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Assessment of Farmers’ Plant Disease Knowledge in Organic Cacao Cultivation Organic Eprints
Heuschekel, Zoe; Home, Robert; Schneider, Monika; Pohlan, Jürgen.
The Alto Beni region on the eastern foothills of the Andes accounts for 90% of certified organic cacao production in Bolivia and other tropical products for the city of La Paz. In the region more than 2200 households strongly depend on the cultivation of cacao. Cacao is cultivated on small holder farms mostly in diversified agroforestry systems. These systems contribute to both the conservation of biodiversity and the food security of the farmers. An outbreak of the frosty pod disease caused by Moniliophthora roreri in 2011 is now threatening these relatively sustainable production systems. Examples all over Latin America showed the abandonment and elimination of cocoa systems and the loss of biodiversity and local revenues after its attack. Frosty pod...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Crop health; Quality; Protection Education; Extension and communication Bolivia.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://orgprints.org/24785/1/Heuschkel-etal-2013-Tropentag-vortrag.pdf
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Beiträge der Abschlusstagung „Landwirtschaft punktet mit Biodiversität“ am 30. Juni 2017 in Olten Organic Eprints
Pfiffner, Lukas; Stoeckli, Sibylle; Birrer, Simon; Zellweger-Fischer, Judith; Chevillat, Véronique; Graf, Roman; Home, Robert.
Im Projekt „Mit Vielfalt punkten – Bauern beleben die Natur“ erforschten und erprobten das FiBL und die Vogelwarte Sempach seit 2009 Massnahmen und Instrumente, um die Biodiversität auf Landwirtschaftsbetrieben wirksam zu fördern. Es hat sich gezeigt, dass die Produktion von Nahrungsmitteln sehr wohl mit der Erhaltung und Förderung der Biodiversität vereinbar ist, ja sogar ökonomische Vorteile bringen kann. An der Schlussveranstaltung vom 30. Juni 2017 wurden die wichtigsten Resultate einem breiteren Publi­kum vorgestellt und deren Stellenwert für die Weiterentwicklung nachhaltiger Produktions- und Er­nährungssysteme mit Akteuren aus Verwaltung, Politik und Markt beleuchtet und diskutiert.
Tipo: Proceedings Palavras-chave: Biodiversity and ecosystem services.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://orgprints.org/33468/1/1%20Pfiffner_Birrer%20-%20Projekt%20MVP.pdf
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Bettergardens: Biodiversität, Bodenqualität und sozialer Wert von Stadtgärten Organic Eprints
Frey, David; Young, Christopher; Zanetta, Andrea; Tresch, Simon; Fliessbach, Andreas; Bauer, Nicole; Lewis, Olivia; Home, Robert; Moretti, Marco.
Die trans- und interdisziplinäre Studie BetterGardens wird vom Forschungsinstitut für biologischen Landbau FiBL (Projektleitung) und von der Eidgenössischen Forschungsanstalt für Wald, Schnee und Landschaft WSL durchgeführt. Sie findet in den drei Städten Bern, Lausanne und Zürich statt. Das Projekt wird von städtischen Behörden und dem Schweizerischen Familiengärtnerverband unterstützt und vom Nationalfonds (Sinergia) finanziert. BetterGardens untersucht die sozialen und ökologischen Eigenschaften von Gärten in der Stadt sowie deren Wechselwirkungen. Die Studie zielt darauf hin, wissenschaftliche Grundlagen für Gartenformen zu schaffen, welche Biodiversität fördern und Ökosystemleistungen in der Stadt erbringen. Sie soll ausserdem den Wert urbaner...
Tipo: Newspaper or magazine article Palavras-chave: Community development; Soil quality; Biodiversity and ecosystem services.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://orgprints.org/34343/1/Tresch-2017-Bettergardens.pdf
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Bettergardens Subproject A Organic Eprints
Home, Robert.
Raw data from BetterGardens, A Sinergia project.
