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Registros recuperados: 3
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A Plastid Gene Phylogeny of the Yam Genus, Dioscorea: Roots, Fruits and Madagascar Naturalis
Wilkin, P.; Schols, P.; Chase, M.; Chayamarit, K.; Furness, C.; Huysmans, S.; Rakotonasolo, F.; Smets, E.; Thapyai, C..
Following recent phylogenetic studies of the families and genera of Dioscoreales, the identification of monophyletic infrageneric taxa in the pantropical genus Dioscorea is a priority. A phylogenetic analysis based on sequence data from the plastid genes rbcL and matK is presented, using 67 species of Dioscorea and covering all the main Old World and selected New World lineages. The analysis used 14 outgroup taxa, including Trichopus Gaertn., Tacca J.R. & G. Forster, Stenomeris Planch., Burmannia L. and Thismia Griff. The main findings are: a) that a clade of rhizomatous taxa is sister to the rest of Dioscorea; b) the main Old World groups (such as the right-twining D. sect. Enantiophyllum) are monophyletic and c) there are two distinct lineages among...
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: Dioscorea; Phylogeny; Classification; Analysis; Plastid genes; RbcL; MatK; Character evolution.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/407311
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Comparative Pollen Development in Dioscoreales Naturalis
Schols, P.; Furness, C.; Merckx, V.; Wilkin, P.; Smets, E..
Pollen and orbicule ontogeny in representatives of three genera of Dioscoreales—Narthecium ossifragum Huds. (Nartheciaceae), Tacca artocarpifolia Seem. and Tacca chantrieri Andre´ (Dioscoreaceae), and Dioscorea communis (L.) Caddick & Wilkin (Dioscoreaceae)—is described and illustrated using LM, SEM, and TEM. The main difference is in microsporogenesis, which is successive in Narthecium Huds. and simultaneous in Tacca J.R. & G. Forst. and Dioscorea L. This is reflected in the tetrad configuration but not in the apertures: Narthecium and Tacca are monosulcate, while Dioscorea has two equatorial apertures. Other features of pollen development are similar in all three genera. Exine development starts at the proximal pole, and during the tetrad stage,...
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: Intine; Microsporogenesis; Monocotyledons; Orbicules; Pollen ontogeny; Systematics; Tapetum; Tetrads.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/407299
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Pollen Evolution in Yams (Dioscorea: Dioscoreaceae) Naturalis
Schols, P.; Wilkin, P.; Furness, C.; Huysmans, S.; Smets, E..
Pollen character evolution in yams (Dioscorea: Dioscoreaceae) was investigated in relation to the phylogeny obtained from a recent combined analysis of rbcL and matK gene sequences. The following characters were evaluated: pollen size, aperture number, sexine ornamentation, perforation density, and orbicule presence or absence. Continuous characters were coded using the gap weighting method. Each character was optimized using MacClade onto a tree selected at random from analyses based on molecular data of Wilkin et al. The results indicate that in Dioscorea pollen size decreases in the more derived clades. The latter observation may be related to the evolution of annually replaced tubers. Aperture number increases from one in the monosulcate Stenophora...
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: Dioscorea; Dioscoreaceae; Pollen; Evolution; Phylogeny.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/407309
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