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Registros recuperados: 12
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Comparative geochemistry of four ferromanganese crusts from the Pacific Ocean and significance for the use of Ni isotopes as paleoceanographic tracers ArchiMer
Gueguen, Bleuenn; Rouxel, Olivier; Rouget, Marie-laure; Bollinger, Claire; Ponzevera, Emmanuel; Germain, Yoan; Fouquet, Yves.
Ferromanganese (Fe-Mn) crusts are potential archive of the Ni isotope composition of seawater through time. In this study we aim at (1) understanding Ni isotope fractionation mechanisms and metal enrichment processes in Fe-Mn deposits, (2) addressing global vs. local control of Ni isotope composition of these deposits. Two Fe-Mn crusts from the North Pacific Ocean (Apuupuu Seamount, Hawaii) and two Fe-Mn crusts from the South Pacific Ocean (near Rurutu Island, Austral archipelago of French Polynesia) were characterized for their elemental geochemistry and Ni isotope composition. Geochemical analyses were performed at millimeter intervals in order to provide time-resolved record of Ni isotopes. Chronology and growth rates were determined using cosmogenic...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ferromanganese crusts; Nickel isotopes; Paleoceanography; Pacific Ocean; Biogeochemical cycling.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00341/45255/44696.pdf
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Dissolved iron in the North Atlantic Ocean and Labrador Sea along the GEOVIDE section (GEOTRACES section GA01) ArchiMer
Tonnard, Manon; Planquette, Hélène; Bowie, Andrew R.; Van Der Merwe, Pier; Gallinari, Morgane; Desprez De Gésincourt, Floriane; Germain, Yoan; Gourain, Arthur; Benetti, Marion; Reverdin, Gilles; Tréguer, Paul; Boutorh, Julia; Cheize, Marie; Menzel Barraqueta, Jan-lukas; Pereira-contreira, Leonardo; Shelley, Rachel; Lherminier, Pascale; Sarthou, Géraldine.
Dissolved Fe (DFe) samples from the GEOVIDE voyage (GEOTRACES GA01, May–June 2014) in the North Atlantic Ocean were analysed using a SeaFAST-picoTM coupled to an Element XR HR-ICP-MS and provided interesting insights on the Fe sources in this area. Overall, DFe concentrations ranged from 0.09 ± 0.01 nmol L−1 to 7.8 ± 0.5 nmol L−1. Elevated DFe concentrations were observed above the Iberian, Greenland and Newfoundland Margins likely due to riverine inputs from the Tagus River, meteoric water inputs and sedimentary inputs. Air-sea interactions were suspected to be responsible for the increase in DFe concentrations within subsurface waters of the Irminger Sea due to deep convection occurring the previous winter, that provided iron-to-nitrate ratios sufficient...
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Ano: 2018 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00441/55233/56714.pdf
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Evidence and age estimation of mass wasting at the distal lobe of the Congo deep-sea fan ArchiMer
Croguennec, Claire; Ruffine, Livio; Dennielou, Bernard; Baudin, Francois; Caprais, Jean-claude; Guyader, Vivien; Bayon, Germain; Brandily, Christophe; Le Bruchec, Julie; Bollinger, Claire; Germain, Yoan; Droz, Laurence; Babonneau, Nathalie; Rabouille, Christophe.
On continental margins, sulfate reduction occurs within the sedimentary column. It is coupled with the degradation of organic matter and the anaerobic oxidation of methane. These processes may be significantly disturbed by sedimentary events, leading to transient state profiles for the involved chemical species. Yet, little is known about the impact of turbidity currents and mass wasting on the migration of chemical species and the redox reactions in which they are involved. Due to its connection to the River, the Congo deep-sea fan continuously receives huge amount of organic matter-rich sediments primarily transported by turbidity currents, which impact on the development of the associated ecosystems (Rabouille et al., 2016). Thus, it is well suited to...
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Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00363/47410/47403.pdf
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Extensive wet episodes in Late Glacial Australia resulting from high-latitude forcings ArchiMer
Bayon, Germain; De Deckker, Patrick; Magee, John W.; Germain, Yoan; Bermell, Sylvain; Tachikawa, Kazuyo; Norman, Marc D..
Millennial-scale cooling events termed Heinrich Stadials punctuated Northern Hemisphere climate during the last glacial period. Latitudinal shifts of the intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ) are thought to have rapidly propagated these abrupt climatic signals southward, influencing the evolution of Southern Hemisphere climates and contributing to major reorganisation of the global ocean-atmosphere system. Here, we use neodymium isotopes from a marine sediment core to reconstruct the hydroclimatic evolution of subtropical Australia between 90 to 20 thousand years ago. We find a strong correlation between our sediment provenance proxy data and records for western Pacific tropical precipitations and Australian palaeolakes, which indicates that Northern...
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Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00375/48585/48906.pdf
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Focused hydrocarbon-migration in shallow sediments of a pockmark cluster in the Niger Delta (Off Nigeria) ArchiMer
De Prunele, Alexis; Ruffine, Livio; Riboulot, Vincent; Peters, Carl A.; Croguennec, Claire; Guyader, Vivien; Pape, Thomas; Bollinger, Claire; Bayon, Germain; Caprais, Jean-claude; Germain, Yoan; Donval, Jean-pierre; Marsset, Tania; Bohrmann, Gerhard; Geli, Louis; Rabiu, Abdulkarim; Lescanne, Marc; Cauquil, Eric; Sultan, Nabil.
