Biodiversity and ecosystem services; Research methodology and philosophy; Viticulture.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/33864/1/2018.09.19%20Protocols_for_soil_functionality_assessment_in_vineyards.pdf
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Soil functionality assessment in degraded plots of vineyards Organic Eprints
Priori, S.; Lagomarsino, A.; Agnelli, A.E.; Valboa, G.; Castaldini, M.; Pellegrini, S.; Simoni, S.; D'Avino, L.; Gagnarli, E.; Guidi, S.; Goggioli, D.; Landi, S.; D'Errico, G.; Perria, R.; Puccioni, S.; Leprini, M.; Zombardo, A.; Storchi, P.; Costantini, E.A.C..
Land transformation to adapt fields to mechanization in perennial crop farming is a common practice which includes land levelling, deep ploughing, stone-breakage and clearing, application of fertilizers and amendments. Manipulation of the natural soil profile along its entire depth can severely disturb the naturally existing chemical physical,biological and hydrological equilibrium (Costantini and Barbetti, 2008; Costantini et al., 2013). The most common effects of the land transformation are mixing of soil horizons and soil truncation, which result in reduction of soil depth and available water, organic matter depletion, enrichment of calcium carbonate content in the topsoil,imbalance of some element ratio, and decline in the activity and diversity of...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Soil quality; Nutrient turnover; Soil; Biodiversity and ecosystem services; Landscape and recreation; Environmental aspects.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://orgprints.org/30955/1/Atti_Congresso_SISS2015.pdf
Registros recuperados: 8
Primeira ... 1 ... Última
 

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