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Registros recuperados: 28
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A Cointegration Analysis of Wool Prices AgEcon
Chang, Hui-Shung (Christie).
Based on cointegration analysis and monthly data from 1976.8 to 1999.10, a long-run equilibrium relationship was found to exist between prices for wools of 19 to 23 microns, despite the wool Reserve Price Scheme operated until February 1991. Furthermore, the prices for 19, 20 and 21 micron wools were found to be weakly exogenous. The latter result suggested that, although co-integrated, prices for finer wools tended to be less volatile than coarser wools. The implications are that wool producers would enjoy more stable prices by producing finer wools and that cross-hedging is possible given co-movements of prices.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Cointegration; Error correction model; Reserve price scheme; Wool marketing.; Demand and Price Analysis; Livestock Production/Industries; Marketing.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/12929
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An econometric analysis of the competitive position of Australian cotton in the Japanese market AgEcon
Chang, Hui-Shung (Christie).
Although a relatively small producer, Australia exports but about 90% of its cotton production, making it the third largest cotton exporter. This means that export performance plays a major role in determining the profitability of the Australian cotton industry. The primary aim was to determine the competitive position of Australian cotton in the Japanese market, based on the AIDS model using data from 1972 to 1998. The main findings were that the United States had a relatively strong market position and that to improve its market position, Australia should become more cost competitive and/or improve its quality image through promotion.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Almost ideal demand system; Cotton marketing; Import demand; Japan; Crop Production/Industries; Demand and Price Analysis; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/12940
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An Overview of the Organic Food Products Market in Australia AgEcon
Chang, Hui-Shung (Christie); Griffith, Garry R.; Zepeda, Lydia.
Worldwide, the demand for organic food products appears to have expanded quickly in recent years, stimulated by consumer perceptions that organic products are safe, clean and ethical. The growth rate was estimated to be around 10-20 per cent per annum in the next few years, with sales reaching $US 29-31 billion in 2005. The biggest growth in consumption has occurred in developed countries, such as the United States, Western Europe, and Japan that are also major importers of organic foods. It is clear that Australia, traditionally a major exporter of agricultural products, stands to benefit from the expansion in demand for organic products. The objective of this paper is to provide an overview of the Australian organic food products industry, including...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Demand and Price Analysis; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Marketing.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/12928
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An overview of the Philippine duck industry AgEcon
Chang, Hui-Shung (Christie); Dagaas, Clarita T.; de Castro, Nenita; Ranola, Roberto; Lambio, Angel; Malabayuabas, Maria Luz.
The Philippine duck industry is dominated by smallholder production. At present, about 99 percent of the demand for duck products is met by domestic production. However, it is envisaged that as trade liberalisation continues, the Philippine duck industry will face increasing competition from overseas as well as from other products. Continuing survival, and growth, of the industry depends on its ability to compete on a globalised market, which, in turn, depends on efficiency in the production and marketing systems relative to competitors. The research objective is to provide an overview of the industry and identify industry issues.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Duck; Poultry marketing; Trade liberalisation; Agricultural and Food Policy; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/57842
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Assessing the use of Geographical Indications for the New England wine region in NSW AgEcon
Chang, Hui-Shung (Christie); Campbell, Gene; Sniekers, Peter.
Geographical Indications (GIs) have increasingly been used as a marketing tool to create an image of quality and uniqueness, and so capture premium prices. Hedonic pricing studies have shown that indication of geographical origin of production (e.g. country, region, wineries, and location), can affect prices. However, Geographical Indications only work when they are backed up by quality products. The objectives of this study are to assess the potential of a proposed Geographical Indication for the emerging “"New England”" wine region in promoting local wines and to make recommendations on how that potential, if it exists, can be realised. The assessment is based on an overview of existing systems of Geographical Indications and conditions, both economic...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Geographical indication; TRIPS Agreement; Wine marketing; Hedonic; Agribusiness.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10414
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Beef import market shares in Taiwan: implications for Australia AgEcon
Chang, Hui-Shung (Christie); Hsia, Chung-Jen.
Market shares of major beef suppliers to Taiwan, including Australia, the United States and New Zealand, were estimated econometrically to determine their relative competitiveness. The analysis, based on monthly data from June 1990 to August 1997, showed that relative prices and consumer incomes were important factors influencing suppliers’ market shares. Specifically, the demand for Australian beef responded little to an increase in price and negatively to an increase in consumer income. Furthermore, the growth in Taiwan beef consumption has slowed down and Australian beef suppliers need to re‐assess the market potential and develop appropriate marketing strategies to maintain competitiveness.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/117835
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Book reviews AgEcon
Chang, Hui-Shung (Christie); Carrington, Roger; Kingwell, Ross S.; Dumsday, Robert G.; Murray-Prior, Roy B.; Patrick, Ian; Grafton, R. Quentin; Wright, Vic.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Teaching/Communication/Extension/Profession.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/118166
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Cross-sector Comparisons of Poultry Production in The Philippines AgEcon
Chang, Hui-Shung (Christie).
