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Registros recuperados: 39
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A Regional Decomposition Analysis of CO2 Emissions and Their Evolutions in China AgEcon
Dong, Fengxia; Lu, Jing; Du, Xiaodong.
CHINA is currently the world largest emitter of energy-related carbon dioxide (CO2). Understanding the driving forces governing CO2 emission levels and their evolutions in China can provide useful information for policy makers who aim to reduce green house gas emissions. Because of policy and historical reasons, considerable regional growth and income disparities exist in China. The regional disparities may influence energy use and CO2 emissions. Therefore, this study is to investigate the driving forces governing CO2 emission levels and their evolutions at regional level in China.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Carbon dioxide emission; Decomposition analysis; Region; China; Environmental Economics and Policy; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61390
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Biofuels: Potential Production Capacity, Effects on Grain and Livestock Sectors, and Implications for Food Prices and Consumers AgEcon
Hayes, Dermot J.; Babcock, Bruce A.; Fabiosa, Jacinto F.; Tokgoz, Simla; Elobeid, Amani E.; Yu, Tun-Hsiang (Edward); Dong, Fengxia; Hart, Chad E.; Chavez, Eddie C.; Pan, Suwen; Carriquiry, Miguel A.; Dumortier, Jerome.
We examined four evolution paths of the biofuel sector using a partial equilibrium world agricultural sector model in CARD that includes the new RFS in the 2007 EISA, a two-way relationship between fossil energy and biofuel markets, and a new trend toward corn oil extraction in ethanol plants. At one extreme, one scenario eliminates all support to the biofuel sector when the energy price is low, while the other extreme assumes no distribution bottleneck in ethanol demand growth when the energy price is high. The third scenario considers a pure market force driving ethanol demand growth because of the high energy price, while the last is a policy-induced shock with removal of the biofuel tax credit when the energy price is high. Standard results hold where...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Biofuel; EISA; Ethanol; Tax credit; World agricultural sector model; Agribusiness; Consumer/Household Economics; Crop Production/Industries; Demand and Price Analysis; International Relations/Trade; Livestock Production/Industries; Political Economy; Production Economics; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; Q13; Q18; Q38.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/53093
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Biofuels: Potential Production Capacity, Effects on Grain and Livestock Sectors, and Implications for Food Prices and Consumers AgEcon
Hayes, Dermot J.; Babcock, Bruce A.; Fabiosa, Jacinto F.; Tokgoz, Simla; Elobeid, Amani E.; Yu, Tun-Hsiang (Edward); Dong, Fengxia; Hart, Chad E.; Chavez, Eddie C.; Pan, Suwen; Carriquiry, Miguel A.; Dumortier, Jerome.
We examine four scenarios for the evolution of the biofuel sector using a partial equilibrium model of the world agricultural sector. The model includes the new Renewable Fuels Standard in the 2007 energy act, the two-way relationship between fossil energy and biofuel markets, and a new trend toward corn oil extraction in ethanol plants. At one extreme, one scenario eliminates all support to the biofuel sector when the energy price is low, while the other extreme assumes no distribution bottleneck in ethanol demand growth when the energy price is high. Of the remaining two scenarios, one considers a pure market force driving ethanol demand growth because of the high energy price while the other is a policy-induced shock with removal of the biofuel tax...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Biofuels; EISA; Ethanol; Tax credit; World agricultural sector model.; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/48597
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Challenges for China's Agricultural Exports: Compliance with Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures AgEcon
Dong, Fengxia; Jensen, Helen H..
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; International Relations/Trade; Q13; Q18.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94456
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Changing Diets in China's Cities: Empirical Fact or Urban Legend? AgEcon
Fuller, Frank H.; Dong, Fengxia.
Replaced with revised version of paper 09/12/07.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: China; Demand models; Food consumption; Nonparametric analysis; Parametric tests; Structural change; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18382
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Contract and Exit Decisions in Finisher Hog Production AgEcon
Dong, Fengxia; Hennessy, David A.; Jensen, Helen H..
