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A Statistical Algorithm for Estimating Chlorophyll Concentration in the New Caledonian Lagoon ArchiMer
Wattelez, Guillaume; Dupouy, Cecile; Mangeas, Morgan; Lefevre, Jerome; Touraivane,; Frouin, Robert.
Spatial and temporal dynamics of phytoplankton biomass and water turbidity can provide crucial information about the function, health and vulnerability of lagoon ecosystems (coral reefs, sea grasses, etc.). A statistical algorithm is proposed to estimate chlorophyll-a concentration ([chl-a]) in optically complex waters of the New Caledonian lagoon from MODIS-derived remote-sensing reflectance (R-rs). The algorithm is developed via supervised learning on match-ups gathered from 2002 to 2010. The best performance is obtained by combining two models, selected according to the ratio of R-rs in spectral bands centered on 488 and 555 nm: a log-linear model for low [chl-a] (AFLC) and a support vector machine (SVM) model or a classic model (OC3) for high [chl-a]....
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Chlorophyll-a concentration; MODerate resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS); Ocean color; Remote sensing; Statistical algorithm; Oligotrophic waters; New Caledonia; Coral lagoon.
Ano: 2016 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00481/59309/62060.pdf
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Bio-Optical Characterization and Ocean Colour Inversion in the Eastern Lagoon of New Caledonia, South Tropical Pacific ArchiMer
Favareto, Luciane Rafaele; Rudorff, Natalia; Kampel, Milton; Frouin, Robert; Roettgers, Ruediger; Doxaran, David; Murakami, Hiroshi; Dupouy, Cecile.
The Eastern Lagoon of New Caledonia (ELNC) is a semi-enclosed system surrounded by an extensive coral reef barrier. The system has been suffering impacts from climate variability and anthropogenic activities, including mining exploitation. Satellite monitoring is thus an essential tool to detect such changes. The present study aimed to assess the bio-optical variability of the ELNC and examine the applicability of ocean colour algorithms, using in situ bio-optical and radiometric data, collected during the March 2014 CALIOPE 2 cruise. The chlorophyll a concentration (Chla) varied from 0.13-0.72 mg.m(-3), and the coastal stations were spectrally dominated by non-algal particles (NAP) and coloured dissolved organic matter (CDOM) (>80% of the total...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Marine remote sensing reflectance; Bio-optical properties; Ocean colour algorithms; Eastern lagoon of New Caledonia; Southwest Tropical Pacific Ocean.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00481/59306/62063.pdf
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Phytoplankton dynamics in the southern New Caledonian lagoon during a southeast trade winds event ArchiMer
Neveux, Jacques; Lefebvre, Jean-pierre; Le Gendre, Romain; Dupouy, Cecile; Gallois, Francis; Courties, Claude; Gerard, Philippe; Fernandez, Jean-michel; Ouillon, Sylvain.
During the Echolag cruise (13 February-8 March 2007), the effect of 16-30 knot trade winds on abundance, community structure and dynamics of phytoplankton was investigated in the southern part of the New Caledonian coral reefs and surrounding oceanic waters. In this area, the coral reefs form two horn-like structures (hereinafter referred to as 'horn reefs'), oriented south-east, and separated by a relatively deep valley. Three repeated samplings at one week intervals of a 32 station array showed that trade winds induce surface water cooling and significant enrichment of mid- and bottom waters above the reef shelf. This enrichment appeared as the result of a general rise of the oceanic thermocline and nitracline due to the combination of trade winds and...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Chlorophyll; Phycoerythrin; Flow cytometry; Phytoplankton; In vivo fluorescence; Growth rate; Trade winds; Lagoon; Internal wave; New Caledonia.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00013/12437/9258.pdf
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