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A single bio-energetics growth and reproduction model for the oyster Crassostrea gigas in six Atlantic ecosystems ArchiMer
Alunno-bruscia, Marianne; Bourles, Yves; Maurer, Daniele; Robert, Stephane; Mazurie, Joseph; Gangnery, Aline; Goulletquer, Philippe; Pouvreau, Stephane.
Many studies based on bioenergetics growth models have investigated the effects of environmental factors on oyster (Crassostrea gigas) growth and physiology. However, most of these models are site-specific and cannot be applied to other culture sites without the re-estimation of parameters or re-formulation of some processes. We aimed to develop a generic growth model suitable for application in contrasting environments, with a constant set of parameters. We tested the oyster-DEB model (Bourlès et al. 2009) for the stimulation of C. gigas growth in different cohorts (spats and adults) at major shellfish culture sites in France, in several years: Arcachon (1993–1994); Marennes-Oléron (2007); Quiberon (1999, 2000, 2001); Rade de Brest (2008); Baie du...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: DEB theory; Modelling; Bivalves; Crassostrea gigas; Phytoplankton; Temperature effect; Coastal environment..
Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00043/15403/12762.pdf
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A three-dimensional ecological model to optimize shellfish culture in the baie des Veys (Normandy, France) ArchiMer
Roudesli, Sonia; Cugier, Philippe; Le Gendre, Romain; Gangnery, Aline.
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Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00055/16636/14333.pdf
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Application of a dynamic energy budget model to the Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas, reared under various environmental conditions ArchiMer
Pouvreau, Stephane; Bourles, Yves; Lefebvre, Sebastien; Gangnery, Aline; Alunno-bruscia, Marianne.
The Dynamic Energy Budget (DEB) model (Kooijman, S.A.L.M., 1986. Energy budgets can explain body size relations. J. Theor. Biol. 121, 269¿282; Kooijman, S.A.L.M., 2000. Dynamic Energy and Mass Budgets in Biological Systems. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 424 pp.) has been adapted to describe the dynamics of growth and reproduction of the Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas) reared in different areas under conditions ranging from controlled to natural. The values of the model parameters were estimated from available physiological data and from published information. The sets of data used to validate the model came from three long-term growth experiments (> 5 months) performed on Pacific oysters reared under different conditions of food and...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Reproductive effort; Reproduction; Growth; Ecophysiology; Dynamic energy budget; Crassostrea gigas.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/publication-1817.pdf
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Avis sur un projet d'expérimentation d'élevage d'huîtres sur des structures mytilicoles à Oye Plage dans le département du Pas de Calais ArchiMer
Gangnery, Aline; Garcia, Celine; Loots, Christophe.
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Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00500/61150/64580.pdf
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Bilan 2015 du dispositif national de surveillance de la santé des mollusques marins ArchiMer
Lupo, Coralie; Osta Amigo, Axel; Fleury, Elodie; Robert, Stephane; Garcia, Celine; Arzul, Isabelle; Baillon, Laury; Bechemin, Christian; Canier, Lydie; Chollet, Bruno; Dechamps, Lucie; Dubreuil, Christine; Faury, Nicole; Francois, Cyrille; Godfrin, Yoann; Lapegue, Sylvie; Morga, Benjamin; Travers, Marie-agnes; Tourbiez, Delphine; Masson, Jean-claude; Verin, Francoise; Cordier, Remy; Gangnery, Aline; Louis, Wilfried; Mary, Charlotte; Normand, Julien; Penot, Julia; Cheve, Julien; Dagault, Francoise; Le Jolivet, Aurore; Le Gal, Dominique; Lebrun, Luc; Bellec, Gwenael; Bouget, Jean-francois; Cochennec-laureau, Nathalie; Palvadeau, Hubert; Grizon, James; Chabirand, Jean-michel; Pepin, Jean-francois; Seugnet, Jean-luc; D'Amico, Florence; Maurer, Daniele; Le Gall, Patrik; Mortreux, Serge; Baldi, Yoann; Orsoni, Valerie; Bouchoucha, Marc; Le Roy, Valerian; Pouvreau, Stephane; Queau, Isabelle; Lamoureux, Alice.
