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Registros recuperados: 6
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Comparative Analysis of Technical Efficiency in European Agriculture AgEcon
Bakucs, Lajos Zoltan; Ferto, Imre; Latruffe, Laure; Desjeux, Yann; Soboh, Rafat; Dolman, Mark.
Technical efficiency has long been analysed as a measure of farm performance, however most studies are restricted to a single country case. This paper presents a comparative analysis of field crop and dairy farm performance across eight EU countries, including two New Member States (NMS), focusing on long run stability and mobility patterns. The main research question is how relative performance of farms fluctuates over time, i.e. whether poorly performing farms remain always inefficient whilst some farms are always very efficient. Results show that on average 60% of farms maintain their efficiency ranking in two consecutive years, whilst 20% improve and 20% worsen their positions, for all countries. Due to the unstable economic conditions, farms in NMS...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Farm technical efficiency; SFA; FADN; Stability analysis; Farm Management; P52; Q12.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/114235
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EU farms’ technical efficiency and productivity change in 1990 – 2006 AgEcon
Bakucs, Lajos Zoltan; Ferto, Imre; Fogarasi, Jozsef; Latruffe, Laure; Desjeux, Yann; Matveev, Eduard; Marongiu, Sonia; Dolman, Mark; Soboh, Rafat.
In this paper we analyse and compare various efficiency indicators for a number of European Union (EU) countries: Belgium, Estonia, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, The Netherlands and Sweden. The availability of long period datasets between 1990 and 2006, allow us to concentrate on the long time trends in technical efficiency especially in Old Member States. This study is the first which may provide a comprehensive overview on the development in farm level efficiency across eight European countries. Our main results are the following. Generally, all countries have relatively high levels of mean technical efficiency ranging from 0.72 to 0.92 for both field crops and dairy farms. Interestingly the majority of countries have better performance in dairy...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Production Economics.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/108773
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How do agricultural policies influence farmland concentration? The example of France AgEcon
Piet, Laurent; Desjeux, Yann; Latruffe, Laure; Le Mouel, Chantal.
Over the last decades, the number of farms has decreased while average farm size has increased in industrialised countries. We investigate whether these two concomitant trends have resulted in higher farmland concentration or not in the case of France. Deriving Gini coefficients as a measure of concentration from the estimation of parametric Lorenz curves, we show that this is not systematically the case at the sub-national scale of “départements”. When studying the role of possible explanatory variables for farmland concentration, we find that milk quotas, CAP 2nd pillar subsidies and so-called structural measures (settlements and early retirement grants) have a significant impact. However, the availability and the price of agricultural land appear to be...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Farmland concentration; Farm structures; Agricultural policies; Gini coefficient; France; Agricultural and Food Policy; Farm Management; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61349
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Perpetuation of subsistence farming in Western Balkans: the role of factor market imperfections AgEcon
Latruffe, Laure; Davidova, Sophia; Desjeux, Yann.
The paper analyses the imperfections in output and factor markets in Kosovo that act as a barrier to farm commercialisation. On the one hand, agricultural households may not have access to output market due to an underdeveloped downstream sector. On the other, local producers might not be preferred to importers as their production level is small with a variable quality due to constraints in factor markets. Data from the Agricultural Household Survey 2005 are used. A conceptual framework is developed on the basis of a household model where non-separability results from a “wedge” between purchase and sale prices due to transaction costs. The share of the output sold in the total value of output is regressed over a set of explanatory variables. A truncated...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Subsistence farming; Agricultural households; Separability; Market imperfections; Kosovo; Q12.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/36860
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Productivity and Subsidies in European Union Countries: An Analysis for Dairy Farms Using Input Distance Frontiers AgEcon
Latruffe, Laure; Bravo-Ureta, Boris E.; Moreira, Victor H.; Desjeux, Yann; Dupraz, Pierre.
The major objective of this paper is to examine the association between agricultural subsidies and farm efficiency using data from the European Farm Accountancy Data Network (FADN) for operations specializing on dairy. The analysis covers the 18 year period going from 1990 to 2007 and includes the following seven countries: Denmark; France; Germany; Ireland; Spain; the Netherlands; and the United Kingdom. Separate translog stochastic input distance frontiers are estimated for each country. The key results show high average technical efficiency (TE) ranging from 91.8% to 94.9%, average rates of technological change going from -0.6% to 1.4%, and increasing returns to scale (1.24 to 1.44) across all seven countries. In addition, higher subsidy and hired labor...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Subsidies; CAP; Technical efficiency; Technological progress; Returns to scale; Europe; Dairy production; Input distance frontiers; Livestock Production/Industries; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/114396
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Technical efficiency and environmental pressures of pig farms in Hungary AgEcon
Latruffe, Laure; Desjeux, Yann; Fogarasi, Jozsef; Bakucs, Lajos Zoltan; Ferto, Imre.
Pig farming is one of the strongest polluters of water resources due to its intensive production techniques and slurry rejection. Several European countries have already introduced environmental regulations aiming at reducing the pollution caused by nitrates from agricultural sources, but not yet Hungary. This paper investigates how Hungarian pig farms would be affected if such regulations are to be enforced. We calculate farm technical efficiency separately for two types of pig production systems – namely farrowing only and farrow-to-finish farms (FAFI farms) and finishing only farms (FI farms) – using 2001 data on pig activity and Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA). We then investigate whether environmental regulations would affect the farms’ technical...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Technical efficiency; DEA; Pig farms; Nitrate pollution; Hungary; Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Food Security and Poverty; Land Economics/Use; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/109385
Registros recuperados: 6
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