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Registros recuperados: 67
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Agriculture in the Face of Changing Markets, Institutions and Policies: Challenges and Strategies AgEcon
Balmann, Alfons; Curtiss, Jarmila; Dautzenberg, Kirsti; Happe, Kathrin; Huang, Jikun; Swinnen, Johan F.M.; Rozelle, Scott; Sedik, David J.; Ciaian, Pavel; Vranken, Liesbet; Doitchinova, Julia M.; Kanchev, Ivan; Miteva, Albena; Bachev, Hrabrin Ianouchev; Forgacs, Csaba; Guo, Hongdong; Ferto, Imre; Jolly, Robert W.; Zhu, Jianhua; Falkowski, Jan; Milczarek, Dominika; Peyerl, Hermann; Breuer, Gunter; Danilowska, Alina; Zawojska, Aldona; Ramanovich, Mikhail; Hemme, Torsten; Mirzaei, Farhad; Heidelbach, Olaf; Balkhausen, Oliver; Banse, Martin; Perekhozhuk, Oleksandr; Grings, Michael; Luka, Oksana; Epstein, David B.; Naydenov, Nikolay; Sauer, Johannes; Balint, Borbala; Il'ina, Natalia; Svetlov, Nikolai M.; Weitzel, Enno-Burghard; Bayaner, Ahmet; Bakucs, Lajos Zoltan; Hockmann, Heinrich; Cechura, Lukas; Herzfeld, Thomas; Glauben, Thomas; Azzarri, Carlo; Carletto, Calogero; Davis, Benjamin; Zezza, Alberto; Nivievskyi, Oleg; von Cramon-Taubadel, Stephan; Newton, Claire; Bednarikova, Zuzana; Doucha, Tomas; Travnicek, Zdenek; Fock, Theodor.
Since the late 1980s, agriculture in Central and Eastern European Countries (CEECs) has been under considerable adjustment pressure due to changing political, economic and institutional environments. These changes have been linked to the transition process, as well as the ongoing integration into the European Union and the world market. Reduced subsidies, increased environmental and food quality demands, as well as structural changes in the supply, processing and food retailing sector call for major structural adjustments and the improvement of farmers’ managerial abilities. Though such changes always carry significant threats to farms, they also offer new opportunities for the farms' entrepreneurial engagement. Upcoming changes in the agricultural...
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Agribusiness; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Farm Management; Industrial Organization; International Development; Labor and Human Capital; Land Economics/Use; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/93012
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Are Urban Consumers in China Ready to Accept Biotech Foods? AgEcon
Lin, William W.; Somwaru, Agapi; Tuan, Francis C.; Huang, Jikun; Bai, Junfei.
Based on a large-scale survey conducted in 11 large and small eastern cities in 2002, this study employs ordered probit models to estimate the effects of demographic and socio-economic variables on the likelihood of biotech food acceptance in China. This study also employs a dichotomous choice model to estimate consumers' mean willingness to pay (WTP) for biotech foods, including soybean oil and insect-resistant biotech rice. This survey reaffirms that Chinese urban consumers had a low awareness of biotechnology. Despite the low level of awareness, a great majority of respondents had favorable or neutral attitudes toward biotech foods. Only 5-15 percent was strongly or relatively opposed to biotech foods. Results from the models suggest that mid- and...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Biotech foods; Ordered probit model; Consumer acceptance; Willingness to pay; China; Consumer/Household Economics; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Q11; Q13.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25389
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Can Good Projects Succeed in Bad Villages? Project Design, Village Governance and Infrastructure Quality in Rural China AgEcon
Liu, Chengfang; Zhang, Linxiu; Huang, Jikun; Luo, Renfu; Rozelle, Scott.
