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Registros recuperados: 8
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Caractérisation de bactéries pathogènes, Vibrio splendidus, isolées de bivalves marins ArchiMer
Gay, Melanie; Waechter, Magali; Lambert, Christophe; Escoubas, Jean-michel; Cochennec, Nathalie; Nicolas, Jean-louis; Berthe, Franck; Le Roux, Frédérique.
Nowadays, cupped oyster, Crassostrea gigas, production is the main shellfish production in France. Spats cultivated on most farms are usually collected in the wild, but hatchery spats are becoming more numerous, and represent around 10% of today's cultivated spats. During the summer period, when the temperatures are higher, high mortality rates have been regularly observed in cupped in oyster C. gigas (60 to 100%) spats since 1991, both in hatcheries-nurseries and in their natural habitat. Over the last five years, these episodes have become a big concern for all the professionals.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Crassostrea gigas; Pathogène; Vibrio splendidus; Bactériologie.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2001/acte-3277.pdf
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Cecropins as a marker of Spodoptera frugiperda immunosuppression during entomopathogenic bacterial challenge ArchiMer
Duvic, B.; Jouan, V.; Essa, N.; Girard, P-a; Pages, S.; Khattar, Z. Abi; Volkoff, N-a; Givaudan, A.; Destoumieux-garzon, Delphine; Escoubas, Jean-michel.
An antimicrobial peptide (AMP) of the cecropin family was isolated by HPLC from plasma of the insect pest, Spodoptera frugiperda. Its molecular mass is 3910.9 Da as determined by mass spectrometry. Thanks to the EST database Spodobase, we were able to describe 13 cDNAs encoding six different cecropins which belong to the sub-families CecA, CecB, CecC and CecD. The purified peptide identified as CecB1 was chemically synthesized (syCecB1). It was shown to be active against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria as well as fungi. Two closely related entomopathogenic bacteria, Xenorhabdus nematophila F1 and Xenorhabdus mauleonii VC01(T) showed different susceptibility to syCecB1. Indeed, X. nematophila was sensitive to syCecB1 whereas X. mauleonii had a...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Humoral immunity; Innate immunity; Immunosuppression; Lepidopteran; Invertebrate.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00086/19728/17485.pdf
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Cg-TIMP, un inhibiteur de metalloproteinase isolé chez Crassostrea gigas : étude de son rôle dans la réparation des lésions et dans les mécanismes de défense ArchiMer
Escoubas, Jean-michel; Montagnani, Caroline; Le Roux, Frédérique; De Lorgeril, Julien; Berthe, Franck; Bachere, Evelyne.
We isolated complementary DNA (Cg-TIMP) from Crassostrea gigas that codes for a protein highly homologous to vertebrate tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs). In vertebrates, TIMPs are multifunctional proteins that play a key role in extracellular matrix metabolism. They are involved in physiological processes (e.g. embryonic development, damage repair, angiogenesis) and pathological processes (e.g. inflammatory reactions, cancer).
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Proteine; Cg TIMP; ADN; Crassostrea gigas.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2001/acte-3268.pdf
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Characterization of a defensin from the oyster Crassostrea gigas - Recombinant production, folding, solution structure, antimicrobial activities, and gene expression ArchiMer
Gueguen, Yannick; Herpin, Amaury; Aumelas, André; Garnier, Julien; Fievet, Julie; Escoubas, Jean-michel; Bulet, Philippe; Gonzalez, Marcelo; Lelong, Christophe; Favrel, Pascal; Bachere, Evelyne.
In invertebrates, defensins were found in arthropods and in the mussels. Here, we report for the first time the identification and characterization of a defensin (Cg-Def) from an oyster. Cg-def mRNA was isolated from Crassostrea gigas mantle using an expressed sequence tag approach. To gain insight into potential roles of Cg-Def in oyster immunity, we produced the recombinant peptide in Escherichia coli, characterized its antimicrobial activities, determined its solution structure by NMR spectroscopy, and quantified its gene expression in vivo following bacterial challenge of oysters. Recombinant Cg-Def was active in vitro against Gram-positive bacteria but showed no or limited activities against Gram-negative bacteria and fungi. The activity of Cg-Def was...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Crassostrea gigas; Genomic library; Microbiology; Defensin; Oyster.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/publication-2127.pdf
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Crassostrea gigas ferritin: cDNA sequence analysis for two heavy chain type subunits and protein purification ArchiMer
Durand, Jean-pierre; Goudard, Françoise; Pieri, Jacques; Escoubas, Jean-michel; Schreiber, Nathalie; Cadoret, Jean-paul.