Depuis 1992, la surveillance de la santé des mollusques marins du littoral français est assurée par le réseau de Pathologie des Mollusques (Repamo). Ses activités s’inscrivent dans le cadre de la Directive Européenne 2006/88/CE. Depuis son évaluation par la plateforme nationale d’épidémiosurveillance en santé animale en 2012, l’objectif de surveillance est la détection précoce des infections dues à des organismes pathogènes exotiques et émergents affectant les mollusques marins sauvages et d’élevage. L’année 2015 est la première année de transition pour laquelle un début d’évolution des modalités de surveillance de la santé des mollusques marins animées par l’Ifremer a été amorcé. Un dispositif hybride de surveillance a été mis en place, s’appuyant sur...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Réseau; Surveillance; Pathologie; Mollusques; Coquillages; Santé; Mortalité; Maladie.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00324/43486/42945.pdf
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Budget énergétique de l'huître perlière, Pinctada margaritifera, dans le lagon de Takapoto ArchiMer
Pouvreau, Stéphane; Tiapari, Jérôme; Gangnery, Aline; Garnier, M.; Lagarde, Franck; Robert, Stéphane; Jonquieres, Gerard; Teissier, Hinano; Prou, Jean; Bennett, Auguste; Caisey, Xavier; Haumani, Gaby; Buestel, Dominique; Bodoy, Alain.
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Ano: 1999 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00041/15176/12513.pdf
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Estimation des stocks de bivalves en élevage et des épibiontes dans la lagune de Thau et modélisation de la dynamique des populations d'huîtres creuses (Crassostrea gigas, Thunberg) ArchiMer
Gangnery, Aline.
In Thau Iagoon (Mediterranean Sea), shellfish are cultured in suspension. Molluscs are reared on ropes that are suspended on frames. Principal species concerned by breeding are Crassostrea gigas, Mytilus galloprovincialis and, in a less extent, Ostrea edulis. A new sampling method was developped to assess the total stock of cultured shellfish and was tested in July 1998 and April 1999. The total stock was found to be 19500 tons (± 1120 SE) in 1998 and 14100 tons (± 830 SE) in 1999, thus exhibiting temporal variations. Temporal differences in the total stock are mainly attributable to the breeding cycle but also to sorne exceptionnal events which occurred in Thau lageon in 1997 and 1998 (water anoxia, bacteriological crisis, bloom of toxic algae). In the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Etang de Thau; Bivalves; Echantillonnage; Dynamique; Modèle; Epibiontes.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00443/55478/57008.pdf
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Etude et modélisation de la dynamique des populations de bivalves en élevage (Crassostrea gigas et Mytilus galloprovincialis) dans le bassin de Thau (Méditerranée, France) et des ascidies solitaires associées ArchiMer
Gangnery, Aline.
The total standing stock of bivalves cultured in Thau Lagoon (France) that is mainly constituted of the Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas, and the Mediterranean mussel, Mytilus galloprovincialis, vary between 14,000 and 20,000 tons within a year. These variations were attributed to the rearing cycle of molluscs in the lagoon but also to their growth performances. Oysters cultured in the Thau Lagoon presented the best growth rate ever reported whereas trophic conditions are low : mean concentrations in organic particulate matter and total chlorophyll a averaged 1 mg.l-1 and 1.2 µg.l-1, respectively. The development of a growth model shows that temporal pattern (i.e. seasonality) of bivalve growth is explained by water temperature and spatial pattern is...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Lagoon ecosystem; Resource management; Rearing strategies; Production; Standing stock; Hydrobiology; Growth; Shellfish culture; Ascidiella aspersa; Mussel; Oyster; Ecosystème lagunaire; Gestion des ressources; Stratégies d'élevage; Production; Stock; Hydrobiologie; Croissance; Conchyliculture; Ascidiella aspersa; Moule; Huître.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2003/these-102.pdf
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Etude expérimentale de l'influence de deux stress environnementaux sur les défenses immunitaires et la résistance à la vibriose de la crevette Penaeus stylirostris ArchiMer
Gangnery, Aline.