The Philippine poultry industry is diverse. It comprises broiler chicken, layer chicken, native chicken and duck. The production of broiler and layer chickens are characterised by large-scale, intensive, commercial production systems with modern technology and imported hybrids. Native chicken and duck production, one the other hand, is characterised by low-input, backyard production by smallholders. The objectives of the paper are to provide an overview of the Philippine poultry industry, make cross-sector comparisons and derive policy implications based on the issues identified. The main conclusion is that although demand outlook is optimistic for the Philippine poultry industry as a whole because of anticipated income and population growth, it faces...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: The Philippines; Backyard production; Smallholder production; Poultry marketing; Trade liberalisation; Industrial Organization; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/12896
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Demand for Organic Food: Focus Group Discussions in Armidale, NSW AgEcon
Zepeda, Lydia; Chang, Hui-Shung (Christie).
In Australia, the retail value of organic food production was estimated at A$250 million, with farm gate value at around A$90 million, and exports at around A$40 million. The current share of organic sales in total food sales in Australia is about 1 per cent. The growth rate in organic production was forecast to continue at 10-30% per annum. Despite the positive outlook, there are concerns about consumer confusion over product recognition, organic certification, and misleading advertising. To understand how demand for organic products is changing, it is important to investigate consumer attitudes and knowledge about these issues. The objective of this study is to identify issues that may hinder or promote demand. Given the qualitative nature of these...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Organic agriculture; Consumer perceptions; Organic certification; Focus group; Demand and Price Analysis; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/12926
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Demand for Organic Food in Australia: Results from a Focus-Group Study AgEcon
Chang, Hui-Shung (Christie); Zepeda, Lydia.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Consumer/Household Economics; Demand and Price Analysis.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/26760
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Demand for Wine in Australia: Systems Versus Single Equation Approach AgEcon
Chang, Hui-Shung (Christie); Bettington, Nicholas.
The objective of the study is to estimate demand for wine in Australia, based on both the systems approach and the single equation approach. Both approaches consider demand for three categories of alcoholic drinks (beer, wine and spirits) in a seemingly unrelated regression framework to take account of cross-equation correlations. Time series data on retail price indexes and apparent per capita consumption of alcoholic beverages for Australia for the period 1975/76 to 1998/99 are used for econometric estimation. The results show that over the short run, beer and wine are necessities; however, over the long run, wine becomes a luxury good. Beer and wine are complements. Demand for all three beverages is price inelastic. The study also found that the...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Wine demand; Demand analysis; Almst ideal demand system; Demand and Price Analysis.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/12923
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Examining AWB’s market power in the international wheat market AgEcon
Chang, Hui-Shung (Christie); Martel, William; Berry, Robert.
The Australian wheat marketing system has been through a number of stages of deregulation in recent years. However, the AWB still maintains the monopoly selling rights of Australian wheat exports. The AWB and its supporters justify the single desk by arguing that the monopoly power enables them to gain a higher price in the export markets. Opposition to the single desk argues that Australia does not produce enough wheat to influence prices. The objective of this study is to test the market power hypothesis by examining the quantity - price relationship of Australian wheat exports and the stability of this relationship over time using annual data from 1961 to 2000.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: AWB; Single desk; Wheat marketing; National competition policy; Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/57843
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Examining long-run relationships between Australian beef prices AgEcon
Chang, Hui-Shung (Christie); Griffith, Garry R..
Cointegration and impulse response analyses are used to investigate the short‐run and long‐run dynamics of the Australian beef market. The aim of this study is to determine whether long‐run relationships existed between Australian beef prices at the farm, wholesale and retail levels. Based on monthly data from 1971 to 1994, the results show that all three prices considered are cointegrated. Furthermore, the wholesale price is found to be weakly exogenous. The latter result might be an indication of market inefficiency due in part to price levelling often practised in the beef marketing system.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Demand and Price Analysis; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/117283
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Generic Advertising Wearout AgEcon
Kinnucan, Henry W.; Chang, Hui-Shung (Christie); Venkateswaran, Meenakshi.
Advertising wearout, defined as the declining effectiveness of a commercial or campaign associated with increased exposure, is examined from a generic advertising perspective. Generic advertising campaigns of the type typically undertaken by agricultural commodity groups differ from branded advertising in that the former seek to increase aggregate demand for a product category (e.g., beef, milk, wool) rather than the market share of a particular brand within a category. A major hypothesis addressed in this research is whether generic campaigns are subject to the same generation-satiation-decay cycles found for the more typical brand advertising campaigns. The hypothesis is examined by estimating a time-varying parameter model using data from the first...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Marketing.
