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Estimation of gas hydrate concentration from multi-component seismic data at sites on the continental margins of NW Svalbard and the Storegga region of Norway ArchiMer
Westbrook, G; Chand, S; Rossi, G; Long, C; Bunz, S; Camerlenghi, A; Carcione, J; Dean, S; Foucher, Jean-paul; Flueh, E; Gei, D; Haacke, R; Madrussani, G; Mienert, Jurgen; Minshull, T; Nouze, Herve; Peacock, S; Reston, T; Vanneste, M; Zillmer, M.
High-resolution seismic experiments, employing arrays of closely spaced, four-component ocean-bottom seismic recorders, were conducted at a site off western Svalbard and a site on the northern margin of the Storegga slide, off Norway to investigate how well seismic data can be used to determine the concentration of methane hydrate beneath the seabed. Data from P-waves and from S-waves generated by P-S conversion on reflection were inverted for P- and S-wave velocity (V-p and V-s), using 3D travel-time tomography, 2D ray-tracing inversion and 1D waveform inversion. At the NW Svalbard site, positive V-p anomalies above a sea-bottom-simulating reflector (BSR) indicate the presence of gas hydrate. A zone containing free gas up to 150-m thick, lying immediately...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Continental margin; Hydrate concentration; Seismic velocity; S wave; P wave.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2008/publication-6122.pdf
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Impact of lower plate structure on upper plate deformation at the NW Sumatran convergent margin from seafloor morphology ArchiMer
Graindorge, D; Klingelhoefer, Frauke; Sibuet, Jean-claude; Mcneill, L; Henstock, T; Dean, S; Gutscher, M; Dessa, J; Permana, H; Singh, S; Leau, H; White, N; Carton, H; Malod, Jacques-andre; Rangin, C; Aryawan, K; Chaubey, A; Chauhan, A; Galih, D; Greenroyd, C; Laesanpura, A; Prihantono, J; Royle, G; Shankar, U.
We present results from multibeam bathymetric data acquired during 2005 and 2006, in the region of maximum slip of the 26 Dec. 2004 earthquake (Mw 9.2). These data provide high-resolution images of seafloor morphology of the entire NW Sumatra forearc from the Sunda trench to the submarine volcanic arc just north of Sumatra. A slope gradient analysis of the combined dataset accurately highlights those portions of the seafloor shaped by active tectonic, depositional and/or erosional processes. The greatest slope gradients are located in the frontal 30 km of the forearc, at the toe of the accretionary wedge. This suggests that long-term deformation rates are highest here and that probably only minor amounts of slip are accommodated by other thrust faults...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Sumatra; Tectonic; Seafloor morphology; Accretionary wedge; Subduction.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2008/publication-5166.pdf
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