Tipo: Data set Palavras-chave: Social aspects; Biodiversity and ecosystem services.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://orgprints.org/34556/1/Bettergardens%20Subproject%20A.sav
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Chinese consumer's attitudes, perceptions and behavioural responses towards food fraud Organic Eprints
Kendall, Helen; Kuznesof, Sharron; Dean, Moira; Chan, Mei-Yen; Clark, Beth; Home, Robert; Stolz, Hanna; Zhong, Qiding; Liu, Chuanhe; Brereton, Paul; Frewer, Lynn.
Regulation of food systems exists to ensure safety and enhance consumer confidence in the food which they purchase and consume. However, some regulatory systems fail to instil public confidence. In China for example, trust in the domestic food system is low as a consequence of multiple high-profile food scandals, many of which linked to food fraud. Fraud occurs when food is intentionally adulterated for economic gain and may, but not always, pose a risk to the safety of food. Food authenticity and quality may also be compromised. The focus of this research relates to how Chinese consumers perceive food fraud and make choices in the absence of trust in regulatory systems. Seven focus groups with middle class Chinese participants in tier 1 and 2 cities...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Consumer issues; Policy environments and social economy.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://orgprints.org/34079/1/Kendall-etal-2018-FoodControl-Vol95-p339-351.pdf
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Conservation science relevant to action: A research agenda identified and prioritized by practitioners Organic Eprints
Braunisch, Veronika; Home, Robert; Pellet, Jérôme; Arlettaz, Raphaël.
A wide gap between research and practice hinders the implementation of biodiversity conservation recommendations. As subjects studied by conservation scientists might bear little relevance for implementation, surveys have identified and framed research questions relevant to conservation in practice. No attempts to prioritize these questions have yet been published, although it would provide invaluable information for steering practice-oriented research. We surveyed Swiss conservation practitioners with the aim of identifying and prioritizing their needs in terms of useful scientific information. A first inductive survey of a selected subgroup generated a list of relevant research questions that were reformulated to be generalizable to all main Swiss...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Biodiversity and ecosystem services.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://orgprints.org/26221/1/Braunisch_etal_Biological%20Conservation%202012.pdf
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Cultural and Biological Determinants in the Evaluation of Urban Green Spaces Organic Eprints
Home, Robert; Bauer, Nicole; Hunziker, Marcel.
Dramatically increasing urbanization is observable worldwide and brings pressure on space within urban areas as the built environment intensifies. Considerable evidence suggests that contact with nature is important for city dwellers, although it is not known whether residents’ appreciation of the forms of urban green spaces is constant across different contexts. More specifically, it has not yet been shown whether our appreciation of nature is innate and inherently human, is cultural and something that we learn, or is a mixture of both. This article describes an exploratory study consisting of 17 interviews carried out in Zurich, Switzerland. Kelly’s repertory grid technique is used to identify preferred urban landscapes, which were contrasted with...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Environmental aspects.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://orgprints.org/28889/1/home-etal-2010-Environment-Behavior-42-2-p494-523.pdf
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Der ökologische und soziale Wert von Stadtgärten Organic Eprints
Lichtsteiner, Stéphanie; Home, Robert; Moretti, Marco; Frey, David; Fliessbach, Andreas; Tresch, Simon; Young, Christopher; Bauer, Nicole.
Die Wechselwirkungen zwischen Gärten als Lebensraum für Pflanzen und Tiere, den Bewirtschaftungsweisen der Gärten sowie dem Wohlbefinden der Gartennutzer und der Stadtbevölkerung sind wichtige aktuelle Forschungsfelder, die bislang nur wenig untersucht wurden. Im interund transdisziplinären Forschungsprojekt «BetterGardens» sollen diese Zusammenhänge analysiert und Strategien zur nachhaltigen Bewirtschaftung von Stadtgärten erarbeitet werden.
Tipo: Newspaper or magazine article Palavras-chave: Biodiversity and ecosystem services; Policy environments and social economy.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://orgprints.org/31116/1/lichtsteiner-etal-2016-Hotspot-no33-p22.pdf
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Digging for the roots of urban gardening behaviours Organic Eprints
Lewis, Olivia; Home, Robert; Kizos, Thanasis.