This study seeks to explain the differences in infrastructure quality across China’s villages. Using primary data on three main types of infrastructure projects in rural China, we find that a.) between-project within-village quality differences are small and project design has little explanatory power; b.) between-village variations are larger; and c.) there are strong correlations between the ways villages govern themselves and project quality. We conclude that it is difficult to make good projects work in bad communities and that there is something at the village level that is making some projects succeed in some villages, but not in others.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Infrastructure Quality; Village; Rural China; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Public Economics; H41; H54; H71.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/49944
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Centralized versus Individual: Governance of Farmer Professional Cooperatives in China AgEcon
Jia, Xiangping; Hu, Yamei; Hendrikse, George W.J.; Huang, Jikun.
Based on a national representative survey conducted in 2009, this study shows that the decision-making within Farmer Professional Cooperatives (FPCs) in China is decentralized to individual farmers. However, there is a trend that the decision rights of farming are decomposed to marketing, production and input procuring. While the rights for production and input procuring stay with family farmers, marketing rights tend to be collectivized. Compared to FPCs having external initiating sources, FPCs initiated by farmers are more inclined to introduce centralized decision-making. The governance structure of FPCs in transition China presents hybrid forms of both hierarchy and family farming.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Farmer; Cooperatives; Governance; China; Agricultural and Food Policy; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Political Economy; L14; Q13; Q18.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/90803
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CHINA AND THE FUTURE GLOBAL FOOD SITUATION AgEcon
Huang, Jikun; Rozelle, Scott; Rosegrant, Mark W..
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16359
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CHINA'S ACCESSION TO WTO AND SHIFTS IN THE AGRICULTURE POLICY AgEcon
Huang, Jikun; Rozelle, Scott.
The overall goal of our paper is to explore this question of how China’'s policy will likely respond as the nation enters the WTO. Specifically, we will have three objectives. First, we briefly review China'’s existing agriculture policy and past performance of China’'s agriculture and how it has changed during the past 20 years of reform. Next, we examine the main features of the agreement that China must adhere to as they enter WTO. Finally, we consider a number of possible ways that policy makers may respond, primarily focusing on the national government's viewpoint.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/11972
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CHINA'S AGRICULTURAL WATER POLICY REFORMS: INCREASING INVESTMENT, RESOLVING CONFLICTS, AND REVISING INCENTIVES AgEcon
Lohmar, Bryan; Wang, Jinxia; Rozelle, Scott; Huang, Jikun; Dawe, David.
Water shortages in important grain-producing regions of China may significantly affect China's agricultural production potential and international markets. Falling ground-water tables and disruption of surface-water deliveries to important industrial and agricultural regions have provoked concern that a more dramatic crisis is looming unless effective water conservation policies can be put into place rapidly. While China's water use is unsustainable in some areas, there is substantial capacity to adapt and avert a more serious crisis. Recent changes in water management policies may serve to bring about more effective water conservation. This report provides an overview of these changes and some analysis of their effectiveness. Wheat is the most likely crop...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: China; Irrigation; Policy; Reform; Agricultural production and trade; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33643
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China's Agriculture: Drivers of Changes and Implications to China and the Rest of the World AgEcon
Huang, Jikun; Rozelle, Scott.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: International Development.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/53207
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CHINA'S FOOD ECONOMY IN THE EARLY 21ST CENTURY; DEVELOPMENT OF CHINA'S FOOD ECONOMY AND ITS IMPACT ON GLOBAL TRADE AND ON THE EU AgEcon
van Tongeren, Frank W.; Huang, Jikun.
Development of Chinese food economy and Chinese agricultural policies. Simulations of future developments in China and in global trade with a model for the Chinese food economy and a model for global trade analysis. Simulation of developments in a 'business as usual' scenario. Assessment of impacts of WTO accession and phasing out of multi fiber agreement. Simulation of possible impacts of the WTO-Doha round. Simulation of impacts of Chinese 'green box' policies on Chinese food economy. Simulation of impacts of application of GM products in Chinese agriculture for the Chinese economy and global trade. Analysis of trade between China and the Netherlands and foreign direct investment in China.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/29093
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Chinese animal product consumption in the 1990s AgEcon
Ma, Hengyun; Rae, Allan N.; Huang, Jikun; Rozelle, Scott.
