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Registros recuperados: 8
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FOOD-FOR-WORK FOR POVERTY REDUCTION AND THE PROMOTION OF SUSTAINABLE LAND USE: CAN IT WORK? AgEcon
Holden, Stein T.; Barrett, Christopher B.; Hagos, Fitsum.
Food-for-work (FFW) programs are commonly used both for short-term relief and long-term development purposes. In the latter capacity, they are increasingly used for natural resources management projects. Barrett, Holden and Clay (forthcoming) assess the suitability of FFW programs as insurance to cushion the poor against short-term, adverse shocks that could, in the absence of a safety net, have permanent repercussions. In this paper we explore the complementary question of FFW programs' potential to reduce poverty and promote sustainable land use in the longer run through induced changes in investment patterns. FFW programs commonly aim to produce or maintain potentially valuable public goods necessary to stimulate productivity and thus income growth....
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty; Q18; O1; Q2; I1.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14759
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Gender, Low-cost Land Certification, and Land Rental Market Participation AgEcon
Holden, Stein T.; Deininger, Klaus W.; Ghebru, Hosaena H..
Land policy
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Land certification; Land rental market participation; Female landlords; Land Economics/Use; Q15.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51575
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Land redistribution, tenure insecurity, and intensity of production: a study of farm households in southern Ethiopia AgEcon
Holden, Stein T.; Yohannes, Hailu.
This study analyzes the determinants of land tenure insecurity and its impact on intensity of use of purchased farm inputs among households in Southern Ethiopia. Seventeen percent of the households stated that they were tenure insecure. The feeling of tenure insecurity could be caused by the land redistribution policy in Ethiopia where household size has been the main criterion used for land allocation after the land reform in 1975. This would imply that land rich households should be more tenure insecure. Alternatively, the local power structure may be strong enough to counter this and cause the land rich, who are also likely to be influential, to be able to protect their land rights. The analysis revealed that, in the overall sample, relative farm size...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Land redistribution; Tenure insecurity; Farm input intensity; Resource poverty; Southern Ethiopia.; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/50056
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MARKET IMPERFECTIONS AND LAND PRODUCTIVITY IN THE ETHIOPIAN HIGHLANDS AgEcon
Holden, Stein T.; Shiferaw, Bekele A.; Pender, John L..
This study analyzes how market imperfections affect land productivity in a degraded low-potential cereal- livestock economy in the Ethiopian highlands. A wide array of variables is used to control for land quality in the analysis. Results of three different selection models were compared with least squares models using the HC3 heteroskedasticity-consistent covariance matrix estimator. Market imperfections in labor and land markets were found to affect land productivity. Land productivity was positively correlated with household male and female labor force per unit of land. Female-headed households achieved much lower land productivity than male- headed households. Old age of household heads was also correlated with lower land productivity. Imperfections in...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Market imperfections; Land productivity; Ethiopian highlands; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16066
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Modes of Land Access and Welfare Impacts in Uganda AgEcon
Tatwangire, Alex; Holden, Stein T..
This article estimates the poverty reducing impact of land access in rural Uganda. Using balanced panel data for 309 households in 2001, 2003, and 2005, models that control for unobserved household heterogeneity and endogeneity of land acquisition and disposition are employed to measure the poverty-reduction effect of land on household income and expenditure per adult equivalent. Significant poverty reduction effects of increased land access in form of owned, operated and market-accessed land were found. The poverty reduction effect for land accessed through the market was significantly larger than the poverty reduction effect of land accessed through inheritance.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Endogeneity of land access; Unobserved heterogeneity; Poverty impacts.; Land Economics/Use; O55; Q15; O12.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51635
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Parametric and Non-Parametric Estimation of Soil Conservation Impact on Productivity in the Northwestern Ethiopian Highlands AgEcon
Kassie, Menale; Holden, Stein T..
The impact of fanya juu bunds on productivity in a high rainfall area in the Ethiopian highlands is analyzed based on data from a cross section household survey with multiple plot observations per household. The results from parametric and non-parametric analysis indicated that productivity from conserved plots was lower than from non-conserved plots. The Oaxaca-Blinder productivity decomposition results showed that there was little difference in plot characteristics between conserved and non-conserved plots, however the returns to those characteristics were higher for non-conserved plots. The sensitivity analysis, increasing fodder grass production on bunds, suggests that there are possibilities to make conserved plots as productive as non-conserved ones....
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Yield decomposition; Soil conservation; Switching regression; Stochastic dominance analysis; Matching methods; Land Economics/Use; Productivity Analysis; C21; C23; Q12; Q15; Q16.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25281
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Policy Analysis for Sustainable Land Management and Food Security in Ethiopia: A Bioeconomic Model with Market Imperfections Food Security in Ethiopia AgEcon
Holden, Stein T.; Shiferaw, Bekele A.; Pender, John L..
Soil fertility and the lack of fertilizer use in Africa are frequently discussed topics. The problems of land degradation and low agricultural productivity, which result in food insecurity and poverty, are particularly severe in the rural highlands of Ethiopia. In many areas, a downward spiral of land degradation and poverty appears to be occurring. Finding solutions to these problems requires identifying effective entry points for farmers, governments, and civil society organizations, and understanding the potential impacts and tradeoffs that are likely to arise from alternative interventions. This report seeks to improve that understanding, using a bioeconomic model of land management and agricultural production developed for a community that is fairly...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Agriculture; Economic aspects; Ethiopia; Food supply; Sustainable agriculture; Sustainable development; Government policy; Food Security and Poverty; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37890
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Tenure Insecurity, Transaction Costs in the Land Lease Market and their Implications for Gendered Productivity Differentials AgEcon
Holden, Stein T.; Bezabih, Mintewab.
This study sets out to assess the link between land leasing behavior and productivity differentials between male and female-headed households. A double-moral hazard model allows us to show that landlord's tenure insecurity leads to sub-optimal level of effort on tenant's part, via its impact on the likelihood of contract renewal. The landlord's enforcement ability is also shown to increase the optimal level of effort. The empirical findings support the hypothesis that female heads of households have higher tenant turnover and lower enforcement ability. The results, however, show that contract renewal is not strongly linked to productivity.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Productivity; Female headed households; Contract length; Enforcement ability; Land Economics/Use; D2; Q12; Q15; C21; C7.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25273
Registros recuperados: 8
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