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Bycatch and discards: from improved knowledge to mitigation programmes Introduction ArchiMer
Rochet, Marie-joelle; Catchpole, Tom; Cadrin, Steve.
Discarding is considered by many as an important problem in world fisheries. In many regions, data collection onboard commercial vessels has intensified, and the understanding of both human and ecological drivers of discards is improving quickly. Discarding patterns vary widely across regions, fisheries, gears, and species. Fishers' responses to regulations and markets explain these complex patterns, on top of resource availability partly driven by environmental fluctuations. This expanded knowledge base provides an appropriate basis for discussing the discard mitigation measures proposed in various settings. In September 2012, a theme session was convened at the ICES Annual Science Conference in Bergen, Norway, to discuss these issues. This themed set of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bycatch and discards; Catch quotas; Compliance; Landing obligation; Landing quotas; Market incentives; Minimum landing sizes; Onboard observer programmes; Selectivity.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00202/31353/29911.pdf
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Discarded fish in European waters: general patterns and contrasts ArchiMer
Uhlmann, Sebastian S.; Van Helmond, Aloysius T. M.; Stefansdottir, Elisabet Kemp; Siguroardottir, Sigriour; Haralabous, John; Maria Bellido, Jose; Carbonell, A.; Catchpole, Tom; Damalas, Dimitrios; Fauconnet, Laurence; Feekings, Jordan; Garcia, Teresa; Madsen, Niels; Mallold, Sandra; Margeirsson, Sveinn; Palialexis, Andreas; Readdy, Lisa; Valeiras, Julio; Vassilopoulou, Vassiliki; Rochet, Marie-joelle.
To reduce the practice of discarding commercially fished organisms, several measures such as a discard ban and extra allowances on top of landings quotas (“catch quota”) have been proposed by the European Commission. However, for their development and successful implementation, an understanding of discard patterns on a European scale is needed. In this study, we present an inter-national synthesis of discard data collected on board commercial, towed-gear equipped vessels operating under six different national flags spanning from the Baltic to the Mediterranean Seas mainly between 2003 and 2008. We considered discarded species of commercial value such as Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua), haddock (Melanogrammus aeglefinus), European hake (Merluccius merluccius),...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bycatch; Common Fisheries Policy reform; Data Collection Framework; Discard reduction; Europe; Monitoring.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00198/30932/29347.pdf
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