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Microalgal sensitivity varies between a diuron-resistant strain and two wild strains when exposed to diuron and irgarol, alone and in mixtures ArchiMer
Dupraz, Valentin; Coquille, Nathalie; Menard, Dominique; Sussarellu, Rossana; Haugarreau, Larissa; Stachowski-haberkorn, Sabine.
A wild strain of Chaetoceros calcitrans and wild and diuron-resistant strains of Tetraselmis suecica, were exposed to the PSII inhibitor herbicides diuron and irgarol, individually and in mixtures. The effects of three concentrations of diuron and irgarol and four binary mixtures were evaluated on doubling time, relative reactive oxygen species and lipid content by flow cytometry, and on photosynthetic efficiency by pulse amplitude modulated fluorescence. In both wild strains, significant effects were observed for each molecule at the highest concentration tested: at irgarol 0.5 μg L−1, C. calcitrans was shown to be more sensitive than T. suecica (+52% and +19% in doubling time, respectively), whereas at diuron 5 μg L−1, T. suecica was more affected...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Microalgae; Herbicides; Antifouling; Irgarol; Diuron; Diuron resistance.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00319/43047/42658.pdf
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Projet COMPACT : COmmunautés micro-algales : effets de la Matière organique dissoute et des Pesticides sur l’Activité photosynthétique et la Composition Taxonomique ArchiMer
Coquille, Nathalie; Maurer, Daniele; Auby, Isabelle; Budzinski, Helene; Stachowski-haberkorn, Sabine; Morin, Soizick; Parlanti, Edith; Vedrenne, J.; Jan, G.; Menard, Dominique; Dupraz, Valentin; Rigouin, Loic; Gouriou, Laure; D'Amico, Florence; Tournaire, Marie-pierre; Meteigner, Claire; Perriere-rumebe, Myriam; Mounguengui, A.; Tapie, Nathalie; Chevance-demars, L.; Pardon, P.; Geneste, E..
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Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00276/38740/37283.pdf
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The influence of natural dissolved organic matter on herbicide toxicity to marine microalgae is species-dependent ArchiMer
Coquille, Nathalie; Menard, Dominique; Rouxel, Julien; Dupraz, Valentin; Eon, Melissa; Pardon, Patrick; Budzinski, Helene; Morin, Soizic; Parlanti, Edith; Stachowski-haberkorn, Sabine.
Microalgae, which are the foundation of aquatic food webs, may be the indirect target of herbicides used for agricultural and urban applications. Microalgae also interact with other compounds from their environment, such as natural dissolved organic matter (DOM), which can itself interact with herbicides. This study aimed to evaluate the influence of natural DOM on the toxicity of three herbicides (diuron, irgarol and S-metolachlor), singly and in ternary mixtures, to two marine microalgae, Chaetoceros calcitrans and Tetraselmis suecica, in monospecific, non-axenic cultures. Effects on growth, photosynthetic efficiency (Ф’M) and relative lipid content were evaluated. The chemical environment (herbicide and nutrient concentrations, dissolved organic carbon...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Microalgae; Herbicides; Natural dissolved organic matter; DOM; Toxicity; Interactions.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00428/53964/55113.pdf
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Use of diatom motility features as endpoints of metolachlor toxicity ArchiMer
Coquille, Nathalie; Jan, Gwilherm; Moreira, Aurelie; Morin, Soizic.
Many recent ecotoxicological studies suggest a relationship between freshwater contamination and increasing abundances of motile diatoms (potentially able to move). The capacity to escape would present advantages to species in polluted environments. However, actual motility as a response to toxicants had not been described and required experimental validation. We designed a specific experiment to assess how a field-isolated diatom (Gomphonema gracile) distributes energy to in situ resistance (increased population growth or photosynthesis) and escape (behavioral changes), when exposed to increasing concentrations of the herbicide metolachlor. We report here the dose-time dependent responses of G. gracile populations. They coped with low contamination by...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Diatoms; Physiology; Behavior; Pesticide exposure; Motility; CASA.
Ano: 2015 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00254/36521/35081.pdf
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