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A hemocyanin-derived antimicrobial peptide from the penaeid shrimp adopts an alpha-helical structure that specifically permeabilizes fungal membranes ArchiMer
Petit, Vanessa W.; Rolland, Jean-luc; Blond, Alain; Cazevieille, Chantal; Djediat, Chakib; Peduzzi, Jean; Goulard, Christophe; Bachere, Evelyne; Dupont, Joelle; Destoumieux-garzon, Delphine; Rebuffat, Sylvie.
Background. Hemocyanins are respiratory proteins with multiple functions. In diverse crustaceans hemocyanins can release histidine-rich antimicrobial peptides in response to microbial challenge. In penaeid shrimp, strictly antifungal peptides are released from the C-terminus of hemocyanins. Methods. The three-dimensional structure of the antifungal peptide PvHCt from Litopenaeus vannamei was determined by NMR. Its mechanism of action against the shrimp pathogen Fusarium oxysporum was investigated using immunochemistry, fluorescence and transmission electron microscopy. Results. PvHCt folded into an amphipathic α-helix in membrane-mimicking media and displayed a random conformation in aqueous environment. In contact with F. oxysporum, PvHCt bound...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Antimicrobial peptide; Amphipathic helix; Fungi; Membrane bilayer; Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR); Fluorescence microscopy.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00301/41202/40362.pdf
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Characterization of abalone Haliotis tuberculata-Vibrio harveyi interactions in gill primary cultures ArchiMer
Pichon, Delphine; Cudennec, Benoit; Huchette, Sylvain; Djediat, Chakib; Renault, Tristan; Paillard, Christine; Auzoux-bordenave, Stephanie.
The decline of European abalone Haliotis tuberculata populations has been associated with various pathogens including bacteria of the genus Vibrio. Following the summer mortality outbreaks reported in France between 1998 and 2000, Vibrio harveyi strains were isolated from moribund abalones, allowing in vivo and in vitro studies on the interactions between abalone H. tuberculata and V. harveyi. This work reports the development of primary cell cultures from abalone gill tissue, a target tissue for bacterial colonisation, and their use for in vitro study of host cell—V. harveyi interactions. Gill cells originated from four-day-old explant primary cultures were successfully sub-cultured in multi-well plates and maintained in vitro for up to 24 days....
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Haliotis tuberculata; Vibrio harveyi; Gill cell culture; Pathogenicity; Phenoloxidase; Phagocytosis.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00146/25683/23745.pdf
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