Finisher hog production in North America has seen a shift toward larger production units and contract-organized production since circa 1990. Given the efficiency gains and conversion costs associated with contract production, growers may have to choose between long term commitment through investments and atrophy with intent to exit in the intermediate term. A model is developed to show that growers with any of three efficiency attributes (lower innate hazard of exit, variable costs, or fixed contract adoption costs) are not only more likely to contract but will also produce more and expend more on lowering business survival risks. Using the 2004 U.S. Agricultural Resource Management Survey for hogs, a recursive bivariate probit model is estimated in which...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural industrialization; Hog production; Occupation choice; Production contracts; Recursive bivariate probit; Relationship-specific investments; Sector dynamics.; Agricultural and Food Policy; Demand and Price Analysis; Production Economics; D23; Q12; J26; J43..
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/49343
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Contract and Exit Decisions in Finisher Hog Production AgEcon
Dong, Fengxia; Hennessy, David A.; Jensen, Helen H..
Finisher hog production in North America has seen a shift toward larger production units and contract-organized production since around 1990. Given the efficiency gains and conversion costs associated with contract production, growers may have to choose between long-term commitment through investments and atrophy with intent to exit in the intermediate term. A model is developed to show that growers with any of three efficiency attributes (lower innate hazard of exit, variable costs, or fixed contract adoption costs) are not only more likely to contract but will also produce more and expend more on lowering business survival risks. Using the 2004 U.S. Agricultural Resource Management Survey for hogs, a recursive bivariate probit model is estimated in which...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural industrialization; Hog production; Occupation choice; Production contracts; Recursive bivariate probit; Relationship-specific investments; Sector dynamics..
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37331
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Effects of Credit Constraint on Productivity and Rural Household Income in China AgEcon
Dong, Fengxia; Lu, Jing; Featherstone, Allen M..
Chinese rural household has been always facing credit constraints. Few institutions lend loans to farmers because of financial risks. Farmers have to use usury or other informal sources to meet the financial needs for production. This credit constraint has been forcing farmers to deviate from optimal resource allocation and production arrangement. Consequently, it affects farmers’ income growth. Therefore, the objective of this study is to examine how credit constraint affects agricultural productivity and rural household income and discuss some consequent policy implications.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Rural credit constraint; Productivity; Household income; China; Agricultural Finance; International Development.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61402
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Effects of Credit Constraints on Productivity and Rural Household Income in China AgEcon
Dong, Fengxia; Lu, Jing; Featherstone, Allen M..
Agricultural production is strongly conditioned by the fact that inputs are transformed into outputs with considerable time lags, causing the rural household to balance its budget during the season when there are high expenditures for input purchases and consumption and few revenues. With limited access to credit, the budget balance within the year can become a constraint to agricultural production. As is the case in many developing countries, Chinese rural households have been suffering from a lack of access to capital. While China is one of the biggest countries in terms of rural areas and agricultural production, few studies have focused on the impact of credit on agriculture in China. Using survey data, this study aims to examine how credit constraints...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Credit constraint; Household income; Productivity; Rural China.; Agricultural Finance; Community/Rural/Urban Development; International Development; Productivity Analysis; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/95764
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Effects of Food Safety Information on Meat Demand: A Comparison of the United States and Canada AgEcon
Dong, Fengxia; Jensen, Helen H..
In addition to the traditional economic factors such as income level and prices, food safety has a potentially significant impact on consumers'’ meat preferences. Therefore, understanding the consumers'’ responses to food safety information is important to policy analysts and the meat industry. As the U.S. and Canada have both experienced cases of BSE, it is useful to compare U.S. and Canadian consumer responses to food safety events to better understand factors that influence consumer response. The objective of this study is to compare both own- and cross-commodity impacts of publicized food safety information on U.S. and Canadian meat demand by setting up individual food safety indices for each meat product including beef, pork, and poultry using...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21105
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Emerging Biofuels: Outlook of Effects on U.S. Grain, Oilseed, and Livestock Markets AgEcon
Tokgoz, Simla; Elobeid, Amani E.; Fabiosa, Jacinto F.; Hayes, Dermot J.; Babcock, Bruce A.; Yu, Tun-Hsiang (Edward); Dong, Fengxia; Hart, Chad E.; Beghin, John C..
