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Registros recuperados: 28
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Agricultural policies in India: Producer Support Estimates 1985-2002 AgEcon
Mullen, Kathleen; Orden, David; Gulati, Ashok.
Since the early 1990s, India has undergone substantial economic policy reform and economic growth. Though reforms in agricultural policy have lagged those in other sectors, they have nonetheless created a somewhat more open economic orientation. In this study, we evaluate the protection and support versus disprotection of agriculture in India. Our methodology involves examining market price support (MPS) for eleven crops, the expenditures on input subsidies benefiting farmers (for fertilizer, electricity and irrigation), and product-specific and total producer support estimates (PSEs) over the period 1985-2002. We draw on the extensive price-comparison and subsidy-measurement data sets and analysis developed earlier by Gulati and his co-authors, often...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: South Asia; South Asia and Central Asia; Agricultural policy; Producer Support Estimates (PSEs); Agricultural support; Agricultural production; Scaling up; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/59821
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AGRICULTURAL POLICY INTERVENTIONS IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: MAPPING THE NATURE, DEGREE AND PROGRESS OF REFORMS AgEcon
Mullen, Kathleen; Sun, Dongsheng; Thomas, Marcelle; Orden, David; Gulati, Ashok.
Replaced with revised version of paper 07/16/04.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: International Development.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20081
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AGRICULTURE DIVERSIFICATION IN SOUTH ASIA: PATTERNS, DETERMINANTS AND POLICY IMPLICATIONS AgEcon
Joshi, P.K.; Gulati, Ashok; Birthal, Pratap Singh; Tewari, Laxmi.
The South Asian countries are gradually diversifying with some inter-country variation in favor of high value commodities, namely fruits, vegetables, livestock and fisheries. Agricultural diversification is strongly influenced by price policy, infrastructure development (especially markets and roads), urbanization and technological improvements. Rainfed areas have benefited more as a result of agricultural diversification in favor of high value crops by substituting inferior coarse cereals. Agricultural diversification is also contributing to employment opportunities in agriculture and increasing exports. The need is to suitably integrate production and marketing of high value commodities through appropriate institutions. Market reforms in developing and...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Farm Management.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16215
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Distortions to Agricultural Incentives in India AgEcon
Pursell, Garry; Gulati, Ashok; Gupta, Kanupriya.
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Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Distorted incentives; Agricultural and trade policy reforms; National agricultural development; Agricultural and Food Policy; International Relations/Trade; F13; F14; Q17; Q18.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/48483
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Distortions to Agricultural Incentives in India and Other South Asia AgEcon
Gulati, Ashok; Pursell, Garry.
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Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Distorted incentives; Agricultural and trade policy reforms; National agricultural development; Agricultural and Food Policy; International Relations/Trade; F13; F14; Q17; Q18.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/48634
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DOMESTIC SUPPORT TO AGRICULTURE IN THE EUROPEAN UNION AND THE UNITED STATES: POLICY DEVELOPMENTS SINCE 1996 AgEcon
Gopinath, Munisamy; Mullen, Kathleen; Gulati, Ashok.
Prior to the 1994 Uruguay Round Agreement on Agriculture, many developed countries supported production largely through support prices and government procurement. Since mid-1990s these countries have increasingly favored income support or direct payments over price support policies. In this study, we outline the farm policy changes in the European Union, EU, and the United States, US, since 1996 and compare their levels of support under various policies. The producer support estimates for the EU are more than twice that of the US, although the value of EU agricultural production is only 30% more than the US production value. In the EU, reductions in the intervention (support) prices for cereals, oilseeds and beef sector have been compensated by increased...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Agricultural price supports; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/60452
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ECONOMIC LIBERALIZATION TARGETED PROGRAMMES AND HOUSEHOLD FOOD SECURITY: A CASE STUDY OF INDIA AgEcon
Dev, Mahendra; Ravi, C.; Viswanathan, Brinda; Gulati, Ashok; Ramachander, Sangamitra.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16129
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Emerging Trends in Indian Agriculture: What Can We Learn from these? AgEcon
Gulati, Ashok.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/57393
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GLOBALIZATION AND THE SMALLHOLDERS: A REVIEW OF ISSUES, APPROACHES, AND IMPLICATIONS AgEcon
Narayanan, Sudha; Gulati, Ashok.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16227
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Grain marketing parastatals in Asia: Why do they have to change now? AgEcon
Rashid, Shahidur; Cummings, Ralph, Jr.; Gulati, Ashok.