Ano: 1993 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9620
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Issues and Research Needs of the Australian Organic Food Products Market AgEcon
Zepeda, Lydia; Griffith, Garry R.; Chang, Hui-Shung (Christie).
Worldwide, the demand for organic food products has expanded rapidly in the past decade, stimulated by consumer perceptions that organic products are safer, cleaner and more ethical than conventional products. The demand for organic products is estimated to be growing at a rate of 15-20 per cent per annum, with sales reaching $US23 billion in 2002. The biggest growth in consumption has occurred in developed countries such as the United States and Europe, which are major importers of organic foods. Australia, as a major exporter of agricultural products, stands to benefit from this expansion in demand. However, little is known about the organic industry by other agribusinesses and little research on organics has been conducted in Australia, especially...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agribusiness; Marketing.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/12924
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Labelling Issues of Organic and GM Foods in Australia AgEcon
Chang, Hui-Shung (Christie).
Growth in the demand for organic foods has been phenomenal in the past decade both in Australia and overseas because organic production is seen to be beneficial to both human health and the environment. In general, organic products commend a price premium over conventional products. Since organic attributes cannot be verified easily and there is no control over the use of the word 'organic' in the Australian market, the organic label has been subject to abuse. Over ten years, the Australian organic industry has called for a domestic regulation, claiming that any incidence of consumer deception and product misrepresentation can result in the loss of consumer confidence and sales, and more importantly, hinder future industry growth. However, the...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Organic foods; GM foods; Food labelling.; Agribusiness; Marketing; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/12934
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Labelling issues of organic and GM foods in Australia AgEcon
Chang, Hui-Shung (Christie).
Growth in the demand for organic foods has been phenomenal in the past decade both on Australia and overseas because organic production is seen to be beneficial to both human health and the environment. In general, organic products commend a price premium over conventional products. Since organic attributes cannot be verified easily and there is no control over the use of the word "organic" in the Australian market, the organic label has been subject to abuse. Over ten years, the Australian organic industry has called for a domestic regulation, claiming that any incidence of consumer deception and product misrepresentation can result in the loss of consumer confidence and sales, and more importantly, hinder future industry growth. However, the Government...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Organic foods; GM foods; Food labelling; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58392
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Long-Distance Marketing of Sweet Potato from the Highlands of Papua New Guinea: An Analysis of Consumer Preferences and Supplier Responsiveness AgEcon
Omot, Norah; Spriggs, John; Chang, Hui-Shung (Christie).
Sweet potato is by far the most important staple food in Papua New Guinea. While much is consumed as a subsistence crop, it is also an important income earner for many small holder farmers in the Highlands of PNG. Of the Highlands sweet potato sold, about 90 percent is traded informally on open markets, locally or in coastal urban markets. Data from a consumer survey, from an informant interview of highlands suppliers and from consumer and supplier observations at the Lae market (the largest coastal urban market for sweet potato) was used to explore the extent to which Highland sweet potato in the coastal urban market of Lae, may be considered a differentiated product. As a staple food being sold on informal markets one may think it is best represented as...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Consumer preferences; Differentiated product; Highland suppliers; Supplier awareness; Supplier responsiveness; Marketing strategies; Lae; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/59110
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MODELING ADVERTISING CARRYOVER IN FLUID MILK: COMPARISON OF ALTERNATIVE LAG SPECIFICATIONS AgEcon
Venkateswaran, Meenakshi; Kinnucan, Henry W.; Chang, Hui-Shung (Christie).
The performance of restricted estimators such as Almon and Shiller in modeling advertising carryover is tested and compared to the unrestricted OLS estimator, using 1971-1988 monthly New York City fluid milk market data. Results indicate that in the absence of autocorrelation and multicollinearity among the lagged advertising variables, the unrestricted OLS estimator is still the preferred estimator, based on Mean Square Error and Root Mean Square Percent Error criteria. In this case, the Almon and Shiller estimators perform equally well, although next only to the OLS estimator. In the presence of autocorrelation or multicollinearity however, the restricted estimators may outperform the OLS estimator, in a MSE sense, with the flexible Shiller estimator...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Marketing.
Ano: 1993 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/31639
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Selling Australia as 'Clean and Green' AgEcon
Chang, Hui-Shung (Christie); Kristiansen, Paul.
'Green and clean' has been used as a key marketing tool to promote Australian products overseas. The rationale is that consumers are generally concerned about personal health and the environment and will choose, and pay price premiums, for products that are, or perceived to be, clean (good for them) and green (good for the environment) over alternative products. But is Australia seen as clean and green? Is it really why people buy Australian products? And how effective is it as a marketing tool? This paper attempts to answer some of these questions. The study found that Australia may have a clean green image at present in some of her overseas markets, but to maintain such an image over time, concrete proof of environmental and quality credentials...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Export marketing; Clean and green; EMS; QA; Environmental Economics and Policy; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/12899
Registros recuperados: 28
Primeira ... 12 ... Última
 

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