Cette étude a pour objectif de mesurer chez la crevette Penaeus stylirostris l'effet de deux stress environnementaux, ammoniaque et hypoxie, sur les défenses immunitaires (hémocytes et prophénoloxydase) et la résistance à l' infection par la bactérie Vibrio penaeicidae. Les crevettes, sélectionnées en stade C du cycle de mue, ont été soumises pendant 24 heures à plus ieurs doses d'ammoniaque N.NH3 ( 1, 1 .5, 2, 2.5 et 3 mg/l) ou placées en situation d' hypoxie (1 ppm vs 6ppm en normoxie). L'effet du stress a été évalué à 24 h par la mesure de la capacité osmorégulatrice ainsi que les paramètres immunitaires. Les résultats montrent que l'ammoni aque à 3 mg N.NH3/I induit une diminution significative du nombre total des hémocytes, cependant que l'activité de...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Penaeus stylirostris; Vibrio penaeicidae; Immunité; Hémocyte; Prophénoloxydase; Infection bactérienne; Capacité osmorégulatrice; Ammoniaque; Hypoxie.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00441/55273/56767.pdf
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Etude in situ et expérimentale de l'effort de reproduction chez l'huître perlière Pinctada margaritifera ArchiMer
Gangnery, Aline.
The aim of this work is to study reproductive effort of the pearl oyster Pinctada margaritifera. In order to reach this objective, two experiences were planned. First, we decidcd to follow in situ growth and reproduction of pearl oysters of three age groups : l, 2 and 3 years old. This projcct began at the end of march 1997 and is planned for one year. The results presented in this study stopped at the end of july 1997. This experience is based on the bimonthly sampling of 120 pearl oysters (40 from every age group) from the lagoon of Takapoto (Tuamotu, French Polynesia). ln a second part, an experience was lead in laboratory, on the same animals. The objective was to trigger artificially spawns and to harvest genital products to estimate values of...
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Ano: 1997 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00424/53547/54409.pdf
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Evaluation des stocks mytilicoles de Basse-Normandie en 2006 ArchiMer
Nogues, Loic; Gangnery, Aline.
Since 1989, the standing stock of bivalves cultivated in Normandy was estimated every 5 years by Ifremer. Within the frame of the OGIVE project, a new study was conducted in 2006 to evaluate the mussel standing stock. Classical sampling methods (stratified, two-stage and simple random sampling) were used and adapted to each culture area. The total standing stock in Normandy was evaluated to 23 550 tons with a precision of 10.94 %. The west coast of Cotentin remained the main production area in Normandy with approximately 22 000 tons of mussels, whereas the east coast and the baie des Veys only represented a small part of the total stock (respectively 6% and 1%). The collected data were also used to map the spatial distribution of mussel biomasses. This map...
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Ano: 2008 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00254/36489/35031.pdf
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Gametogenic cycle and reproductive effort of the tropical blacklip pearl oyster, Pinctada margaritifera (Bivalvia : Pteriidae), cultivated in Takapoto atoll (French Polynesia) ArchiMer
Pouvreau, Stephane; Gangnery, Aline; Tiapari, Jerome; Lagarde, Franck; Garnier, Matthieu; Bodoy, Alain.
The gametogenic cycle and the reproductive effort of the blacklip pearl oyster, Pinctada margaritifera, cultivated in Takapoto lagoon were studied for a 1-year period (March 1997-April 1998) by bimonthly observations of gonadal sections, dry tissue weights and gonadal index in a population of pearl oyster composed of three age-groups. pearl oysters attained sexual maturity in the end of their first year (height approximate to 40 mm), implying that P. margaritifera is a late-maturing species in comparison with other Pteriidae. This species was also confirmed to be a marked protandrous successive hermaphrodite in culture, with 100 % of males at first maturity and 75 % in older pearl oyster (height > 120 mm). The general pattern of gametogenic activity,...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: French Polynesia; Reproductive effort; Reproductive cycle; Tropical aquaculture; Gametogenesis; Blacklip pearl oyster; Polynésie française; Effort de reproduction; Cycle de reproduction; Aquaculture tropicale; Gamétogenèse; Huître perlière.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2000/publication-1391.pdf
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Growth of the black-lip pearl oyster, Pinctada margaritifera, in suspended culture under hydrobiological conditions of Takapoto lagoon (French Polynesia) ArchiMer
Pouvreau, Stephane; Tiapari, Jerome; Gangnery, Aline; Lagarde, Franck; Garnier, Matthieu; Teissier, Hinano; Haumani, G; Buestel, Dominique; Bodoy, Alain.