Urban green spaces make a significant contribution to the social and ecological environment in cities, and the decisions of green space managers have direct impacts at both local and city scales. However most studies have focussed on public green spaces, despite privately managed gardens collectively forming a large proportion of urban green. The aim of this qualitative paper is to understand why people become involved in gardening and why they choose environmentally friendly gardening practices. We conducted semi-structured interviews with 23 gardeners in Lausanne, Switzerland and analysed them according to their content. Three major themes emerged as motivations for gardening: wellbeing, social aspects, and outputs (both tangible, such as food, and...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Community development; Biodiversity and ecosystem services; Policy environments and social economy; Landscape and recreation.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/34733/1/lewis-eta-2018-UrbanForestry_UrbanGreening-Vol34-p105-113.pdf
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Effects of garden management practices, by different types of gardeners, on human wellbeing and ecological and soil sustainability in Swiss cities Organic Eprints
Home, Robert; Lewis, Olivia; Bauer, Nicole; Fliessbach, Andreas; Frey, David; Lichtsteiner, Stéphanie; Moretti, Marco; Tresch, Simon; Young, Christopher; Zanetta, Andrea; Stolze, Matthias.
This is a pre-print of an article published in Urban Ecosystems. The final authenticated version is available online at: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11252-018-0806-2. The aim of this exploratory study is to address this research gap by identifying the characteristics of gardens and the management practices of gardeners that enhance the outcomes of gardening, which we separate into three dimensions: human wellbeing, biodiversity, and soil quality. Data were collected from 18 gardens in Zurich, Switzerland and a typology of gardeners was identified, which included ‘conservationist’, ‘functional’, ‘minimum effort’, ‘child-friendly’, and ‘aesthetic’ gardeners. The conservationist gardeners were found to have, on average, the highest species richness in their...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Farming Systems; Environmental aspects.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://orgprints.org/36461/1/Effects%20of%20garden%20management%20practices.pdf
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Effects of garden management practices, by different types of gardeners, on human wellbeing and ecological and soil sustainability in Swiss cities Organic Eprints
Home, Robert; Lewis, Olivia; Bauer, Nicole; Fliessbach, Andreas; Frey, David; Lichtensteiner, Stéphanie; Moretti, Marco; Tresch, Simon; Young, Christopher; Zanetta, Andrea; Stolze, Matthias.
Gardens have effects on the local ecology as well as on the wellbeing of the gardener, but few studies have attempted to study gardens using both ecological and social outcome variables. The aim of this exploratory study is to address this research gap by identifying the characteristics of gardens and the management practices of gardeners that enhance the outcomes of gardening, which we separate into three dimensions: human wellbeing, biodiversity, and soil quality. Data were collected from 18 gardens in Zurich, Switzerland and a typology of gardeners was dentified,which included ‘conservationist’, ‘functional’, ‘minimumeffort’, ‘child-friendly’, and ‘aesthetic’ gardeners.
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Soil quality; Landscape and recreation; Switzerland.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/34340/1/Home-2018-Article-EffectsOfGardenManagementPract.pdf
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Encouraging organic cultivation practices in Swiss allotment gardens Organic Eprints
Jahrl, Ingrid; Home, Robert.
Allotment gardens are usually managed by associations, with small allotment plots rented to individual tenant gardeners. Many garden associations have rules for organic production but the rules are neither followed nor policed. To find ways to motivate gardeners to manage their plots organically, we investigate the attitudes of Swiss gardeners towards organic gardening, and which motivations can be used to encourage and promote organic garden management. Interviews with 32 gardeners and other key informants from three Swiss target cities were analysed using content analysis. We found that organic practices are more likely when knowledge is held and that the social environment has a strong influence on behaviour, so potential exists for encouraging a...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Social aspects; Switzerland.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://orgprints.org/24352/1/24352%20Jahrl_Home_Encouraging%20organic%20cultivation%20Swiss%20allotment%20gardens%2028%2001%2014_MM.pdf
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Evaluating On-Farm Biodiversity: A Comparison of Assessment Methods Organic Eprints
Gabel, Vanessa M.; Home, Robert; Stöckli, Sibylle; Meier, Matthias; Stolze, Matthias; Köpke, Ulrich.
