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AGRI-ENVIRONMENTAL POLICIES IN A TRANSITIONAL ECONOMY: THE VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL BIODIVERSITY IN HUNGARIAN HOME GARDENS AgEcon
Birol, Ekin; Smale, Melinda; Gyovai, Agnes.
Agricultural biodiversity is an environmental resource. Much of the agricultural biodiversity remaining in situ today is found on the semi-subsistence farms of poorer countries and the small-scale farms or home gardens of more industrialized nations. The traditional small farms of Hungary are labelled "home gardens" as a reflection of their institutional identity during the collectivisation period. Homesteads managed with family labor, they continue to serve essential food security and diet quality functions during economic transition. Home gardens contribute to the preservation of rural settlements and cultural heritage, and they contain relatively high levels of several components of agricultural biodiversity. The role of home gardens in the...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural biodiversity; In situ conservation; Choice experiment method; Hungary; Home garden; Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries; Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/60331
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SUSTAINABLE USE AND MANAGEMENT OF CROP GENETIC RESOURCES: LANDRACES ON HUNGARIAN SMALL FARMS AgEcon
Birol, Ekin; Smale, Melinda; Gyovai, Agnes.
Crop genetic resources are natural assets that are necessary for future crop improvement. In isolated, marginal production environments where markets function imperfectly, farm families depend on them directly for food. In recognition of their importance, international agreements such as the Convention on Biological Diversity and the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture encourage national governments to support their sustainable use and management, on farms and in gene bank collections. Hungary is a signatory to these international agreements. The aim of this study is to contribute research-based information to support the design of efficient and equitable conservation programmes for socially valuable crop landraces...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Crop genetic resources; Landraces; Farm household model; Poisson Hurdle model; Sustainable use and management; Crop Production/Industries; Environmental Economics and Policy; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/31935
Registros recuperados: 2
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