Growth of the black-lip pearl oyster, Pinctada margaritifera var. cumingi, was studied for an annual cycle, from March 1997 to April 1998, in the lagoon of Takapoto atoll (Tuamotu archipelago, French Polynesia). Growth in shell and in tissue were measured every 15 days on three successive age groups of cultivated pearl oysters. At the same time, hydrobiological parameters (temperature, salinity, oxygen concentration, suspended particulate matter), known to have influence on bivalve growth, were followed each week during culture. No seasonal trend was observed in hydrobiological parameters, except for temperature which varied between 26 degrees C and 31 degrees C. The potential food for pearl oysters (particulate organic matter, POM, mg l(-1)) was slightly...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Pearl culture; Matter in suspension; Biochemical composition; Length weight relations ship; Tropical lagoon; Growth; Pinctada margaritifera.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2000/publication-381.pdf
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Individual mussel growth model using DEB (Dynamic Energy Budget) theory: revisiting the DEB parameter values for Mytilus edulis ArchiMer
Flye Sainte Marie, Jonathan; Alunno-bruscia, Marianne; Gangnery, Aline; Rannou, Eric; Rosland, Rune; Strand, Øivind.
Mussel aquaculture is well developed in various ecosystems of temperate waters. In the aim of developing predictive tools for management of mussel aquaculture, a better understanding of relationships between the environmental conditions and mussel growth is necessary. For this purpose, development of bioenergetic models, linking environmental variables (especially food resource and temperature) and mussel growth and reproduction, are of a particular interest. Dynamic Energy Budget (DEB) theory offers a general framework to study energy flows in organisms, from assimilation to use for maintenance, growth and reproduction. This theory is appropriate for growth modelling of marine organisms and have first been applied in 1993 to model mussel growth....
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Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00032/14368/11658.pdf
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Modelling Crassostrea gigas growth and reproduction in different contrasted ecosystems by using dynamic energy budgets : generic validation of the oyster-DEB model ArchiMer
Bourles, Yves; Maurer, Daniele; Le Moine, Olivier; Geairon, Philippe; Mazurie, Joseph; Gangnery, Aline; Alunno-bruscia, Marianne; Pouvreau, Stephane; Goulletquer, Philippe.
Oyster farming is the main aquaculture activity in France, where Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas) is spatially cultured from the English Channel to the Mediterranean coasts. Oyster growth performance monitored along French coasts are widely heterogeneous among culture sites and over years. Many studies have been carried out to understand the effects of environmental factors on oyster growth and physiology, by using bioenergetics growth models. However, most of these studies were site-specific. As an example, the model developed by Barillé et al. (1997), which was extensively specified with more than 50 parameters, was validated in the Marennes-Oléron Bay, but cannot be successfully applied to other culture sites without re-estimating parameters or...
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Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00032/14367/11657.pdf
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Projet OGIVE. Outils d'aide à la Gestion et à la Valorisation des Ecosystèmes conchylicoles de Basse-Normandie. Rapport final de phase III (2011-2013) ArchiMer
Gangnery, Aline; Cugier, Philippe; Le Gendre, Romain; Legendre, Aurelie; Maheux, Frank; Mary, Charlotte; Normand, Julien; Parrad, Sophie; Pierre-duplessix, Olivier; Picoche, Coralie; Pien, Sebastien; Rabiller, Emilie; Simon, Benjamin.
L’objectif général du projet OGIVE est d’acquérir des connaissances sur le fonctionnement des écosystèmes conchylicoles de Basse-Normandie dans le but d’établir une plateforme de données communes à l’ensemble des partenaires du projet. Ces connaissances sont ensuite utilisées pour développer des outils permettant de fournir des avis et expertises aux gestionnaires du Domaine Public Maritime. Le projet a ainsi pour objectif de contribuer au développement durable de la filière conchylicole en Basse-Normandie en optimisant la production conchylicole et en préservant la qualité environnementale des écosystèmes qui supportent cette activité. Le projet OGIVE a été structuré initialement autour de trois actions : 1) Acquisition de données : cette action a le...
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Ano: 2015 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00253/36468/35010.pdf
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Projet OGIVE. Outils d’aide à la Gestion Intégrée et à la Valorisation des Ecosystèmes conchylicoles de Basse-Normandie. Rapport final d’activités - Phase I (2005-2008) ArchiMer
Gangnery, Aline.
L’objectif général du projet OGIVE est d’acquérir des connaissances sur le fonctionnement des écosystèmes conchylicoles de Basse-Normandie dans le but d’établir une plateforme de données communes à l’ensemble des partenaires du projet. Ces connaissances sont ensuite utilisées pour développer des outils novateurs permettant de fournir des avis et expertises aux gestionnaires du Domaine Public Maritime. Le projet a ainsi pour objectif de contribuer au développement durable de la filière conchylicole en Basse-Normandie en optimisant la production conchylicole et en préservant la qualité environnementale des écosystèmes qui supportent cette activité. Le projet OGIVE a été structuré initialement autour du développement de trois outils : 1) Un outil empirique...
