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Registros recuperados: 9
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A Nutraceutical Industry: Policy Implications for Future Directions AgEcon
Unterschultz, James R.; Lerohl, Mel L.; Peng, Yanning; Gurung, Rajendra Kumar.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24051
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Agriculture in a Water-Scarce World AgEcon
Gilmour, Brad; Jotanovic, Aleksandar; Gurung, Rajendra Kumar; Polcyn, Tania; Deng, Hugh.
With a relatively small population and 7% of the world's available freshwater resources, Canada is well placed for a world of water scarcity where the real value of water in its many uses becomes more and more apparent. However, action is necessary to ensure that Canada continues to benefit from the social, economic and environmental goods and services derived from water resources. Experience and analysis suggests that policy and incentives play critical roles in the sustainable exploitation of natural resources. In particular, properly valuing water in all its forms and uses appears to be critical. Analysis abroad has underlined the benefits of clearly delineating the roles of regulators, resource managers, infrastructure operators and service...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Water; Governance; Scarcity; Incentives; Sustainability; Valuation; Accountability; Transparency; Environmental Economics and Policy; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; International Relations/Trade; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/46689
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Australia Agriculture Policy Review AgEcon
Gilmour, Brad; Gurung, Rajendra Kumar.
Australia is a significant player in world trade for several commodities and agriculture is a vital part of the Australian economy. Around 60% of Australia is devoted to agriculture, with three broad zones in which agricultural activity occurs. These are referred to as the pastoral, wheat–sheep, and high rainfall zones. Australia had only about 130,000 commercial farms in 2005, so average farm size is high. Australia's agriculture is market driven and export-oriented. For some products, aggregations for values of production and for export values are not directly comparable because export values reflect the value of more highly processed products such as sugar and wine. Overall, about 65% of agricultural production is exported, representing about 25% of...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Australia; Agricultural policy; Adjustment; Business risk management; Productivity; Agricultural and Food Policy; Environmental Economics and Policy; Land Economics/Use; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/46669
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Evaluation of Factors Affecting the Choice of Pricing and Payment Practices by Traditional Marketing and New Generation Cooperatives AgEcon
Gurung, Rajendra Kumar; Unterschultz, James R..
Questionnaires were mailed to cooperatives in the mid-western states of the U.S. and selected provinces in Canada to evaluate the impact of type of organization and level of competition on the choice of cooperative pricing and payment methods. Traditional marketing cooperatives are more likely to choose the “spot market cash price” for payment to members and are more responsive to increased competition in commodity markets. New Generation Cooperatives are more likely to choose a “pooled” price, and appeared indifferent to short run increased competition in commodity markets. The type of cooperative has an impact on the pricing and payment methods used to pay for commodities supplied by members of the cooperative. The reasons for these differences may be...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agribusiness.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/46579
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India Agricultural Policy Review AgEcon
Gilmour, Brad; Gurung, Rajendra Kumar.
With a population of about 1.1 billion, India is expected to overtake China as the world's most populous country by 2030. India's economy ranks as Asia's third largest, after Japan and China, and is now one of the world's fastest growing. While growth has led to significant reductions in poverty, India still ranks among the world's low income countries in terms of income per capita. Nevertheless, economic growth has resulted in a burgeoning middle-class. India's agriculture sector accounts for 18% of GDP, and employs around 60% of the workforce. Rice, wheat, cotton, oilseeds, jute, tea, sugarcane, milk and potatoes are India's major agricultural commodities. With its growing urban middle-class and increasing influence in global affairs, India's policies...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: India; Economic growth; Agricultural policy; Water scarcity; Market regulations; Agriculture; Water; Agricultural and Food Policy; Environmental Economics and Policy; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Land Economics/Use; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/46456
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Japan Agriculture Policy Review AgEcon
Gilmour, Brad; Gurung, Rajendra Kumar.
Japan, with a population of about 125 million, is a major importer of agricultural products. Japan's mountainous topography limits the area available for farming, with a total cultivated land area of around 4.8 million hectares. Farm holdings are small, averaging just over 1.5 hectares. Japan has producer support levels among the highest in OECD, driven in part by food security concerns and memories of food shortages during World War II and its aftermath. The Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry, and Fisheries (MAFF) has used a combination of border measures, domestic policies including direct budgetary payments, regulation and mandated administrative processes to support domestic production. This policy note first provides an overview of the policies that...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Japan; Agricultural policy; Demographic change; Adjustment; Food security; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Security and Poverty; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Land Economics/Use; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/46671
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NEW GENERATION CO-OPERATIVES (NGC) AS A MODEL FOR VALUE-ADDED AGRICULTURAL PROCESSING IN ALBERTA: APPLICATIONS TO FACTORS AFFECTING CHOICE OF PRICING AND PAYMENT PRACTICES BY TRADITIONAL MARKETING AND NEW GENERATION CO-OPERATIVES AgEcon
Unterschultz, James R.; Gurung, Rajendra Kumar.
This study examines the factors affecting choice of pricing and payment practices by traditional marketing and new generation co-operatives for commodities delivered by their members. These factors include the demographic variables related to type of co-operative organization, level of competition in commodity market, and risk-return perceptions of members and co-operatives. Data for the analysis were obtained through a mail survey. Questionnaires were send to one hundred and ninety five (195) co-operatives in mid-west states of the U.S.A. and Canada. Altogether 93 co-operatives responded to the survey. Mean score analysis, factor analysis and multinomial logit analysis were done. The results indicate that traditional marketing co-operatives are more...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agribusiness.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24045
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New Zealand Agriculture Policy Review AgEcon
Gilmour, Brad; Gurung, Rajendra Kumar.
In 1984, New Zealand introduced important policy reforms in order to address major macroeconomic and fiscal imbalances. New Zealand's support to agricultural producers rapidly decreased from 30 percent of the value of production to about 2 percent, and has remained the lowest among OECD economies since that time. After a difficult transition, the removal of subsidies resulted in a more diversified and competitive rural economy in New Zealand; total factor productivity growth has been roughly 2.5 percent annually since 1984, compared to roughly 1.5 percent in the prereform period. This Policy Review focuses on agricultural policy today and how New Zealand is supporting the agricultural sector now without resorting to subsidies. It describes the policy New...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: New Zealand; Agricultural policy; Benchmark; Proactive; Agricultural and Food Policy; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; International Relations/Trade; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/46688
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South Korea Agriculture Policy Review AgEcon
Gurung, Rajendra Kumar; Pa, Chung; Deng, Hugh.
South Korea is a highly urbanized and industrialized country. Increased urbanization and greater specialization have led to rising incomes, and changes in food production and consumption patterns. Changes in consumption and increased production specialization have also resulted in changes in trading patterns, with South Korea emerging as a leading importer of agri-food products. South Korea places great importance on self-sufficiency in food staples, and achieving income parity between rural and urban households. To attain these goals, considerable support has been provided to its agriculture sector. South Korea's policy support to the agriculture sector ranks among the worlds' highest. Small holdings still persist, entry into the sector is difficult, and...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: South Korea; Agricultural policy; Self-sufficiency; Natural resources; Demographics; Agricultural and Food Policy; Environmental Economics and Policy; Food Security and Poverty; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; International Development; Labor and Human Capital; Land Economics/Use; Public Economics.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/52051
Registros recuperados: 9
Primeira ... 1 ... Última
 

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