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Registros recuperados: 11
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Characterization of the Secretomes of Two Vibrios Pathogenic to Mollusks ArchiMer
Madec, Stephanie; Pichereau, Vianney; Jacq, Annick; Paillard, Mathieu; Boisset, Claire; Guerard, Fabienne; Paillard, Christine; Nicolas, Jean-louis.
Vibrio tapetis causes the brown ring disease in the Japanese clam Ruditapes philippinarum while Vibrio aestuarianus is associated with massive oyster mortalities. As extracellular proteins are often associated with the virulence of pathogenic bacteria, we undertook a proteomic approach to characterize the secretomes of both vibrios. The extracellular proteins (ECPs) of both species were fractionated by SEC-FPLC and in vitro assays were performed to measure the effects of each fraction on hemocyte cellular parameters (phagocytosis and adhesion). Fractions showing a significant effect were subjected to SDS-PAGE, and proteins were identified by nano LC-MS/MS. 45 proteins were identified for V. aestuarianus and 87 for V. tapetis. Most of them belonged to outer...
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Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00242/35334/34576.pdf
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Fractionation of fish protein hydrolysates by ultrafiltration and nanofiltration: impact on peptidic populations ArchiMer
Bourseau, Patrick; Vandanjon, Laurent; Jaouen, Pascal; Chaplain-derouiniot, Maryse; Masse, Anthony; Guerard, Fabienne; Chabeaud, Aurélie; Fouchereau-peron, Martine; Le Gal, Yves; Ravallec-ple, Rosenn; Berge, Jean-pascal; Picot, Laurent; Piot, Jean -marie; Batista, Ireneu; Thorkelsson, Gudjon; Delannoy, Charles; Jakobsen, Greta; Johansson, Inger.
The production by enzymatic treatment of fish protein hydrolysates (FPH) is a promising route to add value to fisheries proteinic co-products (fish frames, heads etc.). Indeed, FPH possess good nutritional properties and biological activities for food and feed uses. Pressure-driven membrane separations such as ultrafiltration (UF) and nanofiltration (NF) can be used after the hydrolysis to, increase the specific activities of the FPH. This paper discusses the impact of a two-step UF/NF process producing four different fractions on two industrial FPH with different hydrolysis degrees. Fractionation is carried out in "realistic" conditions for an industrial process, on highly concentrated FPH solutions (about 100 g of dry matter/L) at a high volume reduction...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Peptidic profile; Fractionation process; Membrane separation; Nanofiltration; Ultrafiltration; FPH; Fish protein hydrolysate.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2009/publication-6653.pdf
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From Crassostrea gigas oyster larvae adhesion studies to potential biotechnological development of marine adhesives ArchiMer
Foulon, Valentin; Boudry, Pierre; Guerard, Fabienne; Hellio, Claire.
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Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00373/48449/48717.pdf
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Immune responses of phenoloxidase and superoxide dismutase in the manila clam Venerupis philippinarum challenged with Vibrio tapetis – Part I: Spatio-temporal evolution of enzymes’ activities post-infection ArchiMer
Le Bris, Cedric; Richard, Gaelle; Paillard, Christine; Lambert, Christophe; Seguineau, Catherine; Gauthier, Olivier; Pernet, Fabrice; Guerard, Fabienne.
Manila clams, Venerupis philippinarum (Adams and Reeve, 1850), were experimentally challenged with two Vibrio tapetis strains: CECT4600T, the causative agent of Brown Ring Disease (BRD); and LP2 supposedly non-pathogenic in V. philippinarum. Changes in phenoloxidase (PO) and superoxide dismutase (SOD), two major enzymes involved in immunity, were studied in two tissues, the mantle and hemolymph for 30 days after infection in the extrapallial cavity. Bacterial infection in V. philippinarum resulted in modulation of PO and SOD activities that was both tissue- and time-dependent. A response at early times was detected in the mantle and was associated with significant increases in PO and SOD activities in LP2- and CECT4600T-challenged clams 36h post injection....
