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COSELMAR. Compréhension des socio-écosystèmes littoraux et marins pour la prévention et la gestion des risques. Bilan scientifique 2013-2017 ArchiMer
Pardo, Sophie; Hess, Philipp; Simon, Elodie; Barille, Laurent; Geslin, Emmanuelle; Cognie, Bruno; Martin-jezequel, Véronique; Sechet, Véronique; Herrenknecht, Christine; Baron, Regis; Bourseau, Patrick; Amzil, Zouher; Masse, Anthony; Vandanjon, Laurent; Dumay, Justine; Lebeau, Thierry; Turpin, Vincent; Mondeguer, Florence; Petitgas, Pierre; Trouillet, Brice; Mercier, Denis; Guillotreau, Patrice; Guineberteau, Thierry; Mahevas, Stephanie; Schoefs, Franck; Sophie Pardo; Philipp Hess; Pauline Borgniet; Laurent Barillé; Emmanuelle Geslin; Bruno Cognie; Véronique Martin-Jezequel; Véronique Sechet; Christine Herrenknecht; Régis Baron; Patrick Bourseau; Zouher Amzil; Anthony Massé; Laurent Vandanjon; Justine Dumay; Thierry Lebeau; Vincent Turpin; Florence Mondeguer; Pierre Petitgas; Brice Trouillet.
COSELMAR, a 4-year project financed by the Région des Pays de la Loire at 2.1 M€, officially started on the 7th January 2013. The project is coordinated by Philipp Hess (IFREMER) and Sophie Pardo (Université de Nantes-LEMNA) and falls under the Federation for Research Institut Universitaire Mer et Littoral (IUML, FR CNRS 3473)*. COSELMAR has also been approved by the Scientific Council of the MSH Ange Guépin. COSELMAR is a research project uniting 5 research units of IFREMER and 11 laboratories of the Université de Nantes, along with academic partners, and national and international industries. The aim is to achieve a better understanding of the marine and coastal ecosystems and the associated resources. The project will also provide insights into risk...
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Ano: 2017 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00406/51793/52550.pdf
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Feeding response of the polychaete Sabellaria alveolata (Sabellariidae) to changes in seston concentration ArchiMer
Dubois, Stanislas; Barille, Laurent; Cognie, Bruno.
Sabellaria alveolata is a tube-building gregarious polychaete that constructs large biogenic reefs. In macrotidal shellfish ecosystems, this species competes for food with cultivated suspension-feeders. The suspension-feeding activity and clearance rate of S. alveolata were investigated in response to changes in seston concentration. A flow-through system was designed to study 225 cm(2) reef blocks with more than 500 individuals. The experimental conditions were characterized by increasing concentrations of suspended particulate matter ranging from 6.5 to 153.8 mg L-1, while the organic content of the diet (microalgae Skeletonema costatum) decreased inversely from 49 to 9%, to mimic the dilution of organic matter by inorganic particles, characteristic of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bay of Mont Saint Michel; Tubiculous polychaete; Trophic capacity; Suspension feeders; Reefs; Feeding activity.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2009/publication-6778.pdf
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Modélisation de l'affinage de l'huître Crassostrea gigas alimentée avec la diatomée Skeletonema costatum ArchiMer
Meleder, Vona; Barille-boyer, Anne-laure; Baud, Jean-pierre; Barille, Laurent; Cognie, Bruno; Rosa, Philippe.
The traditional fattening of the oyster Crassostrea gigas in oyster ponds of the French Atlantic Coast is submitted to natural environmental fluctuations. In order to reduce the growth variability of the soft parts of the bivalve, an intensive fattening process was developed, where the conditions of temperature, particulate organic and inorganic matter (POM and PIM) are controlled. This process relies on the production of the diatom Skeletonema costatum, which is then distributed to the oysters at an average concentration of 4–5 mg POM·L–1. An ecophysiological model of the oyster C. gigas, which simulates the evolution of somatic and gonad–reserve compartments, was applied to these conditions in order to analyse the bivalve responses. Experimentation was...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Modélisation; Affinage; Ecophysiologie; Crassostrea gigas; Skeletonema costatum; Modelling; Oyster fattening; Ecophysiology; Crassostrea gigas; Skeletonema costatum.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00021/13248/10285.pdf
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There's no harm in having too much: A comprehensive toolbox of methods in trophic ecology ArchiMer
Majdi, Nabil; Hette-tronquart, Nicolas; Auclair, Etienne; Bec, Alexandre; Chouvelon, Tiphaine; Cognie, Bruno; Danger, Michael; Decottignies, Priscilla; Dessier, Aurélie; Desvilettes, Christian; Dubois, Stanislas; Dupuy, Christine; Fritsch, Clémentine; Gaucherel, Cédric; Hedde, Mickaël; Jabot, Franck; Lefebvre, Sebastien; Marzloff, Martin; Pey, Benjamin; Peyrard, Nathalie; Powolny, Thibaut; Sabbadin, Régis; Thébault, Elisa; Perga, Marie-elodie.
Trophic ecology is the study of feeding interactions and food acquisition by organisms. It includes the causes and consequences of those behaviours at all levels of biological organisation. As a field of research, it crosses many disciplinary boundaries and provides knowledge that is pertinent to many other areas of ecology. Here we list and categorise the methods available to trophic ecologists whose toolbox has broadened considerably in recent years. They encompass empirical and numerical approaches with focus ranging from molecules to ecosystems. We further examine the relationship of each method to features such as the scale of observation (from microbes to largest organisms) and organisational level (from individuals to ecosystems) as well as the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Food web; Feeding interactions; Flux of energy; Computer simulations; Trophic models.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00487/59834/65986.pdf
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Tissue-Specific Biomarker Responses in the Blue Mussel Mytilus spp. Exposed to a Mixture of Microplastics at Environmentally Relevant Concentrations ArchiMer
Revel, Messika; Lagarde, Fabienne; Perrein-ettajani, Hanane; Bruneau, Mélanie; Akcha, Farida; Sussarellu, Rossana; Rouxel, Julien; Costil, Katherine; Decottignies, Priscilla; Cognie, Bruno; Châtel, Amélie; Mouneyrac, Catherine.
The impact of a microplastic (MP) mixture composed of polyethylene (PE) and polypropylene (PP) plastic particles, prepared from commercially available products, was evaluated in blue mussels Mytilus spp. exposed to three environmentally relevant concentrations: 0.008 μg L−1 (low), 10 μg L−1 (medium), and 100 μg L−1 (high). Organisms were exposed for 10 days followed by 10 days of depuration in clean seawater under controlled laboratory conditions. The evaluation of MP effects on mussel clearance rate, tissue structure, antioxidant defenses, immune and digestive parameters, and DNA integrity were investigated while the identification of plastic particles in mussel tissues (gills, digestive gland, and remaining tissues), and biodeposits (feces and...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Microplastics; Polyethylene; Polypropylene; Mytilus; Oxidative stress; Biomarkers.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00489/60089/63427.pdf
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