The Niger Delta is one of the largest hydrocarbon basin offshore Africa and it is well known for the presence of active pockmarks on the seabed. During the Guineco-MeBo cruise in 2011, long cores were taken from a pockmark cluster in order to investigate the state of its current activity. Gas hydrates, oil and pore-water were sampled for geochemical studies. The resulting dataset combined with seismic data reveal that shallow hydrocarbon migration in the upper sedimentary section was focused exclusively within the pockmarks. There is a clear tendency for gas migration within the hydrate-bearing pockmarks, and oil migration within the carbonate-rich one. This trend is interpreted as a consequence of hydrate dissolution followed by carbonate precipitation...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Anaerobic oxidation of methane; Cluster of pockmarks; Fluid flow; Gas hydrates; Pore-water profiles; Transient state.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00365/47647/47676.pdf
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Geochemical and iron isotopic insights into hydrothermal iron oxyhydroxide deposit formation at loihi seamount ArchiMer
Rouxel, Olivier; Toner, Brandy; Germain, Yoan; Glazer, Brian.
Low-temperature hydrothermal vents, such as those encountered at Loihi Seamount, harbor abundant microbial communities and provide ideal systems to test hypotheses on biotic versus abiotic formation of hydrous ferric oxide (FeOx) deposits at the seafloor. Hydrothermal activity at Loihi Seamount produces abundant microbial mats associated with rust-colored FeOx deposits and variably encrusted with Mn-oxyhydroxides. Here, we applied Fe isotope systematics together with major and trace element geochemistry to study the formation mechanisms and preservation of such mineralized microbial mats. Iron isotope composition of warm (< 60 °C), Fe-rich and H2S-depleted hydrothermal fluids yielded δ56Fe values near +0.1 ‰, indistinguishable from basalt values....
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Hydrothermal Systems; Seamounts; Iron Isotopes; Mineral deposits.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00405/51646/52195.pdf
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Geochemical Dynamics of the Natural-Gas Hydrate System in the Sea of Marmara, Offshore Turkey ArchiMer
Ruffine, Livio; Fandino Torres, Olivia; Etoubleau, Joel; Cheron, Sandrine; Donval, Jean-pierre; Germain, Yoan; Ponzevera, Emmanuel; Guyader, Vivien; Dennielou, Bernard; Etiope, Giuseppe; Gasperini, Luca; Bortoluzzi, Giovanni; Henry, Pierre; Grall, Celine; Cagatay, M. Namik; Charlou, Jean-luc; Geli, Louis.
Tipo: Text
Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00139/24982/23065.pdf
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Multidisciplinary investigation on cold seeps with vigorous gas emissions in the Sea of Marmara (MarsiteCruise): Strategy for site detection and sampling and first scientific outcome ArchiMer
Ruffine, Livio; Ondreas, Helene; Blanc-valleron, Marie-madeleine; Teichert, Barbara M. A.; Scalabrin, Carla; Rinnert, Emmanuel; Birot, Dominique; Croguennec, Claire; Ponzevera, Emmanuel; Pierre, Catherine; Donval, Jean-pierre; Alix, Anne-sophie; Germain, Yoan; Bignon, Laurent; Etoubleau, Joel; Caprais, Jean-claude; Knoery, Joel; Lesongeur, Francoise; Thomas, Bastien; Roubi, Angelique; Legoix, Ludovic Nicolas; Burnard, Pete; Chevalier, Nicolas; Lu, Hailong; Dupre, Stephanie; Fontanier, Christophe; Dissard, Delphine; Olgun, Nazli; Yang, Hailin; Strauss, Harald; Ozaksoy, Volkan; Perchoc, Jonathan; Podeur, Christian; Tarditi, Corinne; Ozbeki, Eyyup; Guyader, Vivien; Marty, Bernard; Madre, David G; Pitel-roudaut, Mathilde; Grall, Celine; Embriaco, Davide; Polonia, Mina; Gasperini, Lucas; Cagatay, M. Namik; Henry, Pierre; Geli, Louis.
MarsiteCruise was undertaken in October/November 2014 in the Sea of Marmara to gain detailed insight into the fate of fluids migrating within the sedimentary column and partially released into the water column. The overall objective of the project was to achieve a more global understanding of cold-seep dynamics in the context of a major active strike-slip fault. Five remotely operated vehicle (ROV) dives were performed at selected areas along the North Anatolian Fault and inherited faults. To efficiently detect, select and sample the gas seeps, we applied an original procedure. It combines sequentially (1) the acquisition of ship-borne multibeam acoustic data from the water column prior to each dive to detect gas emission sites and to design the tracks of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Acoustic survey; Authigenic carbonates; Biogeochemistry; Chemical analyses; Cold seeps; Dissolved major elements; Fluid seepage; Geology; In situ Raman analysis; Methane; ROV dives.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00433/54434/55783.pdf
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Multiple gas reservoirs are responsible for the gas emissions along the Marmara fault network ArchiMer
Ruffine, Livio; Donval, Jean-pierre; Croguennec, Claire; Burnard, Pete; Lu, Hailong; Germain, Yoan; Legoix, Ludovic N.; Bignon, Laurent; Cagatay, M. Namik; Marty, Bernard; Madre, David; Pitel-roudaut, Mathilde; Henry, Pierre; Geli, Louis.
