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Registros recuperados: 6
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A critique of methodologies for the comparison of organic and conventional farming systems Organic Eprints
Lee, Howard; Fowler, Susan.
This paper was presented at the UK Organic Research 2002 Conference of the Colloquium of Organic Researchers (COR). A review is presented of comparative studies of organic and conventional farming systems, with a special focus upon economic criteria. The different categories of comparison methodologies are critically reviewed. Conclusions are that classic experimentation has a valuable part to play but that more qualitative assessment can also be useful and should be encouraged. Careful allowance should be made for major background differences in management when comparing financial profitability. Longer term case studies, which try to monitor organic systems in their own right, should also be encouraged.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Research methodology and philosophy; Farming Systems; Farm economics.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://orgprints.org/8234/1/lee_fowler_system_comparison_methodologies.pdf
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Attitudes Towards Conversion To Organic Production Systems: A Study Of Farmers In England Organic Eprints
Midmore, Peter; Padel, Susanne; McCalman, Heather; Isherwood, Jon; Fowler, Susan; Lamkpin, Nic.
This report describes the attitudes of converting and conventional producers in England to organic production. In 2000, a telephone survey was conducted of farmers in three groups: those who were converting, those who had contacted OCIS but decided not to convert, and a random sample of conventional farmers. The majority of converting farmers gave concerns about agrochemicals and fears about the future profitability of conventional farming as their main reasons for going organic. Marketing was not seen as an obstacle to conversion. Conventional farmers thought that advice and information on organic production were easily obtained, but converting farmers did not agree, suggesting that there was a shortage of more advanced knowledge. Non-converters gave...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Values; Standards and certification Social aspects.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://orgprints.org/10817/1/Attitude_survey.pdf
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Comparison of the physical and financial performance of organic dairy farming systems (OF0146) Organic Eprints
Weller, Richard; Nicholas, Philipa; Fowler, Susan.
This is the final report from Defra project OF0146 Two different systems of organic milk production were studied during the 1998-2002 period. The systems were established at the IGER Ty Gwyn organic dairy farm during the 1998/99 period. The systems were based either on achieving self-sufficiency in both home-grown forage and concentrate feeds or on the production of home-grown forage and the purchase of concentrate feeds. The data collected included recording the changes in the soil indices, level of crop production, crop quality, level of milk production, milk quality, animal health and herd reproductive performance of the two systems. The main attached report starts with a detailed executive summary. In the modelling work fifty-four different...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Dairy cattle; Farm nutrient management; Farm economics.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://orgprints.org/8086/1/OF0146_2033_FRP.pdf
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Economics of organic farming: economic modelling OF0125 Organic Eprints
Fowler, Susan; Lampkin, Nicolas; Midmore, Peter.
This report represents results from research work carried out for the MInistry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food (MAFF) on the financial performance over the years 1995/96 to 1997/98. The work was initially funded under the code OF0125 and was extended into Project OF0190, with this reported representing both satges of the project. The aim of the research was to assess the financial performance of organic farms differentiated by farm type, in order to inform MAFF policy-making with respect to organic farming, and to provide a basis for assessents by farmers, advisers and other interested parties of the farm-level implications of conversation to, and continued organic farming. The specific objectives were the provision of information on different...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Farm economics.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://orgprints.org/9955/1/Organic_Farm_Incomes_OF0125_and_OF0190.pdf
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Environmental and biodiversity impacts of organic farming in the hills and uplands of Wales Organic Eprints
Fowler, Susan; Frost, David; de Carle, Caroline.
1. Organic farming is based on principles of co-existence with natural systems, the minimisation of pollution and damage to the environment, and the promotion of the health of soil, plant and animal to produce healthy food with high standards of animal welfare and respect for the wider social and ecological impacts of the agricultural system. 2. Organic Farming has become an important aspect of EU agri-environment policy. Since the implementation of EC Reg. 2078/92 the EU promotes organic farming explicitly on its positive effects on the environment. 3. The environmental and biodiversity benefits of organic systems in the lowlands for mixed farming is generally accepted (Shepherd, 2003) but similar benefits for upland systems have not been identified....
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Biodiversity and ecosystem services.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://orgprints.org/10828/1/envimpactsuplands.pdf
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Organic farm incomes in England and Wales 1995/96 - 1997/98 Organic Eprints
Fowler, Susan; Lampkin, Nicolas; Midmore, Peter.
This report is associated with the less detailed final report of Defra project OF0190, on the same theme, archived at http://orgprints.org/6606 This report presents results from research work carried out for the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food (MAFF) on the financial performance of organic farms over the years 1995/96 to 1997/98. The aim of the research was to assess the financial performance of organic farms differentiated by farm type, in order to inform MAFF policy-making with respect to organic farming, and to provide a basis for assessments by farmers, advisers and other interested parties of the farm-level implications of conversion to, and continued organic farming. The specific objectives were the provision of information on different...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Policy environments and social economy; Farming Systems; Surveys and statistics; Farm economics.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://orgprints.org/8273/1/Organic_Farm_Incomes_95%2D98.pdf
Registros recuperados: 6
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