Replaced with revised version of paper 06/04/08.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Biofuels; Corn acreage; Crop prices; Ethanol production; Food prices; Crop Production/Industries; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10009
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FAPRI 2004 U.S. and World Agricultural Outlook AgEcon
Beghin, John C.; Dong, Fengxia; Elobeid, Amani E.; Fabiosa, Jacinto F.; Fuller, Frank H.; Hart, Chad E.; Kovacik, Karen; Matthey, Holger; Saak, Alexander E.; Tokgoz, Simla; Chavez, Eddie C.; Wailes, Eric J.; Womack, Abner W.; Meyers, William H.; Binfield, Julian C.R.; Brown, D. Scott; Kruse, John R.; Madison, Daniel; Meyer, Seth D.; Westhoff, Patrick C..
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Crop Production/Industries; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/32046
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FAPRI 2005 U.S. and World Agricultural Outlook AgEcon
Beghin, John C.; Dong, Fengxia; Elobeid, Amani E.; Fabiosa, Jacinto F.; Fuller, Frank H.; Hart, Chad E.; Kovarik, Karen; Matthey, Holger; Saak, Alexander E.; Tokgoz, Simla; Wailes, Eric J.; Womack, Abner W.; Meyers, William H.; Binfield, Julian C.R.; Brown, D. Scott; Kruse, John R.; Madison, Daniel; Meyer, Seth D.; Westhoff, Patrick C.; Wilcox, Lori.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Crop Production/Industries; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/32048
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FAPRI 2006 U.S. and World Agricultural Outlook AgEcon
Beghin, John C.; Dong, Fengxia; Elobeid, Amani E.; Fabiosa, Jacinto F.; Fuller, Frank H.; Hart, Chad E.; Kovarik, Karen; Tokgoz, Simla; Yu, Tun-Hsiang (Edward); Wailes, Eric J.; Chavez, Eddie C.; Womack, Abner W.; Meyers, William H.; Binfield, Julian C.R.; Brown, D. Scott; Kruse, John R.; Madison, Daniel; Meyer, Seth D.; Westhoff, Patrick C.; Wilcox, Lori.
The FAPRI 2006 U.S. and World Agricultural Outlook presents projections of world agricultural production, consumption, and trade under average weather patterns, existing farm policy, and policy commitments under current trade agreements and custom unions. Despite continued high energy prices, world economic growth is expected to remain strong in the coming decade, above 3% per annum. Other major drivers of the 2006 baseline include new bio-energy policies in several large countries, EU sugar policy reform, sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) shocks in livestock and poultry markets, and movements in the exchange rate.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Crop Production/Industries; International Relations/Trade; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7319
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FAPRI 2007 U.S. and World Agricultural Outlook AgEcon
Beghin, John C.; Dong, Fengxia; Elobeid, Amani E.; Fabiosa, Jacinto F.; Fuller, Frank H.; Hart, Chad E.; Kovarik, Karen; Tokgoz, Simla; Yu, Tun-Hsiang (Edward); Wailes, Eric J.; Chavez, Eddie C.; Womack, Abner W.; Meyers, William H.; Binfield, Julian C.R.; Brown, D. Scott; Kruse, John R.; Madison, Daniel; Meyer, Seth D.; Westhoff, Patrick C.; Wilcox, Lori.
The FAPRI 2007 U.S. and World Agricultural Outlook presents projections of world agricultural production, consumption, and trade under average weather patterns, existing farm policy, and policy commitments under current trade agreements and custom unions. The outlook uses a macroeconomic forecast developed by Global Insight.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Crop Production/Industries; International Relations/Trade; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7296
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Farmer Participation, the Dairy Industry, and the Rise of Dairy Production in China AgEcon
Huang, Jikun; Wu, Yunhua; Yang, Zhijian; Rozelle, Scott; Fabiosa, Jacinto F.; Dong, Fengxia.
