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Registros recuperados: 7
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Assessment of the Socio-Economic Impact of Late Blight and State of the Art of Management in European Organic Potato Production Systems Organic Eprints
Tamm, L.; Smit, A.B.; Hospers, M.; Janssens, S.R.M.; Buurma, J.S.; Molgaard, J.-P.; Laerke, P.E.; Hansen, H.H.; Hermans, A.; Boedker, L.; Bertrand, C.; Lambion, J.; Finckh, M.R.; Schüler, Chr.; Lammerts van Bueren, E.; Ruissen, T.; Nielsen, B.J.; Solberg, S.; Speiser, B.; Wolfe, M.S.; Phillips, S.; Wilcoxon, S.J.; Leifert, C..
In Europe, late blight, caused by Phytophthora infestans, is the most devastating disease affecting organic (and conventional) potato production. Under suitable environmental conditions the disease can spread rapidly and it can cause complete crop loss. The extent of damage due to late blight depends on several factors: in organic production systems these factors include climate, choice of variety, soil management and use of crop protection agents such as copper. Therefore, the extent of economic damage varies between European regions. Council Regulation (EEC) No 2092/91, amended by Commission Regulation (EC) No 473/2002 of 15 March 2002 regulates the use of copper in organic agriculture. Copper has been the single most important control agent in...
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Crop health; Quality; Protection Root crops.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://orgprints.org/2936/1/tamm%2Det%2Dal%2D2004%2Dblight%2Dmop%2Doe.pdf
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Assessment of the Socio-Economic Impact of Late Blight and State-of-the-Art Management in European Organic Potato Production Systems Organic Eprints
Tamm, L.; Smit, A. B.; Hospers, M.; Janssens, S.R.M.; Buurma, J.S.; Molgaard, J.-P.; Laerke, P.E.; Hansen, H. H.; Hermans, A.; Bodker, L.; Bertand, C.; Lambion, J.; Finckh, M.R.; Schüler, Chr.; Lammerts van Bueren, E.; Ruissen, T.; Nielsen, B. J.; Solberg, S.; Speiser, B.; Wolfe, M. S.; Phillips, S.; Wilcoxon, S. J.; Leifert, C..
In Europe, late blight, caused by Phytophthora infestans, is the most devastating disease affecting organic (and conventional) potato production. Under suitable environmental conditions the disease can spread rapidly and it can cause complete crop loss. The extent of damage due to late blight depends on several factors: in organic production systems these factors include climate, choice of variety, soil management and use of crop protection agents such as copper. Therefore, the extent of economic damage varies between European regions. This report presents the results of a detailed survey that has been conducted in 7 European countries in the year 2001: (i) statistics on yields, farm gate prices, and production techniques, (ii) an analysis offarmer...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Farm economics; Root crops.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://orgprints.org/25358/1/1340-late-blight.pdf
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COBRA: a new European research project for organic plant breeding Organic Eprints
Pedersen, T.M.; Döring, T.F.; Baresel, P.; Borgen, A.; Finckh, M.R.; Howlett, S.A.; Ortolani, L.; Pearce, B.D.; Wolfe, M.S..
Development of organic plant breeding and seed production will have a valuable impact on organic plant production. Breeding of plant material adapted for organic agriculture is crucial in order to cope with stresses such as climate change, weeds and seed borne diseases. Conventional varieties may not meet the specific needs of organic agriculture. The use of plant material adapted to conditions of organic agriculture will have a positive effect on the productivity and sustainability of organic crop production.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Breeding; Genetics and propagation.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://orgprints.org/24581/1/24581.pdf
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Ertragsstabilität und Qualität von Weizensortenmischungen im Ökologischen Anbau Organic Eprints
Finckh, M.R.; Butz, A.; Lützkendorf, K.; Greiner, E.; Schulze-Schilddorf, G..
Disease development, yield and baking quality were assessed on the winter wheat cultivars Arina and Capo and their 1:1 mixture in a total of 12 sites on-farm in 2002/2003. Due to a severe drought disease severities were very low and probably had little effect on the plants. The more drought tolerant variety Capo over-yielded in mixtures on average by 21% while Arina yielded in mixtures as expected. Protein and gluten contents and baking volume in pure stands of Arina were usually higher than for Capo. Both varieties changed their quality parameters in mixtures. However, the parameters of the mixtures were not equal to the mean of the pure stands indicating some unknown interactions. The quality parameters of each variety or mixture were compared to the...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Crop health; Quality; Protection Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://orgprints.org/3656/1/3656.pdf
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Optimising Subsidiary Crop Applications in Rotations (OSCAR): A Perspective for the North Africa Region Organic Eprints
Udupa, S.M.; Elhaddoury, J.; Krimi Bencheqroun, S.; Thami-Alami, I.; Henkrar, F.; Baresel, J.P.; Finckh, M.R..
Background: For sustainable improvement of wheat-based farming systems in the North Africa, there is a need to improve plant health, soil health and fertility. One approach to achieve this is by integrating subsidiary crops (SC) as living or dead mulches or cover crops with the main crops in rotations, which will increase plant species and microbial diversity and reducing water demand in dry climates. Methods: A collaborative research project funded by EU FP 7 (Project No. 289277) was initiated in April 2012, in partnership with European Union (public research organizations and private sector small and medium enterprises of Germany, Norway, Sweden, Denmark, the Netherland, UK, Poland, Switzerland and Italy), Brazil and Morocco (INRA-Morocco and ICARDA),...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Soil; Farm nutrient management.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://orgprints.org/29915/1/31%20Poster%20Abstract.pdf
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Resistenzeigenschaften von Freilandtomaten gegen Phytophthora infestans Organic Eprints
Finckh, M.R.; Butz, A.; Haase, R.; Hartmann, M.; Ngwe, C..
Results of first laboratory tests indicated large differences in partial and race-specific resistance among ten tomato varieties. Field tests confirm the general pattern observed in the laboratory. This should allow for the selection of good parents for the combination of complementary resistance traits.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Crop health; Quality; Protection Breeding; Genetics and propagation Vegetables.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://orgprints.org/3702/1/3702.pdf
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Time for a shift in crop production: embracing complexity through diversity at all levels Organic Eprints
Østergård, H.; Finckh, M.R.; Fontaine, L.; Goldringer, I.; Hoad, S.P.; Kristensen, K.; Lammerts van Bueren, E.T.; Mascher, F.; Munk, L.; Wolfe, M.S..
A radical shift in our approach to crop production is needed to ensure food security and to address the problems of soil degradation, loss of biodiversity, polluted and restricted water supplies, coupled with a future of fossil fuel limitations and increasingly variable climatic conditions. An interdisciplinary network of European scientists put forward visions for future crop production embracing the complexity of our socio-ecological system by applying the principle of diversity at all levels from soil micro-organisms to plant varieties and cropping systems. This approach, integrated with careful deployment of our finite global resources and implementation of appropriate sustainable technology, appears to be the only way to ensure the scale of system...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Production systems Soil quality Systems research and participatory research Recycling; Balancing and resource management Breeding; Genetics and propagation Regulation.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://orgprints.org/21749/1/21749.pdf
Registros recuperados: 7
Primeira ... 1 ... Última
 

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