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Venerupis philippinarum; Vibrio tapetis; Immunity; Phenoloxidase; Superoxide dismutase.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00221/33257/31733.pdf
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Impact of ultrafiltration and nanofiltration of an industrial fish protein hydrolysate on its bioactive properties ArchiMer
Picot, Laurent; Ravallec, Rozenn; Fouchereau-peron, Martine; Vandanjon, Laurent; Jaouen, Pascal; Chaplain-derouiniot, Maryse; Guerard, Fabienne; Chabeaud, Aurelie; Legal, Yves; Martinez Alvarez, Oscar; Berge, Jean-pascal; Piot, Jean-marie; Batista, Irineu; Pires, Carla; Thorkelsson, Gudjon; Delannoy, Charles; Jakobsen, Greta; Johansson, Inger; Bourseau, Patrick.
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have demonstrated that in vitro controlled enzymatic hydrolysis of fish and shellfish proteins leads to bioactive peptides. Ultrafiltration (UF) and/or nanofiltration (NF) can be used to refine hydrolysates and also to fractionate them in order to obtain a peptide population enriched in selected sizes. This study was designed to highlight the impact of controlled UF and NF on the stability of biological activities of an industrial fish protein hydrolysate (FPH) and to understand whether fractionation could improve its content in bioactive peptides. RESULTS: The starting fish protein hydrolysate exhibited a balanced amino acid composition, a reproducible molecular weight (MW) profile, and a low sodium chloride content, allowing...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Fish protein hydrolysate; Ultrafiltration; Nanofiltration; Membrane separation; Fractionation process; Bioactive peptide.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00011/12217/9259.pdf
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Les Biotechnologies Marines dans le Grand Ouest ArchiMer
Boyen, Catherine; Jaouen, Pascal; Blanchard, Gilbert; Compere, Chantal; Dufour, Alain; Durand, Patrick; Guerard, Fabienne; Hallouin, Florence; Jebbar, Mohamed; Le Blay, Gwenaelle; Le Deit, Hervé; Le Seyec, Jocelyne; Monks, Brian; Portal-sellin, Rachel; Probert, Ian; Pruvost, Jeremy.
Marine (= blue) biotechnology, i.e. the utilization of marine bio-resources as a target or source of biotechnological applications, is a field with massive potential for innovation and economic growth. In a context of rapid climate change and increasing pressure on natural resources, renewed interest in marine biotechnology has been promoted by application of recent methodological and technological advances, notably in bioprocessing and in the various –omics domains, to the study of marine biodiversity. Marine biological resources potentially represent a sustainable raw material for exploitation in diverse fields, including nutrition, health, agriculture, aquaculture, energy, environment, and cosmetics. Marine biotechnology is now recognized as a...
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Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00273/38460/36860.pdf
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Marine green macroalgae: a source of natural compounds with mineralogenic and antioxidant activities ArchiMer
Surget, Gwladys; Roberto, Vania P.; Le Lann, Klervi; Mira, Sara; Guerard, Fabienne; Laize, Vincent; Poupart, Nathalie; Leonor Cancela, M.; Stiger-pouvreau, Valerie.
Marine macroalgae represent a valuable natural resource for bioactive phytochemicals with promising applications in therapeutics, although they remain largely under-exploited. In this work, the potential of two marine green macroalgae (Cladophora rupestris and Codium fragile) as a source of bioactive phenolic compounds was explored, and antioxidant, mineralogenic, and osteogenic activities were evaluated. For each species, a crude hydroalcoholic extract (CE) was prepared by solid/liquid extraction and fractionated by liquid/liquid purification into an ethyl acetate fraction (EAF) enriched in phenolic compounds and an aqueous fraction (AF). Antioxidant activity, assessed through radical scavenging activity and reducing power assay, was increased in EAF...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ulvophyceae; Phenolic compounds; Antioxidant activity; Mineralogenic activity; Proliferative activity.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00381/49282/49839.pdf
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Metabolic responses of clam Ruditapes philippinarum exposed to its pathogen Vibrio tapetis in relation to diet ArchiMer
Richard, Gaelle; Guerard, Fabienne; Corporeau, Charlotte; Lambert, Christophe; Paillard, Christine; Pernet, Fabrice.
