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Coherent assessments of Europe's marine fishes show regional divergence and megafauna loss ArchiMer
Fernandes, Paul G.; Ralph, Gina M.; Nieto, Ana; Criado, Mariana Garcia; Vasilakopoulos, Paraskevas; Maravelias, Christos D.; Cook, Robin M.; Pollom, Riley A.; Kovacic, Marcelo; Pollard, David; Farrell, Edward D.; Florin, Ann-britt; Polidoro, Beth A.; Lawson, Julia M.; Lorance, Pascal; Uiblein, Franz; Craig, Matthew; Allen, David J.; Fowler, Sarah L.; Walls, Rachel H. L.; Comeros-raynal, Mia T.; Harvey, Michael S.; Dureuil, Manuel; Biscoito, Manuel; Pollock, Caroline; Phillips, Sophy R. Mccully; Ellis, Jim R.; Papaconstantinou, Constantinos; Soldo, Alen; Keskin, Cetin; Knudsen, Steen Wilhelm; Gil De Sola, Luis; Serena, Fabrizio; Collette, Bruce B.; Nedreaas, Kjell; Stump, Emilie; Russell, Barry C.; Garcia, Silvia; Afonso, Pedro; Jung, Armelle B. J.; Alvarez, Helena; Delgado, Joao; Dulvy, Nicholas K.; Carpenter, Kent E..
Europe has a long tradition of exploiting marine fishes and is promoting marine economic activity through its Blue Growth strategy. This increase in anthropogenic pressure, along with climate change, threatens the biodiversity of fishes and food security. Here, we examine the conservation status of 1,020 species of European marine fishes and identify factors that contribute to their extinction risk. Large fish species (greater than 1.5 m total length) are most at risk; half of these are threatened with extinction, predominantly sharks, rays and sturgeons. This analysis was based on the latest International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) European regional Red List of marine fishes, which was coherent with assessments of the status of fish stocks...
Tipo: Text
Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00416/52739/53608.pdf
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Concentrations of mercury and other trace elements in two offshore skates: sandy ray Leucoraja circularis and shagreen ray L. fullonica ArchiMer
Nicolaus, E. E. Manuel; Barry, Jon; Bolam, Thi P. C.; Lorance, Pascal; Marandel, Florianne; Phillips, Sophy R. Mccully; Neville, Suzanna; Ellis, Jim R..
Trace metal concentrations in muscle and liver tissues from two offshore species of skate were examined. Concentrations of mercury in muscle of Leucoraja circularis (n = 20; 23–110.5 cm total length, 157–490 m water depth) and L. fullonica (n = 24; 28.5–100 cm total length, 130–426 m water depth) were 0.02–1.8 and 0.04–0.61 mg kg− 1, respectively. Concentrations of both As and Hg increased with total length. Only the largest specimen had a concentration of Hg in muscle > 1.0 mg kg− 1. Data were limited for specimens > 90 cm long, and further studies on contaminants in larger-bodied skates could usefully be undertaken.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Trace metals; Sandy ray; Shagreen ray; Bay of Biscay; Celtic Sea.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00397/50829/51592.pdf
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Technical mitigation measures for sharks and rays in fisheries for tuna and tuna-like species: turning possibility into reality ArchiMer
Poisson, Francois; Abascal Crespo, Francisco; Ellis, Jim R.; Chavance, Pierre; Pascal, Bach; Santos, Miguel. N.; Seret, Bernard; Korta, Maria; Coelho, Rui; Ariz, Javier; Murua, Hilario.
Tuna fisheries have been identified as one of the major threats to populations of other marine vertebrates, including sea turtles, sharks, seabirds and marine mammals. The development of technical mitigation measures (MM) in fisheries is part of the code of conduct for responsible fisheries. An in-depth analysis of the available literature regarding bycatch mitigation in tuna fisheries with special reference to elasmobranchs was undertaken. Studies highlighting promising MMs were reviewed for four tuna fisheries (longline, purse seine, driftnets and gillnet, and rod and line – including recreational fisheries). The advantages and disadvantages of different MMs are discussed and assessed based on current scientific knowledge. Current management measures for...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Mitigation; Elasmobranch; Bycatch; Pelagic; Mortality; Tuna regional fishery management organizations.
Ano: 2016 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00364/47474/47493.pdf
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