On continental margins, upward migration of fluids from various sources and various subsurface accumulations, through the sedimentary column to the seafloor, leads to the development of cold seeps where chemical compounds are discharged into the water column. MarsiteCruise was undertaken in November 2014 to investigate the dynamics of cold seeps characterized by vigorous gas emissions in the Sea of Marmara (SoM). A previous paper published by Bourry et al. (2009) presented the gas geochemistry of three seeps sampled along three different segments in the SoM. Their findings showed that the seeps were sourced by three different reservoirs. In this paper, seventeen seeps were investigated to determine the gas sources, unravel reservoir contributions, and...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Abiotic CO2-source; Gas bubbles; Molecular and isotopic compositions; Primary and secondary methanogenesis; Sea of Marmara; Seeps; Thermogenic gases.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00411/52203/52926.pdf
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Pore water geochemistry at two seismogenic areas in the Sea of Marmara ArchiMer
Ruffine, Livio; Germain, Yoan; Polonia, Alina; De Prunele, Alexis; Croguennec, Claire; Donval, Jean-pierre; Pitel-roudaut, Mathilde; Ponzevera, Emmanuel; Caprais, Jean-claude; Brandily, Christophe; Grall, Celine; Bollinger, Claire; Geli, Louis; Gasperini, Luca.
Within the Sea of Marmara, the highly active North Anatolian Fault (NAF) is responsible for major earthquakes (Mw>=7), and acts as a pathway for fluid migration from deep sources to the seafloor. This work reports on pore water geochemistry from three sediment cores collected in the Gulfs of Izmit and Gemlik, along the Northern and the Middle strands of the NAF, respectively. The resulting data set shows that anaerobic oxidation of methane (AOM) is the major process responsible for sulfate depletion in the shallow sediment. In the Gulf of Gemlik, depth concentration profiles of both sulfate and alkalinity exhibit a kink-type profile. The Sulfate Methane Transition Zone (SMTZ) is located at moderate depth in the area. In the Gulf of Izmit, the low...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Anaerobic oxidation of methane; North Anatolian Fault; Pore water geochemistry; Sea of Marmara; Seismic activity.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00272/38339/36570.pdf
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Rare earth elements and neodymium isotopes in sedimentary organic matter ArchiMer
Freslon, Nicolas; Bayon, Germain; Toucanne, Samuel; Bermell, Sylvain; Bollinger, Claire; Chéron, Sandrine; Etoubleau, Joel; Germain, Yoan; Khripounoff, Alexis; Ponzevera, Emmanuel; Rouget, Marie Laure.
We report rare earth element (REE) and neodymium (Nd) isotope data for the organic fraction of sediments collected from various depositional environments, i.e. rivers (n=25), estuaries (n=18), open-ocean settings (n=15), and cold seeps (n=12). Sedimentary Organic Matter (SOM) was extracted using a mixed hydrogen peroxide/nitric acid solution (20%-H2O2 – 0.02M-HNO3), after removal of carbonate and oxy-hydroxide phases with dilute hydrochloric acid (0.25M-HCl). A series of experimental tests indicate that extraction of sedimentary organic compounds using H202 may be complicated occasionally by partial dissolution of sulphide minerals and residual carbonates. However, this contamination is expected to be minor for REE because measured concentrations in H2O2...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Organic matter; Rare earth elements; REE; Neodymium isotopes; ΕNd; Sediment; Boundary Exchange; Paleoceanography.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00191/30250/28682.pdf
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Rare earth elements and neodymium isotopes in world river sediments revisited ArchiMer
Bayon, Germain; Toucanne, Samuel; Skonieczny, Charlotte; Andre, L.; Bermell, Sylvain; Cheron, Sandrine; Dennielou, Bernard; Etoubleau, Joel; Freslon, Nicolas; Gauchery, T.; Germain, Yoan; Jorry, Stephan; Menot, G.; Monin, L.; Ponzevera, Emmanuel; Rouget, M. -l.; Tachikawa, K.; Barrat, Jean-alix.
Over the past decades, rare earth elements (REE) and their radioactive isotopes have received tremendous attention in sedimentary geochemistry, as tracers for the geological history of the continental crust and provenance studies. In this study, we report on elemental concentrations and neodymium (Nd) isotopic compositions for a large number of sediments collected near the mouth of rivers worldwide, including some of the world’s major rivers. Sediments were leached for removal of non-detrital components, and both clay and silt fractions were retained for separate geochemical analyses. Our aim was to re-examine, at the scale of a large systematic survey, whether or not REE and Nd isotopes could be fractionated during Earth surface processes. Our results...
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Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00276/38733/37249.pdf
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