Strategies to stop the loss of biodiversity in agriculture areas will be more successful if farmers have the means to understand changes in biodiversity on their farms and to assess the effectiveness of biodiversity promoting measures. There are several methods to assess on-farm biodiversity but it may be difficult to select the most appropriate method for a farmer’s individual circumstances. This study aims to evaluate the usability and usefulness of four biodiversity assessment methods that are available to farmers in Switzerland. All four methods were applied to five case study farms, which were ranked according to the results. None of the methods were able to provide an exact statement on the current biodiversity status of the farms, but each method...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Biodiversity and ecosystem services.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/34439/1/sustainability_%20Gabel_et%20al.%202018.pdf
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Evaluation of a Multi-case Participatory Action Research Project: The Case of SOLINSA Organic Eprints
Home, Robert; Rump, Niels.
Purpose: Scholars agree that evaluation of participatory action research is inherently valuable; however there have been few attempts at evaluating across methods and across interventions because the perceived success of a method is affected by context, researcher skills and the aims of the participants. This paper describes the systematic evaluation of participatory action research with 17 European networks (LINSA) as part of a research project titled SOLINSA: Support of Learning and Innovation Networks for Sustainable Agriculture. Methodology: Participatory action research was carried out over three years in collaboration with the 17 LINSA using a learning-oriented evaluation that was adapted to SOLINSA. The collaboration was evaluated using a...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Policy environments and social economy Education; Extension and communication.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://orgprints.org/29094/1/Home-and-Rump-2015-JournalAgriculturalEducationExtension-21_1-p73-89.pdf
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Factors in the decision by Swiss farmers to convert to organic farming Organic Eprints
Home, Robert; Indermuehle, Annina; Tschanz, Anna; Ries, Elke; Stolze, Matthias.
Demonstrated economic benefits of conversion to organic agriculture, combined with solutions to technical and production-related problems, suggest that farmers in Switzerland should have converted in large numbers to organic production. However, the number of organic farms in Switzerland has remained virtually constant in the last 10 yr, so it appears there are other factors that influence the decision of whether or not to convert. Several studies have sought to identify the factors that influence the decisions by farmers whether or not to convert to organic, but have found a range of factors that appear to be context dependent, while others can be seen as context transcendent, which makes it difficult to draw generalizable conclusions. The aim of this...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: "Organics" in general; Farming Systems; Policy environments and social economy.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/34734/1/home-etal-2018-RenewAgriFoodSys_online_p1-11.pdf
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Familiengärten - Biogärten: Ansätze zur Förderung der Ökologisierung städtischer Flächen Organic Eprints
Jahrl, Ingrid; Home, Robert; Tschabold, Jean-Luc; Stolz, Hanna; Lichtsteiner, Stéphanie.
Die Studie zu den Einstellungen, dem Wissen und der Umsetzung des biologischen Gärtnerns in vier Schweizer Städten hat sechs zentrale Resultate bzw. Schwachstellen hervorgebracht. Die Analyse konnte zeigen, dass die Eigendefinition und Praxis als BiogärtnerIn nicht immer überein stimmen. GärtnerInnen, welche sich selbst als BiogärtnerInnen bezeichnen, haben ihrer eigenen Einschätzung nach nur teilweise viel Wissen zum Biogärtnern und wenden auch nicht immer biologische Methoden an. Des Weiteren wurde aufgezeigt, dass biologisches Gärtnern teilweise negativ wahrgenommen und mit nachlässiger Gartenbewirtschaftung gleichgesetzt wird. Seitens der Vereine/Städte gibt es teilweise Vorschriften zum biologischen Gärtnern, diese sind aber nicht allen GärtnerInnen...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Social aspects Education; Extension and communication.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://orgprints.org/33651/1/Familiengarten%20Schlussbericht_Juni%202015_final.pdf
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Feeding the People: Agroecology for Nourishing the World and Transforming the Agri-Food System Organic Eprints
Herren, Hans Rudolf; Hilbeck, Angelika; Hoffmann, Ulrich; Home, Robert; Levidow, Les; Müller, Adrian; Nelson, Erin; Oehen, Bernadette; Pimbert, Michel.