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Ano: 2008 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00254/36488/35030.pdf
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Qualité des huîtres creuses Crassostrea gigas élevées dans le bassin de Thau et influence de la densité d'élevage sur la qualité. Recommandations pour l'élaboration d'un schéma des structures des élevages de mollusques du bassin de Thau. Rapport final ArchiMer
Buestel, Dominique; Alunno Bruscia, Marianne; Chabirand, Jean-michel; Vercelli, Catherine; Oheix, Jocelyne; Pichot, Yves; Gangnery, Aline.
La densité d'élevage des mollusques est un des facteurs importants qui conditionnent la qualité de la production. Dans le bassin de Thau, une réflexion est actuellement en cours pour mettre en place un schéma des structures encadrant les pratiques conchylicoles de manière à améliorer et régulariser la qualité des huîtres. L'objectif de ce travail est de proposer, sur la base de données les plus objectives possibles, des recommandations en terme de densité d'élevage qui permettraient d'éviter une surcharge aussi bien locale que globale sur le bassin. Une première étude a consisté à réaliser une expérience, à l'échelle d'une table d'élevage, pour tester l'influence de la densité de population sur la croissance et la qualité de l'huître creuse (Crassostrea...
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Ano: 2001 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00039/15031/12366.pdf
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Réseau Hydrologique Littoral Normand - RHLN - Année 2012 ArchiMer
Baehr, Antoine; Menet-nedelec, Florence; Riou, Philippe; Etourneau, Claude; Fontaine, Bruno; Francoise, Sylvaine; Gangnery, Aline; Jacqueline, Franck; Lamort, Laure; Lesaulnier, Nadine; Maheux, Frank; Picoche, Coralie; Pierre-duplessix, Olivier; Rabiller, Emilie; Schapira, Mathilde; Simon, Benjamin.
Le Réseau Hydrologique Littoral Normand (RHLN) a été approuvé en 2007 par ses partenaires, avec le triple objectif (1) de maintenir le suivi de la qualité des masses d’eau et d’évaluer leur niveau d’eutrophisation en réponse aux réglementations (Directive Nitrate, OSPAR, DCE), (2) de poursuivre la réflexion sur la définition des indicateurs DCE, puis (3) de développer les connaissances et de fournir des données à la modélisation. Ce rapport réalise la synthèse des résultats obtenus en 2012, onzième année depuis le début du suivi en Normandie. Le climat de cette année 2012 a été caractérisé par des températures saisonnières proches des normales malgré des écarts de température parfois importants d’un mois sur l’autre (notamment en hiver). Par rapport aux...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Abondance; Baie de Seine; Biomasse chlorophyllienne; Bloom; DCE; Écosystème côtier; Éléments de qualité; Eutrophisation; Grille d’évaluation de l’eutrophisation; Hydrologie; Limitation potentielle; Normandie; Nutriments; Phytoplancton; Production primaire; Réseau hydrologique; RHLN; Stocks hivernaux.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00211/32224/30672.pdf
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Spatial and temporal interaction between sediment and microphytobenthos in a temperate estuarine macro-intertidal bay ArchiMer
Orvain, Francis; Lefebvre, Sebastien; Montepini, J.; Sebire, M.; Gangnery, Aline; Sylvand, B..
Intertidal flats of the estuarine macro-intertidal Baie des Veys (France) were investigated to identify spatial features of sediment and microphytobenthos (MPB) in April 2003. Gradients occurred within the domain, and patches were identified close to vegetated areas or within the oyster-farming areas where calm physical conditions and biodeposition altered the sediment and MPB landscapes. Spatial patterns of chl a content were explained primarily by the influence of sediment features, while bed elevation and compaction brought only minor insights into MPB distribution regulation. The smaller size of MPB patches compared to silt patches revealed the interplay between physical structure defining the sediment landscape, the biotic patches that they contain,...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Benthic diatoms; Benthos; Coastal ecosystems; Intertidal flats; Baie des Veys; Normandie; Spatial pattern; Geostatistics; Kriging.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00088/19945/17598.pdf
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