Chinese animal product consumption behaviour was analysed for both urban and rural households using a complete regional consumption dataset that was augmented to include away‐from‐home consumption. Seven animal product expenditure share equations were estimated with an extended Almost Ideal Demand System model. The results suggest that Chinese consumers will continue to increase their consumption of animal products, but that consumption patterns have changed in the 1990s. A large percentage of household animal product expenditure is still on pork. However, the shares for aquatic and poultry products consumption will increase substantially. As a consequence, the pork expenditure share will be gradually reduced as incomes grow and diet preferences change in...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/117992
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CONSUMER ACCEPTANCE OF GENETICALLY MODIFICED FOODS: A COMPARISON BETWEEN THE US AND CHINA AgEcon
Bai, Junfei; Zhang, Caiping; Huang, Jikun; Hallman, William K.; Pray, Carl E.; Aquino, Helen L..
Consumer attitudes towards genetically modified foods (GMFs) play a crucial role in the development of the technology. Both government and food manufacturers of agricultural products in the US and China are optimistic about the potential market for these foods. This paper compares two national consumer surveys conducted in the US and China. To determine if influential factors are driving consumers' attitudes towards GM plant and animal products in both countries a binary logic model is used. Findings suggest that for the majority of American and Chinese consumers while their overall knowledge of GM food is low, their attitudes toward the technology are generally supportive. Consumers in both countries are more accepting of GM plant products then GM animal...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Consumer/Household Economics; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20026
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Consumer Attitudes Toward Biotech Foods in China AgEcon
Lin, William W.; Somwaru, Agapi; Tuan, Francis C.; Huang, Jikun; Bai, Junfei.
Based on a large-scale survey in 11 cities, this study employs probit and logit models to estimate the effects of various explanatory variables on the likelihood of biotech food acceptance in China. Analyses focus on biotech soybean oil, input- and output-trait biotech rice, and livestock products fed with biotech corn.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20359
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Consumers' Trust in Government and Their Attitudes Towards Genetically Modified Food: Empirical Evidence from China AgEcon
Qiu, Huanguang; Huang, Jikun.
Understanding the determinants of consumer's acceptance towards genetically modified food (GMF) is critical important for future biotechnology development. Among many factors, consumers' trust in government has increasingly received great attentions in the literature. However, accurately quantifying impact of consumers' trust in government on their GMF attitudes is difficult because researchers often encounter many difficulties in empirical estimation. Overall goal of this study is to empirically quantify the impact of consumers' trust in government on their attitudes towards GMF in China. An econometric model on consumer's trust in government and their attitude towards GMF is developed and estimated based on a unique data set collected by the authors in...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Trust in government; Genetically modified food; Consumer's attitude; Acceptance; China; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Q13; Q18; O13.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25741
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Consumers' Willingness to Pay for Biotech Foods in China AgEcon
Lin, William W.; Somwaru, Agapi; Tuan, Francis C.; Huang, Jikun; Bai, Junfei.
Based on a large-scale consumer survey, this study employs a semi-double-bounded dichotomous choice model to estimate the mean willingness to pay (WTP) for biotech foods in China. The study also accounts for the effects of respondents' characteristics on the probability of purchasing biotech foods and WTP. Analyses focus on biotech soybean oil and insect-resistant biotech rice.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Biotech foods; Willingness to pay; China; Contingent valuation method; Semi-double-bounded dichotomous choice model; Consumer/Household Economics.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19569
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CONTINUITY AND CHANGE IN CHINA'S RURAL PERIODIC MARKETS AgEcon
Rozelle, Scott; Benzinger, Vince; Huang, Jikun.
