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MEETING PRIVATE GRADES AND STANDARDS IN TRANSITION AGRICULTURE: EXPERIENCES FROM THE ARMENIAN DAIRY INDUSTRY AgEcon
Cocks, Jack; Gow, Hamish R.; Dunn, Daniel J..
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/34296
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MEETING PRIVATE GRADES AND STANDARDS IN TRANSITION AGRICULTURE: EXPERIENCES FROM THE ARMENIAN DAIRY INDUSTRY AgEcon
Cocks, Jack; Gow, Hamish R.; Dunn, Daniel J..
One of the main trends emerging from the agroindustrialization process is the rise of 'grades and standards' (G&S) in food products. G&S were initially developed by the public sector to reduce transaction costs and ensure product quality and safety but have become a strategic instrument of competition in differentiated product markets (Reardon et al, 2001). Firms are using grades and standards to protect and develop brands in the international marketplace and in some cases to fill in for missing public standards. While producers in developed countries have the resources to meet these requirements, in developing countries these changes have tended to exclude small firms and farmers from participating in market growth, because of the implied...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/22144
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Public Facilitation of Small Farmer Access to International Food Marketing Channels: An Empirical Analysis of the USDA Market Assistance Program in Armenia AgEcon
Cocks, Jack; Gow, Hamish R.; Westgren, Randall E..
With the continued globalization, rapid channel consolidation, increasing technology, capital, food safety and private grades and standards requirements, many small scale agricultural and horticultural producers from transitional and developing countries are rapidly becoming excluded from international agri-food marketing system. Consequently, governments and international agencies alike are reevaluating the structure, form, and delivery of their assistance programs as they search to identify new delivery mechanisms that can overcome the weaknesses that their traditional programs face within this new business environment. Their challenge is to design programs that facilitate the establishment of economically viable and sustainable market relationships and...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19295
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SUPPLIER RELATIONSHIP DEVELOPMENT IN THE FOOD INDUSTRY OF TRANSITION ECONOMIES: THE CASE OF INTERBREW AgEcon
Cocks, Jack; Gow, Hamish R..
This paper discusses a process of supplier relationship development and evolution within the agri-food chain of Central and Eastern Europe during transition. We use the case of Belgian multinational brewing company Interbrew to suggest that independent facilitators holding sufficient private enforcement capital with local farmers can be used to facilitate the required supply base of local raw materials. Traditional business models for local product procurement have been found to be inappropriate for operating within business environments characterized by financially distressed local farmers who possess limited trust in processors, lack the necessary relationship-specific assets, and face weak external enforcement. In such environments the presence of...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agribusiness.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/27945
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