Agroecology is an idea inspiring more and more people, but it means different things to different people. Altieri (1983) defined it as the application of ecological principles to agriculture. This definition of agroecology includes farmers and farmers’ knowledge, and it sees farmers as stewards of the landscape, of biodiversity and of the diversity of foods. In 2002, Altieri developed his concept further when he proposed that agroecological systems should be based on five ecological principles: 1) recycling biomass and balancing nutrient flows and availability; 2) securing favourable soil conditions for plant growth by enhancing the organic matter; 3) minimizing losses of solar radiation, water and nutrients by managing the microclimate and soil cover, and...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Community development Food security; Food quality and human health Policy environments and social economy World.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://orgprints.org/30370/1/ifoameu_policy_ffe_feedingthepeople-2015.pdf
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Final Report of the SOLINSA project. Project Deliverable D8.2 of the SOLINSA project (GA 266306) Organic Eprints
Moschitz, Heidrun; Tisenkopfs, Talis; Brunori, Gianluca; Home, Robert; Kunda, Ilona; Sumane, Sandra.
The Final Report outlines results of the Project “Agricultural Knowledge Systems in Transition: Towards a more effective and efficient support of Learning and Innovation Networks for Sustainable Agriculture” (Project acronym: SOLINSA). The project was conceived and implemented as a response to the need for identifying new ways of transition from “productivist” practices to more sustainable agriculture and rural development, where traditional institutions in charge of fostering innovation are not always relevant and effective. The EU SOLINSA project proposes a new organisational pattern aimed at fostering innovation for transition. It illuminates the role of learning and innovation in transition processes, explores networks as drivers of innovation...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Systems research and participatory research; Policy environments and social economy; Knowledge management.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://orgprints.org/25520/1/D%208.2%20SOLINSA%20Final%20Report.pdf
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Incentive Mechanisms for Researchers to Participate in Targeted Interactive Research and Innovation Processes–Beyond Academic Relevance Organic Eprints
Home, Robert; Moschitz, Heidrun.
The objectives of this study are twofold. Firstly the objective is to identify possible incentives and evaluation criteria for research organisations and individual researchers that are or can be used in addition to scientific excellence. A further objective is to identify means of strengthening incentives for individual researchers to take part in multi actor research and innovation process-es. In this study, we have developed ten recommendations on the basis of literature analysis and theoretical reflection. They include six potential changes at the level of research policy (P1-P6), and four recommendations at the level of research institutions (I7-I10). For each recommendation we give the following details: a) a short description of the recom-mendation...
Tipo: Book chapter Palavras-chave: Specific methods Education; Extension and communication Research methodology and philosophy Knowledge management.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://orgprints.org/28126/1/home-moschitz-2013-chapter5-p75-93-agricultural-knowledge-innovation-systems-towards-2020_en.pdf
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Information technologies as a tool for agricultural extension and farmer-to-farmer exchange: Mobile-phone video use in Mali... Organic Eprints
Sousa, Fernando; Gian, Nicolay; Home, Robert.
Mobile phones are widespread in the rural areas of Mali and Burkina Faso, but their potential as a tool for knowledge transfer by extension services in the region remains largely unexplored. The aim of this contribution is to evaluate the potential of video on mobile phones as a tool for farmer-to-farmer exchange and agricultural extension in Western Africa's rural reality. This aim was addressed by interviewing 460 farmers in Mali and Burkina Faso. Third generation (3G) mobile phones with video and Bluetooth technology were found to be widespread in the study area. Furthermore, videos on 3G phones were found to have a high frequency of contact and a high information utility. The participating farmers reported that 3G phones are readily accessible:...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Farming Systems Education; Extension and communication Africa.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://orgprints.org/32666/1/sousa-etal-216-IJEDICT-vol12-issue3-p19-36.pdf
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