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Seed Value Chains for Sorghum and Millet in Mali: A State-Based System in Transition AgEcon
Diakite, Lamissa; Sidibe, Amadou; Smale, Melinda; Grum, Mikkel.
This paper reviews the structure and performance of the sorghum and millet seed sector in Mali. The Sahel is the origin of pearl millet and sorghum, seed selection and management of these crops is embedded in local cultures, and most producers of these crops are subsistence oriented. Despite seed sector reform, no certified seed of these crops is sold in local markets and farmers prefer to rely on themselves or each other for seed. The dominant source of certified seed is the national seed service. Certified seed is multiplied by contracted farmers and seed producer groups, and supplied to farmers through farmers’ associations, development organizations, and extension services. The informal sector supplies farmers with non-certified seed directly and...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Seed; Formal sector; Informal sector; Millet; Sorghum; Mali; Agribusiness; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42348
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The Effect of Market Development On-farm Conservation of Diversity of African Leafy Vegetables around Nairobi AgEcon
Irungu, C.; Mburu, John G.; Maundu, P.; Grum, Mikkel; Hoeschle-Zeledon, I..
Production and marketing of African Leafy Vegetables (ALVs) has increasingly become important in areas surrounding Nairobi. This is mainly due to Nairobians' realization of their nutritional value. ALVs are particularly rich in mineral nutrients and vitamins that are useful in the management of ailments including HIV/AIDS. In addition, these vegetables remain extremely important for overcoming food insecurity and alleviating poverty among the rural and urban populations as they are relatively affordable. Alongside these private uses, ALVs also have a public value which includes maintenance of traditions and culture, and contribution to sustainable development, specifically in the conservation of biodiversity alongside other ecosystem benefits. Despite this...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Underutilized species; Biodiversity; Kenya; Crop Production/Industries; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44452
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The impact of participation in Diversity Field Fora on farmer management of millet and sorghum varieties in Mali AgEcon
Smale, Melinda; Diakite, Lamissa; Sidibe, Amadou; Grum, Mikkel; Jones, Hannah; Traore, Issa Seni; Guindo, Hamidou.
Malian farmers have been cultivating millet and sorghum for millennia, but they are slow to adopt and develop modern varieties because it is difficult to observe the difference in yields in their fields, given the challenging local growing conditions. Farmer participatory approaches are therefore recommended. This paper applies an instrumental variables method to survey data from Mali to evaluate the impacts of Diversity Field Fora, a type of farmer field school which aims to boost millet and sorghum yields by showing farmers how to manage diverse varieties. Impact indicators are expected and recalled millet and sorghum yields, the total number of unique attributes of millet and sorghum varieties stocked as seed, and the relative deprivation of the...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Farmer field school; Sorghum; Millet; Landraces; Participatory crop improvement; Mali; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/93879
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