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Chronic Polyaromatic Hydrocarbon (PAH) Contamination Is a Marginal Driver for Community Diversity and Prokaryotic Predicted Functioning in Coastal Sediments ArchiMer
Jeanbille, Mathilde; Gury, Jérôme; Duran, Robert; Tronczynski, Jacek; Ghiglione, Jean-françois; Agogué, Hélène; Saïd, Olfa Ben; Taïb, Najwa; Debroas, Didier; Garnier, Cédric; Auguet, Jean-christophe.
Benthic microorganisms are key players in the recycling of organic matter and recalcitrant compounds such as polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in coastal sediments. Despite their ecological importance, the response of microbial communities to chronic PAH pollution, one of the major threats to coastal ecosystems, has received very little attention. In one of the largest surveys performed so far on coastal sediments, the diversity and composition of microbial communities inhabiting both chronically contaminated and non-contaminated coastal sediments were investigated using high-throughput sequencing on the 18S and 16S rRNA genes. Prokaryotic alpha-diversity showed significant association with salinity, temperature, and organic carbon content. The effect of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Microbial communities; PAH; Chronic contamination; Coastal sediment; Functional diversity.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00347/45854/45522.pdf
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Genomic ecology of Marine Group II, the most common marine planktonic Archaea across the surface ocean ArchiMer
Pereira, Olivier; Hochart, Corentin; Auguet, Jean-christophe; Debroas, Didier; Galand, Pierre E..
Planktonic Archaea have been detected in all the world's oceans and are found from surface waters to the deep sea. The two most common Archaea phyla are Thaumarchaeota and Euryarchaeota. Euryarchaeota are generally more common in surface waters, but very little is known about their ecology and their potential metabolisms. In this study, we explore the genomic ecology of the Marine Group II (MGII), the main marine planktonic Euryarchaeota, and test if it is composed of different ecologically relevant units. We re‐analyzed Tara Oceans metagenomes from the photic layer and the deep ocean by annotating sequences against a custom MGII database and by mapping gene co‐occurrences. Our data provide a global view of the distribution of Euryarchaeota, and more...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: 16S rRNA; Euryarchaeota; Global ocean; Metagenomics; Poseidoniales; Proteorhodopsin.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00505/61676/65607.pdf
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