Using case studies from six Asian countries, this paper (a) assesses the relevance of underlying rationales for public intervention in foodgrain markets, (b) documents the existing policies and regulations that support operation of grain parastatals, (c) provides estimates of benefits and costs of parastatals, and (d) compares experiences of countries that liberalized (or reduced intervention) with the ones that continue to have significant presence of parastatals. Our results suggest that conditions in the region have improved significantly over the past thirty years; and none of the four commonly agreed rationales—that is, poorly integrated domestic markets, thin and volatile world market, promoting modern technology and the scarcity of foreign exchange...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food marketing parastatals; Agricultural price policy; Rice and wheat markets; Marketing.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/59830
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High food prices: The what, who, and how of proposed policy actions AgEcon
von Braun, Joachim; Ahmed, Akhter U.; Asenso-Okyere, Kwadwo; Fan, Shenggen; Gulati, Ashok; Hoddinott, John; Pandya-Lorch, Rajul; Rosegrant, Mark W.; Ruel, Marie T.; Torero, Maximo; van Rheenen, Teunis; von Grebmer, Klaus.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/48293
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High value products, supermarkets and vertical arrangements in Indonesia AgEcon
Chowdhury, Shyamal K.; Gulati, Ashok; Gumbira-Said, E..
Indonesian economy has experienced some major changes during the last three decades and transformed from a predominantly agricultural economy to one that relies more heavily on its non-agricultural sector. Within agriculture, there has also been a change in the contribution of different sub sectors and high value products have grown relatively rapidly making agriculture more diversified. Similar to the changes in agricultural production, food consumption in Indonesia has shown a pattern of change over the past three decades, from a diet characterized primarily by the staple foods of cereals and cassava, to one that includes a larger share of fruits, fish, meats, dairy products and processed foods. Alongside the change in composition of food demand, newer...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Diet; High value agricultural products; Supermarkets; Agribusiness.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/59822
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Indian Agriculture: Changing Landscape AgEcon
Gulati, Ashok.
Tracking the revolutionary changes in the Indian agricultural sector, it is quite clear that technology, institutions, and markets have had a very important role to play. Of course the public sector played a pivotal and catalytic role when India ushered in Green Revolution in late sixties and early seventies. The public sector imported new seeds, organized their distribution and demonstration, and provided price and market support, all “not-for-profit”. The cooperative sector, supported and facilitated by the government, again with the spirit of “not- for- profit”, helped bring in the White Revolution in milk through Operation Flood in 1970s and 1980s. This spirit is now being gradually replaced by “for-profit” objective driven by the private sector, as is...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: International Development.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/53205
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Indian Agriculture: Managing Growth with Equity AgEcon
Gulati, Ashok; Landes, Maurice R.; Ganguly, Kavery.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: International Development; Q13; Q17; Q18.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94722
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INNOVATIONS IN IRRIGATION FINANCING: TAPPING DOMESTIC FINANCIAL MARKETS IN INDIA AgEcon
Raju, K. Vengama; Gulati, Ashok; Meinzen-Dick, Ruth Suseela.
Financing for water projects, especially for irrigation, has been moving towards collapse in recent years due to declining donor and government funding. Some Indian states have undertaken innovative institutional reforms by setting up financially autonomous corporations to mobilise required funds from the domestic bond market. This analysis of the performance of one such corporation, Karnataka's Krishna Bhagya Jal Nigam Limited, indicates that although adequate funds were mobilised, and physical works are on schedule, the new institution did not attempt to enhance overall irrigation performance and to move towards financial sustainability of the irrigation project. This paper describes the background of this institution, its achievements, inadequacies and...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural Finance.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16222
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Investment, Subsidies, and Pro-Poor Growth in Rural India AgEcon
Fan, Shenggen; Gulati, Ashok; Thorat, Sukhadeo.