Can we find traditional periodic markets in the milieu of market activity that abounds in contemporary China today? As reform is transforming the rural economy, is periodic markets activity being intensified or undermined? What factors account for the evolution of China's rural markets? The goal of this paper is to provide answers to some of these questions. In one sense, the study seeks to add to Skinner's seminal work by analyzing a set of primary data collected by the authors on periodic markets in today's rural China. The paper subjects a number of Skinner's pre-dictions to quantitative testing, and updates his theory to account for institutional peculiarities in the contemporary period. In another sense, however, our study stands on its own. We...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Marketing.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/11979
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Contribution of Wheat Diversity to Total Factor Productivity in China AgEcon
Jin, Songqing; Meng, Erika C.H.; Hu, Ruifa; Rozelle, Scott; Huang, Jikun.
The impact of wheat diversity on the productivity of wheat in China is examined using total factor productivity (TFP) and an instrumental variable approach. TFP in seven key wheat-producing provinces in China shows significant, though variable, growth for all provinces during the period 1982-1995. Analysis of the causes of TFP growth tests alternative taxonomies of wheat diversity (named varieties and morphological groups) and three measures of diversity. The analysis shows significant effects of diversity on TFP with results consistent across taxonomies and measures of diversity. Further decomposition of the estimation results confirms the relative magnitude of impact of wheat diversity on TFP growth.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural productivity; China; Crop diversity; Diversity index; Total factor productivity; Wheat; Crop Production/Industries; Production Economics.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/46555
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Distortions to Agricultural Incentives in China AgEcon
Huang, Jikun; Rozelle, Scott; Martin, William J.; Liu, Yu.
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Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Distorted incentives; Agricultural and trade policy reforms; National agricultural development; Agricultural and Food Policy; International Relations/Trade; F13; F14; Q17; Q18.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/48478
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DISTORTIONS TO INCENTIVES IN CHINA'S AGRICULTURE AND IMPLICATIONS OF WTO ACCESSION AgEcon
Huang, Jikun; Rozelle, Scott; Chang, Min.
The overall goal of our paper will be to attempt to contribute to the empirically-based literature on the effects on China's agriculture of its accession to the WTO. In general, we seek to answer some of the most basic questions about the expected effects of China's entry in the World Trade Organization (WTO). On balance, will the nation's accession to WTO help or hurt farming households? If farmers lose (gain), who in the agricultural economy will get hurt (benefit)? Are there some regions in the economy that will be insulated from the effects of WTO due to their isolation from domestic markets?
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25863
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ECONOMIC IMPACTS OF GENETICALLY MODIFIED CROPS IN CHINA AgEcon
Huang, Jikun; Hu, Ruifa; van Meijl, Hans; van Tongeren, Frank W..
China has made a major investment in biotechnology research. Genetically modified (GM) cotton is widely adopted and the list of GM technologies in trials is impressive. At the same time there is an active debate on when China should commercialize its GM food crops. The overall goal of this paper is to provide an economy-wide assessment of these issues under various scenarios. Based on a unique data from empirical micro-level study and field trial in China and a modified GTAP model, our results indicate that the development of biotechnology has an important impact on China's production, trade and welfare. Welfare gains far outweigh the public biotechnology research expenditures. Most gains occur inside China. Policy makers should put less weight on...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Economic impacts; Biotechnology; Genetically modified crops; China; Crop Production/Industries; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; C68; D58; F13; O33; Q17; Q18.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25883
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ECONOMIES OF SCALE AND SCOPE, AND THE ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY OF CHINA'S AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH SYSTEM AgEcon
Jin, Songqing; Alston, Julian M.; Rozelle, Scott; Huang, Jikun.
Faced with the task of reorganizing the largest agricultural research system in the world, officials in China are developing a strategy for reform. This paper investigates economies of scale and scope and other potential sources of improvements in the economic efficiency of crop breeding, an industry at the heart of the nation's food economy. Using a panel data set covering 46 wheat and maize breeding institutes from 1981 to 2000, we estimate both single output and multiple output cost functions for the production of new varieties at China's wheat and maize breeding institutes. Our descriptive and analytical results indicate strong economies of scale, along with small to moderate economies of scope related to the joint production of new wheat and maize...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy; Industrial Organization.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/22088
Registros recuperados: 67
Primeira ... 1234 ... Última
 

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