With rapid income growth, dairy production and consumption in China have increased significantly. This emergence of the dairy sector will provide opportunities for farmers to participate in a high-value, potentially more lucrative enterprise. The overall goal of this paper is to analyze the major determinants of farmers’ participation in dairy production. Our main question is whether or not the pace of the emergence of the dairy processing industry has affected the ability of farmers to participate in dairy production and whether or not it has limited the expansion of their herd size. Based on household, village and processor surveys conducted in the Greater Beijing region, our analysis shows that the location of dairy processing firms is one of the key...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: China; Dairy processing; Dairy production..
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42741
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Food Security and Biofuels Development: The Case of China AgEcon
Dong, Fengxia.
Biofuels production is expanding rapidly all over the world, driven by rising crude oil prices, the desire of countries to be energy independent, and concerns about climate change. As developed countries, especially the United States, are expanding biofuels production, developing countries are expanding their biofuels industries as well, to power their growing economies. However, developing countries must address the food security issue when they develop biofuels. As China is a developing country with rapid economic growth, population growth, significant demand for fuels, and food security concerns, it serves as a good example for studying the opportunities and challenges faced by developing countries under current conditions. This study analyzes the...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Biofuels; Food security; China; Food Security and Poverty; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7699
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Impact of the South Korea-U.S. Free Trade Agreement on the U.S. Livestock Sector AgEcon
Fabiosa, Jacinto F.; Hayes, Dermot J.; Dong, Fengxia.
The recently signed Korea-U.S. Free Trade Agreement (KORUS FTA) grants the U.S. livestock industry with preferential access to South Korea's import market. This study evaluates the likely impacts of the KORUS FTA on the U.S. livestock sector. Using the Food and Agricultural Policy Research Institute's modeling system, we find that livestock prices increase by 0.5% to 3.8% under the agreement. And together with an expansion by 381 to 883 million pounds in meat exports, the value of U.S. exports increase by close to U.S.$2 billion, or a 15.2% increase. Because of differential baseline starting market shares and differential rates and staging specifications, the beef sector results are primarily driven by trade diversion impacts, while a combination of...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Dairy; Free trade agreement; Livestock; Poultry; Trade creation and diversion.; International Relations/Trade; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7701
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IMPERFECT SUBSTITUTES, DEFERRED PRODUCER PAYMENT SYSTEM, AND STATE TRADING ENTERPRISES: AN EMPIRICAL TEST OF LEADERSHIP IN THE GLOBAL MALTING BARLEY MARKETS AgEcon
Dong, Fengxia; Marsh, Thomas L.; Stiegert, Kyle W..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: State Trading Enterprises; Imperfect substitute; Market leadership; Marketing.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/36625
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Land Allocation Effects of the Global Ethanol Surge: Predictions from the International FAPRI Model AgEcon
Fabiosa, Jacinto F.; Beghin, John C.; Dong, Fengxia; Elobeid, Amani E.; Tokgoz, Simla; Yu, Tun-Hsiang (Edward).
We quantify the emergence of biofuel markets and its impact on U.S. and world agriculture for the coming decade using the multi-market, multi-commodity international FAPRI (Food and Agricultural Policy Research Institute) model. The model incorporates the trade-offs between biofuel, feed, and food production and consumption and international feedback effects of the emergence through world commodity prices and trade. We examine land allocation by type of crop, and pasture use for countries growing feedstock for ethanol (corn, sorghum, wheat, sugarcane, and other grains) and major crops competing with feedstock for land resources such as oilseeds. We shock the model with exogenous changes in ethanol demand, first in the United States, then in Brazil, China,...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Acreage; Area; Biofuel; Corn; Crops; Ethanol; FAPRI model; Feedstock; Land; Sugar; Sugarcane.; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/48598
Registros recuperados: 39
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