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Registros recuperados: 7
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Anchovy population expansion in the North Sea ArchiMer
Petitgas, Pierre; Alheit, Juergen; Peck, Myron A.; Raab, Kristina; Irigoien, Xabier; Huret, Martin; Van Der Kooij, Jeroen; Pohlmann, Thomas; Wagner, Carola; Zarraonaindia, Iratxe; Dickey-collas, Mark.
The abundance and spatial occupation of European anchovy Engraulis encrasicolus have increased in the North Sea since the mid-1990s. We use a cross-disciplinary approach combining genetics, transport modelling, survey time series analyses and physical oceanographic modelling to investigate 3 hypotheses on the reasons for this change. Evidence from connectivity studies suggests that the population of North Sea anchovy is separate from that in the Bay of Biscay. The recruitment pulses observed in survey data fit a life cycle which includes spawning in early summer and larval development in late summer. This also supports the concept of population expansion originating from local remnant population(s). In terms of growth physiology, suitable thermal windows...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Climate variability; Small pelagic fish; Regime shift; Temperature; Anchovy; North Sea.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00060/17140/14638.pdf
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Does Operational Oceanography Address the Needs of Fisheries and Applied Environmental Scientists? ArchiMer
Berx, Barbara; Dickey-collas, Mark; Skogen, Morten D.; De Roeck, Yann-herve; Klein, Holger; Barciela, Rosa; Forster, Rodney M.; Dombrowsky, Eric; Huret, Martin; Payne, Mark; Sagarminaga, Yolanda; Schrum, Corinna.
Although many oceanographic data products are now considered operational, continued dialogue between data producers and their user communities is still needed. The fisheries and environmental science communities have often been criticized for their lack of multidisciplinarity, and it is not clear whether recent developments in operational oceanographic products are addressing these needs. The International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES) Working Group on Operational Oceanographic products for Fisheries and Environment (WGOOFE) identified a potential mismatch between user requirements and the perception of requirements by the providers. Through a questionnaire (98 respondents), WGOOFE identified some of these issues. Although products of...
Tipo: Text
Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00032/14330/11616.pdf
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Hazard warning: model misuse ahead ArchiMer
Dickey-collas, Mark; Payne, Mark R.; Trenkel, Verena M.; Nash, Richard D. M..
The use of modelling approaches in marine science, and in particular fisheries science, is explored. We highlight that the choice of model used for an analysis should account for the question being posed or the context of the management problem. We examine a model-classification scheme based on Richard Levins' 1966 work suggesting that models can only achieve two of three desirable model attributes: realism, precision, and generality. Model creation, therefore, requires trading-off of one of these attributes in favour of the other two: however, this is often in conflict with the desires of end-users (i.e. mangers or policy developers). The combination of attributes leads to models that are considered to have empirical, mechanistic, or analytical...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Climate; Fisheries; GAM; Management; Prediction; Projection; Recruitment; Time-series analysis.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00222/33371/32179.pdf
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Identifying marine pelagic ecosystem management objectives and indicators ArchiMer
Trenkel, Verena; Hintzen, Niels T.; Farnsworth, Keith D.; Olesen, Christian; Reid, David; Rindorf, Anna; Shephard, Samuel; Dickey-collas, Mark.
International policy frameworks such as the Common Fisheries Policy and the European Marine Strategy Framework Directive define high-level strategic goals for marine ecosystems. Strategic goals are addressed via general and operational management objectives. To add credibility and legitimacy to the development of objectives, for this study stakeholders explored intermediate level ecological, economic and social management objectives for Northeast Atlantic pelagic ecosystems. Stakeholder workshops were undertaken with participants being free to identify objectives based on their own insights and needs. Overall 26 objectives were proposed, with 58% agreement in proposed objectives between two workshops. Based on published evidence for pressure-state links,...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ecosystem-based management; Marine pelagic community; Management objective; MSFD; CFP.
Ano: 2015 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00251/36214/34774.pdf
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Impacts of climate change on the complex life cycles of fish ArchiMer
Petitgas, Pierre; Rijnsdorp, Adriaan D.; Dickey-collas, Mark; Engelhard, Georg H.; Peck, Myron A.; Pinnegar, John; Drinkwater, Kenneth F.; Huret, Martin; Nash, Richard.
To anticipate the response of fish populations to climate change, we developed a framework that integrates requirements in all life stages to assess impacts across the entire life cycle. The framework was applied on plaice (Pleuronectes platessa) and Atlantic herring (Clupea harengus) in the North Sea, Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) in the Norwegian/Barents Seas and European anchovy (Engraulis encrasicolus) in the Bay of Biscay. In each case study, we reviewed habitats required by each life stage, habitat availability, and connectivity between habitats. We then explored how these could be altered by climate change. We documented environmental processes impacting habitat availability and connectivity, providing an integrated view at the population level and in...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Connectivity; Habitat; Eco-physiology; Anchovy; Herring; Plaice; Cod.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00118/22935/20798.pdf
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Pelagic habitat: exploring the concept of good environmental status ArchiMer
Dickey-collas, Mark; Mcquatters-gollop, Abigail; Bresnan, Eileen; Kraberg, Alexandra C.; Manderson, John P.; Nash, Richard D. M.; Otto, Saskia A.; Sell, Anne F.; Tweddle, Jacqueline F.; Trenkel, Verena.
Marine environmental legislation is increasingly expressing a need to consider the quality of pelagic habitats. This paper uses the European Union marine strategy framework to explore the concept of good environmental status (GES) of pelagic habitat with the aim to build a wider understanding of the issue. Pelagic ecosystems have static, persistent and ephemeral features, with manageable human activities primarily impacting the persistent features. The paper explores defining the meaning of "good", setting boundaries to assess pelagic habitat and the challenges of considering habitat biodiversity in a moving medium. It concludes that for pelagic habitats to be in GES and able to provide goods and services to humans, three conditions should be met: (i) all...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Marine strategy framework directive; MPA; Pelagic habitats; Plankton; Seascape.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00414/52596/53551.pdf
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Variation that can be expected when using particle tracking models in connectivity studies ArchiMer
Hufnagl, Marc; Payne, Mark; Lacroix, Genevieve; Bolle, Loes J.; Daewele, Ute; Dickey-collas, Mark; Gerkema, Theo; Huret, Martin; Janssen, Frank; Kreus, Markus; Paetsch, Johannes; Pohlmann, Thomas; Ruardij, Piet; Schrum, Corinna; Skogen, Morten D.; Tiessen, Meinard C. H.; Petitgas, Pierre; Van Beek, Jan K. L.; Van Der Veer, Henk W.; Callies, Ulrich.
Hydrodynamic Ocean Circulation Models and Lagrangian particle tracking models are valuable tools e.g. in coastal ecology to identify the connectivity between offshore spawning and coastal nursery areas of commercially important fish, for risk assessment and more for defining or evaluating marine protected areas. Most studies are based on only one model and do not provide levels of uncertainty. Here this uncertainty was addressed by applying a suite of 11 North Sea models to test what variability can be expected concerning connectivity. Different notional test cases were calculated related to three important and well-studied North Sea fish species: herring (Clupea harengus), and the flatfishes sole (Solea solea) and plaice (Pleuronectes platessa). For sole...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ocean circulation; Lagrangian approach; Variability; Marine protected areas; Renewable energy; Wind park; Model intercomparison; Ensemble.
Ano: 2017 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00385/49660/50198.pdf
Registros recuperados: 7
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