Ferritin has been shown as being the principal iron storage in the majority of living organisms. In marine species, ferritin is also involved in high-level accumulation of Po-210. As part of our work on the investigation of these radionuclides' concentration in natural environment, ferritin was searched at the gene and protein level. Ferritin was purified from the visceral mass of the oyster Crassostrea gigas by ion-exchange chromatography and HPLC. SDS-PAGE revealed one band of 20 kDa. An Expressed Sequence Tag (EST) library was screened and led to the identification of two complementary DNA (cDNA) involved in ferritin subunit expression. The complete coding sequences and the untranslated regions (UTRs) of the two genes were obtained and a 5' Rapid...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Iron; IRE; EST; Oyster.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2004/publication-693.pdf
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Evidence of a bactericidal permeability increasing protein in an invertebrate, the Crassostrea gigas Cg-BPI ArchiMer
Gonzalez, Marcelo; Gueguen, Yannick; Destoumieux Garzon, Delphine; Romestand, Bernard; Fievet, Julie; Pugniere, M; Roquet, F; Escoubas, Jean-michel; Vandenbulcke, F; Levy, O; Saune, Laure; Bulet, P; Bachere, Evelyne.
A cDNA sequence with homologies to members of the LPS-binding protein and bactericidal/permeability-increasing protein (BPI) family was identified in the oyster Crassostrea gigas. The recombinant protein was found to bind LIPS, to display bactericidal activity against Escherichia coli, and to increase the permeability of the bacterial cytoplasmic membrane. This indicated that it is a BPI rather than an LPS-binding protein. By in situ hybridization, the expression of the C gigas BPI (Cg-bpi) was found to be induced in hemocytes after oyster bacterial challenge and to be constitutive in various epithelia of unchallenged oysters. Thus, Cg-bpi transcripts were detected in the epithelial cells of tissues/organs in contact with the external environment (mantle,...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Oyster innate immunity; Mollusk; Hemocyte; Epithelia; Antimicrobial.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2007/publication-3564.pdf
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First evidence of the activation of Cg-timp, an immune response component of pacific oysters, through a damage-associated molecular pattern pathway ArchiMer
Montagnani, Caroline; Avarre, Jean-christophe; De Lorgeril, Julien; Quiquand, M; Boulo, Viviane; Escoubas, Jean-michel.
In a previous work, we characterized a Crassostrea gigas cPNA (Cg-timp) encoding a protein which presents all the features of vertebrate tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase (TIMP). The expression pattern of this gene led us to propose that Cg-timp is an important factor in oyster wound heating and defense mechanisms. Here we describe the analysis of Cg-timp expression in oysters challenged by live or dead bacteria as well as by bacterial secretory/excretory products and metalloproteinase. Surprisingly, bacterial secretory/excretory products activate Cg-timp gene expression whereas heat-inactivated ones do not. To address the question of the signal transduction pathway involved in Cg-timp gene activation, we isolated and sequenced Cg-timp promoter and...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Damage associated molecular pattern; Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase; Metalloproteinase; Mollusk immunity; Crassostrea gigas; Oyster.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2007/publication-2094.pdf
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Nutrition and reproduction are key parameters in the interaction process leading to Crassostrea gigas oyster summer mortality in France ArchiMer
Samain, Jean-francois; Degremont, Lionel; Soletchnik, Patrick; Ropert, Michel; Bedier, Edouard; Mazurie, Joseph; Mazurie, Joseph; Martin, Jean-louis; Moal, Jeanne; Mathieu, Michel; Pouvreau, Stephane; Lambert, Christophe; Escoubas, Jean-michel; Nicolas, Jean-louis; Le Roux, Frédérique; Renault, Tristan; Burgeot, Thierry; Bacher, Cedric; Boudry, Pierre.
Complex interactions between oyster, environment and pathogens were observed during the MOREST (2001-2005) project on summer mortality events of Crassostrea gigas oysters in France. The talk will show how nutrition level increasing reproductive intensity generates a risk for pathogen infection under synergistic effect of temperature and stress. Moreover, a genetic component is associated to specific reproductive performances and spawning behaviour. To better understand origin of such resistance or susceptibility to summer mortality, other characteristics as stress susceptibility, energy management and hemocyte activities of oysters from the two phenotypes were compared. This first comparison suggests interactions between stress, reproduction and defence...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Genetic; Pathologie; Mortality; Crassostrea gigas; Pacific oyster; Reproduction; Nutrition; Physilogy.
Ano: 2006 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/acte-3467.pdf
Registros recuperados: 8
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