This paper reviews the trends in government subsidies and investments in and for Indian agriculture; develops a conceptual framework and model to assess the impact of various subsidies and investments on agricultural growth and poverty reduction; and, presents several reform options with regard to reprioritizing government spending and improving institutions and governance. There are three major findings. First, initial subsidies in credit, fertilizer, and irrigation have been crucial for small farmers to adopt new technologies. Small farms are often losers in the initial adoption stage of a new technology since prices of the agricultural products are typically being pushed down by greater supply of products from large farms, which adopted the new...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Rural poverty; Agricultural growth; Investment; Subsidies; India; International Development.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42397
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Policy Reform and Farm Sector Adjustment in India AgEcon
Landes, Rip; Gulati, Ashok.
Policy reforms outside agriculture in the early 1990s accelerated growth in per capita incomes and food demand and also improved the terms of trade for the agriculture. Agricultural policies and institutions, traditionally focused on achieving food grain self sufficiency within a closed economy, have, however, been slow to adapt to a new environment of diversifying demand, more open markets, and a greater role for the private sector. Support price policy has remained delinked from domestic and international market realities, creating significant budgetary costs and market distortion. Inability to reform price policy and contain input subsidies has led to a decline in public investment in agriculture at a time when investment in new infrastructure and...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: India; Agriculture; Policy; Reform; Adjustment; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15735
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POST-URUGUAY ROUND PRICE LINKAGES BETWEEN DEVELOPED AND DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: THE CASE OF RICE AND WHEAT MARKETS AgEcon
Yavapolkul, Navin; Gopinath, Munisamy; Gulati, Ashok.
The Uruguay Round Agreement on Agriculture attempted to lower distortions in the global agricultural markets. However, the significant fall in commodity prices in late 1990s may have reduced the incentives for both developed and developing countries to better integrate into the world markets. This study analyzes price linkages and adjustment between developed and developing countries during the post-Uruguay Round period. Prices of two key commodity markets, long-grain rice and medium-hard wheat, are assembled for major exporters and producers. Results from the multivariate cointegration analysis suggest partial market integration between developed and developing countries in the post-Uruguay Round period. Developed countries are found to be price leaders...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Price Linkage; Developing Countries; Rice markets; Wheat Markets; Uruguay Round Agreement on Agriculture (URAA); Doha Development round of the World Trade Organization (WTO); International Relations/Trade; Q17; O13; Q11.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/60453
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PRODUCER SUPPORT ESTIMATES (PSEs) FOR AGRICULTURE IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: MEASUREMENT ISSUES AND ILLUSTRATIONS FROM INDIA AND CHINA AgEcon
Mullen, Kathleen; Sun, Dongsheng; Orden, David; Gulati, Ashok.
In many developing countries, governments rely on price-based measures (including border protection and subsidies on inputs and outputs) more than on budgetary payments to achieve agricultural policy objectives defined to include price stabilization or food self-sufficiency. Assessing the effects of these price-based measures is thus important to evaluating whether agriculture is being protected or disprotected by commodity or in the aggregate. This aspect of producer support estimates (PSEs) is simple to describe conceptually but difficult to evaluate well empirically. Developing countries may face higher international transport and port costs for imports and exports than developed countries or may have substantial internal handling, transportation and...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/60451
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RICE TRADE LIBERALIZATION AND POVERTY AgEcon
Gulati, Ashok; Narayanan, Sudha.
Rice is the lifeline of almost 70% of the world's poor residing in Asia, where more than 90% of world rice production and consumption takes place. Rice trade liberalization therefore has tremendous implications for poverty. The world rice market is highly distorted, partly because of the high degree of intervention in rice markets across the world. While poor countries such as Thailand, Vietnam, and India tend to "disprotect" rice sectors, the rich countries of East Asia (Japan and Korea), Europe, and the United States heavily support their rice producers. As a result, there is great diversity in domestic rice price levels, with very high prices in the latter countries and very low prices in the former. Trade liberalization would thus result in flows from...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Crop Production/Industries; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16214
Registros recuperados: 28
Primeira ... 12 ... Última
 

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