We investigated the effect of brown ring disease (BRD)1 development and algal diet on energy reserves and activity of enzymes related to energy metabolism, antioxidant system and immunity in Manila clam, Ruditapes philippinarum. We found that algal diet did not impact the metabolic response of clams exposed to Vibrio tapetis. At two days post-injection (dpi), activities of superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) decreased whereas activities of nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and catalase increased in infected clams, although no clinical signs were visible (BRD-). At 7 dpi, activities of several antioxidant and immune-related enzymes were markedly increased in BRD-likely indicating an efficient reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavenging compared to...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Antioxidant enzymes; Immunity; Energetic metabolism; Ruditapes philippinarum; Vibrio tapetis.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00316/42684/42057.pdf
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Mild processing techniques and development of functional marine protein and peptide ingredients ArchiMer
Thorkelsson, G; Sigurgisladottir, S; Geirsdottir, M; Jóhannsson, R; Guerard, Fabienne; Chabeaud, Aurelie; Bourseau, Patrick; Vandanjon, Laurent; Jaouen, Pascal; Chaplain-derouiniot, M; Fouchereau-peron, Martine; Martinez Alvarez, Oscar; Le Gal, Yves; Ravallec-ple, Rozenn; Picot, Laurent; Berge, Jean-pascal; Delannoy, Charles; Jakobsen, Greta; Johansson, I; Batista, Ireneu.
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Ano: 2008 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00056/16747/14184.pdf
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Proteinaceous secretion of bioadhesive produced during crawling and settlement of Crassostrea gigas larvae ArchiMer
Foulon, Valentin; Artigaud, Sebastien; Buscaglia, Manon; Bernay, Benoit; Fabioux, Caroline; Petton, Bruno; Elies, Philippe; Boukerma, Kada; Hellio, Claire; Guerard, Fabienne; Boudry, Pierre.
Bioadhesion of marine organisms has been intensively studied over the last decade because of their ability to attach in various wet environmental conditions and the potential this offers for biotechnology applications. Many marine mollusc species are characterized by a two-phase life history: pelagic larvae settle prior to metamorphosis to a benthic stage. The oyster Crassostrea gigas has been extensively studied for its economic and ecological importance. However, the bioadhesive produced by ready to settle larvae of this species has been little studied. The pediveliger stage of oysters is characterized by the genesis of a specific organ essential for adhesion, the foot. Our scanning electron microscopy and histology analysis revealed that in C. gigas the...
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Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00462/57379/59452.pdf
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Sunscreen, antioxidant, and bactericide capacities of phlorotannins from the brown macroalga Halidrys siliquosa ArchiMer
Le Lann, Klervi; Surget, Gwladys; Couteau, Celine; Coiffard, Laurence; Cerantola, Stephane; Gaillard, Fanny; Larnicol, Maud; Zubia, Mayalen; Guerard, Fabienne; Poupart, Nathalie; Stiger-pouvreau, Valerie.
The present study focused on a brown macroalga (Halidrys siliquosa), with a particular emphasis on polyphenols and their associated biological activities. Two fractions were obtained by liquid/liquid purification from a crude hydroethanolic extract: (i) an ethyl acetate fraction and (ii) an aqueous fraction. Total phenolic contents and antioxidant activities of extract and both fractions were assessed by in vitro tests (Folin-Ciocalteu test, 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity, reducing power assay, superoxide anion scavenging assay, and beta-carotene-linoleic acid system). For the most active fraction, i.e., the ethyl acetate fraction, the oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) value, antibacterial activities, and sunscreen...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Antioxidant; Bactericidal; Phenolic compounds; Phaeophyceae; Seaweed; ORAC value; Sunscreen potential.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00366/47682/47970.pdf
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